File: sig.c

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/* sig.c - interface for shell signal handlers and signal initialization. */

/* Copyright (C) 1994 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This file is part of GNU Bash, the Bourne Again SHell.

   Bash is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
   the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
   Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later
   version.

   Bash is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
   WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
   FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
   for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
   with Bash; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111 USA. */

#include "config.h"

#include "bashtypes.h"

#if defined (HAVE_UNISTD_H)
#  ifdef _MINIX
#    include <sys/types.h>
#  endif
#  include <unistd.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <signal.h>

#include "shell.h"
#if defined (JOB_CONTROL)
#include "jobs.h"
#endif /* JOB_CONTROL */
#include "siglist.h"
#include "sig.h"
#include "trap.h"

#include "builtins/common.h"

#if defined (READLINE)
#  include "bashline.h"
#endif

#if defined (HISTORY)
#  include "bashhist.h"
#endif

extern int last_command_exit_value;
extern int return_catch_flag;
extern int loop_level, continuing, breaking;
extern int parse_and_execute_level, shell_initialized;
extern int startup_state;

/* Non-zero after SIGINT. */
int interrupt_state;

/* The environment at the top-level R-E loop.  We use this in
   the case of error return. */
procenv_t top_level;

#if defined (JOB_CONTROL) || defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)
/* The signal masks that this shell runs with. */
sigset_t top_level_mask;
#endif /* JOB_CONTROL */

/* When non-zero, we throw_to_top_level (). */
int interrupt_immediately = 0;

static void initialize_shell_signals __P((void));

void
initialize_signals ()
{
  initialize_shell_signals ();
  initialize_job_signals ();
#if !defined (HAVE_SYS_SIGLIST) && !defined (HAVE_UNDER_SYS_SIGLIST) && !defined (HAVE_STRSIGNAL)
  initialize_siglist ();
#endif /* !HAVE_SYS_SIGLIST && !HAVE_UNDER_SYS_SIGLIST && !HAVE_STRSIGNAL */
}

void
reinitialize_signals ()
{
  initialize_shell_signals ();
  initialize_job_signals ();
}

/* A structure describing a signal that terminates the shell if not
   caught.  The orig_handler member is present so children can reset
   these signals back to their original handlers. */
struct termsig {
     int signum;
     SigHandler *orig_handler;
};

#define NULL_HANDLER (SigHandler *)SIG_DFL

/* The list of signals that would terminate the shell if not caught.
   We catch them, but just so that we can write the history file,
   and so forth. */
static struct termsig terminating_signals[] = {
#ifdef SIGHUP
{  SIGHUP, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGINT
{  SIGINT, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGILL
{  SIGILL, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGTRAP
{  SIGTRAP, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGIOT
{  SIGIOT, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGDANGER
{  SIGDANGER, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGEMT
{  SIGEMT, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGFPE
{  SIGFPE, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGBUS
{  SIGBUS, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGSEGV
{  SIGSEGV, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGSYS
{  SIGSYS, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGPIPE
{  SIGPIPE, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGALRM
{  SIGALRM, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGTERM
{  SIGTERM, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGXCPU
{  SIGXCPU, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGXFSZ
{  SIGXFSZ, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGVTALRM
{  SIGVTALRM, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#if 0
#ifdef SIGPROF
{  SIGPROF, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif
#endif

#ifdef SIGLOST
{  SIGLOST, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGUSR1
{  SIGUSR1, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif

#ifdef SIGUSR2
{  SIGUSR2, NULL_HANDLER },
#endif
};

#define TERMSIGS_LENGTH (sizeof (terminating_signals) / sizeof (struct termsig))

#define XSIG(x) (terminating_signals[x].signum)
#define XHANDLER(x) (terminating_signals[x].orig_handler)

static int termsigs_initialized = 0;

/* Initialize signals that will terminate the shell to do some
   unwind protection.  For non-interactive shells, we only call
   this when a trap is defined for EXIT (0). */
void
initialize_terminating_signals ()
{
  register int i;
#if defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)
  struct sigaction act, oact;
#endif

  if (termsigs_initialized)
    return;

