File: stty.c

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/* vi: set sw=4 ts=4: */
/* stty -- change and print terminal line settings
   Copyright (C) 1990-1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   Licensed under the GPL v2 or later, see the file LICENSE in this tarball.
*/
/* Usage: stty [-ag] [-F device] [setting...]

   Options:
   -a Write all current settings to stdout in human-readable form.
   -g Write all current settings to stdout in stty-readable form.
   -F Open and use the specified device instead of stdin

   If no args are given, write to stdout the baud rate and settings that
   have been changed from their defaults.  Mode reading and changes
   are done on the specified device, or stdin if none was specified.

   David MacKenzie <djm@gnu.ai.mit.edu>

   Special for busybox ported by Vladimir Oleynik <dzo@simtreas.ru> 2001

   */

#include "libbb.h"

#ifndef _POSIX_VDISABLE
# define _POSIX_VDISABLE ((unsigned char) 0)
#endif

#define Control(c) ((c) & 0x1f)
/* Canonical values for control characters */
#ifndef CINTR
# define CINTR Control('c')
#endif
#ifndef CQUIT
# define CQUIT 28
#endif
#ifndef CERASE
# define CERASE 127
#endif
#ifndef CKILL
# define CKILL Control('u')
#endif
#ifndef CEOF
# define CEOF Control('d')
#endif
#ifndef CEOL
# define CEOL _POSIX_VDISABLE
#endif
#ifndef CSTART
# define CSTART Control('q')
#endif
#ifndef CSTOP
# define CSTOP Control('s')
#endif
#ifndef CSUSP
# define CSUSP Control('z')
#endif
#if defined(VEOL2) && !defined(CEOL2)
# define CEOL2 _POSIX_VDISABLE
#endif
/* ISC renamed swtch to susp for termios, but we'll accept either name */
#if defined(VSUSP) && !defined(VSWTCH)
# define VSWTCH VSUSP
# define CSWTCH CSUSP
#endif
#if defined(VSWTCH) && !defined(CSWTCH)
# define CSWTCH _POSIX_VDISABLE
#endif

/* SunOS 5.3 loses (^Z doesn't work) if 'swtch' is the same as 'susp'.
   So the default is to disable 'swtch.'  */
#if defined(__sparc__) && defined(__svr4__)
# undef CSWTCH
# define CSWTCH _POSIX_VDISABLE
#endif

#if defined(VWERSE) && !defined(VWERASE)       /* AIX-3.2.5 */
# define VWERASE VWERSE
#endif
#if defined(VDSUSP) && !defined(CDSUSP)
# define CDSUSP Control('y')
#endif
#if !defined(VREPRINT) && defined(VRPRNT)       /* Irix 4.0.5 */
# define VREPRINT VRPRNT
#endif
#if defined(VREPRINT) && !defined(CRPRNT)
# define CRPRNT Control('r')
#endif
#if defined(VWERASE) && !defined(CWERASE)
# define CWERASE Control('w')
#endif
#if defined(VLNEXT) && !defined(CLNEXT)
# define CLNEXT Control('v')
#endif
#if defined(VDISCARD) && !defined(VFLUSHO)
# define VFLUSHO VDISCARD
#endif
#if defined(VFLUSH) && !defined(VFLUSHO)        /* Ultrix 4.2 */
# define VFLUSHO VFLUSH
#endif
#if defined(CTLECH) && !defined(ECHOCTL)        /* Ultrix 4.3 */
# define ECHOCTL CTLECH
#endif
#if defined(TCTLECH) && !defined(ECHOCTL)       /* Ultrix 4.2 */
# define ECHOCTL TCTLECH
#endif
#if defined(CRTKIL) && !defined(ECHOKE)         /* Ultrix 4.2 and 4.3 */
# define ECHOKE CRTKIL
#endif
#if defined(VFLUSHO) && !defined(CFLUSHO)
# define CFLUSHO Control('o')
#endif
#if defined(VSTATUS) && !defined(CSTATUS)
# define CSTATUS Control('t')
#endif

/* Save us from #ifdef forest plague */
#ifndef BSDLY
# define BSDLY 0
#endif
#ifndef CIBAUD
# define CIBAUD 0
#endif
#ifndef CRDLY
# define CRDLY 0
#endif
#ifndef CRTSCTS
# define CRTSCTS 0
#endif
#ifndef ECHOCTL
# define ECHOCTL 0
#endif
#ifndef ECHOKE
# define ECHOKE 0
#endif
#ifndef ECHOPRT
# define ECHOPRT 0
#endif
#ifndef FFDLY
# define FFDLY 0
#endif
#ifndef IEXTEN
# define IEXTEN 0
#endif
#ifndef IMAXBEL
# define IMAXBEL 0
#endif
#ifndef IUCLC
# define IUCLC 0
#endif
#ifndef IXANY
# define IXANY 0
#endif
#ifndef NLDLY
# define NLDLY 0
#endif
#ifndef OCRNL
# define OCRNL 0
#endif
#ifndef OFDEL
# define OFDEL 0
#endif
#ifndef OFILL
# define OFILL 0
#endif
#ifndef OLCUC
# define OLCUC 0
#endif
#ifndef ONLCR
# define ONLCR 0
#endif
#ifndef ONLRET
# define ONLRET 0
#endif
#ifndef ONOCR
# define ONOCR 0
#endif
#ifndef OXTABS
# define OXTABS 0
#endif
#ifndef TABDLY
# define TABDLY 0
#endif
#ifndef TAB1
# define TAB1 0
#endif
#ifndef TAB2
# define TAB2 0
#endif
#ifndef TOSTOP
# define TOSTOP 0
#endif
#ifndef VDSUSP
# define VDSUSP 0
#endif
#ifndef VEOL2
# define VEOL2 0
#endif
#ifndef VFLUSHO
# define VFLUSHO 0
#endif
#ifndef VLNEXT
# define VLNEXT 0
#endif
#ifndef VREPRINT
# define VREPRINT 0
#endif
#ifndef VSTATUS
# define VSTATUS 0
#endif
#ifndef VSWTCH
# define VSWTCH 0
#endif
#ifndef VTDLY
# define VTDLY 0
#endif
#ifndef VWERASE
# define VWERASE 0
#endif
#ifndef XCASE
# define XCASE 0
#endif

/* Which speeds to set */
enum speed_setting {
	input_speed, output_speed, both_speeds
};

