File: dlamchtest.f

package info (click to toggle)
atlas 3.10.3-10
  • links: PTS, VCS
  • area: main
  • in suites: bullseye, sid
  • size: 38,308 kB
  • sloc: ansic: 486,789; fortran: 66,209; asm: 7,267; makefile: 1,466; sh: 604
file content (913 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 26,782 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (5)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
      DOUBLE PRECISION FUNCTION DLAMCH_LA( CMACH )
*
*  -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.2) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd..
*     November 2006
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      CHARACTER          CMACH
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DLAMCH determines double precision machine parameters.
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  CMACH   (input) CHARACTER*1
*          Specifies the value to be returned by DLAMCH:
*          = 'E' or 'e',   DLAMCH := eps
*          = 'S' or 's ,   DLAMCH := sfmin
*          = 'B' or 'b',   DLAMCH := base
*          = 'P' or 'p',   DLAMCH := eps*base
*          = 'N' or 'n',   DLAMCH := t
*          = 'R' or 'r',   DLAMCH := rnd
*          = 'M' or 'm',   DLAMCH := emin
*          = 'U' or 'u',   DLAMCH := rmin
*          = 'L' or 'l',   DLAMCH := emax
*          = 'O' or 'o',   DLAMCH := rmax
*
*          where
*
*          eps   = relative machine precision
*          sfmin = safe minimum, such that 1/sfmin does not overflow
*          base  = base of the machine
*          prec  = eps*base
*          t     = number of (base) digits in the mantissa
*          rnd   = 1.0 when rounding occurs in addition, 0.0 otherwise
*          emin  = minimum exponent before (gradual) underflow
*          rmin  = underflow threshold - base**(emin-1)
*          emax  = largest exponent before overflow
*          rmax  = overflow threshold  - (base**emax)*(1-eps)
*
* =====================================================================
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE, ZERO
      PARAMETER          ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     ..
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      LOGICAL            FIRST, LRND
      INTEGER            BETA, IMAX, IMIN, IT
      DOUBLE PRECISION   BASE, EMAX, EMIN, EPS, PREC, RMACH, RMAX, RMIN,
     $                   RND, SFMIN, SMALL, T
*     ..
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     ..
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           DLAMC2
*     ..
*     .. Save statement ..
      SAVE               FIRST, EPS, SFMIN, BASE, T, RND, EMIN, RMIN,
     $                   EMAX, RMAX, PREC
*     ..
*     .. Data statements ..
      DATA               FIRST / .TRUE. /
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
      IF( FIRST ) THEN
         CALL DLAMC2( BETA, IT, LRND, EPS, IMIN, RMIN, IMAX, RMAX )
         BASE = BETA
         T = IT
         IF( LRND ) THEN
            RND = ONE
            EPS = ( BASE**( 1-IT ) ) / 2
         ELSE
            RND = ZERO
            EPS = BASE**( 1-IT )
         END IF
         PREC = EPS*BASE
         EMIN = IMIN
         EMAX = IMAX
         SFMIN = RMIN
         SMALL = ONE / RMAX
         IF( SMALL.GE.SFMIN ) THEN
*
*           Use SMALL plus a bit, to avoid the possibility of rounding
*           causing overflow when computing  1/sfmin.
*
            SFMIN = SMALL*( ONE+EPS )
         END IF
      END IF
*
      IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'E' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = EPS
      ELSE IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'S' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = SFMIN
      ELSE IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'B' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = BASE
      ELSE IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'P' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = PREC
      ELSE IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'N' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = T
      ELSE IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'R' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = RND
      ELSE IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'M' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = EMIN
      ELSE IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'U' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = RMIN
      ELSE IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'L' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = EMAX
      ELSE IF( LSAME( CMACH, 'O' ) ) THEN
         RMACH = RMAX
      END IF
*
      DLAMCH_LA = RMACH
      FIRST  = .FALSE.
      RETURN
*
*     End of DLAMCH_LA
*
      END
*
************************************************************************
*
      SUBROUTINE DLAMC1( BETA, T, RND, IEEE1 )
*
*  -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.2) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd..