  /* The following code is to avoid an expensive call to
     set_signal_handler () for each terminating_signals.  Fortunately,
     this is possible in Posix.  Unfortunately, we have to call signal ()
     on non-Posix systems for each signal in terminating_signals. */
#if defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)
  act.sa_handler = termination_unwind_protect;
  act.sa_flags = 0;
  sigemptyset (&act.sa_mask);
  sigemptyset (&oact.sa_mask);
  for (i = 0; i < TERMSIGS_LENGTH; i++)
    sigaddset (&act.sa_mask, XSIG (i));
  for (i = 0; i < TERMSIGS_LENGTH; i++)
    {
      sigaction (XSIG (i), &act, &oact);
      XHANDLER(i) = oact.sa_handler;
      /* Don't do anything with signals that are ignored at shell entry
	 if the shell is not interactive. */
      if (!interactive_shell && XHANDLER (i) == SIG_IGN)
	{
	  sigaction (XSIG (i), &oact, &act);
	  set_signal_ignored (XSIG (i));
	}
#if defined (SIGPROF) && !defined (_MINIX)
      if (XSIG (i) == SIGPROF && XHANDLER (i) != SIG_DFL && XHANDLER (i) != SIG_IGN)
	sigaction (XSIG (i), &oact, (struct sigaction *)NULL);
#endif /* SIGPROF && !_MINIX */
    }

#else /* !HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS */

  for (i = 0; i < TERMSIGS_LENGTH; i++)
    {
      XHANDLER(i) = signal (XSIG (i), termination_unwind_protect);
      /* Don't do anything with signals that are ignored at shell entry
	 if the shell is not interactive. */
      if (!interactive_shell && XHANDLER (i) == SIG_IGN)
	{
	  signal (XSIG (i), SIG_IGN);
	  set_signal_ignored (XSIG (i));
	}
#ifdef SIGPROF
      if (XSIG (i) == SIGPROF && XHANDLER (i) != SIG_DFL && XHANDLER (i) != SIG_IGN)
	signal (XSIG (i), XHANDLER (i));
#endif
    }

#endif /* !HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS */

  termsigs_initialized = 1;
}

static void
initialize_shell_signals ()
{
  if (interactive)
    initialize_terminating_signals ();

#if defined (JOB_CONTROL) || defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)
  /* All shells use the signal mask they inherit, and pass it along
     to child processes.  Children will never block SIGCHLD, though. */
  sigemptyset (&top_level_mask);
  sigprocmask (SIG_BLOCK, (sigset_t *)NULL, &top_level_mask);
#  if defined (SIGCHLD)
  sigdelset (&top_level_mask, SIGCHLD);
#  endif
#endif /* JOB_CONTROL || HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS */

  /* And, some signals that are specifically ignored by the shell. */
  set_signal_handler (SIGQUIT, SIG_IGN);

  if (interactive)
    {
      set_signal_handler (SIGINT, sigint_sighandler);
      set_signal_handler (SIGTERM, SIG_IGN);
    }
}

void
reset_terminating_signals ()
{
  register int i;
#if defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)
  struct sigaction act;
#endif

  if (termsigs_initialized == 0)
    return;

#if defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)
  act.sa_flags = 0;
  sigemptyset (&act.sa_mask);
  for (i = 0; i < TERMSIGS_LENGTH; i++)
    {
      /* Skip a signal if it's trapped or handled specially, because the
	 trap code will restore the correct value. */
      if (signal_is_trapped (XSIG (i)) || signal_is_special (XSIG (i)))
	continue;

      act.sa_handler = XHANDLER (i);
      sigaction (XSIG (i), &act, (struct sigaction *) NULL);
    }
#else /* !HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS */
  for (i = 0; i < TERMSIGS_LENGTH; i++)
    {
      if (signal_is_trapped (XSIG (i)) || signal_is_special (XSIG (i)))
	continue;

      signal (XSIG (i), XHANDLER (i));
    }
#endif /* !HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS */
}
#undef XSIG
#undef XHANDLER

/* What to do when we've been interrupted, and it is safe to handle it. */
void
throw_to_top_level ()
{
  int print_newline = 0;

  if (interrupt_state)
    {
      print_newline = 1;
      DELINTERRUPT;
    }

  if (interrupt_state)
    return;

  last_command_exit_value |= 128;

  /* Run any traps set on SIGINT. */
  run_interrupt_trap ();

