File: tkConsole.c

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/* 
 * tkConsole.c --
 *
 *	This file implements a Tcl console for systems that may not
 *	otherwise have access to a console.  It uses the Text widget
 *	and provides special access via a console command.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1995-1996 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 *
 * See the file "license.terms" for information on usage and redistribution
 * of this file, and for a DISCLAIMER OF ALL WARRANTIES.
 *
 * SCCS: @(#) tkConsole.c 1.55 98/01/02 17:40:37
 */

#include "tk.h"
#include <string.h>

/*
 * A data structure of the following type holds information for each console
 * which a handler (i.e. a Tcl command) has been defined for a particular
 * top-level window.
 */

typedef struct ConsoleInfo {
    Tcl_Interp *consoleInterp;	/* Interpreter for the console. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;		/* Interpreter to send console commands. */
} ConsoleInfo;

static Tcl_Interp *gStdoutInterp = NULL;

#if ((TCL_MAJOR_VERSION >= 8) && (TCL_MINOR_VERSION >= 1))
#define HAVE_UTF
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_UTF
EXTERN void		TclInitSubsystems _ANSI_ARGS_((CONST char *argv0));
#endif

/*
 * Forward declarations for procedures defined later in this file:
 *
 * The first three will be used in the tk app shells...
 */
 
void	TkConsoleCreate _ANSI_ARGS_((void));
int	TkConsoleInit _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_Interp *interp));
void	TkConsolePrint _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_Interp *interp,
			    int devId, char *buffer, long size));

static int	ConsoleCmd _ANSI_ARGS_((ClientData clientData,
		    Tcl_Interp *interp, int argc, char **argv));
static void	ConsoleDeleteProc _ANSI_ARGS_((ClientData clientData));
static void	ConsoleEventProc _ANSI_ARGS_((ClientData clientData,
		    XEvent *eventPtr));
static int	InterpreterCmd _ANSI_ARGS_((ClientData clientData,
		    Tcl_Interp *interp, int argc, char **argv));

static int	ConsoleInput _ANSI_ARGS_((ClientData instanceData,
		    char *buf, int toRead, int *errorCode));
static int	ConsoleOutput _ANSI_ARGS_((ClientData instanceData,
		    char *buf, int toWrite, int *errorCode));
static int	ConsoleClose _ANSI_ARGS_((ClientData instanceData,
		    Tcl_Interp *interp));
static void	ConsoleWatch _ANSI_ARGS_((ClientData instanceData,
		    int mask));
static int	ConsoleHandle _ANSI_ARGS_((ClientData instanceData,
		    int direction, ClientData *handlePtr));

/*
 * This structure describes the channel type structure for file based IO:
 */

static Tcl_ChannelType consoleChannelType = {
    "console",			/* Type name. */
    NULL,			/* Always non-blocking.*/
    ConsoleClose,		/* Close proc. */
    ConsoleInput,		/* Input proc. */
    ConsoleOutput,		/* Output proc. */
    NULL,			/* Seek proc. */
    NULL,			/* Set option proc. */
    NULL,			/* Get option proc. */
    ConsoleWatch,		/* Watch for events on console. */
    ConsoleHandle,		/* Get a handle from the device. */
};

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TkConsoleCreate --
 *
 * 	Create the console channels and install them as the standard
 * 	channels.  All I/O will be discarded until TkConsoleInit is
 * 	called to attach the console to a text widget.
 *
 * Results:
 *	None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	Creates the console channel and installs it as the standard
 *	channels.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
TkConsoleCreate()
{
    Tcl_Channel consoleChannel;

