Package: doc-linux-nonfree / 2008.08-1

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This is the Debian GNU/Linux 'doc-linux-nonfree' package. It provides the
non-free portion of the current Linux HOWTOs, written by several authors and
coordinated by Guylhem Aznar <guylhem@metalab.unc.edu>.

This package was put together by Colin Watson <cjwatson@debian.org> from the
sources at ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO. Its previous
maintainers were Ian Murdock, Dirk Eddelbuettel, and Marco Budde.

As of September 2003 this package is maintained by a team at
pkg-doc-linux-devel@lists.alioth.debian.org, currently with three members:
Colin Watson, Doug Jensen and Frank Lichtenheld. The Debian-specific part of
this package is maintained in a Subversion repository
(http://svn.debian.org/viewcvs/pkg-doc-linux/).

Other changes made were:

  * Added the Debian package maintenance system.

The documents in this package fall under a variety of non-DFSG-free
licences, all listed below.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Belarusian-HOWTO

[It's probably a mistake that the author fails to say explicitly that
modification is permitted, but we've always required that to be spelled out.
Clarifying that would render this document free.]

  This manual may be reproduced in whole or in part without restrictions.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Boot+Root+Raid+LILO

  This document is GNU copyleft by Michael Robinton
  Michael@BizSystems.com <mailto:michael@bizsystems.com>.

  Permission to use, copy, distribute this document for any purpose is
  hereby granted, provided that the author's / editor's name and this
  notice appear in all copies and/or supporting documents; and that an
  unmodified version of this document is made freely available.  This
  document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY, either expressed or implied.  While every effort
  has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information documented
  herein, the author / editor / maintainer assumes NO RESPONSIBILITY for
  any errors, or for any damages, direct or consequential, as a result
  of the use of the information documented herein.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Autodir-HOWTO

Attribution 2.0 License

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============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  MMBase-Inst-HOWTO

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============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
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1. Definitions

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anthology or encyclopedia, in which the Work in its entirety in
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constituting separate and independent works in themselves, are
assembled into a collective whole. A work that constitutes a
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Work and other pre-existing works, such as a translation, musical
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considered a Derivative Work for the purpose of this License. For the
avoidance of doubt, where the Work is a musical composition or sound
recording, the synchronization of the Work in timed-relation with a
moving image ("synching") will be considered a Derivative Work for the
purpose of this License.
   3. "Licensor" means the individual or entity that offers the Work
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   1. to reproduce the Work, to incorporate the Work into one or more
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Collective Works;
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   3. to distribute copies or phonorecords of, display publicly,
perform publicly, and perform publicly by means of a digital audio
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   4. to distribute copies or phonorecords of, display publicly,
perform publicly, and perform publicly by means of a digital audio
transmission Derivative Works.
   5.

      For the avoidance of doubt, where the work is a musical composition:
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============================================================================

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============================================================================

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8. Miscellaneous

   1. Each time You distribute or publicly digitally perform the Work
   or a Collective Work, the Licensor offers to the recipient a
   license to the Work on the same terms and conditions as the license
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   Derivative Work, Licensor offers to the recipient a license to the
   original Work on the same terms and conditions as the license
   granted to You under this License.

   3. If any provision of this License is invalid or unenforceable
   under applicable law, it shall not affect the validity or
   enforceability of the remainder of the terms of this License, and
   without further action by the parties to this agreement, such
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   4. No term or provision of this License shall be deemed waived and
   no breach consented to unless such waiver or consent shall be in
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   5. This License constitutes the entire agreement between the
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      understandings, agreements or representations with respect to
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============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Chinese-HOWTO

[It's probably a mistake that the author fails to say explicitly that
modification is permitted, but we've always required that to be spelled out.
Also, it places a restriction on commercial use.]

  The copyright of this Chinese HOWTO document belongs to Chih-Wei Huang
  <cwhuang@phys.ntu.edu.tw>.  You can make any copies, distributions and
  spread all or parts of this document. Acyually, you are encouraged
  very much to fulfill that statement real so that more and more netters
  could get some helps from it under the use with non-business. (DO NOT
  remove my name out of it, please.)  For business, contact the authors
  first.  The trademarks or packages mentioned in this document belong
  to the companies or the personal, respectively.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Config-HOWTO

This document is Copyright © 2006-03-16 Gilbert O'Sullivan. Permission
is granted to copy and distribute this document under the terms of the
GNU Lesser General Public License. This license is available from
http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.html. Please note that the LGPL terms
don't allow any modifications except for the translations.

The exact license state of this document is unclear due to the obvious
contradiction between licensing it under the LGPL and forbidding
modifications.

On Debian systems, a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License is 
available in /usr/share/common-licenses/LGPL as part of the base-files 
package.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Reading-List-HOWTO, Wacom-USB-mini-HOWTO

You may use, disseminate, and reproduce this document freely, provided you:

  * do not omit or alter this copyright notice.

