File: dnssec-checkds.py.in

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#!@PYTHON@
############################################################################
# Copyright (C) 2012, 2013  Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
#
# Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
# purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
# copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
# REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
# AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
# INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
# LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
# OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
# PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
############################################################################

# $Id$

import argparse
import pprint
import os

def shellquote(s):
    if os.name == 'nt':
        return s
    return "'" + s.replace("'", "'\\''") + "'"

############################################################################
# DSRR class:
# Delegation Signer (DS) resource record
############################################################################
class DSRR:
    hashalgs = {1: 'SHA-1', 2: 'SHA-256', 3: 'GOST'}
    rrname=''
    rrclass='IN'
    rrtype='DS'
    keyid=None
    keyalg=None
    hashalg=None
    digest=''
    ttl=0

    def __init__(self, rrtext):
        if not rrtext:
            return

        fields = rrtext.split()
        if len(fields) < 7:
            return

        self.rrname = fields[0].lower()
        fields = fields[1:]
        if fields[0].upper() in ['IN','CH','HS']:
            self.rrclass = fields[0].upper()
            fields = fields[1:]
        else:
            self.ttl = int(fields[0])
            self.rrclass = fields[1].upper()
            fields = fields[2:]

        if fields[0].upper() != 'DS':
            raise Exception

        self.rrtype = 'DS'
        self.keyid = int(fields[1])
        self.keyalg = int(fields[2])
        self.hashalg = int(fields[3])
        self.digest = ''.join(fields[4:]).upper()

    def __repr__(self):
        return('%s %s %s %d %d %d %s' %
                (self.rrname, self.rrclass, self.rrtype, self.keyid,
                self.keyalg, self.hashalg, self.digest))

    def __eq__(self, other):
        return self.__repr__() == other.__repr__()

############################################################################
# DLVRR class:
# DNSSEC Lookaside Validation (DLV) resource record
############################################################################
class DLVRR:
    hashalgs = {1: 'SHA-1', 2: 'SHA-256', 3: 'GOST'}
    parent=''
    dlvname=''
    rrname='IN'
    rrclass='IN'
    rrtype='DLV'
    keyid=None
    keyalg=None
    hashalg=None
    digest=''
    ttl=0

    def __init__(self, rrtext, dlvname):
        if not rrtext:
            return

        fields = rrtext.split()
        if len(fields) < 7:
            return

        self.dlvname = dlvname.lower()
        parent = fields[0].lower().strip('.').split('.')
        parent.reverse()
        dlv = dlvname.split('.')
        dlv.reverse()
        while len(dlv) != 0 and len(parent) != 0 and parent[0] == dlv[0]:
            parent = parent[1:]
            dlv = dlv[1:]
        if len(dlv) != 0:
            raise Exception
        parent.reverse()
        self.parent = '.'.join(parent)
        self.rrname = self.parent + '.' + self.dlvname + '.'
        
        fields = fields[1:]
        if fields[0].upper() in ['IN','CH','HS']:
            self.rrclass = fields[0].upper()
            fields = fields[1:]
        else:
            self.ttl = int(fields[0])
            self.rrclass = fields[1].upper()
            fields = fields[2:]

        if fields[0].upper() != 'DLV':
            raise Exception

        self.rrtype = 'DLV'
        self.keyid = int(fields[1])
        self.keyalg = int(fields[2])
        self.hashalg = int(fields[3])
        self.digest = ''.join(fields[4:]).upper()

    def __repr__(self):
        return('%s %s %s %d %d %d %s' %
                (self.rrname, self.rrclass, self.rrtype,
                self.keyid, self.keyalg, self.hashalg, self.digest))

    def __eq__(self, other):
        return self.__repr__() == other.__repr__()

############################################################################
# checkds:
# Fetch DS RRset for the given zone from the DNS; fetch DNSKEY
# RRset from the masterfile if specified, or from DNS if not.
# Generate a set of expected DS records from the DNSKEY RRset,
# and report on congruency.
############################################################################
def checkds(zone, masterfile = None):
    dslist=[]
    fp=os.popen("%s +noall +answer -t ds -q %s" %
                (shellquote(args.dig), shellquote(zone)))
    for line in fp:
        dslist.append(DSRR(line))
    dslist = sorted(dslist, key=lambda ds: (ds.keyid, ds.keyalg, ds.hashalg))
    fp.close()

    dsklist=[]

