Package: gnupg / 1.4.18-7+deb8u5

0037-Use-inline-functions-to-convert-buffer-data-to-scala.patch Patch series | download
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From 57af33d9e7c9b20b413b96882e670e75a67a5e65 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Werner Koch <wk@gnupg.org>
Date: Sat, 21 Feb 2015 23:10:32 -0500
Subject: [PATCH 37/45] Use inline functions to convert buffer data to scalars.
MIME-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8
Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit

* include/host2net.h (buf16_to_ulong, buf16_to_uint): New.
(buf16_to_ushort, buf16_to_u16): New.
(buf32_to_size_t, buf32_to_ulong, buf32_to_uint, buf32_to_u32): New.
--

This fixes sign extension on shift problems.  Hanno Böck found a case
with an invalid read due to this problem.  To fix that almost all uses
of "<< 24" and "<< 8" are changed by this patch to use an inline
function from host2net.h.

(back ported from commit 2183683bd633818dd031b090b5530951de76f392)

Signed-off-by: Werner Koch <wk@gnupg.org>

[dkg: rebased to STABLE-BRANCH-1-4]
Signed-off-by: Daniel Kahn Gillmor <dkg@fifthhorseman.net>
---
 g10/apdu.c         | 27 ++++++++----------
 g10/app-openpgp.c  |  3 +-
 g10/build-packet.c |  6 ++--
 g10/ccid-driver.c  |  3 +-
 g10/getkey.c       | 17 ++++++------
 g10/keygen.c       | 14 ++++------
 g10/keyid.c        | 28 ++++++++-----------
 g10/misc.c         | 11 --------
 g10/parse-packet.c | 41 ++++++++++++++--------------
 g10/tdbio.c        | 22 +++++++--------
 g10/trustdb.c      |  2 +-
 include/host2net.h | 80 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 12 files changed, 148 insertions(+), 106 deletions(-)

diff --git a/g10/apdu.c b/g10/apdu.c
index 66cf30b..ffc7d36 100644
--- a/g10/apdu.c
+++ b/g10/apdu.c
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@
 #include "scdaemon.h"
 #include "exechelp.h"
 #endif /* GNUPG_MAJOR_VERSION != 1 */
+#include "../include/host2net.h"
 