  * do not omit or alter the version number and date.

  * do not omit or alter the document's pointer to the current WWW version.

  * clearly mark any condensed, or altered versions as such.

These restrictions are intended to protect potential readers from stale or
mangled versions. If you think you have a good case for an exception, ask me.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Encourage-Women-Linux-HOWTO

Copyright (c) 2002 Val Henson This document may be reproduced or distributed
in any form, without prior permission, provided that all such copies or
distributions include this copyright statement and the warranty disclaimer
contained in this paragraph. This document is provided on an "AS IS" basis
only, with no warranties, express or implied. All usage of the information in
this document is at your own risk.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Ext2fs-Undeletion

  This document is Copyright © 1997, 1999 Aaron Crane aaronc@pobox.com.
  It may be freely redistributed in its entirety, including the whole of
  this copyright notice, but may not be changed without permission from
  either the author or the Linux Documentation Project HOWTO
  Coordinator.  Dispensation is granted for copying small verbatim
  portions for the purposes of reviews or for quoting; in these
  circumstances, sections may be reproduced in the presence of an
  appropriate citation but without this copyright notice.

  The author requests but does not require that parties intending to
  sell copies of this document, whether on computer-readable or human-
  readable media, inform either him or the Linux HOWTO Coordinator of
  their intentions.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  FTP

  This document is Copyright 1999 by Matthew Borowski. You may freely
  distribute this document as long as the copyright notice remains
  unaltered.  If you distribute this HOWTO as part of a commercial
  product, I would like to receive a copy, but this is not required. If
  you wish to distribute a modified or translated version of this
  document, please contact me first for permission.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Belgian-HOWTO, Conexant+Rockwell-modem-HOWTO, Infrared-HOWTO,
  JavaStation-HOWTO, Latvian-HOWTO, Loadlin+Win95-98-ME, SPARC-HOWTO,
  Secure-Programs-HOWTO, Wearable-HOWTO

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1
with the Invariant Sections listed below, no Front-Cover Texts, and
no Back-Cover Texts.

The documents listed here have Invariant Sections as follows:

  * Conexant+Rockwell-modem has one Invariant Section: "Introduction".

  * Belgian has four Invariant Sections: "New versions of this document",
    "Contributions", "Feedback" and "Copyright information".

  * Infrared has two Invariant Sections: "Preface" and "Credits".

  * JavaStation has one Invariant Section: "Why JavaStations are No Longer
    Produced".

  * Latvian has one Invariant Section: "Priekšvārds".

  * Loadlin+Win95-98-ME has one Invariant Section: "The Loadlin+Win95/98/ME
    mini-HOWTO".

  * SPARC has many Invariant Sections: "Copyright, Disclaimer and Trademarks"
    "Preface", "SPARC, which one?", "Buying a SPARC workstation", "Linux on
    SPARC: 2 kernels", "Choosing a distribution", "Working with the Openboot",
    "Hard drive buses", "CDROM: specific settings", "SILO", "Keyboard and
    mouse", "X Window", "SMP", "The sound", "Serial port", "Ressources",
    "Thanks", and "Revision History".

  * Secure-Programs has one Invariant Section: "About the Author".

  * Ultra-DMA has one Invariant Section: "Introduction and Disclaimer".

  * VPN has one Invariant Section: "About the ppp over ssh vpn technique".

  * Wearable has many Invariant Sections: "Foreword", "What is a Wearable
    anyway?", "Advocacy", "What CPU?", "Power supply", "OS", "The Sulawesi
    project", "CLI only", "Input", "Audio Output", "Visual Output", "Comms",
    "How can I have my Wearable?", "PalmPilot and its clone (IBM, HandSpring,
    TRG): a new breed of wearables", "How to carry my wearable?", "Applications
    with Wearables", "A borg's life", "Nanotechnology: one step beyond",
    "Sources of Information", "To do List", "Revision History", "Thanks and
    Credits".

		GNU Free Documentation License
		   Version 1.1, March 2000

 Copyright (C) 2000  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
     51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
 Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
 of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.


0. PREAMBLE

The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
written document "free" in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone
the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without
modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially.  Secondarily,
this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get
credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for
modifications made by others.

This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative
works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.  It
complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
license designed for free software.

We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free
software, because free software needs free documentation: a free
program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the
software does.  But this License is not limited to software manuals;
it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or
whether it is published as a printed book.  We recommend this License
principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.


1. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS

This License applies to any manual or other work that contains a
notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can be distributed
under the terms of this License.  The "Document", below, refers to any
such manual or work.  Any member of the public is a licensee, and is
addressed as "you".

A "Modified Version" of the Document means any work containing the
Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with
modifications and/or translated into another language.

