File: fc.def

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This file is fc.def, from which is created fc.c.
It implements the builtin "fc" in Bash.

Copyright (C) 1987-2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GNU Bash, the Bourne Again SHell.

Bash is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

Bash is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with Bash.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

$PRODUCES fc.c

$BUILTIN fc
$FUNCTION fc_builtin
$DEPENDS_ON HISTORY
$SHORT_DOC fc [-e ename] [-lnr] [first] [last] or fc -s [pat=rep] [command]
Display or execute commands from the history list.

fc is used to list or edit and re-execute commands from the history list.
FIRST and LAST can be numbers specifying the range, or FIRST can be a
string, which means the most recent command beginning with that
string.

Options:
  -e ENAME	select which editor to use.  Default is FCEDIT, then EDITOR,
		then vi
  -l 	list lines instead of editing
  -n	omit line numbers when listing
  -r	reverse the order of the lines (newest listed first)

With the `fc -s [pat=rep ...] [command]' format, COMMAND is
re-executed after the substitution OLD=NEW is performed.

A useful alias to use with this is r='fc -s', so that typing `r cc'
runs the last command beginning with `cc' and typing `r' re-executes
the last command.

Exit Status:
Returns success or status of executed command; non-zero if an error occurs.
$END

#include <config.h>

#if defined (HISTORY)
#if defined (HAVE_SYS_PARAM_H)
#  include <sys/param.h>
#endif
#include "../bashtypes.h"
#include "posixstat.h"
#if ! defined(_MINIX) && defined (HAVE_SYS_FILE_H)
#  include <sys/file.h>
#endif

#if defined (HAVE_UNISTD_H)
#  include <unistd.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <chartypes.h>

#include "../bashansi.h"
#include "../bashintl.h"
#include <errno.h>

#include "../shell.h"
#include "../builtins.h"
#include "../flags.h"
#include "../parser.h"
#include "../bashhist.h"
#include "maxpath.h"
#include <readline/history.h>
#include "bashgetopt.h"
#include "common.h"

#if !defined (errno)
extern int errno;
#endif /* !errno */

extern int unlink __P((const char *));

extern FILE *sh_mktmpfp __P((char *, int, char **));

/* **************************************************************** */
/*								    */
/*	The K*rn shell style fc command (Fix Command)		    */
/*								    */
/* **************************************************************** */

/* fc builtin command (fix command) for Bash for those who
   like K*rn-style history better than csh-style.

     fc [-e ename] [-nlr] [first] [last]

   FIRST and LAST can be numbers specifying the range, or FIRST can be
   a string, which means the most recent command beginning with that
   string.

   -e ENAME selects which editor to use.  Default is FCEDIT, then EDITOR,
      then the editor which corresponds to the current readline editing
      mode, then vi.

   -l means list lines instead of editing.
   -n means no line numbers listed.
   -r means reverse the order of the lines (making it newest listed first).

     fc -e - [pat=rep ...] [command]
     fc -s [pat=rep ...] [command]

   Equivalent to !command:sg/pat/rep execpt there can be multiple PAT=REP's.
*/

/* Data structure describing a list of global replacements to perform. */
typedef struct repl {
  struct repl *next;
  char *pat;
  char *rep;
} REPL;

/* Accessors for HIST_ENTRY lists that are called HLIST. */
#define histline(i) (hlist[(i)]->line)
#define histdata(i) (hlist[(i)]->data)