*     November 2006
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      LOGICAL            IEEE1, RND
      INTEGER            BETA, T
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DLAMC1 determines the machine parameters given by BETA, T, RND, and
*  IEEE1.
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  BETA    (output) INTEGER
*          The base of the machine.
*
*  T       (output) INTEGER
*          The number of ( BETA ) digits in the mantissa.
*
*  RND     (output) LOGICAL
*          Specifies whether proper rounding  ( RND = .TRUE. )  or
*          chopping  ( RND = .FALSE. )  occurs in addition. This may not
*          be a reliable guide to the way in which the machine performs
*          its arithmetic.
*
*  IEEE1   (output) LOGICAL
*          Specifies whether rounding appears to be done in the IEEE
*          'round to nearest' style.
*
*  Further Details
*  ===============
*
*  The routine is based on the routine  ENVRON  by Malcolm and
*  incorporates suggestions by Gentleman and Marovich. See
*
*     Malcolm M. A. (1972) Algorithms to reveal properties of
*        floating-point arithmetic. Comms. of the ACM, 15, 949-951.
*
*     Gentleman W. M. and Marovich S. B. (1974) More on algorithms
*        that reveal properties of floating point arithmetic units.
*        Comms. of the ACM, 17, 276-277.
*
* =====================================================================
*
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      LOGICAL            FIRST, LIEEE1, LRND
      INTEGER            LBETA, LT
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A, B, C, F, ONE, QTR, SAVEC, T1, T2
*     ..
*     .. External Functions ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   DLAMC3
      EXTERNAL           DLAMC3
*     ..
*     .. Save statement ..
      SAVE               FIRST, LIEEE1, LBETA, LRND, LT
*     ..
*     .. Data statements ..
      DATA               FIRST / .TRUE. /
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
      IF( FIRST ) THEN
         ONE = 1
*
*        LBETA,  LIEEE1,  LT and  LRND  are the  local values  of  BETA,
*        IEEE1, T and RND.
*
*        Throughout this routine  we use the function  DLAMC3  to ensure
*        that relevant values are  stored and not held in registers,  or
*        are not affected by optimizers.
*
*        Compute  a = 2.0**m  with the  smallest positive integer m such
*        that
*
*           fl( a + 1.0 ) = a.
*
         A = 1
         C = 1
*
*+       WHILE( C.EQ.ONE )LOOP
   10    CONTINUE
         IF( C.EQ.ONE ) THEN
            A = 2*A
            C = DLAMC3( A, ONE )
            C = DLAMC3( C, -A )
            GO TO 10
         END IF
*+       END WHILE
*
*        Now compute  b = 2.0**m  with the smallest positive integer m
*        such that
*
*           fl( a + b ) .gt. a.
*
         B = 1
         C = DLAMC3( A, B )
*
*+       WHILE( C.EQ.A )LOOP
   20    CONTINUE
         IF( C.EQ.A ) THEN
            B = 2*B
            C = DLAMC3( A, B )
            GO TO 20
         END IF
*+       END WHILE
*
*        Now compute the base.  a and c  are neighbouring floating point
*        numbers  in the  interval  ( beta**t, beta**( t + 1 ) )  and so
*        their difference is beta. Adding 0.25 to c is to ensure that it
*        is truncated to beta and not ( beta - 1 ).
*
         QTR = ONE / 4
         SAVEC = C
         C = DLAMC3( C, -A )
         LBETA = C + QTR
*
*        Now determine whether rounding or chopping occurs,  by adding a
*        bit  less  than  beta/2  and a  bit  more  than  beta/2  to  a.
*
         B = LBETA
         F = DLAMC3( B / 2, -B / 100 )
         C = DLAMC3( F, A )
         IF( C.EQ.A ) THEN
            LRND = .TRUE.
         ELSE
            LRND = .FALSE.
         END IF
         F = DLAMC3( B / 2, B / 100 )
         C = DLAMC3( F, A )
         IF( ( LRND ) .AND. ( C.EQ.A ) )
     $      LRND = .FALSE.