 #include "apdu.h"
 #include "ccid-driver.h"
@@ -916,15 +917,14 @@ pcsc_get_status_wrapped (int slot, unsigned int *status)
                  i? strerror (errno) : "premature EOF");
       goto command_failed;
     }
-  len = (msgbuf[1] << 24) | (msgbuf[2] << 16) | (msgbuf[3] << 8 ) | msgbuf[4];
+  len = buf32_to_size_t (msgbuf+1);
   if (msgbuf[0] != 0x81 || len < 4)
     {
       log_error ("invalid response header from PC/SC received\n");
       goto command_failed;
     }
   len -= 4; /* Already read the error code. */
-  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK ((msgbuf[5] << 24) | (msgbuf[6] << 16)
-                       | (msgbuf[7] << 8 ) | msgbuf[8]);
+  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK (buf32_to_ulong (msgbuf+5));
   if (err)
     {
       log_error ("pcsc_status failed: %s (0x%lx)\n",
@@ -1084,15 +1084,14 @@ pcsc_send_apdu_wrapped (int slot, unsigned char *apdu, size_t apdulen,
                  i? strerror (errno) : "premature EOF");
       goto command_failed;
     }
-  len = (msgbuf[1] << 24) | (msgbuf[2] << 16) | (msgbuf[3] << 8 ) | msgbuf[4];
+  len = buf32_to_size_t (msgbuf+1);
   if (msgbuf[0] != 0x81 || len < 4)
     {
       log_error ("invalid response header from PC/SC received\n");
       goto command_failed;
     }
   len -= 4; /* Already read the error code. */
-  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK ((msgbuf[5] << 24) | (msgbuf[6] << 16)
-                       | (msgbuf[7] << 8 ) | msgbuf[8]);
+  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK (buf32_to_ulong (msgbuf+5));
   if (err)
     {
       log_error ("pcsc_transmit failed: %s (0x%lx)\n",
@@ -1217,15 +1216,14 @@ close_pcsc_reader_wrapped (int slot)
                  i? strerror (errno) : "premature EOF");
       goto command_failed;
     }
-  len = (msgbuf[1] << 24) | (msgbuf[2] << 16) | (msgbuf[3] << 8 ) | msgbuf[4];
+  len = buf32_to_size_t (msgbuf+1);
   if (msgbuf[0] != 0x81 || len < 4)
     {
       log_error ("invalid response header from PC/SC received\n");
       goto command_failed;
     }
   len -= 4; /* Already read the error code. */
-  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK ((msgbuf[5] << 24) | (msgbuf[6] << 16)
-                       | (msgbuf[7] << 8 ) | msgbuf[8]);
+  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK (buf32_to_ulong (msgbuf+5));
   if (err)
     log_error ("pcsc_close failed: %s (0x%lx)\n",
                pcsc_error_string (err), err);
@@ -1405,7 +1403,7 @@ reset_pcsc_reader_wrapped (int slot)
                  i? strerror (errno) : "premature EOF");
       goto command_failed;
     }
-  len = (msgbuf[1] << 24) | (msgbuf[2] << 16) | (msgbuf[3] << 8 ) | msgbuf[4];
+  len = buf32_to_size_t (msgbuf+1);
   if (msgbuf[0] != 0x81 || len < 4)
     {
       log_error ("invalid response header from PC/SC received\n");
@@ -1419,8 +1417,7 @@ reset_pcsc_reader_wrapped (int slot)
       sw = SW_HOST_GENERAL_ERROR;
       goto command_failed;
     }
-  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK ((msgbuf[5] << 24) | (msgbuf[6] << 16)
-                       | (msgbuf[7] << 8 ) | msgbuf[8]);
+  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK (buf32_to_ulong (msgbuf+5));
   if (err)
     {
       log_error ("PC/SC RESET failed: %s (0x%lx)\n",
@@ -1719,7 +1716,7 @@ open_pcsc_reader_wrapped (const char *portstr)
                  i? strerror (errno) : "premature EOF");
       goto command_failed;
     }
-  len = (msgbuf[1] << 24) | (msgbuf[2] << 16) | (msgbuf[3] << 8 ) | msgbuf[4];
+  len = buf32_to_size_t (msgbuf+1);
   if (msgbuf[0] != 0x81 || len < 4)
     {
       log_error ("invalid response header from PC/SC received\n");
@@ -1732,8 +1729,8 @@ open_pcsc_reader_wrapped (const char *portstr)
                  (unsigned long)len);
       goto command_failed;
     }
-  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK ((msgbuf[5] << 24) | (msgbuf[6] << 16)
-                       | (msgbuf[7] << 8 ) | msgbuf[8]);
+  err = PCSC_ERR_MASK (buf32_to_ulong (msgbuf+5));
+
   if (err)
     {
       log_error ("PC/SC OPEN failed: %s\n", pcsc_error_string (err));
diff --git a/g10/app-openpgp.c b/g10/app-openpgp.c
index c3b4fae..192680c 100644
--- a/g10/app-openpgp.c
+++ b/g10/app-openpgp.c
@@ -68,6 +68,7 @@
 #include "iso7816.h"
 #include "app-common.h"
 #include "tlv.h"
+#include "../include/host2net.h"
 
 
 /* A table describing the DOs of the card.  */
@@ -744,7 +745,7 @@ send_fprtime_if_not_null (ctrl_t ctrl, const char *keyword,
   char numbuf1[50], numbuf2[50];
   unsigned long value;
 
-  value = (stamp[0] << 24) | (stamp[1]<<16) | (stamp[2]<<8) | stamp[3];
+  value = buf32_to_ulong (stamp);
   if (!value)
     return;
   sprintf (numbuf1, "%d", number);
diff --git a/g10/build-packet.c b/g10/build-packet.c
index 499dd68..60eb3c8 100644
--- a/g10/build-packet.c
+++ b/g10/build-packet.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
 #include "memory.h"
 #include "i18n.h"
 #include "options.h"
+#include "../include/host2net.h"
 