/* Which member(s) of 'struct termios' a mode uses */
enum {
	/* Do NOT change the order or values, as mode_type_flag()
	 * depends on them */
	control, input, output, local, combination
};

/* Flags for 'struct mode_info' */
#define SANE_SET 1              /* Set in 'sane' mode                  */
#define SANE_UNSET 2            /* Unset in 'sane' mode                */
#define REV 4                   /* Can be turned off by prepending '-' */
#define OMIT 8                  /* Don't display value                 */


/* Each mode.
 * This structure should be kept as small as humanly possible.
 */
struct mode_info {
	const uint8_t type;           /* Which structure element to change    */
	const uint8_t flags;          /* Setting and display options          */
	/* only these values are ever used, so... */
#if   (CSIZE | NLDLY | CRDLY | TABDLY | BSDLY | VTDLY | FFDLY) < 0x100
	const uint8_t mask;
#elif (CSIZE | NLDLY | CRDLY | TABDLY | BSDLY | VTDLY | FFDLY) < 0x10000
	const uint16_t mask;
#else
	const tcflag_t mask;          /* Other bits to turn off for this mode */
#endif
	/* was using short here, but ppc32 was unhappy */
	const tcflag_t bits;          /* Bits to set for this mode            */
};

enum {
	/* Must match mode_name[] and mode_info[] order! */
	IDX_evenp = 0,
	IDX_parity,
	IDX_oddp,
	IDX_nl,
	IDX_ek,
	IDX_sane,
	IDX_cooked,
	IDX_raw,
	IDX_pass8,
	IDX_litout,
	IDX_cbreak,
	IDX_crt,
	IDX_dec,
#if IXANY
	IDX_decctlq,
#endif
#if TABDLY || OXTABS
	IDX_tabs,
#endif
#if XCASE && IUCLC && OLCUC
	IDX_lcase,
	IDX_LCASE,
#endif
};

#define MI_ENTRY(N,T,F,B,M) N "\0"

/* Mode names given on command line */
static const char mode_name[] =
	MI_ENTRY("evenp",    combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("parity",   combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("oddp",     combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("nl",       combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ek",       combination, OMIT,              0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("sane",     combination, OMIT,              0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cooked",   combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("raw",      combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("pass8",    combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("litout",   combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cbreak",   combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("crt",      combination, OMIT,              0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("dec",      combination, OMIT,              0,          0 )
#if IXANY
	MI_ENTRY("decctlq",  combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
#endif
#if TABDLY || OXTABS
	MI_ENTRY("tabs",     combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
#endif
#if XCASE && IUCLC && OLCUC
	MI_ENTRY("lcase",    combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("LCASE",    combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("parenb",   control,     REV,               PARENB,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("parodd",   control,     REV,               PARODD,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cs5",      control,     0,                 CS5,     CSIZE)
	MI_ENTRY("cs6",      control,     0,                 CS6,     CSIZE)
	MI_ENTRY("cs7",      control,     0,                 CS7,     CSIZE)
	MI_ENTRY("cs8",      control,     0,                 CS8,     CSIZE)
	MI_ENTRY("hupcl",    control,     REV,               HUPCL,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("hup",      control,     REV        | OMIT, HUPCL,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cstopb",   control,     REV,               CSTOPB,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cread",    control,     SANE_SET   | REV,  CREAD,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("clocal",   control,     REV,               CLOCAL,     0 )
#if CRTSCTS
	MI_ENTRY("crtscts",  control,     REV,               CRTSCTS,    0 )
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("ignbrk",   input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IGNBRK,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("brkint",   input,       SANE_SET   | REV,  BRKINT,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ignpar",   input,       REV,               IGNPAR,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("parmrk",   input,       REV,               PARMRK,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("inpck",    input,       REV,               INPCK,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("istrip",   input,       REV,               ISTRIP,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("inlcr",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  INLCR,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("igncr",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IGNCR,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("icrnl",    input,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ICRNL,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ixon",     input,       REV,               IXON,       0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ixoff",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IXOFF,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("tandem",   input,       REV        | OMIT, IXOFF,      0 )
#if IUCLC
	MI_ENTRY("iuclc",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IUCLC,      0 )
#endif
#if IXANY
	MI_ENTRY("ixany",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IXANY,      0 )
#endif
#if IMAXBEL
	MI_ENTRY("imaxbel",  input,       SANE_SET   | REV,  IMAXBEL,    0 )
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("opost",    output,      SANE_SET   | REV,  OPOST,      0 )
#if OLCUC
	MI_ENTRY("olcuc",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  OLCUC,      0 )
#endif
#if OCRNL
	MI_ENTRY("ocrnl",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  OCRNL,      0 )
#endif
#if ONLCR
	MI_ENTRY("onlcr",    output,      SANE_SET   | REV,  ONLCR,      0 )
#endif
#if ONOCR
	MI_ENTRY("onocr",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  ONOCR,      0 )
#endif
#if ONLRET
	MI_ENTRY("onlret",   output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  ONLRET,     0 )
#endif
#if OFILL
	MI_ENTRY("ofill",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  OFILL,      0 )
#endif
#if OFDEL
	MI_ENTRY("ofdel",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  OFDEL,      0 )
#endif
#if NLDLY
	MI_ENTRY("nl1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        NL1,     NLDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("nl0",      output,      SANE_SET,          NL0,     NLDLY)
#endif
#if CRDLY
	MI_ENTRY("cr3",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        CR3,     CRDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("cr2",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        CR2,     CRDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("cr1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        CR1,     CRDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("cr0",      output,      SANE_SET,          CR0,     CRDLY)
#endif

#if TABDLY
	MI_ENTRY("tab3",     output,      SANE_UNSET,        TAB3,   TABDLY)
# if TAB2
	MI_ENTRY("tab2",     output,      SANE_UNSET,        TAB2,   TABDLY)
# endif
# if TAB1
	MI_ENTRY("tab1",     output,      SANE_UNSET,        TAB1,   TABDLY)
# endif
	MI_ENTRY("tab0",     output,      SANE_SET,          TAB0,   TABDLY)
#else
# if OXTABS
	MI_ENTRY("tab3",     output,      SANE_UNSET,        OXTABS,     0 )
# endif
#endif