#ifdef HAVE_UTF
    TclInitSubsystems(NULL);
#endif
    consoleChannel = Tcl_CreateChannel(&consoleChannelType, "console0",
	    (ClientData) TCL_STDIN, TCL_READABLE);
    if (consoleChannel != NULL) {
	Tcl_SetChannelOption(NULL, consoleChannel, "-translation", "lf");
	Tcl_SetChannelOption(NULL, consoleChannel, "-buffering", "none");
#ifdef HAVE_UTF
	Tcl_SetChannelOption(NULL, consoleChannel, "-encoding", "utf-8");
#endif
    }
    Tcl_SetStdChannel(consoleChannel, TCL_STDIN);
    consoleChannel = Tcl_CreateChannel(&consoleChannelType, "console1",
	    (ClientData) TCL_STDOUT, TCL_WRITABLE);
    if (consoleChannel != NULL) {
	Tcl_SetChannelOption(NULL, consoleChannel, "-translation", "lf");
	Tcl_SetChannelOption(NULL, consoleChannel, "-buffering", "none");
#ifdef HAVE_UTF
	Tcl_SetChannelOption(NULL, consoleChannel, "-encoding", "utf-8");
#endif
    }
    Tcl_SetStdChannel(consoleChannel, TCL_STDOUT);
    consoleChannel = Tcl_CreateChannel(&consoleChannelType, "console2",
	    (ClientData) TCL_STDERR, TCL_WRITABLE);
    if (consoleChannel != NULL) {
	Tcl_SetChannelOption(NULL, consoleChannel, "-translation", "lf");
	Tcl_SetChannelOption(NULL, consoleChannel, "-buffering", "none");
#ifdef HAVE_UTF
	Tcl_SetChannelOption(NULL, consoleChannel, "-encoding", "utf-8");
#endif
    }
    Tcl_SetStdChannel(consoleChannel, TCL_STDERR);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TkConsoleInit --
 *
 *	Initialize the console.  This code actually creates a new
 *	application and associated interpreter.  This effectivly hides
 *	the implementation from the main application.
 *
 * Results:
 *	None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	A new console it created.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

int 
TkConsoleInit(interp)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;			/* Interpreter to use for prompting. */
{
    Tcl_Interp *consoleInterp;
    ConsoleInfo *info;
    Tk_Window mainWindow = Tk_MainWindow(interp);
#ifdef MAC_TCL
    static char initCmd[] = "source -rsrc {Console}";
#else
    static char initCmd[] = "source $tk_library/console.tcl";
#endif
    
    consoleInterp = Tcl_CreateInterp();
    if (consoleInterp == NULL) {
	goto error;
    }
    
    /*
     * Initialized Tcl and Tk.
     */

    if (Tcl_Init(consoleInterp) != TCL_OK) {
	goto error;
    }
    if (Tk_Init(consoleInterp) != TCL_OK) {
	goto error;
    }
    gStdoutInterp = interp;
    
    /* 
     * Add console commands to the interp 
     */
    info = (ConsoleInfo *) ckalloc(sizeof(ConsoleInfo));
    info->interp = interp;
    info->consoleInterp = consoleInterp;
    Tcl_CreateCommand(interp, "console", ConsoleCmd, (ClientData) info,
	    (Tcl_CmdDeleteProc *) ConsoleDeleteProc);
    Tcl_CreateCommand(consoleInterp, "consoleinterp", InterpreterCmd,
	    (ClientData) info, (Tcl_CmdDeleteProc *) NULL);

    Tk_CreateEventHandler(mainWindow, StructureNotifyMask, ConsoleEventProc,
	    (ClientData) info);

    Tcl_Preserve((ClientData) consoleInterp);
    if (Tcl_Eval(consoleInterp, initCmd) == TCL_ERROR) {
	/* goto error; -- no problem for now... */
	printf("Eval error: %s", consoleInterp->result);
    }
    Tcl_Release((ClientData) consoleInterp);
    return TCL_OK;
    
    error:
    if (consoleInterp != NULL) {
    	Tcl_DeleteInterp(consoleInterp);
    }
    return TCL_ERROR;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ConsoleOutput--
 *
 *	Writes the given output on the IO channel. Returns count of how
 *	many characters were actually written, and an error indication.
 *
 * Results:
 *	A count of how many characters were written is returned and an
 *	error indication is returned in an output argument.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	Writes output on the actual channel.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static int
ConsoleOutput(instanceData, buf, toWrite, errorCode)
    ClientData instanceData;		/* Indicates which device to use. */
    char *buf;				/* The data buffer. */
    int toWrite;			/* How many bytes to write? */
    int *errorCode;			/* Where to store error code. */
{
    *errorCode = 0;
    Tcl_SetErrno(0);

    if (gStdoutInterp != NULL) {
	TkConsolePrint(gStdoutInterp, (int) instanceData, buf, toWrite);
    }
    
    return toWrite;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ConsoleInput --
 *
 *	Read input from the console.  Not currently implemented.
 *
 * Results:
 *	Always returns EOF.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