 static int do_user_id( IOBUF out, int ctb, PKT_user_id *uid );
 static int do_public_key( IOBUF out, int ctb, PKT_public_key *pk );
@@ -586,8 +587,7 @@ delete_sig_subpkt (subpktarea_t *area, sigsubpkttype_t reqtype )
 	if( n == 255 ) {
 	    if( buflen < 4 )
 		break;
-	    n = (buffer[0] << 24) | (buffer[1] << 16)
-                | (buffer[2] << 8) | buffer[3];
+	    n = buf32_to_size_t (buffer);
 	    buffer += 4;
 	    buflen -= 4;
 	}
@@ -710,7 +710,7 @@ build_sig_subpkt (PKT_signature *sig, sigsubpkttype_t type,
 	/* This should never happen since we don't currently allow
 	   creating such a subpacket, but just in case... */
       case SIGSUBPKT_SIG_EXPIRE:
-	if(buffer_to_u32(buffer)+sig->timestamp<=make_timestamp())
+	if (buf32_to_u32 (buffer) + sig->timestamp <= make_timestamp())
 	  sig->flags.expired=1;
 	else
 	  sig->flags.expired=0;
diff --git a/g10/ccid-driver.c b/g10/ccid-driver.c
index 8c362d7..515b15a 100644
--- a/g10/ccid-driver.c
+++ b/g10/ccid-driver.c
@@ -92,6 +92,7 @@
 #include <usb.h>
 
 #include "ccid-driver.h"
+#include "../include/host2net.h"
 
 #define DRVNAME "ccid-driver: "
 
@@ -292,7 +293,7 @@ static int abort_cmd (ccid_driver_t handle, int seqno);
 static unsigned int 
 convert_le_u32 (const unsigned char *buf)
 {
-  return buf[0] | (buf[1] << 8) | (buf[2] << 16) | (buf[3] << 24); 
+  return buf[0] | (buf[1] << 8) | (buf[2] << 16) | ((unsigned int)buf[3] << 24);
 }
 
 
diff --git a/g10/getkey.c b/g10/getkey.c
index 3c953d6..9870710 100644
--- a/g10/getkey.c
+++ b/g10/getkey.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
 #include "trustdb.h"
 #include "i18n.h"
 #include "keyserver-internal.h"
+#include "../include/host2net.h"
 
 #define MAX_PK_CACHE_ENTRIES   PK_UID_CACHE_SIZE
 #define MAX_UID_CACHE_ENTRIES  PK_UID_CACHE_SIZE
@@ -1427,14 +1428,14 @@ merge_keys_and_selfsig( KBNODE keyblock )
 
 	    p = parse_sig_subpkt( sig->hashed, SIGSUBPKT_KEY_EXPIRE, NULL );
 	    if( pk ) {
-		ed = p? pk->timestamp + buffer_to_u32(p):0;
+		ed = p? pk->timestamp + buf32_to_u32(p):0;
 		if( sig->timestamp > sigdate ) {
 		    pk->expiredate = ed;
 		    sigdate = sig->timestamp;
 		}
 	    }
 	    else {
-		ed = p? sk->timestamp + buffer_to_u32(p):0;
+		ed = p? sk->timestamp + buf32_to_u32(p):0;
 		if( sig->timestamp > sigdate ) {
 		    sk->expiredate = ed;
 		    sigdate = sig->timestamp;
@@ -1559,8 +1560,8 @@ fixup_uidnode ( KBNODE uidnode, KBNODE signode, u32 keycreated )
 
     /* ditto for the key expiration */
     p = parse_sig_subpkt (sig->hashed, SIGSUBPKT_KEY_EXPIRE, NULL);
-    if( p && buffer_to_u32(p) )
-      uid->help_key_expire = keycreated + buffer_to_u32(p);
+    if( p && buf32_to_u32 (p) )
+      uid->help_key_expire = keycreated + buf32_to_u32(p);
     else
       uid->help_key_expire = 0;
 
@@ -1774,9 +1775,9 @@ merge_selfsigs_main(KBNODE keyblock, int *r_revoked, struct revoke_info *rinfo)
 	key_usage=parse_key_usage(sig);
 
 	p = parse_sig_subpkt (sig->hashed, SIGSUBPKT_KEY_EXPIRE, NULL);
-	if( p && buffer_to_u32(p) )
+	if( p && buf32_to_u32 (p) )
 	  {
-	    key_expire = keytimestamp + buffer_to_u32(p);
+	    key_expire = keytimestamp + buf32_to_u32 (p);
 	    key_expire_seen = 1;
 	  }
 