A "Secondary Section" is a named appendix or a front-matter section of
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(or to related matters) and contains nothing that could fall directly
within that overall subject.  (For example, if the Document is in part a
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mathematics.)  The relationship could be a matter of historical
connection with the subject or with related matters, or of legal,
commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position regarding
them.

The "Invariant Sections" are certain Secondary Sections whose titles
are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in the notice
that says that the Document is released under this License.

The "Cover Texts" are certain short passages of text that are listed,
as Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice that says that
the Document is released under this License.

A "Transparent" copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy,
represented in a format whose specification is available to the
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The "Title Page" means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
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this License requires to appear in the title page.  For works in
formats which do not have any title page as such, "Title Page" means
the text near the most prominent appearance of the work's title,
preceding the beginning of the body of the text.


2. VERBATIM COPYING

You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either
commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the
copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License applies
to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no other
conditions whatsoever to those of this License.  You may not use
technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or further
copying of the copies you make or distribute.  However, you may accept
compensation in exchange for copies.  If you distribute a large enough
number of copies you must also follow the conditions in section 3.

You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above, and
you may publicly display copies.


3. COPYING IN QUANTITY

If you publish printed copies of the Document numbering more than 100,
and the Document's license notice requires Cover Texts, you must enclose
the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all these Cover
Texts: Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and Back-Cover Texts on
the back cover.  Both covers must also clearly and legibly identify
you as the publisher of these copies.  The front cover must present
the full title with all words of the title equally prominent and
visible.  You may add other material on the covers in addition.
Copying with changes limited to the covers, as long as they preserve
the title of the Document and satisfy these conditions, can be treated
as verbatim copying in other respects.

If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit
legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit
reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent
pages.

If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering
more than 100, you must either include a machine-readable Transparent
copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or with each Opaque copy
a publicly-accessible computer-network location containing a complete
Transparent copy of the Document, free of added material, which the
general network-using public has access to download anonymously at no
charge using public-standard network protocols.  If you use the latter
option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when you begin
distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that this
Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated location
until at least one year after the last time you distribute an Opaque
copy (directly or through your agents or retailers) of that edition to
the public.

It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the
Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give
them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document.


4. MODIFICATIONS

You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under
the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release
the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the Modified
Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution
and modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy
of it.  In addition, you must do these things in the Modified Version:

A. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title distinct
   from that of the Document, and from those of previous versions
   (which should, if there were any, be listed in the History section
   of the Document).  You may use the same title as a previous version
   if the original publisher of that version gives permission.
B. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or entities
   responsible for authorship of the modifications in the Modified
   Version, together with at least five of the principal authors of the
   Document (all of its principal authors, if it has less than five).
C. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the
   Modified Version, as the publisher.
D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.
E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications
   adjacent to the other copyright notices.
F. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice
   giving the public permission to use the Modified Version under the
   terms of this License, in the form shown in the Addendum below.
G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections
   and required Cover Texts given in the Document's license notice.
H. Include an unaltered copy of this License.
I. Preserve the section entitled "History", and its title, and add to
   it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and
   publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page.  If
   there is no section entitled "History" in the Document, create one
   stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as
   given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified
   Version as stated in the previous sentence.
J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for
   public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise
   the network locations given in the Document for previous versions
   it was based on.  These may be placed in the "History" section.
   You may omit a network location for a work that was published at
   least four years before the Document itself, or if the original
   publisher of the version it refers to gives permission.
K. In any section entitled "Acknowledgements" or "Dedications",
   preserve the section's title, and preserve in the section all the
   substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowledgements
   and/or dedications given therein.
L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document,
   unaltered in their text and in their titles.  Section numbers
   or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.
M. Delete any section entitled "Endorsements".  Such a section
   may not be included in the Modified Version.
N. Do not retitle any existing section as "Endorsements"
   or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section.

If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or
appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material
copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all
of these sections as invariant.  To do this, add their titles to the
list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version's license notice.
These titles must be distinct from any other section titles.

You may add a section entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains
nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various
parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text has
been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a
standard.

You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text, and a
passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list
of Cover Texts in the Modified Version.  Only one passage of
Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or
through arrangements made by) any one entity.  If the Document already
includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or
by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of,
you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit
permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.

The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License
give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or
imply endorsement of any Modified Version.


5. COMBINING DOCUMENTS

You may combine the Document with other documents released under this
License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified
versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the
Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and
list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its
license notice.

The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and
multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single
copy.  If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but
different contents, make the title of each such section unique by
adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original
author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number.
Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of
Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work.

In the combination, you must combine any sections entitled "History"
in the various original documents, forming one section entitled
"History"; likewise combine any sections entitled "Acknowledgements",
and any sections entitled "Dedications".  You must delete all sections
entitled "Endorsements."


6. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS

You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents
released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this
License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in
the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for
verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.

You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute
it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this
License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all
other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.


7. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS

A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate
and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or
distribution medium, does not as a whole count as a Modified Version
of the Document, provided no compilation copyright is claimed for the
compilation.  Such a compilation is called an "aggregate", and this
License does not apply to the other self-contained works thus compiled
with the Document, on account of their being thus compiled, if they
are not themselves derivative works of the Document.

If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these
copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one quarter
of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed on
covers that surround only the Document within the aggregate.
Otherwise they must appear on covers around the whole aggregate.


8. TRANSLATION

Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may
distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4.
Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special
permission from their copyright holders, but you may include
translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the
original versions of these Invariant Sections.  You may include a
translation of this License provided that you also include the
original English version of this License.  In case of a disagreement
between the translation and the original English version of this
License, the original English version will prevail.


9. TERMINATION

You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except
as expressly provided for under this License.  Any other attempt to
copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is void, and will
automatically terminate your rights under this License.  However,
parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this
License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such
parties remain in full compliance.


10. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE

The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions
of the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time.  Such new
versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.  See
http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.

Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number.
If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this
License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the option of
following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or
of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the
Free Software Foundation.  If the Document does not specify a version
number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not
as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.


ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents

To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of
the License in the document and put the following copyright and
license notices just after the title page:

      Copyright (c)  YEAR  YOUR NAME.
      Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
      under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1
      or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
      with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the
      Front-Cover Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST.
      A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU
      Free Documentation License".

If you have no Invariant Sections, write "with no Invariant Sections"
instead of saying which ones are invariant.  If you have no
Front-Cover Texts, write "no Front-Cover Texts" instead of
"Front-Cover Texts being LIST"; likewise for Back-Cover Texts.

If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we
recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of
free software license, such as the GNU General Public License,
to permit their use in free software.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  BogoMips, DB2-HOWTO

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2;
or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
with the Invariant Sections listed below, no Front-Cover Texts,
and no Back-Cover texts.

Invariant Sections:

 * BogoMips: "Introduction", "The highest and lowest BogoMips ratings",
 	"The frequently asked questions about BogoMips",
	"Compilation of ratings", and "Signature".

 * DB2-HOWTO: "Disclaimer" and "About the Authors".

On Debian systems, a copy of the latest GNU Free Documentation License,
is available in /usr/share/common-licenses/GFDL as part of the base-files
package.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Installation-HOWTO

This document is copyright 1998 by Eric S. Raymond. You may use, disseminate,
and reproduce it freely, provided you:

  * Do not omit or alter this copyright notice (you may translate it)

  * Do not omit or alter or omit the version number and date.

  * Do not omit or alter the document's pointer to the current WWW version.

  * Clearly mark any condensed, or altered versions as such.

These restrictions are intended to protect potential readers from stale or
mangled versions. If you think you have a good case for an exception, ask me.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  3D-Modelling, Automount, Cyrus-IMAP, DVD-HOWTO, Diskless-root-NFS-HOWTO,
  Home-Network-mini-HOWTO, Jaz-Drive-HOWTO, Swap-Space, Sybase-ASA-HOWTO,
  Tango-HOWTO, TclTk-HOWTO, TransparentProxy, User-Authentication-HOWTO

This is the Linux Documentation Project Copying License. Its canonical
location is <http://www.tldp.org/LDP-COPYRIGHT.html>. Some documents
licensed under it also specify that any source code they contain is placed
under the GNU General Public License.

  This manual may be reproduced in whole or in part, without fee,
  subject to the following restrictions:

  o  The copyright notice above and this permission notice must be
     preserved complete on all complete or partial copies.

  o  Any translation or derived work must be approved by the author in
     writing before distribution.

  o  If you distribute this work in part, instructions for obtaining the
     complete version of this manual must be included, and a means for
     obtaining a complete version provided.

  o  Small portions may be reproduced as illustrations for reviews or
     quotes in other works without this permission notice if proper
     citation is given.

  Exceptions to these rules may be granted for academic purposes: Write
  to the author and ask. These restrictions are here to protect us as
  authors, not to restrict you as learners and educators.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Astronomy-HOWTO, DOS-Win-to-Linux-HOWTO, Divert-Sockets-mini-HOWTO,
  Slovenian-HOWTO

The following licence is available here:

  http://en.tldp.org/COPYRIGHT.html

It is the default licence for documents distributed by the LDP which do not
have a licence of their own.

Documents using option B, preventing distribution of modified versions
without the author's consent, are non-free. The documents listed here fall
into that category.

       LINUX DOCUMENTATION PROJECT LICENSE (LDPL) v2.0, 12 January 1998

 I. COPYRIGHT

    The copyright to each Linux Documentation Project (LDP) document is owned
    by its author or authors.