  /* Cleanup string parser environment. */
  while (parse_and_execute_level)
    parse_and_execute_cleanup ();

#if defined (JOB_CONTROL)
  give_terminal_to (shell_pgrp, 0);
#endif /* JOB_CONTROL */

#if defined (JOB_CONTROL) || defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)
  /* This should not be necessary on systems using sigsetjmp/siglongjmp. */
  sigprocmask (SIG_SETMASK, &top_level_mask, (sigset_t *)NULL);
#endif

  reset_parser ();

#if defined (READLINE)
  if (interactive)
    bashline_reinitialize ();
#endif /* READLINE */

#if defined (PROCESS_SUBSTITUTION)
  unlink_fifo_list ();
#endif /* PROCESS_SUBSTITUTION */

  run_unwind_protects ();
  loop_level = continuing = breaking = 0;
  return_catch_flag = 0;

  if (interactive && print_newline)
    {
      fflush (stdout);
      fprintf (stderr, "\n");
      fflush (stderr);
    }

  /* An interrupted `wait' command in a script does not exit the script. */
  if (interactive || (interactive_shell && !shell_initialized) ||
      (print_newline && signal_is_trapped (SIGINT)))
    jump_to_top_level (DISCARD);
  else
    jump_to_top_level (EXITPROG);
}

/* This is just here to isolate the longjmp calls. */
void
jump_to_top_level (value)
     int value;
{
  longjmp (top_level, value);
}

sighandler
termination_unwind_protect (sig)
     int sig;
{
  if (sig == SIGINT && signal_is_trapped (SIGINT))
    run_interrupt_trap ();

#if defined (HISTORY)
  if (interactive_shell && sig != SIGABRT)
    maybe_save_shell_history ();
#endif /* HISTORY */

#if defined (JOB_CONTROL)
  if (interactive && sig == SIGHUP)
    hangup_all_jobs ();
  end_job_control ();
#endif /* JOB_CONTROL */

#if defined (PROCESS_SUBSTITUTION)
  unlink_fifo_list ();
#endif /* PROCESS_SUBSTITUTION */

  run_exit_trap ();
  set_signal_handler (sig, SIG_DFL);
  kill (getpid (), sig);

  SIGRETURN (0);
}

/* What we really do when SIGINT occurs. */
sighandler
sigint_sighandler (sig)
     int sig;
{
#if defined (MUST_REINSTALL_SIGHANDLERS)
  signal (sig, sigint_sighandler);
#endif

  /* interrupt_state needs to be set for the stack of interrupts to work
     right.  Should it be set unconditionally? */
  if (interrupt_state == 0)
    ADDINTERRUPT;

  if (interrupt_immediately)
    {
      interrupt_immediately = 0;
      throw_to_top_level ();
    }

  SIGRETURN (0);
}

/* Signal functions used by the rest of the code. */
#if !defined (HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS)

#if defined (JOB_CONTROL)
/* Perform OPERATION on NEWSET, perhaps leaving information in OLDSET. */
sigprocmask (operation, newset, oldset)
     int operation, *newset, *oldset;
{
  int old, new;

  if (newset)
    new = *newset;
  else
    new = 0;

  switch (operation)
    {
    case SIG_BLOCK:
      old = sigblock (new);
      break;

    case SIG_SETMASK:
      sigsetmask (new);
      break;

    default:
      internal_error ("Bad code in sig.c: sigprocmask");
    }

  if (oldset)
    *oldset = old;
}
#endif /* JOB_CONTROL */

#else

#if !defined (SA_INTERRUPT)
#  define SA_INTERRUPT 0
#endif

#if !defined (SA_RESTART)
#  define SA_RESTART 0
#endif

SigHandler *
set_signal_handler (sig, handler)
     int sig;
     SigHandler *handler;
{
  struct sigaction act, oact;

  act.sa_handler = handler;
  act.sa_flags = 0;
#if 0
  if (sig == SIGALRM)
    act.sa_flags |= SA_INTERRUPT;	/* XXX */
  else
    act.sa_flags |= SA_RESTART;		/* XXX */
#endif
  sigemptyset (&act.sa_mask);
  sigemptyset (&oact.sa_mask);
  sigaction (sig, &act, &oact);
  return (oact.sa_handler);
}
#endif /* HAVE_POSIX_SIGNALS */