    if masterfile:
        fp = os.popen("%s -f %s %s " %
                      (shellquote(args.dsfromkey), shellquote(masterfile),
                       shellquote(zone)))
    else:
        fp = os.popen("%s +noall +answer -t dnskey -q %s | %s -f - %s" %
                      (shellquote(args.dig), shellquote(zone),
                       shellquote(args.dsfromkey), shellquote(zone)))

    for line in fp:
        dsklist.append(DSRR(line))

    fp.close()

    if (len(dsklist) < 1):
        print ("No DNSKEY records found in zone apex")
        return False

    found = False
    for ds in dsklist:
        if ds in dslist:
            print ("DS for KSK %s/%03d/%05d (%s) found in parent" %
                   (ds.rrname.strip('.'), ds.keyalg,
                    ds.keyid, DSRR.hashalgs[ds.hashalg]))
            found = True
        else:
            print ("DS for KSK %s/%03d/%05d (%s) missing from parent" %
                   (ds.rrname.strip('.'), ds.keyalg,
                    ds.keyid, DSRR.hashalgs[ds.hashalg]))

    if not found:
        print ("No DS records were found for any DNSKEY")

    return found

############################################################################
# checkdlv:
# Fetch DLV RRset for the given zone from the DNS; fetch DNSKEY
# RRset from the masterfile if specified, or from DNS if not.
# Generate a set of expected DLV records from the DNSKEY RRset,
# and report on congruency.
############################################################################
def checkdlv(zone, lookaside, masterfile = None):
    dlvlist=[]
    fp=os.popen("%s +noall +answer -t dlv -q %s" %
                (shellquote(args.dig), shellquote(zone + '.' + lookaside)))
    for line in fp:
        dlvlist.append(DLVRR(line, lookaside))
    dlvlist = sorted(dlvlist,
                     key=lambda dlv: (dlv.keyid, dlv.keyalg, dlv.hashalg))
    fp.close()

    #
    # Fetch DNSKEY records from DNS and generate DLV records from them
    #
    dlvklist=[]
    if masterfile:
        fp = os.popen("%s -f %s -l %s %s " %
                      (args.dsfromkey, masterfile, lookaside, zone))
    else:
        fp = os.popen("%s +noall +answer -t dnskey %s | %s -f - -l %s %s"
                      % (shellquote(args.dig), shellquote(zone),
                         shellquote(args.dsfromkey), shellquote(lookaside),
                         shellquote(zone)))

    for line in fp:
        dlvklist.append(DLVRR(line, lookaside))

    fp.close()

    if (len(dlvklist) < 1):
        print ("No DNSKEY records found in zone apex")
        return False

    found = False
    for dlv in dlvklist:
        if dlv in dlvlist:
            print ("DLV for KSK %s/%03d/%05d (%s) found in %s" %
                   (dlv.parent, dlv.keyalg, dlv.keyid,
                    DLVRR.hashalgs[dlv.hashalg], dlv.dlvname))
            found = True
        else:
            print ("DLV for KSK %s/%03d/%05d (%s) missing from %s" %
                   (dlv.parent, dlv.keyalg, dlv.keyid, 
                    DLVRR.hashalgs[dlv.hashalg], dlv.dlvname))

    if not found:
        print ("No DLV records were found for any DNSKEY")

    return found


############################################################################
# parse_args:
# Read command line arguments, set global 'args' structure
############################################################################
def parse_args():
    global args
    bindir = 'bin'
    if os.name != 'nt':
        sbindir = 'sbin'
    else:
        sbindir = 'bin'
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='checkds: checks DS coverage')

    parser.add_argument('zone', type=str, help='zone to check')
    parser.add_argument('-f', '--file', dest='masterfile', type=str,
                        help='zone master file')
    parser.add_argument('-l', '--lookaside', dest='lookaside', type=str,
                        help='DLV lookaside zone')
    parser.add_argument('-d', '--dig', dest='dig',
                        default=os.path.join('@prefix@', bindir, 'dig'),
                        type=str, help='path to \'dig\'')
    parser.add_argument('-D', '--dsfromkey', dest='dsfromkey',
                        default=os.path.join('@prefix@', sbindir,
                                             'dnssec-dsfromkey'),
                        type=str, help='path to \'dig\'')
    parser.add_argument('-v', '--version', action='version', version='9.9.1')
    args = parser.parse_args()

    args.zone = args.zone.strip('.')
    if args.lookaside:
        lookaside = args.lookaside.strip('.')

############################################################################
# Main
############################################################################
def main():
    parse_args()

    if args.lookaside:
        found = checkdlv(args.zone, args.lookaside, args.masterfile)
    else:
        found = checkds(args.zone, args.masterfile)

    exit(0 if found else 1)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()