II. LICENSE

    The following license terms apply to all LDP documents, unless otherwise
    stated in the document. The LDP documents may be reproduced and distributed
    in whole or in part, in any medium physical or electronic, provided that
    this license notice is displayed in the reproduction. Commercial
    redistribution is permitted and encouraged. Thirty days advance notice via
    email to the author(s) of redistribution is appreciated, to give the
    authors time to provide updated documents.

     A. REQUIREMENTS OF MODIFIED WORKS

        All modified documents, including translations, anthologies, and
        partial documents, must meet the following requirements:

         1. The modified version must be labeled as such.
         2. The person making the modifications must be identified.
         3. Acknowledgement of the original author must be retained.
         4. The location of the original unmodified document be identified.
         5. The original author's (or authors') name(s) may not be used to
            assert or imply endorsement of the resulting document without the
            original author's (or authors') permission.

        In addition it is requested that:

         1. The modifications (including deletions) be noted.
         2. The author be notified by email of the modification in advance of
            redistribution, if an email address is provided in the document.

        As a special exception, anthologies of LDP documents may include a
        single copy of these license terms in a conspicuous location within the
        anthology and replace other copies of this license with a reference to
        the single copy of the license without the document being considered
        "modified" for the purposes of this section.

        Mere aggregation of LDP documents with other documents or programs on
        the same media shall not cause this license to apply to those other
        works.

        All translations, derivative documents, or modified documents that
        incorporate any LDP document may not have more restrictive license
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        LDP documents are available in source format via the LDP home page at
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-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             LDP Policy Appendices

 A. TO USE THE LDP LICENSE

    LDP authors who want to use the LDP License should put the following
    statement in their document:

        Copyright (c) by . This document may be distributed only subject to the
        terms and conditions set forth in the LDP License at .

    Authors may include a copy of the license in their documents, as well. If
    they do so, they have the option of ommitting the appendices.

 B. TO USE THE LDP LICENSE, BUT PREVENT MODIFICATION

    LDP authors who want to prevent modification to their document should put
    the following statement in their document:

        Copyright (c) by . This document may be distributed only subject to the
        terms and conditions set forth in the LDP License at , except that this
        document must not be distributed in modified form without the author's
        consent.

 C. TO USE YOUR OWN LICENSE

    LDP authors who want to include their own license on LDP works may do so,
    as long as their terms are not more restrictive than the LDP license,
    except that they may require that the document may not be modified.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

If you have questions about the LDP License, please contact Guylhem Aznar,
guylhem@metalab.unc.edu.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Oracle-7-HOWTO

  Like all Linux HOWTO documents, this may be reproduced and distributed
  in whole or in part, in any medium, physical or electronic, so long as
  this copyright notice is retained on all copies.

  Commercial redistribution is allowed and encouraged; however the
  author would like to be notified of such distributions. You may
  translate this HOWTO into any language whatsoever provided that you
  leave this copyright statement and disclaimer intact, and that you
  append a notice stating who translated the document.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  NCD-X-Terminal

  Linux HOWTO documents may be reproduced and distributed in whole or in
  part, in any medium physical or electronic, as long as this copyright
  notice is retained on all copies.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Mail2News

  The copyright of this document is retained by the author. Permission
  is granted to distribute the document by electronic means and on CDs
  provided that it is kept entirely in its original format. Permission
  is also granted to print a copy of this document for personal use.

  The republishing of this document in part or in whole without the
  permission of the copyright holder by any means other than as noted
  above is prohibited.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Adv-Routing-HOWTO, Apache-Overview-HOWTO, DHCP, Lex-YACC-HOWTO,
  NFS-HOWTO, Online-Troubleshooting-HOWTO

All these HOWTOs don't exercise any of the options in section VI.

Open Publication License
Draft v1.0, 8 June 1999 (text version)


I. REQUIREMENTS ON BOTH UNMODIFIED AND MODIFIED VERSIONS

The Open Publication works may be reproduced and distributed in whole or in
part, in any medium physical or electronic, provided that the terms of this
license are adhered to, and that this license or an incorporation of it by
reference (with any options elected by the author(s) and/or publisher) is
displayed in the reproduction.

Proper form for an incorporation by reference is as follows:

    Copyright (c) <year> by <author's name or designee>. This material may be
    distributed only subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Open
    Publication License, vX.Y or later (the latest version is presently
    available at http://www.opencontent.org/openpub/).

The reference must be immediately followed with any options elected by the
author(s) and/or publisher of the document (see section VI).

Commercial redistribution of Open Publication-licensed material is permitted.

Any publication in standard (paper) book form shall require the citation of the
original publisher and author. The publisher and author's names shall appear on
all outer surfaces of the book. On all outer surfaces of the book the original
publisher's name shall be as large as the title of the work and cited as
possessive with respect to the title.


