Package: linux / 3.16.56-1+deb8u1

bugfix/all/access_once/0001-kernel-Provide-READ_ONCE-and-ASSIGN_ONCE.patch Patch series | download
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From: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 10:01:16 +0100
Subject: kernel: Provide READ_ONCE and ASSIGN_ONCE
Origin: https://git.kernel.org/linus/230fa253df6352af12ad0a16128760b5cb3f92df

ACCESS_ONCE does not work reliably on non-scalar types. For
example gcc 4.6 and 4.7 might remove the volatile tag for such
accesses during the SRA (scalar replacement of aggregates) step
https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=58145)

Let's provide READ_ONCE/ASSIGN_ONCE that will do all accesses via
scalar types as suggested by Linus Torvalds. Accesses larger than
the machines word size cannot be guaranteed to be atomic. These
macros will use memcpy and emit a build warning.

Signed-off-by: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
---
 include/linux/compiler.h | 74 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 74 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index d5ad7b1..a1c81f8 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -186,6 +186,80 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_branch_data *f, int val, int expect);
 # define __UNIQUE_ID(prefix) __PASTE(__PASTE(__UNIQUE_ID_, prefix), __LINE__)
 #endif
 
+#include <uapi/linux/types.h>
+
+static __always_inline void data_access_exceeds_word_size(void)
+#ifdef __compiletime_warning
+__compiletime_warning("data access exceeds word size and won't be atomic")
+#endif
+;
+
+static __always_inline void data_access_exceeds_word_size(void)
+{
+}
+
+static __always_inline void __read_once_size(volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
+{
+	switch (size) {
+	case 1: *(__u8 *)res = *(volatile __u8 *)p; break;
+	case 2: *(__u16 *)res = *(volatile __u16 *)p; break;
+	case 4: *(__u32 *)res = *(volatile __u32 *)p; break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	case 8: *(__u64 *)res = *(volatile __u64 *)p; break;
+#endif
+	default:
+		barrier();
+		__builtin_memcpy((void *)res, (const void *)p, size);
+		data_access_exceeds_word_size();
+		barrier();
+	}
+}
+
+static __always_inline void __assign_once_size(volatile void *p, void *res, int size)
+{
+	switch (size) {
+	case 1: *(volatile __u8 *)p = *(__u8 *)res; break;
+	case 2: *(volatile __u16 *)p = *(__u16 *)res; break;
+	case 4: *(volatile __u32 *)p = *(__u32 *)res; break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	case 8: *(volatile __u64 *)p = *(__u64 *)res; break;
+#endif
+	default:
+		barrier();
+		__builtin_memcpy((void *)p, (const void *)res, size);
+		data_access_exceeds_word_size();
+		barrier();
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching reads or writes. The
+ * compiler is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of
+ * READ_ONCE, ASSIGN_ONCE and ACCESS_ONCE (see below), but only when the
+ * compiler is aware of some particular ordering.  One way to make the
+ * compiler aware of ordering is to put the two invocations of READ_ONCE,
+ * ASSIGN_ONCE or ACCESS_ONCE() in different C statements.
+ *
+ * In contrast to ACCESS_ONCE these two macros will also work on aggregate
+ * data types like structs or unions. If the size of the accessed data
+ * type exceeds the word size of the machine (e.g., 32 bits or 64 bits)
+ * READ_ONCE() and ASSIGN_ONCE()  will fall back to memcpy and print a
+ * compile-time warning.
+ *
+ * Their two major use cases are: (1) Mediating communication between
+ * process-level code and irq/NMI handlers, all running on the same CPU,
+ * and (2) Ensuring that the compiler does not  fold, spindle, or otherwise
+ * mutilate accesses that either do not require ordering or that interact
+ * with an explicit memory barrier or atomic instruction that provides the
+ * required ordering.
+ */
+
+#define READ_ONCE(x) \
+	({ typeof(x) __val; __read_once_size(&x, &__val, sizeof(__val)); __val; })
+
+#define ASSIGN_ONCE(val, x) \
+	({ typeof(x) __val; __val = val; __assign_once_size(&x, &__val, sizeof(__val)); __val; })
+
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
 #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */