File: demangle.h

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// Copyright (c) 2006, Google Inc.
// All rights reserved.
//
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
// met:
//
//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
// distribution.
//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
// this software without specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
//
// Author: Satoru Takabayashi
//
// An async-signal-safe and thread-safe demangler for Itanium C++ ABI
// (aka G++ V3 ABI).

// The demangler is implemented to be used in async signal handlers to
// symbolize stack traces.  We cannot use libstdc++'s
// abi::__cxa_demangle() in such signal handlers since it's not async
// signal safe (it uses malloc() internally).
//
// Note that this demangler doesn't support full demangling.  More
// specifically, it doesn't print types of function parameters and
// types of template arguments.  It just skips them.  However, it's
// still very useful to extract basic information such as class,
// function, constructor, destructor, and operator names.
//
// See the implementation note in demangle.cc if you are interested.
//
// Example:
//
// | Mangled Name  | The Demangler | abi::__cxa_demangle()
// |---------------|---------------|-----------------------
// | _Z1fv         | f()           | f()
// | _Z1fi         | f()           | f(int)
// | _Z3foo3bar    | foo()         | foo(bar)
// | _Z1fIiEvi     | f<>()         | void f<int>(int)
// | _ZN1N1fE      | N::f          | N::f
// | _ZN3Foo3BarEv | Foo::Bar()    | Foo::Bar()
// | _Zrm1XS_"     | operator%()   | operator%(X, X)
// | _ZN3FooC1Ev   | Foo::Foo()    | Foo::Foo()
// | _Z1fSs        | f()           | f(std::basic_string<char,
// |               |               |   std::char_traits<char>,
// |               |               |   std::allocator<char> >)
//
// See the unit test for more examples.
//
// Note: we might want to write demanglers for ABIs other than Itanium
// C++ ABI in the future.
//

#ifndef BASE_DEMANGLE_H_
#define BASE_DEMANGLE_H_

#include "config.h"

_START_GOOGLE_NAMESPACE_

// Demangle "mangled".  On success, return true and write the
// demangled symbol name to "out".  Otherwise, return false.
// "out" is modified even if demangling is unsuccessful.
bool Demangle(const char *mangled, char *out, int out_size);

_END_GOOGLE_NAMESPACE_

#endif  // BASE_DEMANGLE_H_