II. COPYRIGHT

The copyright to each Open Publication is owned by its author(s) or designee.


III. SCOPE OF LICENSE

The following license terms apply to all Open Publication works, unless
otherwise explicitly stated in the document.

Mere aggregation of Open Publication works or a portion of an Open Publication
work with other works or programs on the same media shall not cause this
license to apply to those other works. The aggregate work shall contain a
notice specifying the inclusion of the Open Publication material and
appropriate copyright notice.

SEVERABILITY. If any part of this license is found to be unenforceable in any
jurisdiction, the remaining portions of the license remain in force.

NO WARRANTY. Open Publication works are licensed and provided "as is" without
warranty of any kind, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the
implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose or a
warranty of non-infringement.


IV. REQUIREMENTS ON MODIFIED WORKS

All modified versions of documents covered by this license, including
translations, anthologies, compilations and partial documents, must meet the
following requirements:

 1. The modified version must be labeled as such.
 2. The person making the modifications must be identified and the
    modifications dated.
 3. Acknowledgement of the original author and publisher if applicable must be
    retained according to normal academic citation practices.
 4. The location of the original unmodified document must be identified.
 5. The original author's (or authors') name(s) may not be used to assert or
    imply endorsement of the resulting document without the original author's
    (or authors') permission.


V. GOOD-PRACTICE RECOMMENDATIONS

In addition to the requirements of this license, it is requested from and
strongly recommended of redistributors that:

 1. If you are distributing Open Publication works on hardcopy or CD-ROM, you
    provide email notification to the authors of your intent to redistribute at
    least thirty days before your manuscript or media freeze, to give the
    authors time to provide updated documents. This notification should
    describe modifications, if any, made to the document.
 2. All substantive modifications (including deletions) be either clearly
    marked up in the document or else described in an attachment to the
    document.
 3. Finally, while it is not mandatory under this license, it is considered
    good form to offer a free copy of any hardcopy and CD-ROM expression of an
    Open Publication-licensed work to its author(s).


VI. LICENSE OPTIONS

The author(s) and/or publisher of an Open Publication-licensed document may
elect certain options by appending language to the reference to or copy of the
license. These options are considered part of the license instance and must be
included with the license (or its incorporation by reference) in derived works.

A. To prohibit distribution of substantively modified versions without the
explicit permission of the author(s). "Substantive modification" is defined as
a change to the semantic content of the document, and excludes mere changes in
format or typographical corrections.

To accomplish this, add the phrase `Distribution of substantively modified
versions of this document is prohibited without the explicit permission of the
copyright holder.' to the license reference or copy.

B. To prohibit any publication of this work or derivative works in whole or in
part in standard (paper) book form for commercial purposes is prohibited unless
prior permission is obtained from the copyright holder.

To accomplish this, add the phrase 'Distribution of the work or derivative of
the work in any standard (paper) book form is prohibited unless prior
permission is obtained from the copyright holder.' to the license reference or
copy.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Debian-Jigdo, Linux-Gamers-HOWTO

			The Open Software License
			v. 1.1

This Open Software License (the "License") applies to any original work of 
authorship (the "Original Work") whose owner (the "Licensor") has placed the 
following notice immediately following the copyright notice for the Original 
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Licensed under the Open Software License version 1.1

1) Grant of Copyright License. Licensor hereby grants You a world-wide, 
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c) to distribute copies of the Original Work and Derivative Works to the 
public, with the proviso that copies of Original Work or Derivative Works that 
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e) to display the Original Work publicly.

2) Grant of Patent License. Licensor hereby grants You a world-wide, 
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3) Grant of Source Code License. The term "Source Code" means the preferred 
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Licensor reserves the right to satisfy this obligation by placing a 
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4) Exclusions From License Grant. Nothing in this License shall be deemed to 
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As an express condition for the grants of license hereunder, You agree that 
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7) Warranty and Disclaimer of Warranty. Licensor warrants that the copyright 
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9) Acceptance and Termination. If You distribute copies of the Original Work 
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1 herein, You indicate Your acceptance of this License and all of its terms and 
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honor the proviso in Section 1(c) herein.

10) Mutual Termination for Patent Action. This License shall terminate 
automatically and You may no longer exercise any of the rights granted to You 
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11) Jurisdiction, Venue and Governing Law. Any action or suit relating to this 
License may be brought only in the courts of a jurisdiction wherein the Licensor 
resides or in which Licensor conducts its primary business, and under the laws 
of that jurisdiction excluding its conflict-of-law provisions. The application 
of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of 
Goods is expressly excluded. Any use of the Original Work outside the scope of 
this License or after its termination shall be subject to the requirements and 
penalties of the U.S. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. å¤ 101 et seq., the equivalent 
laws of other countries, and international treaty. This section shall survive 
the termination of this License.