#define FREE_RLIST() \
	do { \
		for (rl = rlist; rl; ) { \
			REPL *r;	\
			r = rl->next; \
			if (rl->pat) \
				free (rl->pat); \
			if (rl->rep) \
				free (rl->rep); \
			free (rl); \
			rl = r; \
		} \
	} while (0)

static char *fc_dosubs __P((char *, REPL *));
static char *fc_gethist __P((char *, HIST_ENTRY **));
static int fc_gethnum __P((char *, HIST_ENTRY **));
static int fc_number __P((WORD_LIST *));
static void fc_replhist __P((char *));
#ifdef INCLUDE_UNUSED
static char *fc_readline __P((FILE *));
static void fc_addhist __P((char *));
#endif

static void
set_verbose_flag ()
{
  echo_input_at_read = verbose_flag;
}

/* String to execute on a file that we want to edit. */
#define FC_EDIT_COMMAND "${FCEDIT:-${EDITOR:-$(command -v editor || echo vi)}}"
#if defined (STRICT_POSIX)
#  define POSIX_FC_EDIT_COMMAND "${FCEDIT:-ed}"
#else
#  define POSIX_FC_EDIT_COMMAND "${FCEDIT:-${EDITOR:-$(command -v editor || echo ed)}}"
#endif

int
fc_builtin (list)
     WORD_LIST *list;
{
  register int i;
  register char *sep;
  int numbering, reverse, listing, execute;
  int histbeg, histend, last_hist, retval, opt, rh, real_last;
  FILE *stream;
  REPL *rlist, *rl;
  char *ename, *command, *newcom, *fcedit;
  HIST_ENTRY **hlist;
  char *fn;

  numbering = 1;
  reverse = listing = execute = 0;
  ename = (char *)NULL;

  /* Parse out the options and set which of the two forms we're in. */
  reset_internal_getopt ();
  lcurrent = list;		/* XXX */
  while (fc_number (loptend = lcurrent) == 0 &&
	 (opt = internal_getopt (list, ":e:lnrs")) != -1)
    {
      switch (opt)
	{
	case 'n':
	  numbering = 0;
	  break;

	case 'l':
	  listing = 1;
	  break;

	case 'r':
	  reverse = 1;
	  break;

	case 's':
	  execute = 1;
	  break;

	case 'e':
	  ename = list_optarg;
	  break;

	CASE_HELPOPT;
	default:
	  builtin_usage ();
	  return (EX_USAGE);
	}
    }

  list = loptend;

  if (ename && (*ename == '-') && (ename[1] == '\0'))
    execute = 1;

  /* The "execute" form of the command (re-run, with possible string
     substitutions). */
  if (execute)
    {
      rlist = (REPL *)NULL;
      while (list && ((sep = (char *)strchr (list->word->word, '=')) != NULL))
	{
	  *sep++ = '\0';
	  rl = (REPL *)xmalloc (sizeof (REPL));
	  rl->next = (REPL *)NULL;
	  rl->pat = savestring (list->word->word);
	  rl->rep = savestring (sep);

	  if (rlist == NULL)
	    rlist = rl;
	  else
	    {
	      rl->next = rlist;
	      rlist = rl;
	    }
	  list = list->next;
	}

      /* If we have a list of substitutions to do, then reverse it
	 to get the replacements in the proper order. */

      rlist = REVERSE_LIST (rlist, REPL *);

      hlist = history_list ();

      /* If we still have something in list, it is a command spec.
	 Otherwise, we use the most recent command in time. */
      command = fc_gethist (list ? list->word->word : (char *)NULL, hlist);

      if (command == NULL)
	{
	  builtin_error (_("no command found"));
	  if (rlist)
	    FREE_RLIST ();

	  return (EXECUTION_FAILURE);
	}

      if (rlist)
	{
	  newcom = fc_dosubs (command, rlist);
	  free (command);
	  FREE_RLIST ();
	  command = newcom;
	}

      fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", command);
      fc_replhist (command);	/* replace `fc -s' with command */
      /* Posix says that the re-executed commands should be entered into the
	 history. */
      return (parse_and_execute (command, "fc", SEVAL_NOHIST));
    }

  /* This is the second form of the command (the list-or-edit-and-rerun
     form). */
  hlist = history_list ();
  if (hlist == 0)
    return (EXECUTION_SUCCESS);
  for (i = 0; hlist[i]; i++);