*
*        Try and decide whether rounding is done in the  IEEE  'round to
*        nearest' style. B/2 is half a unit in the last place of the two
*        numbers A and SAVEC. Furthermore, A is even, i.e. has last  bit
*        zero, and SAVEC is odd. Thus adding B/2 to A should not  change
*        A, but adding B/2 to SAVEC should change SAVEC.
*
         T1 = DLAMC3( B / 2, A )
         T2 = DLAMC3( B / 2, SAVEC )
         LIEEE1 = ( T1.EQ.A ) .AND. ( T2.GT.SAVEC ) .AND. LRND
*
*        Now find  the  mantissa, t.  It should  be the  integer part of
*        log to the base beta of a,  however it is safer to determine  t
*        by powering.  So we find t as the smallest positive integer for
*        which
*
*           fl( beta**t + 1.0 ) = 1.0.
*
         LT = 0
         A = 1
         C = 1
*
*+       WHILE( C.EQ.ONE )LOOP
   30    CONTINUE
         IF( C.EQ.ONE ) THEN
            LT = LT + 1
            A = A*LBETA
            C = DLAMC3( A, ONE )
            C = DLAMC3( C, -A )
            GO TO 30
         END IF
*+       END WHILE
*
      END IF
*
      BETA = LBETA
      T = LT
      RND = LRND
      IEEE1 = LIEEE1
      FIRST = .FALSE.
      RETURN
*
*     End of DLAMC1
*
      END
*
************************************************************************
*
      SUBROUTINE DLAMC2( BETA, T, RND, EPS, EMIN, RMIN, EMAX, RMAX )
*
*  -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.2) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd..
*     November 2006
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      LOGICAL            RND
      INTEGER            BETA, EMAX, EMIN, T
      DOUBLE PRECISION   EPS, RMAX, RMIN
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DLAMC2 determines the machine parameters specified in its argument
*  list.
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  BETA    (output) INTEGER
*          The base of the machine.
*
*  T       (output) INTEGER
*          The number of ( BETA ) digits in the mantissa.
*
*  RND     (output) LOGICAL
*          Specifies whether proper rounding  ( RND = .TRUE. )  or
*          chopping  ( RND = .FALSE. )  occurs in addition. This may not
*          be a reliable guide to the way in which the machine performs
*          its arithmetic.
*
*  EPS     (output) DOUBLE PRECISION
*          The smallest positive number such that
*
*             fl( 1.0 - EPS ) .LT. 1.0,
*
*          where fl denotes the computed value.
*
*  EMIN    (output) INTEGER
*          The minimum exponent before (gradual) underflow occurs.
*
*  RMIN    (output) DOUBLE PRECISION
*          The smallest normalized number for the machine, given by
*          BASE**( EMIN - 1 ), where  BASE  is the floating point value
*          of BETA.
*
*  EMAX    (output) INTEGER
*          The maximum exponent before overflow occurs.
*
*  RMAX    (output) DOUBLE PRECISION
*          The largest positive number for the machine, given by
*          BASE**EMAX * ( 1 - EPS ), where  BASE  is the floating point
*          value of BETA.
*
*  Further Details
*  ===============
*
*  The computation of  EPS  is based on a routine PARANOIA by
*  W. Kahan of the University of California at Berkeley.
*
* =====================================================================
*
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      LOGICAL            FIRST, IEEE, IWARN, LIEEE1, LRND
      INTEGER            GNMIN, GPMIN, I, LBETA, LEMAX, LEMIN, LT,
     $                   NGNMIN, NGPMIN
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A, B, C, HALF, LEPS, LRMAX, LRMIN, ONE, RBASE,
     $                   SIXTH, SMALL, THIRD, TWO, ZERO
*     ..
*     .. External Functions ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   DLAMC3
      EXTERNAL           DLAMC3
*     ..
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           DLAMC1, DLAMC4, DLAMC5
*     ..
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          ABS, MAX, MIN
*     ..
*     .. Save statement ..
      SAVE               FIRST, IWARN, LBETA, LEMAX, LEMIN, LEPS, LRMAX,
     $                   LRMIN, LT
*     ..
*     .. Data statements ..
