File: secBint.html

package info (click to toggle)
anarchism 9.5-1
  • links: PTS
  • area: main
  • in suites: woody
  • size: 12,192 kB
  • ctags: 493
  • sloc: makefile: 40; sh: 8
file content (74 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 4,091 bytes parent folder | download
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
<html>
<head>
<title>Section B - Introduction</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Section B - Why do anarchists oppose the current system?</h1>
<p>
This section of the FAQ presents an analysis of the basic social relationships
of modern society and the structures which create them, particularly those
aspects of society that anarchists want to change.
<p>
Anarchism is, essentially, a revolt against capitalism. It was born at the
same time as capitalism was born and grew in influence as capitalism
colonised more and more parts of society. This does not mean that
anarchistic ideas have not existed within society since before the dawn of
capitalism. Far from it. Thinkers whose ideas can be classified as anarchist
go back thousands of years and are found in Eastern as well as Western
civilisations. It would be no exaggeration to say that anarchism was born
the moment the state and private property were created. 
<p>
However, anarchism as a political movement was the product of the 
transformation of society which accompanied the creation of the modern 
(nation-) state and capital. As such, the analysis and critique presented 
in this section of the FAQ will concentrate on modern, capitalist society. 
<p>
Anarchists realise that the power of governments and other forms of hierarchy
depends upon the agreement of the governed. Fear is not the whole answer, it is
far more <i>"because they [the oppressed] subscribe to the same values as their
governors. Rulers and ruled alike believe in the principle of authority, of
hierarchy, of power."</i> [Colin Ward, <b>Anarchy in Action</b>, p. 15] With this in
mind, we present in this section of the FAQ our arguments to challenge this
"consensus," to present the case why we should become anarchists, why 
authoritarian social relationships and organisations are not in our 
interests.
<p>
From this discussion, it will become apparent why anarchists are
dissatisfied with the very limited amount of freedom in modern mass
society and why they want to create a truly free society. In the words of
Noam Chomsky, the anarchist critique of modern society means: 
<p><blockquote>
<i>"to seek out and identify structures of authority, hierarchy, and domination 
in every aspect of life, and to challenge them; unless a justification for
them can be given, they are illegitimate, and should be dismantled, to 
increase the scope of human freedom. That includes political power, 
ownership and management, relations among men and women, parents and 
children, our control over the fate of future generations (the basic moral 
imperative behind the environmental movement. . .), and much else."</i> 
[<i>"Anarchism, Marxism and Hope for the Future"</i>, <b>Red and Black Revolution</b>, No. 2]
</blockquote><p>
In <a href="secJcon.html">section J</a> of the FAQ will discuss how anarchists try to encourage
this process of justification, this critical evaluation of authority
and domination, this undermining of what previously was considered 
"natural" or "common-sense" <b>until we started to question it.</b> Part of
this process is to encourage <b>direct action</b> (see <a href="secJ2.html">section J.2</a>) by the 
oppressed against their oppressors as well as encouraging the anarchistic
tendencies and awareness that exist (to a greater or lesser degree) in
any hierarchical society.
<p>
However, this section of the FAQ is concerned directly with the critical or
"negative" aspect of anarchism, the exposing of the evil inherent in all
authority, be it from state, property or whatever. Later sections will 
indicate how, after analysing the world, anarchists plan to change it 
constructively, but some of the constructive core of anarchism will be 
seen even in this section. After this broad critique of the current system,
we move onto more specific areas. <a href="secCcon.html">Section C</a> explains the anarchist critique 
of the economics of capitalism and <a href="secDcon.html">section D</a> discusses how the social 
relationships and institutions described in this section impact on society 
as a whole.
<p>

</body>
</html>