#if BSDLY
	MI_ENTRY("bs1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        BS1,     BSDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("bs0",      output,      SANE_SET,          BS0,     BSDLY)
#endif
#if VTDLY
	MI_ENTRY("vt1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        VT1,     VTDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("vt0",      output,      SANE_SET,          VT0,     VTDLY)
#endif
#if FFDLY
	MI_ENTRY("ff1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        FF1,     FFDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("ff0",      output,      SANE_SET,          FF0,     FFDLY)
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("isig",     local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ISIG,       0 )
	MI_ENTRY("icanon",   local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ICANON,     0 )
#if IEXTEN
	MI_ENTRY("iexten",   local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  IEXTEN,     0 )
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("echo",     local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHO,       0 )
	MI_ENTRY("echoe",    local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHOE,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("crterase", local,       REV        | OMIT, ECHOE,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("echok",    local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHOK,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("echonl",   local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  ECHONL,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("noflsh",   local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  NOFLSH,     0 )
#if XCASE
	MI_ENTRY("xcase",    local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  XCASE,      0 )
#endif
#if TOSTOP
	MI_ENTRY("tostop",   local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  TOSTOP,     0 )
#endif
#if ECHOPRT
	MI_ENTRY("echoprt",  local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  ECHOPRT,    0 )
	MI_ENTRY("prterase", local,       REV | OMIT,        ECHOPRT,    0 )
#endif
#if ECHOCTL
	MI_ENTRY("echoctl",  local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHOCTL,    0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ctlecho",  local,       REV        | OMIT, ECHOCTL,    0 )
#endif
#if ECHOKE
	MI_ENTRY("echoke",   local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHOKE,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("crtkill",  local,       REV        | OMIT, ECHOKE,     0 )
#endif
	;

#undef MI_ENTRY
#define MI_ENTRY(N,T,F,B,M) { T, F, M, B },

static const struct mode_info mode_info[] = {
	/* This should be verbatim cut-n-paste copy of the above MI_ENTRYs */
	MI_ENTRY("evenp",    combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("parity",   combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("oddp",     combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("nl",       combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ek",       combination, OMIT,              0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("sane",     combination, OMIT,              0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cooked",   combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("raw",      combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("pass8",    combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("litout",   combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cbreak",   combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("crt",      combination, OMIT,              0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("dec",      combination, OMIT,              0,          0 )
#if IXANY
	MI_ENTRY("decctlq",  combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
#endif
#if TABDLY || OXTABS
	MI_ENTRY("tabs",     combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
#endif
#if XCASE && IUCLC && OLCUC
	MI_ENTRY("lcase",    combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
	MI_ENTRY("LCASE",    combination, REV        | OMIT, 0,          0 )
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("parenb",   control,     REV,               PARENB,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("parodd",   control,     REV,               PARODD,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cs5",      control,     0,                 CS5,     CSIZE)
	MI_ENTRY("cs6",      control,     0,                 CS6,     CSIZE)
	MI_ENTRY("cs7",      control,     0,                 CS7,     CSIZE)
	MI_ENTRY("cs8",      control,     0,                 CS8,     CSIZE)
	MI_ENTRY("hupcl",    control,     REV,               HUPCL,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("hup",      control,     REV        | OMIT, HUPCL,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cstopb",   control,     REV,               CSTOPB,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("cread",    control,     SANE_SET   | REV,  CREAD,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("clocal",   control,     REV,               CLOCAL,     0 )
#if CRTSCTS
	MI_ENTRY("crtscts",  control,     REV,               CRTSCTS,    0 )
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("ignbrk",   input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IGNBRK,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("brkint",   input,       SANE_SET   | REV,  BRKINT,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ignpar",   input,       REV,               IGNPAR,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("parmrk",   input,       REV,               PARMRK,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("inpck",    input,       REV,               INPCK,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("istrip",   input,       REV,               ISTRIP,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("inlcr",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  INLCR,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("igncr",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IGNCR,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("icrnl",    input,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ICRNL,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ixon",     input,       REV,               IXON,       0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ixoff",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IXOFF,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("tandem",   input,       REV        | OMIT, IXOFF,      0 )
#if IUCLC
	MI_ENTRY("iuclc",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IUCLC,      0 )
#endif
#if IXANY
	MI_ENTRY("ixany",    input,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  IXANY,      0 )
#endif
#if IMAXBEL
	MI_ENTRY("imaxbel",  input,       SANE_SET   | REV,  IMAXBEL,    0 )
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("opost",    output,      SANE_SET   | REV,  OPOST,      0 )
#if OLCUC
	MI_ENTRY("olcuc",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  OLCUC,      0 )
#endif
#if OCRNL
	MI_ENTRY("ocrnl",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  OCRNL,      0 )
#endif
#if ONLCR
	MI_ENTRY("onlcr",    output,      SANE_SET   | REV,  ONLCR,      0 )
#endif
#if ONOCR
	MI_ENTRY("onocr",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  ONOCR,      0 )
#endif
#if ONLRET
	MI_ENTRY("onlret",   output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  ONLRET,     0 )
#endif
#if OFILL
	MI_ENTRY("ofill",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  OFILL,      0 )
#endif
#if OFDEL
	MI_ENTRY("ofdel",    output,      SANE_UNSET | REV,  OFDEL,      0 )
#endif
#if NLDLY
	MI_ENTRY("nl1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        NL1,     NLDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("nl0",      output,      SANE_SET,          NL0,     NLDLY)
#endif
#if CRDLY
	MI_ENTRY("cr3",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        CR3,     CRDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("cr2",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        CR2,     CRDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("cr1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        CR1,     CRDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("cr0",      output,      SANE_SET,          CR0,     CRDLY)
#endif

#if TABDLY
	MI_ENTRY("tab3",     output,      SANE_UNSET,        TAB3,   TABDLY)
# if TAB2
	MI_ENTRY("tab2",     output,      SANE_UNSET,        TAB2,   TABDLY)
# endif
# if TAB1
	MI_ENTRY("tab1",     output,      SANE_UNSET,        TAB1,   TABDLY)
# endif
	MI_ENTRY("tab0",     output,      SANE_SET,          TAB0,   TABDLY)
#else
# if OXTABS
	MI_ENTRY("tab3",     output,      SANE_UNSET,        OXTABS,     0 )
# endif
#endif