      DATA               FIRST / .TRUE. / , IWARN / .FALSE. /
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
      IF( FIRST ) THEN
         ZERO = 0
         ONE = 1
         TWO = 2
*
*        LBETA, LT, LRND, LEPS, LEMIN and LRMIN  are the local values of
*        BETA, T, RND, EPS, EMIN and RMIN.
*
*        Throughout this routine  we use the function  DLAMC3  to ensure
*        that relevant values are stored  and not held in registers,  or
*        are not affected by optimizers.
*
*        DLAMC1 returns the parameters  LBETA, LT, LRND and LIEEE1.
*
         CALL DLAMC1( LBETA, LT, LRND, LIEEE1 )
*
*        Start to find EPS.
*
         B = LBETA
         A = B**( -LT )
         LEPS = A
*
*        Try some tricks to see whether or not this is the correct  EPS.
*
         B = TWO / 3
         HALF = ONE / 2
         SIXTH = DLAMC3( B, -HALF )
         THIRD = DLAMC3( SIXTH, SIXTH )
         B = DLAMC3( THIRD, -HALF )
         B = DLAMC3( B, SIXTH )
         B = ABS( B )
         IF( B.LT.LEPS )
     $      B = LEPS
*
         LEPS = 1
*
*+       WHILE( ( LEPS.GT.B ).AND.( B.GT.ZERO ) )LOOP
   10    CONTINUE
         IF( ( LEPS.GT.B ) .AND. ( B.GT.ZERO ) ) THEN
            LEPS = B
            C = DLAMC3( HALF*LEPS, ( TWO**5 )*( LEPS**2 ) )
            C = DLAMC3( HALF, -C )
            B = DLAMC3( HALF, C )
            C = DLAMC3( HALF, -B )
            B = DLAMC3( HALF, C )
            GO TO 10
         END IF
*+       END WHILE
*
         IF( A.LT.LEPS )
     $      LEPS = A
*
*        Computation of EPS complete.
*
*        Now find  EMIN.  Let A = + or - 1, and + or - (1 + BASE**(-3)).
*        Keep dividing  A by BETA until (gradual) underflow occurs. This
*        is detected when we cannot recover the previous A.
*
         RBASE = ONE / LBETA
         SMALL = ONE
         DO 20 I = 1, 3
            SMALL = DLAMC3( SMALL*RBASE, ZERO )
   20    CONTINUE
         A = DLAMC3( ONE, SMALL )
         CALL DLAMC4( NGPMIN, ONE, LBETA )
         CALL DLAMC4( NGNMIN, -ONE, LBETA )
         CALL DLAMC4( GPMIN, A, LBETA )
         CALL DLAMC4( GNMIN, -A, LBETA )
         IEEE = .FALSE.
*
         IF( ( NGPMIN.EQ.NGNMIN ) .AND. ( GPMIN.EQ.GNMIN ) ) THEN
            IF( NGPMIN.EQ.GPMIN ) THEN
               LEMIN = NGPMIN
*            ( Non twos-complement machines, no gradual underflow;
*              e.g.,  VAX )
            ELSE IF( ( GPMIN-NGPMIN ).EQ.3 ) THEN
               LEMIN = NGPMIN - 1 + LT
               IEEE = .TRUE.
*            ( Non twos-complement machines, with gradual underflow;
*              e.g., IEEE standard followers )
            ELSE
               LEMIN = MIN( NGPMIN, GPMIN )
*            ( A guess; no known machine )
               IWARN = .TRUE.
            END IF
*
         ELSE IF( ( NGPMIN.EQ.GPMIN ) .AND. ( NGNMIN.EQ.GNMIN ) ) THEN
            IF( ABS( NGPMIN-NGNMIN ).EQ.1 ) THEN
               LEMIN = MAX( NGPMIN, NGNMIN )
*            ( Twos-complement machines, no gradual underflow;
*              e.g., CYBER 205 )
            ELSE
               LEMIN = MIN( NGPMIN, NGNMIN )
*            ( A guess; no known machine )
               IWARN = .TRUE.
            END IF
*
         ELSE IF( ( ABS( NGPMIN-NGNMIN ).EQ.1 ) .AND.