@@ -2198,8 +2199,8 @@ merge_selfsigs_subkey( KBNODE keyblock, KBNODE subnode )
     subpk->pubkey_usage = key_usage;
 
     p = parse_sig_subpkt (sig->hashed, SIGSUBPKT_KEY_EXPIRE, NULL);
-    if ( p && buffer_to_u32(p) )
-        key_expire = keytimestamp + buffer_to_u32(p);
+    if ( p && buf32_to_u32 (p) )
+        key_expire = keytimestamp + buf32_to_u32 (p);
     else
         key_expire = 0;
     subpk->has_expired = key_expire >= curtime? 0 : key_expire;
diff --git a/g10/keygen.c b/g10/keygen.c
index 995ba63..76ee74e 100644
--- a/g10/keygen.c
+++ b/g10/keygen.c
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
 #include "i18n.h"
 #include "cardglue.h"
 #include "keyserver-internal.h"
+#include "host2net.h"
 
 #define MAX_PREFS 30
 
@@ -832,10 +833,7 @@ make_backsig (PKT_signature *sig, PKT_public_key *pk,
 		}
 	      else if(buf[1]==255)
 		{
-		  pktlen =buf[2] << 24;
-		  pktlen|=buf[3] << 16;
-		  pktlen|=buf[4] << 8;
-		  pktlen|=buf[5];
+                  pktlen = buf32_to_size_t (buf+2);
 		  buf+=6;
 		}
 	      else
@@ -852,14 +850,14 @@ make_backsig (PKT_signature *sig, PKT_public_key *pk,
 		  break;
 
 		case 2:
-		  pktlen =buf[mark++] << 24;
-		  pktlen|=buf[mark++] << 16;
+		  pktlen  = (size_t)buf[mark++] << 24;
+		  pktlen |= buf[mark++] << 16;
 
 		case 1:
-		  pktlen|=buf[mark++] << 8;
+		  pktlen |= buf[mark++] << 8;
 
 		case 0:
-		  pktlen|=buf[mark++];
+		  pktlen |= buf[mark++];
 		}
 
 	      buf+=mark;
diff --git a/g10/keyid.c b/g10/keyid.c
index d7072d4..ed30cff 100644
--- a/g10/keyid.c
+++ b/g10/keyid.c
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
 #include "mpi.h"
 #include "keydb.h"
 #include "i18n.h"
+#include "host2net.h"
 
 #ifdef HAVE_UNSIGNED_TIME_T
 # define INVALID_TIME_CHECK(a) ((a) == (time_t)(-1))
@@ -241,15 +242,8 @@ keystr_from_desc(KEYDB_SEARCH_DESC *desc)
       {
 	u32 keyid[2];
 
-	keyid[0] = (unsigned char)desc->u.fpr[12] << 24
-	  | (unsigned char)desc->u.fpr[13] << 16
-	  | (unsigned char)desc->u.fpr[14] << 8
-	  | (unsigned char)desc->u.fpr[15] ;
-	keyid[1] = (unsigned char)desc->u.fpr[16] << 24
-	  | (unsigned char)desc->u.fpr[17] << 16
-	  | (unsigned char)desc->u.fpr[18] << 8
-	  | (unsigned char)desc->u.fpr[19] ;
-
+	keyid[0] = buf32_to_u32 (desc->u.fpr+12);
+	keyid[1] = buf32_to_u32 (desc->u.fpr+16);
 	return keystr(keyid);
       }
 
