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Appendix -- Anarchism and Marxism

This appendix exists to refute some of the many 
anti-anarchist diatribes produced by Marxists. While 
we have covered why anarchists oppose Marxism in
<a href="secHcon.html">section H</a>, we thought it 
would be useful to reply to Marxist webpages and 
books whose content is not explicitly
covered in that section. In this way we hope to 
indicate that Marxism is a flawed theory, flawed
even to the extent of not being able to present a
honest critique of anarchism. This consistent attempt
to smear anarchism and distort its history and ideas
is no co-incidence -- rather it is required in order
to present Marxism as the only viable form of socialism
and, more importantly, to hide the fact that much of
the populist Marxist rhetoric was, in fact, said by
anarchists first and latter stolen by Marxists to hide
the authoritarian basis of their politics.

One last point. We are aware that we repeat many of our
arguments in these appendices. That, unfortunately, is
avoidable for two reasons. Firstly, Marxists usually
repeat the same false assertions against anarchism and
so we have to answer them each time they appear. Marxists
seem to subscribe to the point of view that repeating an
error often enough makes it true. Secondly, we have tried
to make each appendix as self-contained as possible and
that meant repeating certain material and arguments to
achieve this. We hope the reader understands.

* Reply to errors and distortions in David McNally's pamphlet
  _Socialism from Below_

	1.  Introduction 
	2.  Is anarchism the politics of the "small property owner"?
	3.  Does anarchism "glorify values from the past"?
	4.  Why are McNally's comments on Proudhon a distortion 
	    of his ideas?
	5.  Why are McNally's comments on Bakunin a distortion 
	    of his ideas?
	6.  Are the "quirks of personality" of Proudhon and Bakunin listed 
	    by McNally actually rooted "in the very nature of anarchist
	    doctrine"?
	7.  Are anarchists against democracy?
	8.  Are Leninists in favour of democracy?
	9.  Why is McNally wrong on the relation of syndicalism 
	    to anarchism?
	10. Do syndicalists reject working class political action?
	11. Why is McNally's claim that Leninism supports the principle
          of working class self-emancipation is wrong?
	12. Why is Marxist "class analysis" of anarchism contradictory?
	13. If Marxism is "socialism from below," why do anarchists reject
          it?
	14. Why is McNally's use of the term "socialism from below"  
    	    dishonest?

				****************************

* Marxists and Spanish Anarchism

	1.  Were the Spanish Anarchists "Primitive Rebels"?
	2.  How accurate is Felix Morrow's book on the Spanish
	    Revolution?
	3.  Did a "highly centralised" FAI control the CNT?
	4.  What is the history of the CNT and the Communist 
	    International?
	5.  Why did the CNT not join the Workers' Alliance?
	6.  Was the October 1934 revolt sabotaged by the CNT?
	7.  Were the Friends of Durruti Marxists?
	8.  Did the Friends of Durruti "break with" anarchism?
	9.  Were the Friends of Durruti influenced by Trotskyists?
	10. What does the Friends of Durruti's programme tell us 
	    about Trotskyism?
	11. Why is Morrow's comments against the militarisation
	    of the Militias ironic?
	12. What is ironic about Morrow's vision of revolution?
	13. Why do anarchists reject the Marxist "workers' state"?
	14. What is wrong with Morrow's "fundamental tenet" of
	    anarchism?
	15. Did Spanish Anarchism aim for the creation of "collectives" 
	    before the revolution?
	16. How does the development of the collectives indicate the 
	    differences between Bolshevism and anarchism?
	17. Why is Morrow's support for "proletarian methods of production" 
	    ironic?
	18. Were the federations of collectives an "abandonment" of anarchist 
	    ideas?
	19. Did the experience of the rural collectives refute anarchism?
	20. Does the experience of the Spanish Revolution indicate the 
	    failure of anarchism or the failure of anarchists?

				****************************

* Reply to errors and distortions in Phil Mitchinson's 
  _Marxism and direct action_

	1. How does Mitchinson impoverish the politics of the direct action
	   groups?
	2. Does anarchism "juxtapose" theory and action?
	3. How does Mitchinson distort the London May Day demo?
	4. Do anarchists really think "the bosses will do nothing to defend
	   their system"?
	5. How does Mitchinson misrepresent anarchist organisation?
	6. How does Mitchinson define anarchism wrongly?
	7. Does anarchism reject fighting for reforms?
	8. Does anarchism see the state as the root of all problems?
	9. Why is Mitchinson wrong about the "Abolishion [i.e. Abolition] of 
	   the state"?
	10. Why is Mitchinson's comment that we face either "socialism or
	    barbarism" actually undermine his case?
	11. Why is Mitchinson wrong to assert anarchists do not believe 
	    in defending a revolution?
	12. Would the "workers' state" really be different, as Mitchinson claims?
	13. Is the Marxist "worker's state" really the rule of one class
	    over another?
	14. Why do anarchists reject the Marxist notion of "conquest of power"?
	15. What caused the degeneration of the Russian Revolution?
	16. Did anarchists reject "the need for organisation in the shape of
	    trade unions"?
	17. Why do anarchists reject political activity?
	18. How do anarchists struggle for reforms under capitalism?
	19. How does Mitchinson distorts the use of the term "Self-reliance"?
	20. Is anarchism an example of "Philosophical idealism"?
	21. How is Mitchinson's critique self-contradictory?
	22. How did Trotsky make the trains run on time?
	23. Can centralised planning meet the needs of the whole of society?
	24. Is technology neutral?
	25. Do anarchists ignore the "strength of the working class"?
	26. What does Mitchinson's article tell about the nature of Trotskyism?


				****************************

* Reply to errors and distortions in the SWP's "Marxism and 
 Anarchism"

	1. What does the anti-globalisation movement tell us about
	   the effectiveness of the "vanguard" parties like the SWP?
	2. What does the SWP miss out in its definition of anarchism?
	3. Why does mentioning the history of anarchism weaken the SWP's
	   argument?
	4. How is the SWP wrong about centralisation?
	5. Why does the SWP's "picket line is 'authoritarian'" argument
	   totally miss the point?
	6. Why are the SWP's examples of "state functions" wrong?
	7. What is ironic about the SWP's comment that workers' councils
	   must "break up" the capitalist state?
	8. How do the SWP re-write the history of the Russian Revolution?
	9. How do the SWP re-write the history of the Spanish Revolution?
	10. Do anarchists ignore the fact that ideas change through struggle?
	11. Why do anarchists oppose the Leninist "revolutionary party"?
	12. Why do the SWP make a polemical fetish of "unity" and "democracy" 
	    to the expense of common sense and freedom?
	13. How does the Battle of Prague expose the SWP as hypocrites?
	14. Is the Leninist tradition actually as democratic as the SWP
	    like to claim?
	15. Why is the SWP's support for centralisation anti-socialist?
	16. Why is the SWP wrong about the A16 Washington D.C. demo?
	17. Why does the SWP's Washington example refute the SWP's own 
	    argument and not anarchism?
	18. Why is a "revolutionary party" a contradiction in terms?
	19. Do anarchists operate "in secret"?
	20. Why is the SWP wrong about Bakunin's organisation?
	21. Why is the SWP's attack on Bakunin's organisation ironic?
	22. Was the F.A.I. a "centralised and secret" organisation that
	    shunned "open debate and common struggle"?
	23. Do anarchists wait for "spontaneous upsurges by workers"?
	24. Do anarchists blame workers "for being insufficiently revolutionary"?
	25. Why does the history of centralised parties refute the SWP's
	    arguments?

				****************************