#if BSDLY
	MI_ENTRY("bs1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        BS1,     BSDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("bs0",      output,      SANE_SET,          BS0,     BSDLY)
#endif
#if VTDLY
	MI_ENTRY("vt1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        VT1,     VTDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("vt0",      output,      SANE_SET,          VT0,     VTDLY)
#endif
#if FFDLY
	MI_ENTRY("ff1",      output,      SANE_UNSET,        FF1,     FFDLY)
	MI_ENTRY("ff0",      output,      SANE_SET,          FF0,     FFDLY)
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("isig",     local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ISIG,       0 )
	MI_ENTRY("icanon",   local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ICANON,     0 )
#if IEXTEN
	MI_ENTRY("iexten",   local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  IEXTEN,     0 )
#endif
	MI_ENTRY("echo",     local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHO,       0 )
	MI_ENTRY("echoe",    local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHOE,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("crterase", local,       REV        | OMIT, ECHOE,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("echok",    local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHOK,      0 )
	MI_ENTRY("echonl",   local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  ECHONL,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("noflsh",   local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  NOFLSH,     0 )
#if XCASE
	MI_ENTRY("xcase",    local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  XCASE,      0 )
#endif
#if TOSTOP
	MI_ENTRY("tostop",   local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  TOSTOP,     0 )
#endif
#if ECHOPRT
	MI_ENTRY("echoprt",  local,       SANE_UNSET | REV,  ECHOPRT,    0 )
	MI_ENTRY("prterase", local,       REV | OMIT,        ECHOPRT,    0 )
#endif
#if ECHOCTL
	MI_ENTRY("echoctl",  local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHOCTL,    0 )
	MI_ENTRY("ctlecho",  local,       REV        | OMIT, ECHOCTL,    0 )
#endif
#if ECHOKE
	MI_ENTRY("echoke",   local,       SANE_SET   | REV,  ECHOKE,     0 )
	MI_ENTRY("crtkill",  local,       REV        | OMIT, ECHOKE,     0 )
#endif
};

enum {
	NUM_mode_info = ARRAY_SIZE(mode_info)
};


/* Control characters */
struct control_info {
	const uint8_t saneval;  /* Value to set for 'stty sane' */
	const uint8_t offset;   /* Offset in c_cc */
};

enum {
	/* Must match control_name[] and control_info[] order! */
	CIDX_intr = 0,
	CIDX_quit,
	CIDX_erase,
	CIDX_kill,
	CIDX_eof,
	CIDX_eol,
#if VEOL2
	CIDX_eol2,
#endif
#if VSWTCH
	CIDX_swtch,
#endif
	CIDX_start,
	CIDX_stop,
	CIDX_susp,
#if VDSUSP
	CIDX_dsusp,
#endif
#if VREPRINT
	CIDX_rprnt,
#endif
#if VWERASE
	CIDX_werase,
#endif
#if VLNEXT
	CIDX_lnext,
#endif
#if VFLUSHO
	CIDX_flush,
#endif
#if VSTATUS
	CIDX_status,
#endif
	CIDX_min,
	CIDX_time,
};

#define CI_ENTRY(n,s,o) n "\0"

/* Name given on command line */
static const char control_name[] =
	CI_ENTRY("intr",     CINTR,   VINTR   )
	CI_ENTRY("quit",     CQUIT,   VQUIT   )
	CI_ENTRY("erase",    CERASE,  VERASE  )
	CI_ENTRY("kill",     CKILL,   VKILL   )
	CI_ENTRY("eof",      CEOF,    VEOF    )
	CI_ENTRY("eol",      CEOL,    VEOL    )
#if VEOL2
	CI_ENTRY("eol2",     CEOL2,   VEOL2   )
#endif
#if VSWTCH
	CI_ENTRY("swtch",    CSWTCH,  VSWTCH  )
#endif
	CI_ENTRY("start",    CSTART,  VSTART  )
	CI_ENTRY("stop",     CSTOP,   VSTOP   )
	CI_ENTRY("susp",     CSUSP,   VSUSP   )
#if VDSUSP
	CI_ENTRY("dsusp",    CDSUSP,  VDSUSP  )
#endif
#if VREPRINT
	CI_ENTRY("rprnt",    CRPRNT,  VREPRINT)
#endif
#if VWERASE
	CI_ENTRY("werase",   CWERASE, VWERASE )
#endif
#if VLNEXT
	CI_ENTRY("lnext",    CLNEXT,  VLNEXT  )
#endif
#if VFLUSHO
	CI_ENTRY("flush",    CFLUSHO, VFLUSHO )
#endif
#if VSTATUS
	CI_ENTRY("status",   CSTATUS, VSTATUS )
#endif
	/* These must be last because of the display routines */
	CI_ENTRY("min",      1,       VMIN    )
	CI_ENTRY("time",     0,       VTIME   )
	;

#undef CI_ENTRY
#define CI_ENTRY(n,s,o) { s, o },

static const struct control_info control_info[] = {
	/* This should be verbatim cut-n-paste copy of the above CI_ENTRYs */
	CI_ENTRY("intr",     CINTR,   VINTR   )
	CI_ENTRY("quit",     CQUIT,   VQUIT   )
	CI_ENTRY("erase",    CERASE,  VERASE  )
	CI_ENTRY("kill",     CKILL,   VKILL   )
	CI_ENTRY("eof",      CEOF,    VEOF    )
	CI_ENTRY("eol",      CEOL,    VEOL    )
#if VEOL2
	CI_ENTRY("eol2",     CEOL2,   VEOL2   )
#endif
#if VSWTCH
	CI_ENTRY("swtch",    CSWTCH,  VSWTCH  )
#endif
	CI_ENTRY("start",    CSTART,  VSTART  )
	CI_ENTRY("stop",     CSTOP,   VSTOP   )
	CI_ENTRY("susp",     CSUSP,   VSUSP   )
#if VDSUSP
	CI_ENTRY("dsusp",    CDSUSP,  VDSUSP  )
#endif
#if VREPRINT
	CI_ENTRY("rprnt",    CRPRNT,  VREPRINT)
#endif
#if VWERASE
	CI_ENTRY("werase",   CWERASE, VWERASE )
#endif
#if VLNEXT
	CI_ENTRY("lnext",    CLNEXT,  VLNEXT  )
#endif
#if VFLUSHO
	CI_ENTRY("flush",    CFLUSHO, VFLUSHO )
#endif
#if VSTATUS
	CI_ENTRY("status",   CSTATUS, VSTATUS )
#endif
	/* These must be last because of the display routines */
	CI_ENTRY("min",      1,       VMIN    )
	CI_ENTRY("time",     0,       VTIME   )
};

enum {
	NUM_control_info = ARRAY_SIZE(control_info)
};


struct globals {
	const char *device_name;
	/* The width of the screen, for output wrapping */
	unsigned max_col;
	/* Current position, to know when to wrap */
	unsigned current_col;
	char buf[10];
} FIX_ALIASING;
#define G (*(struct globals*)&bb_common_bufsiz1)
#define INIT_G() do { \
	G.device_name = bb_msg_standard_input; \
	G.max_col = 80; \
} while (0)