     $            ( GPMIN.EQ.GNMIN ) ) THEN
            IF( ( GPMIN-MIN( NGPMIN, NGNMIN ) ).EQ.3 ) THEN
               LEMIN = MAX( NGPMIN, NGNMIN ) - 1 + LT
*            ( Twos-complement machines with gradual underflow;
*              no known machine )
            ELSE
               LEMIN = MIN( NGPMIN, NGNMIN )
*            ( A guess; no known machine )
               IWARN = .TRUE.
            END IF
*
         ELSE
            LEMIN = MIN( NGPMIN, NGNMIN, GPMIN, GNMIN )
*         ( A guess; no known machine )
            IWARN = .TRUE.
         END IF
         FIRST = .FALSE.
***
* Comment out this if block if EMIN is ok
         IF( IWARN ) THEN
            FIRST = .TRUE.
            WRITE( 6, FMT = 9999 )LEMIN
         END IF
***
*
*        Assume IEEE arithmetic if we found denormalised  numbers above,
*        or if arithmetic seems to round in the  IEEE style,  determined
*        in routine DLAMC1. A true IEEE machine should have both  things
*        true; however, faulty machines may have one or the other.
*
         IEEE = IEEE .OR. LIEEE1
*
*        Compute  RMIN by successive division by  BETA. We could compute
*        RMIN as BASE**( EMIN - 1 ),  but some machines underflow during
*        this computation.
*
         LRMIN = 1
         DO 30 I = 1, 1 - LEMIN
            LRMIN = DLAMC3( LRMIN*RBASE, ZERO )
   30    CONTINUE
*
*        Finally, call DLAMC5 to compute EMAX and RMAX.
*
         CALL DLAMC5( LBETA, LT, LEMIN, IEEE, LEMAX, LRMAX )
      END IF
*
      BETA = LBETA
      T = LT
      RND = LRND
      EPS = LEPS
      EMIN = LEMIN
      RMIN = LRMIN
      EMAX = LEMAX
      RMAX = LRMAX
*
      RETURN
*
 9999 FORMAT( / / ' WARNING. The value EMIN may be incorrect:-',
     $      '  EMIN = ', I8, /
     $      ' If, after inspection, the value EMIN looks',
     $      ' acceptable please comment out ',
     $      / ' the IF block as marked within the code of routine',
     $      ' DLAMC2,', / ' otherwise supply EMIN explicitly.', / )
*
*     End of DLAMC2
*
      END
*
************************************************************************
*
      DOUBLE PRECISION FUNCTION DLAMC3( A, B )
*
*  -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.2) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd..
*     November 2006
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A, B
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DLAMC3  is intended to force  A  and  B  to be stored prior to doing
*  the addition of  A  and  B ,  for use in situations where optimizers
*  might hold one of these in a register.
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  A       (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
*  B       (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
*          The values A and B.
*
* =====================================================================
*
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
      DLAMC3 = A + B
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DLAMC3
*
      END
*
************************************************************************
*
      SUBROUTINE DLAMC4( EMIN, START, BASE )
*
*  -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.2) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd..
*     November 2006
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      INTEGER            BASE, EMIN
      DOUBLE PRECISION   START
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DLAMC4 is a service routine for DLAMC2.
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  EMIN    (output) INTEGER
*          The minimum exponent before (gradual) underflow, computed by
*          setting A = START and dividing by BASE until the previous A
*          can not be recovered.
*
*  START   (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
*          The starting point for determining EMIN.
*
*  BASE    (input) INTEGER
*          The base of the machine.
*
* =====================================================================
*
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      INTEGER            I
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A, B1, B2, C1, C2, D1, D2, ONE, RBASE, ZERO
*     ..
*     .. External Functions ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   DLAMC3
      EXTERNAL           DLAMC3
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
      A = START
      ONE = 1
      RBASE = ONE / BASE
      ZERO = 0
      EMIN = 1
      B1 = DLAMC3( A*RBASE, ZERO )
      C1 = A
      C2 = A
      D1 = A
      D2 = A
*+    WHILE( ( C1.EQ.A ).AND.( C2.EQ.A ).AND.
*    $       ( D1.EQ.A ).AND.( D2.EQ.A )      )LOOP
   10 CONTINUE
      IF( ( C1.EQ.A ) .AND. ( C2.EQ.A ) .AND. ( D1.EQ.A ) .AND.