	/* ARGSUSED */
static int
ConsoleInput(instanceData, buf, bufSize, errorCode)
    ClientData instanceData;		/* Unused. */
    char *buf;				/* Where to store data read. */
    int bufSize;			/* How much space is available
                                         * in the buffer? */
    int *errorCode;			/* Where to store error code. */
{
    return 0;			/* Always return EOF. */
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ConsoleClose --
 *
 *	Closes the IO channel.
 *
 * Results:
 *	Always returns 0 (success).
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	Frees the dummy file associated with the channel.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

	/* ARGSUSED */
static int
ConsoleClose(instanceData, interp)
    ClientData instanceData;	/* Unused. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;		/* Unused. */
{
    return 0;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ConsoleWatch --
 *
 *	Called by the notifier to set up the console device so that
 *	events will be noticed. Since there are no events on the
 *	console, this routine just returns without doing anything.
 *
 * Results:
 *	None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

	/* ARGSUSED */
static void
ConsoleWatch(instanceData, mask)
    ClientData instanceData;		/* Device ID for the channel. */
    int mask;				/* OR-ed combination of
                                         * TCL_READABLE, TCL_WRITABLE and
                                         * TCL_EXCEPTION, for the events
                                         * we are interested in. */
{
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ConsoleHandle --
 *
 *	Invoked by the generic IO layer to get a handle from a channel.
 *	Because console channels are not devices, this function always
 *	fails.
 *
 * Results:
 *	Always returns TCL_ERROR.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

	/* ARGSUSED */
static int
ConsoleHandle(instanceData, direction, handlePtr)
    ClientData instanceData;	/* Device ID for the channel. */
    int direction;		/* TCL_READABLE or TCL_WRITABLE to indicate
				 * which direction of the channel is being
				 * requested. */
    ClientData *handlePtr;	/* Where to store handle */
{
    return TCL_ERROR;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ConsoleCmd --
 *
 *	The console command implements a Tcl interface to the various console
 *	options.
 *
 * Results:
 *	None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static int
ConsoleCmd(clientData, interp, argc, argv)
    ClientData clientData;		/* Not used. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;			/* Current interpreter. */
    int argc;				/* Number of arguments. */
    char **argv;			/* Argument strings. */
{
    ConsoleInfo *info = (ConsoleInfo *) clientData;
    char c;
    int length;
    int result;
    Tcl_Interp *consoleInterp;

    if (argc < 2) {
	Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
		" option ?arg arg ...?\"", (char *) NULL);
	return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    
    c = argv[1][0];
    length = strlen(argv[1]);
    result = TCL_OK;
    consoleInterp = info->consoleInterp;
    Tcl_Preserve((ClientData) consoleInterp);
    if ((c == 't') && (strncmp(argv[1], "title", length)) == 0) {
	Tcl_DString dString;
	
	Tcl_DStringInit(&dString);
	Tcl_DStringAppend(&dString, "wm title . ", -1);
	if (argc == 3) {
	    Tcl_DStringAppendElement(&dString, argv[2]);
	}
	Tcl_Eval(consoleInterp, Tcl_DStringValue(&dString));
	Tcl_DStringFree(&dString);
    } else if ((c == 'h') && (strncmp(argv[1], "hide", length)) == 0) {
	Tcl_Eval(info->consoleInterp, "wm withdraw .");
    } else if ((c == 's') && (strncmp(argv[1], "show", length)) == 0) {
	Tcl_Eval(info->consoleInterp, "wm deiconify .");
    } else if ((c == 'e') && (strncmp(argv[1], "eval", length)) == 0) {
	if (argc == 3) {
	    Tcl_Eval(info->consoleInterp, argv[2]);
	} else {
	    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
		    " eval command\"", (char *) NULL);
	    return TCL_ERROR;
	}
    } else {
	Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "bad option \"", argv[1],
		"\": should be hide, show, or title",
		(char *) NULL);
        result = TCL_ERROR;
    }
    Tcl_Release((ClientData) consoleInterp);
    return result;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * InterpreterCmd --
 *
 *	This command allows the console interp to communicate with the
 *	main interpreter.
 *
 * Results:
 *	None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static int
InterpreterCmd(clientData, interp, argc, argv)
    ClientData clientData;		/* Not used. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;			/* Current interpreter. */
    int argc;				/* Number of arguments. */
    char **argv;			/* Argument strings. */
{
    ConsoleInfo *info = (ConsoleInfo *) clientData;
    char c;
    int length;
    int result;
    Tcl_Interp *otherInterp;