/* Return a string that is the printable representation of character CH */
/* Adapted from 'cat' by Torbjorn Granlund */
static const char *visible(unsigned ch)
{
	char *bpout = G.buf;

	if (ch == _POSIX_VDISABLE)
		return "<undef>";

	if (ch >= 128) {
		ch -= 128;
		*bpout++ = 'M';
		*bpout++ = '-';
	}

	if (ch < 32) {
		*bpout++ = '^';
		*bpout++ = ch + 64;
	} else if (ch < 127) {
		*bpout++ = ch;
	} else {
		*bpout++ = '^';
		*bpout++ = '?';
	}

	*bpout = '\0';
	return G.buf;
}

static tcflag_t *mode_type_flag(unsigned type, const struct termios *mode)
{
	static const uint8_t tcflag_offsets[] ALIGN1 = {
		offsetof(struct termios, c_cflag), /* control */
		offsetof(struct termios, c_iflag), /* input */
		offsetof(struct termios, c_oflag), /* output */
		offsetof(struct termios, c_lflag)  /* local */
	};

	if (type <= local) {
		return (tcflag_t*) (((char*)mode) + tcflag_offsets[type]);
	}
	return NULL;
}

static void set_speed_or_die(enum speed_setting type, const char *arg,
					struct termios *mode)
{
	speed_t baud;

	baud = tty_value_to_baud(xatou(arg));

	if (type != output_speed) {     /* either input or both */
		cfsetispeed(mode, baud);
	}
	if (type != input_speed) {      /* either output or both */
		cfsetospeed(mode, baud);
	}
}

static NORETURN void perror_on_device_and_die(const char *fmt)
{
	bb_perror_msg_and_die(fmt, G.device_name);
}

static void perror_on_device(const char *fmt)
{
	bb_perror_msg(fmt, G.device_name);
}

/* Print format string MESSAGE and optional args.
   Wrap to next line first if it won't fit.
   Print a space first unless MESSAGE will start a new line */
static void wrapf(const char *message, ...)
{
	char buf[128];
	va_list args;
	unsigned buflen;

	va_start(args, message);
	buflen = vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), message, args);
	va_end(args);
	/* We seem to be called only with suitable lengths, but check if
	   somebody failed to adhere to this assumption just to be sure.  */
	if (!buflen || buflen >= sizeof(buf)) return;

	if (G.current_col > 0) {
		G.current_col++;
		if (buf[0] != '\n') {
			if (G.current_col + buflen >= G.max_col) {
				bb_putchar('\n');
				G.current_col = 0;
			} else
				bb_putchar(' ');
		}
	}
	fputs(buf, stdout);
	G.current_col += buflen;
	if (buf[buflen-1] == '\n')
		G.current_col = 0;
}

static void newline(void)
{
	if (G.current_col != 0)
		wrapf("\n");
}

#ifdef TIOCGWINSZ
static void set_window_size(int rows, int cols)
{
	struct winsize win = { 0, 0, 0, 0 };

	if (ioctl(STDIN_FILENO, TIOCGWINSZ, &win)) {
		if (errno != EINVAL) {
			goto bail;
		}
		memset(&win, 0, sizeof(win));
	}

	if (rows >= 0)
		win.ws_row = rows;
	if (cols >= 0)
		win.ws_col = cols;

	if (ioctl(STDIN_FILENO, TIOCSWINSZ, (char *) &win))
bail:
		perror_on_device("%s");
}
#endif

static void display_window_size(int fancy)
{
	const char *fmt_str = "%s\0%s: no size information for this device";
	unsigned width, height;

	if (get_terminal_width_height(STDIN_FILENO, &width, &height)) {
		if ((errno != EINVAL) || ((fmt_str += 2), !fancy)) {
			perror_on_device(fmt_str);
		}
	} else {
		wrapf(fancy ? "rows %u; columns %u;" : "%u %u\n",
				height, width);
	}
}

static const struct suffix_mult stty_suffixes[] = {
	{ "b",  512 },
	{ "k", 1024 },
	{ "B", 1024 },
	{ "", 0 }
};

static const struct mode_info *find_mode(const char *name)
{
	int i = index_in_strings(mode_name, name);
	return i >= 0 ? &mode_info[i] : NULL;
}

static const struct control_info *find_control(const char *name)
{
	int i = index_in_strings(control_name, name);
	return i >= 0 ? &control_info[i] : NULL;
}

enum {
	param_need_arg = 0x80,
	param_line    = 1 | 0x80,
	param_rows    = 2 | 0x80,
	param_cols    = 3 | 0x80,
	param_columns = 4 | 0x80,
	param_size    = 5,
	param_speed   = 6,
	param_ispeed  = 7 | 0x80,
	param_ospeed  = 8 | 0x80,
};

static int find_param(const char *name)
{
	static const char params[] ALIGN1 =
		"line\0"    /* 1 */
		"rows\0"    /* 2 */
		"cols\0"    /* 3 */
		"columns\0" /* 4 */
		"size\0"    /* 5 */
		"speed\0"   /* 6 */
		"ispeed\0"
		"ospeed\0";
	int i = index_in_strings(params, name) + 1;
	if (i == 0)
		return 0;
	if (i != 5 && i != 6)
		i |= 0x80;
	return i;
}

static int recover_mode(const char *arg, struct termios *mode)
{
	int i, n;
	unsigned chr;
	unsigned long iflag, oflag, cflag, lflag;

	/* Scan into temporaries since it is too much trouble to figure out
	   the right format for 'tcflag_t' */
	if (sscanf(arg, "%lx:%lx:%lx:%lx%n",
			   &iflag, &oflag, &cflag, &lflag, &n) != 4)
		return 0;
	mode->c_iflag = iflag;
	mode->c_oflag = oflag;
	mode->c_cflag = cflag;
	mode->c_lflag = lflag;
	arg += n;
	for (i = 0; i < NCCS; ++i) {
		if (sscanf(arg, ":%x%n", &chr, &n) != 1)
			return 0;
		mode->c_cc[i] = chr;
		arg += n;
	}