     $    ( D2.EQ.A ) ) THEN
         EMIN = EMIN - 1
         A = B1
         B1 = DLAMC3( A / BASE, ZERO )
         C1 = DLAMC3( B1*BASE, ZERO )
         D1 = ZERO
         DO 20 I = 1, BASE
            D1 = D1 + B1
   20    CONTINUE
         B2 = DLAMC3( A*RBASE, ZERO )
         C2 = DLAMC3( B2 / RBASE, ZERO )
         D2 = ZERO
         DO 30 I = 1, BASE
            D2 = D2 + B2
   30    CONTINUE
         GO TO 10
      END IF
*+    END WHILE
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DLAMC4
*
      END
*
************************************************************************
*
      SUBROUTINE DLAMC5( BETA, P, EMIN, IEEE, EMAX, RMAX )
*
*  -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.2) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd..
*     November 2006
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      LOGICAL            IEEE
      INTEGER            BETA, EMAX, EMIN, P
      DOUBLE PRECISION   RMAX
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DLAMC5 attempts to compute RMAX, the largest machine floating-point
*  number, without overflow.  It assumes that EMAX + abs(EMIN) sum
*  approximately to a power of 2.  It will fail on machines where this
*  assumption does not hold, for example, the Cyber 205 (EMIN = -28625,
*  EMAX = 28718).  It will also fail if the value supplied for EMIN is
*  too large (i.e. too close to zero), probably with overflow.
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  BETA    (input) INTEGER
*          The base of floating-point arithmetic.
*
*  P       (input) INTEGER
*          The number of base BETA digits in the mantissa of a
*          floating-point value.
*
*  EMIN    (input) INTEGER
*          The minimum exponent before (gradual) underflow.
*
*  IEEE    (input) LOGICAL
*          A logical flag specifying whether or not the arithmetic
*          system is thought to comply with the IEEE standard.
*
*  EMAX    (output) INTEGER
*          The largest exponent before overflow
*
*  RMAX    (output) DOUBLE PRECISION
*          The largest machine floating-point number.
*
* =====================================================================
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO, ONE
      PARAMETER          ( ZERO = 0.0D0, ONE = 1.0D0 )
*     ..
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      INTEGER            EXBITS, EXPSUM, I, LEXP, NBITS, TRY, UEXP
      DOUBLE PRECISION   OLDY, RECBAS, Y, Z
*     ..
*     .. External Functions ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   DLAMC3
      EXTERNAL           DLAMC3
*     ..
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MOD
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     First compute LEXP and UEXP, two powers of 2 that bound
*     abs(EMIN). We then assume that EMAX + abs(EMIN) will sum
*     approximately to the bound that is closest to abs(EMIN).
*     (EMAX is the exponent of the required number RMAX).
*
      LEXP = 1
      EXBITS = 1
   10 CONTINUE
      TRY = LEXP*2
      IF( TRY.LE.( -EMIN ) ) THEN
         LEXP = TRY
         EXBITS = EXBITS + 1
         GO TO 10
      END IF
      IF( LEXP.EQ.-EMIN ) THEN
         UEXP = LEXP
      ELSE
         UEXP = TRY
         EXBITS = EXBITS + 1
      END IF
*
*     Now -LEXP is less than or equal to EMIN, and -UEXP is greater
*     than or equal to EMIN. EXBITS is the number of bits needed to
*     store the exponent.
*
      IF( ( UEXP+EMIN ).GT.( -LEXP-EMIN ) ) THEN
         EXPSUM = 2*LEXP
      ELSE
         EXPSUM = 2*UEXP
      END IF
*
*     EXPSUM is the exponent range, approximately equal to
*     EMAX - EMIN + 1 .
*
      EMAX = EXPSUM + EMIN - 1
      NBITS = 1 + EXBITS + P
*
*     NBITS is the total number of bits needed to store a
*     floating-point number.