@@ -300,8 +294,8 @@ keyid_from_sk( PKT_secret_key *sk, u32 *keyid )
       if(md)
 	{
 	  dp = md_read( md, 0 );
-	  keyid[0] = dp[12] << 24 | dp[13] << 16 | dp[14] << 8 | dp[15] ;
-	  keyid[1] = dp[16] << 24 | dp[17] << 16 | dp[18] << 8 | dp[19] ;
+	  keyid[0] = buf32_to_u32 (dp+12);
+	  keyid[1] = buf32_to_u32 (dp+16);
 	  lowbits = keyid[1];
 	  md_close(md);
 	  sk->keyid[0] = keyid[0];
@@ -354,8 +348,8 @@ keyid_from_pk( PKT_public_key *pk, u32 *keyid )
       if(md)
 	{
 	  dp = md_read( md, 0 );
-	  keyid[0] = dp[12] << 24 | dp[13] << 16 | dp[14] << 8 | dp[15] ;
-	  keyid[1] = dp[16] << 24 | dp[17] << 16 | dp[18] << 8 | dp[19] ;
+	  keyid[0] = buf32_to_u32 (dp+12);
+	  keyid[1] = buf32_to_u32 (dp+16);
 	  lowbits = keyid[1];
 	  md_close(md);
 	  pk->keyid[0] = keyid[0];
@@ -398,8 +392,8 @@ keyid_from_fingerprint( const byte *fprint, size_t fprint_len, u32 *keyid )
     }
     else {
 	const byte *dp = fprint;
-	keyid[0] = dp[12] << 24 | dp[13] << 16 | dp[14] << 8 | dp[15] ;
-	keyid[1] = dp[16] << 24 | dp[17] << 16 | dp[18] << 8 | dp[19] ;
+	keyid[0] = buf32_to_u32 (dp+12);
+	keyid[1] = buf32_to_u32 (dp+16);
     }
 
     return keyid[1];
@@ -687,8 +681,8 @@ fingerprint_from_pk( PKT_public_key *pk, byte *array, size_t *ret_len )
 	if( !array )
 	    array = xmalloc( len );
 	memcpy(array, dp, len );
-	pk->keyid[0] = dp[12] << 24 | dp[13] << 16 | dp[14] << 8 | dp[15] ;
-	pk->keyid[1] = dp[16] << 24 | dp[17] << 16 | dp[18] << 8 | dp[19] ;
+        pk->keyid[0] = buf32_to_u32 (dp+12);
+        pk->keyid[1] = buf32_to_u32 (dp+16);
 	md_close(md);
     }
 
diff --git a/g10/misc.c b/g10/misc.c
index 60ecf96..2c5c6cc 100644
--- a/g10/misc.c
+++ b/g10/misc.c
@@ -295,17 +295,6 @@ checksum_mpi( MPI a )
     return csum;
 }
 
-u32
-buffer_to_u32( const byte *buffer )
-{
-    unsigned long a;
-    a =  *buffer << 24;
-    a |= buffer[1] << 16;
-    a |= buffer[2] << 8;
-    a |= buffer[3];
-    return a;
-}
-
 void
 print_pubkey_algo_note( int algo )
 {
diff --git a/g10/parse-packet.c b/g10/parse-packet.c
index e7e923b..862ec6e 100644
--- a/g10/parse-packet.c
+++ b/g10/parse-packet.c
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
 #include "options.h"
 #include "main.h"
 #include "i18n.h"
+#include "host2net.h"
 