	/* Fail if there are too many fields */
	if (*arg != '\0')
		return 0;

	return 1;
}

static void display_recoverable(const struct termios *mode,
				int UNUSED_PARAM dummy)
{
	int i;
	printf("%lx:%lx:%lx:%lx",
		   (unsigned long) mode->c_iflag, (unsigned long) mode->c_oflag,
		   (unsigned long) mode->c_cflag, (unsigned long) mode->c_lflag);
	for (i = 0; i < NCCS; ++i)
		printf(":%x", (unsigned int) mode->c_cc[i]);
	bb_putchar('\n');
}

static void display_speed(const struct termios *mode, int fancy)
{
	//____________________ 01234567 8 9
	const char *fmt_str = "%lu %lu\n\0ispeed %lu baud; ospeed %lu baud;";
	unsigned long ispeed, ospeed;

	ospeed = ispeed = cfgetispeed(mode);
	if (ispeed == 0 || ispeed == (ospeed = cfgetospeed(mode))) {
		ispeed = ospeed;                /* in case ispeed was 0 */
		//________ 0123 4 5 6 7 8 9
		fmt_str = "%lu\n\0\0\0\0\0speed %lu baud;";
	}
	if (fancy) fmt_str += 9;
	wrapf(fmt_str, tty_baud_to_value(ispeed), tty_baud_to_value(ospeed));
}

static void do_display(const struct termios *mode, int all)
{
	int i;
	tcflag_t *bitsp;
	unsigned long mask;
	int prev_type = control;

	display_speed(mode, 1);
	if (all)
		display_window_size(1);
#ifdef HAVE_C_LINE
	wrapf("line = %u;\n", mode->c_line);
#else
	newline();
#endif

	for (i = 0; i != CIDX_min; ++i) {
		/* If swtch is the same as susp, don't print both */
#if VSWTCH == VSUSP
		if (i == CIDX_swtch)
			continue;
#endif
		/* If eof uses the same slot as min, only print whichever applies */
#if VEOF == VMIN
		if (!(mode->c_lflag & ICANON)
		 && (i == CIDX_eof || i == CIDX_eol)
		) {
			continue;
		}
#endif
		wrapf("%s = %s;", nth_string(control_name, i),
			  visible(mode->c_cc[control_info[i].offset]));
	}
#if VEOF == VMIN
	if ((mode->c_lflag & ICANON) == 0)
#endif
		wrapf("min = %u; time = %u;", mode->c_cc[VMIN], mode->c_cc[VTIME]);
	newline();

	for (i = 0; i < NUM_mode_info; ++i) {
		if (mode_info[i].flags & OMIT)
			continue;
		if (mode_info[i].type != prev_type) {
			newline();
			prev_type = mode_info[i].type;
		}

		bitsp = mode_type_flag(mode_info[i].type, mode);
		mask = mode_info[i].mask ? mode_info[i].mask : mode_info[i].bits;
		if ((*bitsp & mask) == mode_info[i].bits) {
			if (all || (mode_info[i].flags & SANE_UNSET))
				wrapf("-%s"+1, nth_string(mode_name, i));
		} else {
			if ((all && mode_info[i].flags & REV)
			 || (!all && (mode_info[i].flags & (SANE_SET | REV)) == (SANE_SET | REV))
			) {
				wrapf("-%s", nth_string(mode_name, i));
			}
		}
	}
	newline();
}

static void sane_mode(struct termios *mode)
{
	int i;
	tcflag_t *bitsp;

	for (i = 0; i < NUM_control_info; ++i) {
#if VMIN == VEOF
		if (i == CIDX_min)
			break;
#endif
		mode->c_cc[control_info[i].offset] = control_info[i].saneval;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < NUM_mode_info; ++i) {
		if (mode_info[i].flags & SANE_SET) {
			bitsp = mode_type_flag(mode_info[i].type, mode);
			*bitsp = (*bitsp & ~((unsigned long)mode_info[i].mask))
				| mode_info[i].bits;
		} else if (mode_info[i].flags & SANE_UNSET) {
			bitsp = mode_type_flag(mode_info[i].type, mode);
			*bitsp = *bitsp & ~((unsigned long)mode_info[i].mask)
				& ~mode_info[i].bits;
		}
	}
}

static void set_mode(const struct mode_info *info, int reversed,
					struct termios *mode)
{
	tcflag_t *bitsp;

	bitsp = mode_type_flag(info->type, mode);

	if (bitsp) {
		if (reversed)
			*bitsp = *bitsp & ~info->mask & ~info->bits;
		else
			*bitsp = (*bitsp & ~info->mask) | info->bits;
		return;
	}