  /* With the Bash implementation of history, the current command line
     ("fc blah..." and so on) is already part of the history list by
     the time we get to this point.  This just skips over that command
     and makes the last command that this deals with be the last command
     the user entered before the fc.  We need to check whether the
     line was actually added (HISTIGNORE may have caused it to not be),
     so we check hist_last_line_added. */

  /* Even though command substitution through parse_and_execute turns off
     remember_on_history, command substitution in a shell when set -o history
     has been enabled (interactive or not) should use it in the last_hist
     calculation as if it were on. */
  rh = remember_on_history || ((subshell_environment & SUBSHELL_COMSUB) && enable_history_list);
  last_hist = i - rh - hist_last_line_added;

  /* Make sure that real_last is calculated the same way here and in
     fc_gethnum.  The return value from fc_gethnum is treated specially if
     it is == real_last and we are listing commands. */
  real_last = i;
  /* back up from the end to the last non-null history entry */
  while (hlist[real_last] == 0 && real_last > 0)
    real_last--;

  /* XXX */
  if (i == last_hist && hlist[last_hist] == 0)
    while (last_hist >= 0 && hlist[last_hist] == 0)
      last_hist--;
  if (last_hist < 0)
    {
      sh_erange ((char *)NULL, _("history specification"));
      return (EXECUTION_FAILURE);
    }

  if (list)
    {
      histbeg = fc_gethnum (list->word->word, hlist);
      list = list->next;

      if (list)
	histend = fc_gethnum (list->word->word, hlist);
      else if (histbeg == real_last)
	histend = listing ? real_last : histbeg;
      else
	histend = listing ? last_hist : histbeg;
    }
  else
    {
      /* The default for listing is the last 16 history items. */
      if (listing)
	{
	  histend = last_hist;
	  histbeg = histend - 16 + 1;	/* +1 because loop below uses >= */
	  if (histbeg < 0)
	    histbeg = 0;
	}
      else
	/* For editing, it is the last history command. */
	histbeg = histend = last_hist;
    }

  /* "When not listing, the fc command that caused the editing shall not be
     entered into the history list." */
  if (listing == 0 && hist_last_line_added)
    {
      bash_delete_last_history ();
      /* If we're editing a single command -- the last command in the
	 history -- and we just removed the dummy command added by
	 edit_and_execute_command (), we need to check whether or not we
	 just removed the last command in the history and need to back
	 the pointer up.  remember_on_history is off because we're running
	 in parse_and_execute(). */
      if (histbeg == histend && histend == last_hist && hlist[last_hist] == 0)
	last_hist = histbeg = --histend;
    }

  /* We print error messages for line specifications out of range. */
  if ((histbeg < 0) || (histend < 0))
    {
      sh_erange ((char *)NULL, _("history specification"));
      return (EXECUTION_FAILURE);
    }

  if (histend < histbeg)
    {
      i = histend;
      histend = histbeg;
      histbeg = i;

      reverse = 1;
    }

  if (listing)
    stream = stdout;
  else
    {
      numbering = 0;
      stream = sh_mktmpfp ("bash-fc", MT_USERANDOM|MT_USETMPDIR, &fn);
      if (stream == 0)
	{
	  builtin_error (_("%s: cannot open temp file: %s"), fn ? fn : "", strerror (errno));
	  FREE (fn);
	  return (EXECUTION_FAILURE);
	}
    }

  for (i = reverse ? histend : histbeg; reverse ? i >= histbeg : i <= histend; reverse ? i-- : i++)
    {
      QUIT;
      if (numbering)
	fprintf (stream, "%d", i + history_base);
      if (listing)
	{
	  if (posixly_correct)
	    fputs ("\t", stream);
	  else
	    fprintf (stream, "\t%c", histdata (i) ? '*' : ' ');
	}
      fprintf (stream, "%s\n", histline (i));
    }

  if (listing)
    return (sh_chkwrite (EXECUTION_SUCCESS));

  fflush (stream);
  if (ferror (stream))
    {
      sh_wrerror ();
      fclose (stream);
      FREE (fn);
      return (EXECUTION_FAILURE);
    }
  fclose (stream);

