File: raw_logging.cc

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// Copyright (c) 2006, Google Inc.
// All rights reserved.
//
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
// met:
//
//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
// distribution.
//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
// this software without specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
//
// Author: Maxim Lifantsev
//
// logging_unittest.cc covers the functionality herein

#include "utilities.h"

#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
# include <unistd.h>               // for close() and write()
#endif
#include <fcntl.h>                 // for open()
#include <time.h>
#include "config.h"
#include "glog/logging.h"          // To pick up flag settings etc.
#include "glog/raw_logging.h"
#include "base/commandlineflags.h"

#ifdef HAVE_STACKTRACE
# include "stacktrace.h"
#endif

#if defined(HAVE_SYSCALL_H)
#include <syscall.h>                 // for syscall()
#elif defined(HAVE_SYS_SYSCALL_H)
#include <sys/syscall.h>                 // for syscall()
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
# include <unistd.h>
#endif

#if defined(HAVE_SYSCALL_H) || defined(HAVE_SYS_SYSCALL_H)
# define safe_write(fd, s, len)  syscall(SYS_write, fd, s, len)
#else
  // Not so safe, but what can you do?
# define safe_write(fd, s, len)  write(fd, s, len)
#endif

_START_GOOGLE_NAMESPACE_

// Data for RawLog__ below. We simply pick up the latest
// time data created by a normal log message to avoid calling
// localtime_r which can allocate memory.
static struct ::tm last_tm_time_for_raw_log;
static int last_usecs_for_raw_log;

void RawLog__SetLastTime(const struct ::tm& t, int usecs) {
  memcpy(&last_tm_time_for_raw_log, &t, sizeof(last_tm_time_for_raw_log));
  last_usecs_for_raw_log = usecs;
}

// CAVEAT: vsnprintf called from *DoRawLog below has some (exotic) code paths
// that invoke malloc() and getenv() that might acquire some locks.
// If this becomes a problem we should reimplement a subset of vsnprintf
// that does not need locks and malloc.

// Helper for RawLog__ below.
// *DoRawLog writes to *buf of *size and move them past the written portion.
// It returns true iff there was no overflow or error.
static bool DoRawLog(char** buf, int* size, const char* format, ...) {
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, format);
  int n = vsnprintf(*buf, *size, format, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if (n < 0 || n > *size) return false;
  *size -= n;
  *buf += n;
  return true;
}

// Helper for RawLog__ below.
inline static bool VADoRawLog(char** buf, int* size,
                              const char* format, va_list ap) {
  int n = vsnprintf(*buf, *size, format, ap);
  if (n < 0 || n > *size) return false;
  *size -= n;
  *buf += n;
  return true;
}

static const int kLogBufSize = 3000;
static bool crashed = false;
static CrashReason crash_reason;
static char crash_buf[kLogBufSize + 1] = { 0 };  // Will end in '\0'

void RawLog__(LogSeverity severity, const char* file, int line,
              const char* format, ...) {
  if (!(FLAGS_logtostderr || severity >= FLAGS_stderrthreshold ||
        FLAGS_alsologtostderr || !IsGoogleLoggingInitialized())) {
    return;  // this stderr log message is suppressed
  }
  // can't call localtime_r here: it can allocate
  struct ::tm& t = last_tm_time_for_raw_log;
  char buffer[kLogBufSize];
  char* buf = buffer;
  int size = sizeof(buffer);

  // NOTE: this format should match the specification in base/logging.h
  DoRawLog(&buf, &size, "%c%02d%02d %02d:%02d:%02d.%06d %5u %s:%d] RAW: ",
           LogSeverityNames[severity][0],
           1 + t.tm_mon, t.tm_mday, t.tm_hour, t.tm_min, t.tm_sec,
           last_usecs_for_raw_log,
           static_cast<unsigned int>(GetTID()),
           const_basename(const_cast<char *>(file)), line);

  // Record the position and size of the buffer after the prefix
  const char* msg_start = buf;
  const int msg_size = size;

  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, format);
  bool no_chop = VADoRawLog(&buf, &size, format, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if (no_chop) {
    DoRawLog(&buf, &size, "\n");
  } else {
    DoRawLog(&buf, &size, "RAW_LOG ERROR: The Message was too long!\n");
  }
  // We make a raw syscall to write directly to the stderr file descriptor,
  // avoiding FILE buffering (to avoid invoking malloc()), and bypassing
  // libc (to side-step any libc interception).
  // We write just once to avoid races with other invocations of RawLog__.
  safe_write(STDERR_FILENO, buffer, strlen(buffer));
  if (severity == GLOG_FATAL)  {
    if (!sync_val_compare_and_swap(&crashed, false, true)) {
      crash_reason.filename = file;
      crash_reason.line_number = line;
      memcpy(crash_buf, msg_start, msg_size);  // Don't include prefix
      crash_reason.message = crash_buf;
#ifdef HAVE_STACKTRACE
      crash_reason.depth =
          GetStackTrace(crash_reason.stack, ARRAYSIZE(crash_reason.stack), 1);
#else
      crash_reason.depth = 0;
#endif
      SetCrashReason(&crash_reason);
    }
    LogMessage::Fail();  // abort()
  }
}

_END_GOOGLE_NAMESPACE_