    if (argc < 2) {
	Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
		" option ?arg arg ...?\"", (char *) NULL);
	return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    
    c = argv[1][0];
    length = strlen(argv[1]);
    otherInterp = info->interp;
    Tcl_Preserve((ClientData) otherInterp);
    if ((c == 'e') && (strncmp(argv[1], "eval", length)) == 0) {
   	result = Tcl_GlobalEval(otherInterp, argv[2]);
    	Tcl_AppendResult(interp, otherInterp->result, (char *) NULL);
    } else if ((c == 'r') && (strncmp(argv[1], "record", length)) == 0) {
   	Tcl_RecordAndEval(otherInterp, argv[2], TCL_EVAL_GLOBAL);
	result = TCL_OK;
    	Tcl_AppendResult(interp, otherInterp->result, (char *) NULL);
    } else {
	Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "bad option \"", argv[1],
		"\": should be eval or record",
		(char *) NULL);
	result = TCL_ERROR;
    }
    Tcl_Release((ClientData) otherInterp);
    return result;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ConsoleDeleteProc --
 *
 *	If the console command is deleted we destroy the console window
 *	and all associated data structures.
 *
 * Results:
 *	None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	A new console it created.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void 
ConsoleDeleteProc(clientData) 
    ClientData clientData;
{
    ConsoleInfo *info = (ConsoleInfo *) clientData;

    Tcl_DeleteInterp(info->consoleInterp);
    info->consoleInterp = NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ConsoleEventProc --
 *
 *	This event procedure is registered on the main window of the
 *	slave interpreter.  If the user or a running script causes the
 *	main window to be destroyed, then we need to inform the console
 *	interpreter by invoking "tkConsoleExit".
 *
 * Results:
 *	None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	Invokes the "tkConsoleExit" procedure in the console interp.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static void
ConsoleEventProc(clientData, eventPtr)
    ClientData clientData;
    XEvent *eventPtr;
{
    ConsoleInfo *info = (ConsoleInfo *) clientData;
    Tcl_Interp *consoleInterp;
    
    if (eventPtr->type == DestroyNotify) {
        consoleInterp = info->consoleInterp;

        /*
         * It is possible that the console interpreter itself has
         * already been deleted. In that case the consoleInterp
         * field will be set to NULL. If the interpreter is already
         * gone, we do not have to do any work here.
         */
        
        if (consoleInterp == (Tcl_Interp *) NULL) {
            return;
        }
        Tcl_Preserve((ClientData) consoleInterp);
	Tcl_Eval(consoleInterp, "tkConsoleExit");
        Tcl_Release((ClientData) consoleInterp);
    }
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TkConsolePrint --
 *
 *	Prints to the give text to the console.  Given the main interp
 *	this functions find the appropiate console interp and forwards
 *	the text to be added to that console.
 *
 * Results:
 *	None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
TkConsolePrint(interp, devId, buffer, size)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;		/* Main interpreter. */
    int devId;			/* TCL_STDOUT for stdout, TCL_STDERR for
                                 * stderr. */
    char *buffer;		/* Text buffer. */
    long size;			/* Size of text buffer. */
{
    Tcl_DString command, output;
    Tcl_CmdInfo cmdInfo;
    char *cmd;
    ConsoleInfo *info;
    Tcl_Interp *consoleInterp;
    int result;

    if (interp == NULL) {
	return;
    }
    
    if (devId == TCL_STDERR) {
	cmd = "tkConsoleOutput stderr ";
    } else {
	cmd = "tkConsoleOutput stdout ";
    }
    
    result = Tcl_GetCommandInfo(interp, "console", &cmdInfo);
    if (result == 0) {
	return;
    }
    info = (ConsoleInfo *) cmdInfo.clientData;
    
    Tcl_DStringInit(&output);
    Tcl_DStringAppend(&output, buffer, size);

    Tcl_DStringInit(&command);
    Tcl_DStringAppend(&command, cmd, strlen(cmd));
    Tcl_DStringAppendElement(&command, output.string);

    consoleInterp = info->consoleInterp;
    Tcl_Preserve((ClientData) consoleInterp);
    Tcl_Eval(consoleInterp, command.string);
    Tcl_Release((ClientData) consoleInterp);
    
    Tcl_DStringFree(&command);
    Tcl_DStringFree(&output);
}