  /* Now edit the file of commands. */
  if (ename)
    {
      command = (char *)xmalloc (strlen (ename) + strlen (fn) + 2);
      sprintf (command, "%s %s", ename, fn);
    }
  else
    {
      fcedit = posixly_correct ? POSIX_FC_EDIT_COMMAND : FC_EDIT_COMMAND;
      command = (char *)xmalloc (3 + strlen (fcedit) + strlen (fn));
      sprintf (command, "%s %s", fcedit, fn);
    }
  retval = parse_and_execute (command, "fc", SEVAL_NOHIST);
  if (retval != EXECUTION_SUCCESS)
    {
      unlink (fn);
      free (fn);
      return (EXECUTION_FAILURE);
    }

#if defined (READLINE)
  /* If we're executing as part of a dispatched readline commnand like
     {emacs,vi}_edit_and_execute_command, the readline state will indicate it.
     We could remove the partial command from the history, but ksh93 doesn't
     so we stay compatible. */
#endif

  /* Make sure parse_and_execute doesn't turn this off, even though a
     call to parse_and_execute farther up the function call stack (e.g.,
     if this is called by vi_edit_and_execute_command) may have already
     called bash_history_disable. */
  remember_on_history = 1;

  /* Turn on the `v' flag while fc_execute_file runs so the commands
     will be echoed as they are read by the parser. */
  begin_unwind_frame ("fc builtin");
  add_unwind_protect (xfree, fn);
  add_unwind_protect (unlink, fn);
  add_unwind_protect (set_verbose_flag, (char *)NULL);
  echo_input_at_read = 1;

  retval = fc_execute_file (fn);
  run_unwind_frame ("fc builtin");

  return (retval);
}

/* Return 1 if LIST->word->word is a legal number for fc's use. */
static int
fc_number (list)
     WORD_LIST *list;
{
  char *s;

  if (list == 0)
    return 0;
  s = list->word->word;
  if (*s == '-')
    s++;
  return (legal_number (s, (intmax_t *)NULL));
}

/* Return an absolute index into HLIST which corresponds to COMMAND.  If
   COMMAND is a number, then it was specified in relative terms.  If it
   is a string, then it is the start of a command line present in HLIST. */
static int
fc_gethnum (command, hlist)
     char *command;
     HIST_ENTRY **hlist;
{
  int sign, n, clen, rh;
  register int i, j, last_hist, real_last;
  register char *s;

  sign = 1;
  /* Count history elements. */
  for (i = 0; hlist[i]; i++);

  /* With the Bash implementation of history, the current command line
     ("fc blah..." and so on) is already part of the history list by
     the time we get to this point.  This just skips over that command
     and makes the last command that this deals with be the last command
     the user entered before the fc.  We need to check whether the
     line was actually added (HISTIGNORE may have caused it to not be),
     so we check hist_last_line_added.  This needs to agree with the
     calculation of last_hist in fc_builtin above. */
  /* Even though command substitution through parse_and_execute turns off
     remember_on_history, command substitution in a shell when set -o history
     has been enabled (interactive or not) should use it in the last_hist
     calculation as if it were on. */
  rh = remember_on_history || ((subshell_environment & SUBSHELL_COMSUB) && enable_history_list);
  last_hist = i - rh - hist_last_line_added;

  if (i == last_hist && hlist[last_hist] == 0)
    while (last_hist >= 0 && hlist[last_hist] == 0)
      last_hist--;
  if (last_hist < 0)
    return (-1);

  real_last = i;
  i = last_hist;

  /* No specification defaults to most recent command. */
  if (command == NULL)
    return (i);

  /* back up from the end to the last non-null history entry */
  while (hlist[real_last] == 0 && real_last > 0)
    real_last--;