	/* Combination mode */
	if (info == &mode_info[IDX_evenp] || info == &mode_info[IDX_parity]) {
		if (reversed)
			mode->c_cflag = (mode->c_cflag & ~PARENB & ~CSIZE) | CS8;
		else
			mode->c_cflag =	(mode->c_cflag & ~PARODD & ~CSIZE) | PARENB | CS7;
	} else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_oddp]) {
		if (reversed)
			mode->c_cflag = (mode->c_cflag & ~PARENB & ~CSIZE) | CS8;
		else
			mode->c_cflag =	(mode->c_cflag & ~CSIZE) | CS7 | PARODD | PARENB;
	} else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_nl]) {
		if (reversed) {
			mode->c_iflag = (mode->c_iflag | ICRNL) & ~INLCR & ~IGNCR;
			mode->c_oflag = (mode->c_oflag | ONLCR)	& ~OCRNL & ~ONLRET;
		} else {
			mode->c_iflag = mode->c_iflag & ~ICRNL;
			if (ONLCR) mode->c_oflag = mode->c_oflag & ~ONLCR;
		}
	} else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_ek]) {
		mode->c_cc[VERASE] = CERASE;
		mode->c_cc[VKILL] = CKILL;
	} else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_sane]) {
		sane_mode(mode);
	} else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_cbreak]) {
		if (reversed)
			mode->c_lflag |= ICANON;
		else
			mode->c_lflag &= ~ICANON;
	} else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_pass8]) {
		if (reversed) {
			mode->c_cflag = (mode->c_cflag & ~CSIZE) | CS7 | PARENB;
			mode->c_iflag |= ISTRIP;
		} else {
			mode->c_cflag = (mode->c_cflag & ~PARENB & ~CSIZE) | CS8;
			mode->c_iflag &= ~ISTRIP;
		}
	} else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_litout]) {
		if (reversed) {
			mode->c_cflag = (mode->c_cflag & ~CSIZE) | CS7 | PARENB;
			mode->c_iflag |= ISTRIP;
			mode->c_oflag |= OPOST;
		} else {
			mode->c_cflag = (mode->c_cflag & ~PARENB & ~CSIZE) | CS8;
			mode->c_iflag &= ~ISTRIP;
			mode->c_oflag &= ~OPOST;
		}
	} else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_raw] || info == &mode_info[IDX_cooked]) {
		if ((info == &mode_info[IDX_raw] && reversed)
		 || (info == &mode_info[IDX_cooked] && !reversed)
		) {
			/* Cooked mode */
			mode->c_iflag |= BRKINT | IGNPAR | ISTRIP | ICRNL | IXON;
			mode->c_oflag |= OPOST;
			mode->c_lflag |= ISIG | ICANON;
#if VMIN == VEOF
			mode->c_cc[VEOF] = CEOF;
#endif
#if VTIME == VEOL
			mode->c_cc[VEOL] = CEOL;
#endif
		} else {
			/* Raw mode */
			mode->c_iflag = 0;
			mode->c_oflag &= ~OPOST;
			mode->c_lflag &= ~(ISIG | ICANON | XCASE);
			mode->c_cc[VMIN] = 1;
			mode->c_cc[VTIME] = 0;
		}
	}
#if IXANY
	else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_decctlq]) {
		if (reversed)
			mode->c_iflag |= IXANY;
		else
			mode->c_iflag &= ~IXANY;
	}
#endif
#if TABDLY
	else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_tabs]) {
		if (reversed)
			mode->c_oflag = (mode->c_oflag & ~TABDLY) | TAB3;
		else
			mode->c_oflag = (mode->c_oflag & ~TABDLY) | TAB0;
	}
#endif
#if OXTABS
	else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_tabs]) {
		if (reversed)
			mode->c_oflag |= OXTABS;
		else
			mode->c_oflag &= ~OXTABS;
	}
#endif
#if XCASE && IUCLC && OLCUC
	else if (info==&mode_info[IDX_lcase] || info==&mode_info[IDX_LCASE]) {
		if (reversed) {
			mode->c_lflag &= ~XCASE;
			mode->c_iflag &= ~IUCLC;
			mode->c_oflag &= ~OLCUC;
		} else {
			mode->c_lflag |= XCASE;
			mode->c_iflag |= IUCLC;
			mode->c_oflag |= OLCUC;
		}
	}
#endif
	else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_crt]) {
		mode->c_lflag |= ECHOE | ECHOCTL | ECHOKE;
	} else if (info == &mode_info[IDX_dec]) {
		mode->c_cc[VINTR] = 3; /* ^C */
		mode->c_cc[VERASE] = 127; /* DEL */
		mode->c_cc[VKILL] = 21; /* ^U */
		mode->c_lflag |= ECHOE | ECHOCTL | ECHOKE;
		if (IXANY) mode->c_iflag &= ~IXANY;
	}
}

static void set_control_char_or_die(const struct control_info *info,
			const char *arg, struct termios *mode)
{
	unsigned char value;

	if (info == &control_info[CIDX_min] || info == &control_info[CIDX_time])
		value = xatoul_range_sfx(arg, 0, 0xff, stty_suffixes);
	else if (arg[0] == '\0' || arg[1] == '\0')
		value = arg[0];
	else if (strcmp(arg, "^-") == 0 || strcmp(arg, "undef") == 0)
		value = _POSIX_VDISABLE;
	else if (arg[0] == '^') { /* Ignore any trailing junk (^Cjunk) */
		value = arg[1] & 0x1f; /* Non-letters get weird results */
		if (arg[1] == '?')
			value = 127;
	} else
		value = xatoul_range_sfx(arg, 0, 0xff, stty_suffixes);
	mode->c_cc[info->offset] = value;
}

#define STTY_require_set_attr   (1 << 0)
#define STTY_speed_was_set      (1 << 1)
#define STTY_verbose_output     (1 << 2)
#define STTY_recoverable_output (1 << 3)
#define STTY_noargs             (1 << 4)

int stty_main(int argc, char **argv) MAIN_EXTERNALLY_VISIBLE;
int stty_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
{
	struct termios mode;
	void (*output_func)(const struct termios *, int);
	const char *file_name = NULL;
	int display_all = 0;
	int stty_state;
	int k;

	INIT_G();

	stty_state = STTY_noargs;
	output_func = do_display;

	/* First pass: only parse/verify command line params */
	k = 0;
	while (argv[++k]) {
		const struct mode_info *mp;
		const struct control_info *cp;
		const char *arg = argv[k];
		const char *argnext = argv[k+1];
		int param;

		if (arg[0] == '-') {
			int i;
			mp = find_mode(arg+1);
			if (mp) {
				if (!(mp->flags & REV))
					goto invalid_argument;
				stty_state &= ~STTY_noargs;
				continue;
			}
			/* It is an option - parse it */
			i = 0;
			while (arg[++i]) {
				switch (arg[i]) {
				case 'a':
					stty_state |= STTY_verbose_output;
					output_func = do_display;
					display_all = 1;
					break;
				case 'g':
					stty_state |= STTY_recoverable_output;
					output_func = display_recoverable;
					break;
				case 'F':
					if (file_name)
						bb_error_msg_and_die("only one device may be specified");
					file_name = &arg[i+1]; /* "-Fdevice" ? */
					if (!file_name[0]) { /* nope, "-F device" */
						int p = k+1; /* argv[p] is argnext */
						file_name = argnext;
						if (!file_name)
							bb_error_msg_and_die(bb_msg_requires_arg, "-F");
						/* remove -F param from arg[vc] */
						while (argv[p]) {
							argv[p] = argv[p+1];
							++p;
						}
					}
					goto end_option;
				default:
					goto invalid_argument;
				}
			}
 end_option:
			continue;
		}

		mp = find_mode(arg);
		if (mp) {
			stty_state &= ~STTY_noargs;
			continue;
		}

		cp = find_control(arg);
		if (cp) {
			if (!argnext)
				bb_error_msg_and_die(bb_msg_requires_arg, arg);
			/* called for the side effect of xfunc death only */
			set_control_char_or_die(cp, argnext, &mode);
			stty_state &= ~STTY_noargs;
			++k;
			continue;
		}

		param = find_param(arg);
		if (param & param_need_arg) {
			if (!argnext)
				bb_error_msg_and_die(bb_msg_requires_arg, arg);
			++k;
		}