 #ifndef MAX_EXTERN_MPI_BITS
 #define MAX_EXTERN_MPI_BITS 16384
@@ -94,7 +95,7 @@ static unsigned short
 read_16(IOBUF inp)
 {
     unsigned short a;
-    a = iobuf_get_noeof(inp) << 8;
+    a = (unsigned short)iobuf_get_noeof(inp) << 8;
     a |= iobuf_get_noeof(inp);
     return a;
 }
@@ -103,7 +104,7 @@ static unsigned long
 read_32(IOBUF inp)
 {
     unsigned long a;
-    a =  iobuf_get_noeof(inp) << 24;
+    a =  (unsigned long)iobuf_get_noeof(inp) << 24;
     a |= iobuf_get_noeof(inp) << 16;
     a |= iobuf_get_noeof(inp) << 8;
     a |= iobuf_get_noeof(inp);
@@ -383,7 +384,8 @@ parse( IOBUF inp, PACKET *pkt, int onlykeypkts, off_t *retpos,
 	       }
              else if( c == 255 )
 	       {
-		 pktlen  = (hdr[hdrlen++] = iobuf_get_noeof(inp)) << 24;
+		 pktlen  =
+                   (unsigned long)(hdr[hdrlen++] = iobuf_get_noeof(inp)) << 24;
 		 pktlen |= (hdr[hdrlen++] = iobuf_get_noeof(inp)) << 16;
 		 pktlen |= (hdr[hdrlen++] = iobuf_get_noeof(inp)) << 8;
 		 if( (c = iobuf_get(inp)) == -1 )
@@ -878,14 +880,15 @@ dump_sig_subpkt( int hashed, int type, int critical,
     switch( type ) {
       case SIGSUBPKT_SIG_CREATED:
 	if( length >= 4 )
-	    fprintf (listfp, "sig created %s", strtimestamp( buffer_to_u32(buffer) ) );
+	    fprintf (listfp, "sig created %s",
+                     strtimestamp (buf32_to_u32(buffer)) );
 	break;
       case SIGSUBPKT_SIG_EXPIRE:
 	if( length >= 4 )
 	  {
-	    if(buffer_to_u32(buffer))
+	    if(buf32_to_u32(buffer))
 	      fprintf (listfp, "sig expires after %s",
-		       strtimevalue( buffer_to_u32(buffer) ) );
+		       strtimevalue( buf32_to_u32(buffer) ) );
 	    else
 	      fprintf (listfp, "sig does not expire");
 	  }
@@ -918,9 +921,9 @@ dump_sig_subpkt( int hashed, int type, int critical,
       case SIGSUBPKT_KEY_EXPIRE:
 	if( length >= 4 )
 	  {
-	    if(buffer_to_u32(buffer))
+	    if(buf32_to_u32(buffer))
 	      fprintf (listfp, "key expires after %s",
-		       strtimevalue( buffer_to_u32(buffer) ) );
+		       strtimevalue( buf32_to_u32(buffer) ) );
 	    else
 	      fprintf (listfp, "key does not expire");
 	  }
@@ -943,8 +946,8 @@ dump_sig_subpkt( int hashed, int type, int critical,
       case SIGSUBPKT_ISSUER:
 	if( length >= 8 )
 	    fprintf (listfp, "issuer key ID %08lX%08lX",
-		      (ulong)buffer_to_u32(buffer),
-		      (ulong)buffer_to_u32(buffer+4) );
+                     buf32_to_ulong (buffer),
+                     buf32_to_ulong (buffer+4));
 	break;
       case SIGSUBPKT_NOTATION:
 	{
@@ -1192,8 +1195,7 @@ enum_sig_subpkt( const subpktarea_t *pktbuf, sigsubpkttype_t reqtype,
 	if( n == 255 ) { /* 4 byte length header */
 	    if( buflen < 4 )
 		goto too_short;
-	    n = (buffer[0] << 24) | (buffer[1] << 16)
-                | (buffer[2] << 8) | buffer[3];
+            n = buf32_to_size_t (buffer);
 	    buffer += 4;
 	    buflen -= 4;
 	}
@@ -1415,7 +1417,7 @@ parse_signature( IOBUF inp, int pkttype, unsigned long pktlen,
 
 	p = parse_sig_subpkt (sig->hashed, SIGSUBPKT_SIG_CREATED, NULL );
 	if(p)
-	  sig->timestamp = buffer_to_u32(p);
+	  sig->timestamp = buf32_to_u32 (p);
 	else if(!(sig->pubkey_algo>=100 && sig->pubkey_algo<=110)
 		&& opt.verbose)
 	  log_info ("signature packet without timestamp\n");
@@ -1423,16 +1425,16 @@ parse_signature( IOBUF inp, int pkttype, unsigned long pktlen,
 	p = parse_sig_subpkt2( sig, SIGSUBPKT_ISSUER, NULL );
 	if(p)
 	  {
-	    sig->keyid[0] = buffer_to_u32(p);
-	    sig->keyid[1] = buffer_to_u32(p+4);
+	    sig->keyid[0] = buf32_to_u32 (p);
+	    sig->keyid[1] = buf32_to_u32 (p+4);
 	  }
 	else if(!(sig->pubkey_algo>=100 && sig->pubkey_algo<=110)
 		&& opt.verbose)
 	  log_info ("signature packet without keyid\n");
 
 	p=parse_sig_subpkt(sig->hashed,SIGSUBPKT_SIG_EXPIRE,NULL);
-	if(p && buffer_to_u32(p))
-	  sig->expiredate=sig->timestamp+buffer_to_u32(p);
+	if(p && buf32_to_u32 (p))
+	  sig->expiredate = sig->timestamp + buf32_to_u32 (p);
 	if(sig->expiredate && sig->expiredate<=make_timestamp())
 	  sig->flags.expired=1;
 