  /* Otherwise, there is a specification.  It can be a number relative to
     the current position, or an absolute history number. */
  s = command;

  /* Handle possible leading minus sign. */
  if (s && (*s == '-'))
    {
      sign = -1;
      s++;
    }

  if (s && DIGIT(*s))
    {
      n = atoi (s);
      n *= sign;

      /* If the value is negative or zero, then it is an offset from
	 the current history item. */
      if (n < 0)
	{
	  n += i + 1;
	  return (n < 0 ? 0 : n);
	}
      else if (n == 0)
	return ((sign == -1) ? real_last : i);
      else
	{
	  n -= history_base;
	  return (i < n ? i : n);
	}
    }

  clen = strlen (command);
  for (j = i; j >= 0; j--)
    {
      if (STREQN (command, histline (j), clen))
	return (j);
    }
  return (-1);
}

/* Locate the most recent history line which begins with
   COMMAND in HLIST, and return a malloc()'ed copy of it. */
static char *
fc_gethist (command, hlist)
     char *command;
     HIST_ENTRY **hlist;
{
  int i;

  if (hlist == 0)
    return ((char *)NULL);

  i = fc_gethnum (command, hlist);

  if (i >= 0)
    return (savestring (histline (i)));
  else
    return ((char *)NULL);
}

#ifdef INCLUDE_UNUSED
/* Read the edited history lines from STREAM and return them
   one at a time.  This can read unlimited length lines.  The
   caller should free the storage. */
static char *
fc_readline (stream)
     FILE *stream;
{
  register int c;
  int line_len = 0, lindex = 0;
  char *line = (char *)NULL;

  while ((c = getc (stream)) != EOF)
    {
      if ((lindex + 2) >= line_len)
	line = (char *)xrealloc (line, (line_len += 128));

      if (c == '\n')
	{
	  line[lindex++] = '\n';
	  line[lindex++] = '\0';
	  return (line);
	}
      else
	line[lindex++] = c;
    }

  if (!lindex)
    {
      if (line)
	free (line);

      return ((char *)NULL);
    }

  if (lindex + 2 >= line_len)
    line = (char *)xrealloc (line, lindex + 3);

  line[lindex++] = '\n';	    /* Finish with newline if none in file */
  line[lindex++] = '\0';
  return (line);
}
#endif

/* Perform the SUBS on COMMAND.
   SUBS is a list of substitutions, and COMMAND is a simple string.
   Return a pointer to a malloc'ed string which contains the substituted
   command. */
static char *
fc_dosubs (command, subs)
     char *command;
     REPL *subs;
{
  register char *new, *t;
  register REPL *r;

  for (new = savestring (command), r = subs; r; r = r->next)
    {
      t = strsub (new, r->pat, r->rep, 1);
      free (new);
      new = t;
    }
  return (new);
}

/* Use `command' to replace the last entry in the history list, which,
   by this time, is `fc blah...'.  The intent is that the new command
   become the history entry, and that `fc' should never appear in the
   history list.  This way you can do `r' to your heart's content. */
static void
fc_replhist (command)
     char *command;
{
  int n;

  if (command == 0 || *command == '\0')
    return;

  n = strlen (command);
  if (command[n - 1] == '\n')
    command[n - 1] = '\0';

  if (command && *command)
    {
      bash_delete_last_history ();
      maybe_add_history (command);	/* Obeys HISTCONTROL setting. */
    }
}

#ifdef INCLUDE_UNUSED
/* Add LINE to the history, after removing a single trailing newline. */
static void
fc_addhist (line)
     char *line;
{
  register int n;

  if (line == 0 || *line == 0)
    return;

  n = strlen (line);

  if (line[n - 1] == '\n')
    line[n - 1] = '\0';

  if (line && *line)
    maybe_add_history (line);		/* Obeys HISTCONTROL setting. */
}
#endif

#endif /* HISTORY */