12) Attorneys Fees. In any action to enforce the terms of this License or 
seeking damages relating thereto, the prevailing party shall be entitled to 
recover its costs and expenses, including, without limitation, reasonable 
attorneys' fees and costs incurred in connection with such action, including 
any appeal of such action. This section shall survive the termination of this 
License.

13) Miscellaneous. This License represents the complete agreement concerning 
the subject matter hereof. If any provision of this License is held to be 
unenforceable, such provision shall be reformed only to the extent necessary 
to make it enforceable.

14) Definition of "You" in This License. "You" throughout this License, 
whether in upper or lower case, means an individual or a legal entity exercising 
rights under, and complying with all of the terms of, this License. For legal 
entities, "You" includes any entity that controls, is controlled by, or is under 
common control with you. For purposes of this definition, "control" means (i) 
the power, direct or indirect, to cause the direction or management of such 
entity, whether by contract or otherwise, or (ii) ownership of fifty percent 
(50%) or more of the outstanding shares, or (iii) beneficial ownership of such 
entity.

15) Right to Use. You may use the Original Work in all ways not otherwise 
restricted or conditioned by this License or by law, and Licensor promises not 
to interfere with or be responsible for such uses by You.

This license is Copyright (C) 2002 Lawrence E. Rosen. All rights reserved. 
Permission is hereby granted to copy and distribute this license without 
modification. This license may not be modified without the express written 
permission of its copyright owner.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Offline-Mailing

  This document and contents are Copyright (c)1997-98 by Gunther Voet.
  Unauthorized (re)production in any form is explicitly allowed and even
  strongly encouraged as long you don't change the contents of it
  without contacting the author (Gunther Voet). If you quote the
  document as whole or a part of it, there needs to be a Copyright
  "hint" or link to the derived work. "The HOWTO documents are
  copyrighted by their respective authors". The "HOWTO copyright" will
  discuss what can be done and what cannot be done with this document.
  If it is used in a commercial way, the author should been noticed for
  such distributions. Exceptions on this copyright may be granted under
  certain conditions with a written letter or e-mail to the author. For
  more info about the standard HOWTO disclaimer, please contact linux-
  howto@sunsite.unc.edu.

  *PLEASE* *IF* you are going to make a system based on this HOWTO, then
  PLEASE give me the copyright :) heh ... - i am not that cruel :)). I
  mean by a system "a package" - NOT the mailsystem itself - although it
  is some appreciative thingy i would be included :)) i can always use
  one email address more for more flaming :)) (just kiddin').

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  SquashFS-HOWTO

OpenContent License (OPL)
Version 1.0, July 14, 1998.

This document outlines the principles underlying the OpenContent (OC)
movement and may be redistributed provided it remains unaltered. For
legal purposes, this document is the license under which OpenContent
is made available for use.

The original version of this document may be found at
http://opencontent.org/opl.shtml

LICENSE

Terms and Conditions for Copying, Distributing, and Modifying

Items other than copying, distributing, and modifying the Content with
which this license was distributed (such as using, etc.) are outside
the scope of this license.

1. You may copy and distribute exact replicas of the OpenContent (OC)
   as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously
   and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright
   notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that
   refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give
   any other recipients of the OC a copy of this License along with
   the OC. You may at your option charge a fee for the media and/or
   handling involved in creating a unique copy of the OC for use
   offline, you may at your option offer instructional support for the
   OC in exchange for a fee, or you may at your option offer warranty
   in exchange for a fee. You may not charge a fee for the OC
   itself. You may not charge a fee for the sole service of providing
   access to and/or use of the OC via a network (e.g. the Internet),
   whether it be via the world wide web, FTP, or any other method.

2. You may modify your copy or copies of the OpenContent or any
   portion of it, thus forming works based on the Content, and
   distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1
   above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:

   a) You must cause the modified content to carry prominent notices
   stating that you changed it, the exact nature and content of the
   changes, and the date of any change.

   b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in
   whole or in part contains or is derived from the OC or any part
   thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge to all third
   parties under the terms of this License, unless otherwise permitted
   under applicable Fair Use law.

   These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If
   identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the OC, and
   can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in
   themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those
   sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you
   distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based
   on the OC, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of this
   License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire
   whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote
   it. Exceptions are made to this requirement to release modified works
   free of charge under this license only in compliance with Fair Use law
   where applicable.

3. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not
   signed it. However, nothing else grants you permission to copy,
   distribute or modify the OC. These actions are prohibited by law if
   you do not accept this License. Therefore, by distributing or
   translating the OC, or by deriving works herefrom, you indicate
   your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and
   conditions for copying, distributing or translating the OC.