@@ -2032,9 +2034,8 @@ parse_attribute_subpkts(PKT_user_id *uid)
       if( n == 255 ) { /* 4 byte length header */
 	if( buflen < 4 )
 	  goto too_short;
-	n = (buffer[0] << 24) | (buffer[1] << 16)
-	  | (buffer[2] << 8) | buffer[3];
-	buffer += 4;
+        n = buf32_to_size_t (buffer);
+        buffer += 4;
 	buflen -= 4;
       }
       else if( n >= 192 ) { /* 2 byte special encoded length header */
diff --git a/g10/tdbio.c b/g10/tdbio.c
index f109dde..403b608 100644
--- a/g10/tdbio.c
+++ b/g10/tdbio.c
@@ -1219,13 +1219,13 @@ tdbio_read_record( ulong recnum, TRUSTREC *rec, int expected )
 	rec->r.ver.trust_model = *p++;
 	rec->r.ver.min_cert_level = *p++;
 	p += 2;
-	rec->r.ver.created  = buftoulong(p); p += 4;
-	rec->r.ver.nextcheck = buftoulong(p); p += 4;
+	rec->r.ver.created  = buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
+	rec->r.ver.nextcheck = buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
 	p += 4;
 	p += 4;
-	rec->r.ver.firstfree =buftoulong(p); p += 4;
+	rec->r.ver.firstfree =buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
 	p += 4;
-	rec->r.ver.trusthashtbl =buftoulong(p); p += 4;
+	rec->r.ver.trusthashtbl =buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
 	if( recnum ) {
 	    log_error( _("%s: version record with recnum %lu\n"), db_name,
 							     (ulong)recnum );
@@ -1238,17 +1238,17 @@ tdbio_read_record( ulong recnum, TRUSTREC *rec, int expected )
 	}
 	break;
       case RECTYPE_FREE:
-	rec->r.free.next  = buftoulong(p); p += 4;
+	rec->r.free.next  = buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
 	break;
       case RECTYPE_HTBL:
 	for(i=0; i < ITEMS_PER_HTBL_RECORD; i++ ) {
-	    rec->r.htbl.item[i] = buftoulong(p); p += 4;
+	    rec->r.htbl.item[i] = buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
 	}
 	break;
       case RECTYPE_HLST:
-	rec->r.hlst.next = buftoulong(p); p += 4;
+	rec->r.hlst.next = buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
 	for(i=0; i < ITEMS_PER_HLST_RECORD; i++ ) {
-	    rec->r.hlst.rnum[i] = buftoulong(p); p += 4;
+	    rec->r.hlst.rnum[i] = buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
 	}
 	break;
       case RECTYPE_TRUST:
@@ -1257,12 +1257,12 @@ tdbio_read_record( ulong recnum, TRUSTREC *rec, int expected )
         rec->r.trust.depth = *p++;
         rec->r.trust.min_ownertrust = *p++;
         p++;
-	rec->r.trust.validlist = buftoulong(p); p += 4;
+	rec->r.trust.validlist = buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
 	break;
       case RECTYPE_VALID:
 	memcpy( rec->r.valid.namehash, p, 20); p+=20;
         rec->r.valid.validity = *p++;
-	rec->r.valid.next = buftoulong(p); p += 4;
+	rec->r.valid.next = buf32_to_ulong (p); p += 4;
 	rec->r.valid.full_count = *p++;
 	rec->r.valid.marginal_count = *p++;
 	break;
@@ -1570,7 +1570,7 @@ migrate_from_v2 ()
           ottable_size += 1000;
           ottable = xrealloc (ottable, ottable_size * sizeof *ottable);
         }
-      ottable[ottable_used].keyrecno = buftoulong (oldbuf+6);
+      ottable[ottable_used].keyrecno = buf32_to_ulong (oldbuf+6);
       ottable[ottable_used].ot = oldbuf[18];
       ottable[ottable_used].okay = 0;
       memset (ottable[ottable_used].fpr,0, 20);
diff --git a/g10/trustdb.c b/g10/trustdb.c
index a541106..e4317e2 100644
--- a/g10/trustdb.c
+++ b/g10/trustdb.c
@@ -1624,7 +1624,7 @@ mark_usable_uid_certs (KBNODE keyblock, KBNODE uidnode,
           u32 expire;
 
