File: getflags.1

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.TH GETFLAGS 1
.SH NAME
getflags, usage \- command-line parsing for shell scripts
.SH SYNOPSIS
.B getflags $*
.PP
.B usage [ progname ]
.SH DESCRIPTION
.I Getflags
parses the options in its command-line arguments
according to the environment variable
.BR $flagfmt .
This variable should be a list of comma-separated options.
Each option can be a single letter, indicating that it does
not take arguments, or a letter followed by the space-separated
names of its arguments.
.I Getflags 
prints an 
.IR rc (1)
script on standard output which initializes the
environment variable
.BI $flag x
for every option mentioned in 
.BR $flagfmt .
If the option is not present on the command-line, the script
sets that option's flag variable to an empty list.
Otherwise, the script sets that option's flag variable with
a list containing the option's arguments or, 
if the option takes no arguments,
with the string
.BR 1 .
The script also sets the variable
.B $*
to the list of arguments following the options.
The final line in the script sets the
.B $status
variable, to the empty string on success
and to the string
.B usage
when there is an error parsing the command line.
.PP
.I Usage
prints a usage message to standard error.
It creates the message using
.BR $flagfmt ,
as described above,
.BR $args ,
which should contain the string to be printed explaining
non-option arguments,
and
.BR $0 ,
the program name
(see
.IR rc (1)).
If run under 
.IR sh (1),
which does not set
.BR $0 ,
the program name must be given explicitly on the command line.
.SH EXAMPLE
Parse the arguments for
.IR leak (1):
.IP
.EX
flagfmt='b,s,f binary,r res,x width'
args='name | pid list'
if(! ifs=() eval `{getflags $*} || ~ $#* 0){
	usage
	exit usage
}
.EE
.SH SOURCE
.B \*9/src/cmd/getflags.c
.br
.B \*9/src/cmd/usage.c
.SH SEE ALSO
.IR arg (3)