NO WARRANTY

4. BECAUSE THE OPENCONTENT (OC) IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS
   NO WARRANTY FOR THE OC, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE
   LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS
   AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE OC "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
   KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
   THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
   PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK OF USE OF THE OC IS WITH
   YOU. SHOULD THE OC PROVE FAULTY, INACCURATE, OR OTHERWISE
   UNACCEPTABLE YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY REPAIR OR
   CORRECTION.

5. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN
   WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY
   MIRROR AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE OC AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO
   YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
   CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE
   THE OC, EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
   POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Process-Accounting

This document is copylefted by Albert M.C. Tam ([mailto:bertie@scn.org]
bertie@scn.org). Permission to use, copy, distribute this document for
non-commerical purposes is hereby granted, provided that the author's/
editor's name and this notice appear in all copies and/or supporting
documents and provided that this document is not modified. This document is
distributed in hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY, either
expressed or implied. While every effort has been taken to ensure the
accuracy of the information documented herein, the author/editor/maintainer
assumes NO RESPONSIBILITY for errors, or for damages resulting for the use of
the information documented herein.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Quota

Preamble: This document is written by Ralf van Dooren
(r.vdooren@snow.nl).  Original text and setup of this document is
copyleft-ed by Albert M.C. Tam, many thanks to him  for this initial
mini-HOWTO.  This document is licensed under the GNU Free Documenta­
tion License.  Permission to use, copy, distribute this document for
non-commercial purposes is hereby granted, provided that the author's
/ editor's name and this notice appear in all copies and/or supporting
documents; that this document is not modified. This document is dis­
tributed in hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY,
either expressed or implied. While every effort has been taken to
ensure the accuracy of the information documented herein, the author /
editor / maintainer assumes NO RESPONSIBILITY for errors, or for dam­
ages results for the use of the information documented herein.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  RPM-HOWTO

This document and its contents are copyright protected. Redistribution of
this document is permitted as long as the content remains completely intact
and unchanged. In other words, you may reformat and reprint or redistribute
only.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Remote-Boot

  This document and the related software are provided as is to the Linux
  and Internet community, with no form of warranty. Please note that
  some operations related in this document may destroy the content of
  your hard-disk. We assume no liability for any use, correct or not, of
  this document and of the related software.

  You are free to do anything you want with the remote-boot tools as
  long as you do not make money by selling them or by distributing them
  with a commercial product. If you want to commercialize a product
  derived from these tools, please contact the authors first to make a
  commercial agreement. These remote-boot tools will remain available
  for free forever, but we may authorize derived commercial tools.

  These provisions shall be interpreted under and in accordance with the
  laws of Switzerland, canton of Geneva. All disputes, defenses,
  controversies or claims arrising in conncetion with this document and
  the related software, shall be subject to the exclusive juridiction of
  the courts of the canton of Geneva, Switzerland.

  If you like this program, you can send us a Postcard and/or make a
  gift to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) or to the
  UNICEF.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  Root-RAID-HOWTO

  This document is GNU copyleft by Michael Robinton michael@bzs.org
  <mailto:michael@bzs.org>.

  Permission to use, copy, distribute this document for any purpose is
  hereby granted, provided that the author's / editor's name and this
  notice appear in all copies and/or supporting documents; and that an
  unmodified version of this document is made freely available.  This
  document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY, either expressed or implied.  While every effort
  has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information documented
  herein, the author / editor / maintainer assumes NO RESPONSIBILITY for
  any errors, or for any damages, direct or consequential, as a result
  of the use of the information documented herein.

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  StarOffice

  This document is (C) 1999 by Matthew Borowski.

  Redistribution of this document in electronic form is permitted under
  the condition that the document remains unchanged. If you wish to
  include this document in a CD-ROM or book, please obtain permission
  from me beforehand (I prefer requests to be sent via e-mail).

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  TT-XFree86

  Download, copy and redistribute this text freely. If you do any
  changes, please submit them to me, and I will pass them to the LDP, of
  course, credit will be given.

  Copyright (c) 2001 by Bartek Kostrzewa

============================================================================

The following licence covers these documents:
  TeTeX-HOWTO

  The teTeX-HOWTO is copyright (C) 1997, 1998 by Robert Kiesling.
  Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
  manual provided that the copyright notice and this permission notice
  are preserved on all copies.

  Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
  manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided also that
  the sections entitled, ``Distribution,'' and, ``GNU General Public
  License,'' are included exactly as in the original, and provided that
  the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
  permission notice identical to this one.

  Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this
  manual into another language, under the above conditions for modified
  versions.  except that the sections entitled, ``Distribution,'' and,
  ``GNU General Public License,'' may be included in a translation
  approved by the Free Software Foundation instead of in the original
  English.  Please refer to Section ``Distribution and Copyright'' for
  terms of copying.