		switch (param) {
#ifdef HAVE_C_LINE
		case param_line:
# ifndef TIOCGWINSZ
			xatoul_range_sfx(argnext, 1, INT_MAX, stty_suffixes);
			break;
# endif /* else fall-through */
#endif
#ifdef TIOCGWINSZ
		case param_rows:
		case param_cols:
		case param_columns:
			xatoul_range_sfx(argnext, 1, INT_MAX, stty_suffixes);
			break;
		case param_size:
#endif
		case param_speed:
			break;
		case param_ispeed:
			/* called for the side effect of xfunc death only */
			set_speed_or_die(input_speed, argnext, &mode);
			break;
		case param_ospeed:
			/* called for the side effect of xfunc death only */
			set_speed_or_die(output_speed, argnext, &mode);
			break;
		default:
			if (recover_mode(arg, &mode) == 1) break;
			if (tty_value_to_baud(xatou(arg)) != (speed_t) -1) break;
 invalid_argument:
			bb_error_msg_and_die("invalid argument '%s'", arg);
		}
		stty_state &= ~STTY_noargs;
	}

	/* Specifying both -a and -g is an error */
	if ((stty_state & (STTY_verbose_output | STTY_recoverable_output)) ==
		(STTY_verbose_output | STTY_recoverable_output))
		bb_error_msg_and_die("verbose and stty-readable output styles are mutually exclusive");
	/* Specifying -a or -g with non-options is an error */
	if (!(stty_state & STTY_noargs)
	 && (stty_state & (STTY_verbose_output | STTY_recoverable_output))
	) {
		bb_error_msg_and_die("modes may not be set when specifying an output style");
	}

	/* Now it is safe to start doing things */
	if (file_name) {
		G.device_name = file_name;
		xmove_fd(xopen_nonblocking(G.device_name), STDIN_FILENO);
		ndelay_off(STDIN_FILENO);
	}

	/* Initialize to all zeroes so there is no risk memcmp will report a
	   spurious difference in an uninitialized portion of the structure */
	memset(&mode, 0, sizeof(mode));
	if (tcgetattr(STDIN_FILENO, &mode))
		perror_on_device_and_die("%s");

	if (stty_state & (STTY_verbose_output | STTY_recoverable_output | STTY_noargs)) {
		get_terminal_width_height(STDOUT_FILENO, &G.max_col, NULL);
		output_func(&mode, display_all);
		return EXIT_SUCCESS;
	}

	/* Second pass: perform actions */
	k = 0;
	while (argv[++k]) {
		const struct mode_info *mp;
		const struct control_info *cp;
		const char *arg = argv[k];
		const char *argnext = argv[k+1];
		int param;

		if (arg[0] == '-') {
			mp = find_mode(arg+1);
			if (mp) {
				set_mode(mp, 1 /* reversed */, &mode);
				stty_state |= STTY_require_set_attr;
			}
			/* It is an option - already parsed. Skip it */
			continue;
		}

		mp = find_mode(arg);
		if (mp) {
			set_mode(mp, 0 /* non-reversed */, &mode);
			stty_state |= STTY_require_set_attr;
			continue;
		}

		cp = find_control(arg);
		if (cp) {
			++k;
			set_control_char_or_die(cp, argnext, &mode);
			stty_state |= STTY_require_set_attr;
			continue;
		}

		param = find_param(arg);
		if (param & param_need_arg) {
			++k;
		}

		switch (param) {
#ifdef HAVE_C_LINE
		case param_line:
			mode.c_line = xatoul_sfx(argnext, stty_suffixes);
			stty_state |= STTY_require_set_attr;
			break;
#endif
#ifdef TIOCGWINSZ
		case param_cols:
		case param_columns:
			set_window_size(-1, xatoul_sfx(argnext, stty_suffixes));
			break;
		case param_size:
			display_window_size(0);
			break;
		case param_rows:
			set_window_size(xatoul_sfx(argnext, stty_suffixes), -1);
			break;
#endif
		case param_speed:
			display_speed(&mode, 0);
			break;
		case param_ispeed:
			set_speed_or_die(input_speed, argnext, &mode);
			stty_state |= (STTY_require_set_attr | STTY_speed_was_set);
			break;
		case param_ospeed:
			set_speed_or_die(output_speed, argnext, &mode);
			stty_state |= (STTY_require_set_attr | STTY_speed_was_set);
			break;
		default:
			if (recover_mode(arg, &mode) == 1)
				stty_state |= STTY_require_set_attr;
			else /* true: if (tty_value_to_baud(xatou(arg)) != (speed_t) -1) */{
				set_speed_or_die(both_speeds, arg, &mode);
				stty_state |= (STTY_require_set_attr | STTY_speed_was_set);
			} /* else - impossible (caught in the first pass):
				bb_error_msg_and_die("invalid argument '%s'", arg); */
		}
	}

	if (stty_state & STTY_require_set_attr) {
		struct termios new_mode;

		if (tcsetattr(STDIN_FILENO, TCSADRAIN, &mode))
			perror_on_device_and_die("%s");

		/* POSIX (according to Zlotnick's book) tcsetattr returns zero if
		   it performs *any* of the requested operations.  This means it
		   can report 'success' when it has actually failed to perform
		   some proper subset of the requested operations.  To detect
		   this partial failure, get the current terminal attributes and
		   compare them to the requested ones */

		/* Initialize to all zeroes so there is no risk memcmp will report a
		   spurious difference in an uninitialized portion of the structure */
		memset(&new_mode, 0, sizeof(new_mode));
		if (tcgetattr(STDIN_FILENO, &new_mode))
			perror_on_device_and_die("%s");

		if (memcmp(&mode, &new_mode, sizeof(mode)) != 0) {
#if CIBAUD
			/* SunOS 4.1.3 (at least) has the problem that after this sequence,
			   tcgetattr (&m1); tcsetattr (&m1); tcgetattr (&m2);
			   sometimes (m1 != m2).  The only difference is in the four bits
			   of the c_cflag field corresponding to the baud rate.  To save
			   Sun users a little confusion, don't report an error if this
			   happens.  But suppress the error only if we haven't tried to
			   set the baud rate explicitly -- otherwise we'd never give an
			   error for a true failure to set the baud rate */

			new_mode.c_cflag &= (~CIBAUD);
			if ((stty_state & STTY_speed_was_set)
			 || memcmp(&mode, &new_mode, sizeof(mode)) != 0)
#endif
				perror_on_device_and_die("%s: cannot perform all requested operations");
		}
	}

	return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}