Package: openssh / 1:7.9p1-10

debian-config.patch Patch series | download
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From a433d9baa031d7136a8cf3e3807ebff83a3a8634 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Colin Watson <cjwatson@debian.org>
Date: Sun, 9 Feb 2014 16:10:18 +0000
Subject: Various Debian-specific configuration changes

ssh: Enable ForwardX11Trusted, returning to earlier semantics which cause
fewer problems with existing setups (http://bugs.debian.org/237021).

ssh: Set 'SendEnv LANG LC_*' by default (http://bugs.debian.org/264024).

ssh: Enable HashKnownHosts by default to try to limit the spread of ssh
worms.

ssh: Enable GSSAPIAuthentication by default.

sshd: Enable PAM, disable ChallengeResponseAuthentication, and disable
PrintMotd.

sshd: Enable X11Forwarding.

sshd: Set 'AcceptEnv LANG LC_*' by default.

sshd: Change sftp subsystem path to /usr/lib/openssh/sftp-server.

Document all of this.

Author: Russ Allbery <rra@debian.org>
Forwarded: not-needed
Last-Update: 2017-10-04

Patch-Name: debian-config.patch
---
 readconf.c    |  2 +-
 ssh.1         | 21 +++++++++++++++++++++
 ssh_config    |  6 +++++-
 ssh_config.5  | 19 ++++++++++++++++++-
 sshd_config   | 16 ++++++++++------
 sshd_config.5 | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 77 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/readconf.c b/readconf.c
index 6b01f20d2..661b8bf40 100644
--- a/readconf.c
+++ b/readconf.c
@@ -2000,7 +2000,7 @@ fill_default_options(Options * options)
 	if (options->forward_x11 == -1)
 		options->forward_x11 = 0;
 	if (options->forward_x11_trusted == -1)
-		options->forward_x11_trusted = 0;
+		options->forward_x11_trusted = 1;
 	if (options->forward_x11_timeout == -1)
 		options->forward_x11_timeout = 1200;
 	/*
diff --git a/ssh.1 b/ssh.1
index ad1ed0f86..1bcc8edab 100644
--- a/ssh.1
+++ b/ssh.1
@@ -782,6 +782,16 @@ directive in
 .Xr ssh_config 5
 for more information.
 .Pp
+(Debian-specific: X11 forwarding is not subjected to X11 SECURITY extension
+restrictions by default, because too many programs currently crash in this
+mode.
+Set the
+.Cm ForwardX11Trusted
+option to
+.Dq no
+to restore the upstream behaviour.
+This may change in future depending on client-side improvements.)
+.Pp
 .It Fl x
 Disables X11 forwarding.
 .Pp
@@ -790,6 +800,17 @@ Enables trusted X11 forwarding.
 Trusted X11 forwardings are not subjected to the X11 SECURITY extension
 controls.
 .Pp
+(Debian-specific: This option does nothing in the default configuration: it
+is equivalent to
+.Dq Cm ForwardX11Trusted No yes ,
+which is the default as described above.
+Set the
+.Cm ForwardX11Trusted
+option to
+.Dq no
+to restore the upstream behaviour.
+This may change in future depending on client-side improvements.)
+.Pp
 .It Fl y
 Send log information using the
 .Xr syslog 3
diff --git a/ssh_config b/ssh_config
index bcb9f153d..1b676fb2c 100644
--- a/ssh_config
+++ b/ssh_config
@@ -17,9 +17,10 @@
 # list of available options, their meanings and defaults, please see the
 # ssh_config(5) man page.
 
