Package: busybox / 1:1.22.0-9+deb8u1

shell-ash-export-HOME.patch Patch series | download
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From: Joey Hess <joeyh@debian.org>
Subject: busybox sh sets but does not export PATH
Bug: http://bugs.debian.org/329406
Bug: http://bugs.debian.org/679377
Forwarded: no
Date: Sun, 07 May 2006 14:47:16 -0700

This patch exports $PATH variable from busybox ash by default,
even if no "export PATH" statement has been processed.  No
other shell (dash, bash, ...) does this:

  $ env - /bin/bash -c /usr/bin/env
  PWD=/tmp
  SHLVL=1
  _=/usr/bin/env

But after #329406, busybox ash started exporting this variable
by default.  This change hasn't been sent upstream.

However, this turned out to be problematic, after many upstream
changes, busybox started segfaulting in interesting and difficult
to debug environments - like, when running as pid=1 in initramfs.
This is recorded in #679377.

The problem was that PATH was the only variable marked to be
exported by default, and this is done by this very patch.  Other
exported variables were always malloc'ed, but this one was not.
But when ash executes applets marked as NOEXEC, it does not
really execute anything, it forks and runs the applet's main()
function, clearing and setting up the environment as it'd do
for any other command.  There, it is assumed that all exported
variables were malloc'ed, and the function (tryexec() in ash.c)
writes to the place in exported variable where the equal sign
is.  So, if ash inherited no PATH variable and the default is
used, the code will try to write \0 into a constant location,
and we'll get a segfault.

The whole patch is probably not needed (because other shells
don't export PATH by default), but at this stage (during wheezy
freeze) we can't just drop it, since it may lead to some random
breakage in some other random place (and that'll be another
very difficult to debug issue).  So instead of dropping the
patch, we modify the PATH variable to be stored in non-const
location, ie, to be writable.  It is safe, since the only
place which actually modifies this variable (after the first
half of this patch) is the awk main function, during setup,
it restores the overridden byte after touching it, and it
is a "terminal" applet, ie, it exits after doing its work.

For wheezy+1, we should drop this patch completely.  For
now, we will live with this simple and ugly forkaround.

/mjt

--- a/shell/ash.c
+++ b/shell/ash.c
@@ -1909,7 +1909,7 @@ static const struct {
 	{ VSTRFIXED|VTEXTFIXED|VUNSET, "MAIL"      , changemail      },
 	{ VSTRFIXED|VTEXTFIXED|VUNSET, "MAILPATH"  , changemail      },
 #endif
-	{ VSTRFIXED|VTEXTFIXED       , bb_PATH_root_path, changepath },
+	{ VSTRFIXED|VTEXTFIXED|VEXPORT, bb_PATH_root_path, changepath },
 	{ VSTRFIXED|VTEXTFIXED       , "PS1=$ "    , NULL            },
 	{ VSTRFIXED|VTEXTFIXED       , "PS2=> "    , NULL            },
 	{ VSTRFIXED|VTEXTFIXED       , "PS4=+ "    , NULL            },
--- a/include/libbb.h
+++ b/include/libbb.h
@@ -1735,7 +1735,7 @@ extern const char bb_path_wtmp_file[] AL
 extern const char bb_busybox_exec_path[] ALIGN1;
 /* util-linux manpage says /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin,
  * but I want to save a few bytes here */
-extern const char bb_PATH_root_path[] ALIGN1; /* "PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin" */
+extern char bb_PATH_root_path[] ALIGN1; /* "PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin" */
 #define bb_default_root_path (bb_PATH_root_path + sizeof("PATH"))
 #define bb_default_path      (bb_PATH_root_path + sizeof("PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin"))
 
--- a/libbb/messages.c
+++ b/libbb/messages.c
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ const char bb_busybox_exec_path[] ALIGN1
 const char bb_default_login_shell[] ALIGN1 = LIBBB_DEFAULT_LOGIN_SHELL;
 /* util-linux manpage says /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin,
  * but I want to save a few bytes here. Check libbb.h before changing! */
-const char bb_PATH_root_path[] ALIGN1 =
+char bb_PATH_root_path[] ALIGN1 =
 	"PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin" BB_ADDITIONAL_PATH;