           p = parse_sig_subpkt (sig->hashed, SIGSUBPKT_SIG_EXPIRE, NULL );
-          expire = p? sig->timestamp + buffer_to_u32(p) : 0;
+          expire = p? sig->timestamp + buf32_to_u32 (p) : 0;
 
           if (expire==0 || expire > curtime )
             {
diff --git a/include/host2net.h b/include/host2net.h
index fe0ec41..ecb00dc 100644
--- a/include/host2net.h
+++ b/include/host2net.h
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
-/* host2net.h - Some macros
- *	Copyright (C) 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+/* host2net.h - Endian conversion macros
+ * Copyright (C) 1998, 2014, 2015  Werner Koch
  *
  * This file is part of GNUPG.
  *
@@ -17,14 +17,11 @@
  * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
  */
 
-#ifndef G10_HOST2NET_H
-#define G10_HOST2NET_H
+#ifndef GNUPG_COMMON_HOST2NET_H
+#define GNUPG_COMMON_HOST2NET_H
 
 #include "types.h"
 
-#define buftoulong( p )  ((*(byte*)(p) << 24) | (*((byte*)(p)+1)<< 16) | \
-		       (*((byte*)(p)+2) << 8) | (*((byte*)(p)+3)))
-#define buftoushort( p )  ((*((byte*)(p)) << 8) | (*((byte*)(p)+1)))
 #define ulongtobuf( p, a ) do { 			  \
 			    ((byte*)p)[0] = a >> 24;	\
 			    ((byte*)p)[1] = a >> 16;	\
@@ -35,8 +32,71 @@
 			    ((byte*)p)[0] = a >>  8;	\
 			    ((byte*)p)[1] = a	   ;	\
 			} while(0)
-#define buftou32( p)	buftoulong( (p) )
-#define u32tobuf( p, a) ulongtobuf( (p), (a) )
 
 
-#endif /*G10_HOST2NET_H*/
+static inline unsigned long
+buf16_to_ulong (const void *buffer)
+{
+  const unsigned char *p = buffer;
+
+  return (((unsigned long)p[0] << 8) | p[1]);
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int
+buf16_to_uint (const void *buffer)
+{
+  const unsigned char *p = buffer;
+
+  return (((unsigned int)p[0] << 8) | p[1]);
+}
+
+static inline unsigned short
+buf16_to_ushort (const void *buffer)
+{
+  const unsigned char *p = buffer;
+
+  return (((unsigned short)p[0] << 8) | p[1]);
+}
+
+static inline u16
+buf16_to_u16 (const void *buffer)
+{
+  const unsigned char *p = buffer;
+
+  return (((u16)p[0] << 8) | p[1]);
+}
+
+static inline size_t
+buf32_to_size_t (const void *buffer)
+{
+  const unsigned char *p = buffer;
+
+  return (((size_t)p[0] << 24) | (p[1] << 16) | (p[2] << 8) | p[3]);
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long
+buf32_to_ulong (const void *buffer)
+{
+  const unsigned char *p = buffer;
+
+  return (((unsigned long)p[0] << 24) | (p[1] << 16) | (p[2] << 8) | p[3]);
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int
+buf32_to_uint (const void *buffer)
+{
+  const unsigned char *p = buffer;
+
+  return (((unsigned int)p[0] << 24) | (p[1] << 16) | (p[2] << 8) | p[3]);
+}
+
+static inline u32
+buf32_to_u32 (const void *buffer)
+{
+  const unsigned char *p = buffer;
+
+  return (((u32)p[0] << 24) | (p[1] << 16) | (p[2] << 8) | p[3]);
+}
+
+
+#endif /*GNUPG_COMMON_HOST2NET_H*/
-- 
2.1.4