*
      IF( ( MOD( NBITS, 2 ).EQ.1 ) .AND. ( BETA.EQ.2 ) ) THEN
*
*        Either there are an odd number of bits used to store a
*        floating-point number, which is unlikely, or some bits are
*        not used in the representation of numbers, which is possible,
*        (e.g. Cray machines) or the mantissa has an implicit bit,
*        (e.g. IEEE machines, Dec Vax machines), which is perhaps the
*        most likely. We have to assume the last alternative.
*        If this is true, then we need to reduce EMAX by one because
*        there must be some way of representing zero in an implicit-bit
*        system. On machines like Cray, we are reducing EMAX by one
*        unnecessarily.
*
         EMAX = EMAX - 1
      END IF
*
      IF( IEEE ) THEN
*
*        Assume we are on an IEEE machine which reserves one exponent
*        for infinity and NaN.
*
         EMAX = EMAX - 1
      END IF
*
*     Now create RMAX, the largest machine number, which should
*     be equal to (1.0 - BETA**(-P)) * BETA**EMAX .
*
*     First compute 1.0 - BETA**(-P), being careful that the
*     result is less than 1.0 .
*
      RECBAS = ONE / BETA
      Z = BETA - ONE
      Y = ZERO
      DO 20 I = 1, P
         Z = Z*RECBAS
         IF( Y.LT.ONE )
     $      OLDY = Y
         Y = DLAMC3( Y, Z )
   20 CONTINUE
      IF( Y.GE.ONE )
     $   Y = OLDY
*
*     Now multiply by BETA**EMAX to get RMAX.
*
      DO 30 I = 1, EMAX
         Y = DLAMC3( Y*BETA, ZERO )
   30 CONTINUE
*
      RMAX = Y
      RETURN
*
*     End of DLAMC5
*
      END
      PROGRAM LAMCHTEST
      DOUBLE PRECISION BASE, BASE_LA, EMAX, EMAX_LA, EMIN, EMIN_LA, EPS,
     $                 EPS_LA, PREC, PREC_LA, RMAX, RMAX_LA, RMIN,
     $                 RMIN_LA, RND, RND_LA, SFMIN, SFMIN_LA, T, T_LA
*     ..
*     .. External Functions ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION DLAMCH, DLAMCH_LA
      EXTERNAL DLAMCH, DLAMCH_LA
*
         T_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Number of mantissa digits');
         T = DLAMCH('Number of mantissa digits');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Number of mantissa digits', T_LA, T,
     $                 T_LA-T
*
         SFMIN_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Safe minimum');
         SFMIN = DLAMCH('Safe minimum');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Safe minimum', SFMIN_LA, SFMIN,
     $                 SFMIN_LA-SFMIN
*
         RND_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Rounding mode');
         RND = DLAMCH('Rounding mode');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Rounding mode', RND_LA, RND,
     $                 RND_LA-RND
*
         RMIN_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Underflow threshold');
         RMIN = DLAMCH('Underflow threshold');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Underflow threshold', RMIN_LA, RMIN,
     $                 RMIN_LA-RMIN
*
         RMAX_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Overflow threshold');
         RMAX = DLAMCH('Overflow threshold');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Overflow threshold', RMAX_LA, RMAX,
     $                 RMAX_LA-RMAX
*
         PREC_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Precision');
         PREC = DLAMCH('Precision');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Precision', PREC_LA, PREC,
     $                 PREC_LA-PREC
*
         EPS_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Epsilon');
         EPS = DLAMCH('Epsilon');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Epsilon', EPS_LA, EPS,
     $                 EPS_LA-EPS
*
         EMIN_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Minimum exponent');
         EMIN = DLAMCH('Minimum exponent');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Minimum exponent', EMIN_LA, EMIN,
     $                 EMIN_LA-EMIN
*
         EMAX_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Largest exponent');
         EMAX = DLAMCH('Largest exponent');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Largest exponent', EMAX_LA, EMAX,
     $                 EMAX_LA-EMAX
*
         BASE_LA = DLAMCH_LA('Base');
         BASE = DLAMCH('Base');
         WRITE(*,1000) 'Base', BASE_LA, BASE,
     $                 BASE_LA-BASE
*
 1000 FORMAT(A15, ': ', ES20.12E3, '-',  ES20.12E3, '=',  ES20.11E4)
      END