-# Host *
+Host *
 #   ForwardAgent no
 #   ForwardX11 no
+#   ForwardX11Trusted yes
 #   PasswordAuthentication yes
 #   HostbasedAuthentication no
 #   GSSAPIAuthentication no
@@ -46,3 +47,6 @@
 #   VisualHostKey no
 #   ProxyCommand ssh -q -W %h:%p gateway.example.com
 #   RekeyLimit 1G 1h
+    SendEnv LANG LC_*
+    HashKnownHosts yes
+    GSSAPIAuthentication yes
diff --git a/ssh_config.5 b/ssh_config.5
index a91355726..1a8e24bd1 100644
--- a/ssh_config.5
+++ b/ssh_config.5
@@ -71,6 +71,22 @@ Since the first obtained value for each parameter is used, more
 host-specific declarations should be given near the beginning of the
 file, and general defaults at the end.
 .Pp
+Note that the Debian
+.Ic openssh-client
+package sets several options as standard in
+.Pa /etc/ssh/ssh_config
+which are not the default in
+.Xr ssh 1 :
+.Pp
+.Bl -bullet -offset indent -compact
+.It
+.Cm SendEnv No LANG LC_*
+.It
+.Cm HashKnownHosts No yes
+.It
+.Cm GSSAPIAuthentication No yes
+.El
+.Pp
 The file contains keyword-argument pairs, one per line.
 Lines starting with
 .Ql #
@@ -699,11 +715,12 @@ elapsed.
 .It Cm ForwardX11Trusted
 If this option is set to
 .Cm yes ,
+(the Debian-specific default),
 remote X11 clients will have full access to the original X11 display.
 .Pp
 If this option is set to
 .Cm no
-(the default),
+(the upstream default),
 remote X11 clients will be considered untrusted and prevented
 from stealing or tampering with data belonging to trusted X11
 clients.
diff --git a/sshd_config b/sshd_config
index 2c48105f8..ed8272f6d 100644
--- a/sshd_config
+++ b/sshd_config
@@ -57,8 +57,9 @@ AuthorizedKeysFile	.ssh/authorized_keys
 #PasswordAuthentication yes
 #PermitEmptyPasswords no
 
-# Change to no to disable s/key passwords
-#ChallengeResponseAuthentication yes
+# Change to yes to enable challenge-response passwords (beware issues with
+# some PAM modules and threads)
+ChallengeResponseAuthentication no
 
 # Kerberos options
 #KerberosAuthentication no
@@ -81,16 +82,16 @@ AuthorizedKeysFile	.ssh/authorized_keys
 # If you just want the PAM account and session checks to run without
 # PAM authentication, then enable this but set PasswordAuthentication
 # and ChallengeResponseAuthentication to 'no'.
-#UsePAM no
+UsePAM yes
 
 #AllowAgentForwarding yes
 #AllowTcpForwarding yes
 #GatewayPorts no
-#X11Forwarding no
+X11Forwarding yes
 #X11DisplayOffset 10
 #X11UseLocalhost yes
 #PermitTTY yes
-#PrintMotd yes
+PrintMotd no
 #PrintLastLog yes
 #TCPKeepAlive yes
 #PermitUserEnvironment no
@@ -107,8 +108,11 @@ AuthorizedKeysFile	.ssh/authorized_keys
 # no default banner path
 #Banner none
 
+# Allow client to pass locale environment variables
+AcceptEnv LANG LC_*
+
 # override default of no subsystems
-Subsystem	sftp	/usr/libexec/sftp-server
+Subsystem	sftp	/usr/lib/openssh/sftp-server
 
 # Example of overriding settings on a per-user basis
 #Match User anoncvs
diff --git a/sshd_config.5 b/sshd_config.5
index 23f71fd1d..ba50a30f1 100644
--- a/sshd_config.5
+++ b/sshd_config.5
@@ -56,6 +56,28 @@ Arguments may optionally be enclosed in double quotes
 .Pq \&"
 in order to represent arguments containing spaces.
 .Pp
+Note that the Debian
+.Ic openssh-server
+package sets several options as standard in
+.Pa /etc/ssh/sshd_config
+which are not the default in
+.Xr sshd 8 :
+.Pp
+.Bl -bullet -offset indent -compact
+.It
+.Cm ChallengeResponseAuthentication No no
+.It
+.Cm X11Forwarding No yes
+.It
+.Cm PrintMotd No no
+.It
+.Cm AcceptEnv No LANG LC_*
+.It
+.Cm Subsystem No sftp /usr/lib/openssh/sftp-server
+.It
+.Cm UsePAM No yes
+.El
+.Pp
 The possible
 keywords and their meanings are as follows (note that
 keywords are case-insensitive and arguments are case-sensitive):