File: inflate.lisp

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cl-chipz 20160318-1
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(in-package :chipz)

(defun update-window (state)
  (declare (type inflate-state state))
  (let* ((output (inflate-state-output state))
         (start (inflate-state-output-start state))
         (index (inflate-state-output-index state))
         (n-bytes-to-copy (- index start))
         (window (inflate-state-window state))
         (window-index (inflate-state-window-index state)))
    (cond
      ((>= n-bytes-to-copy (length window))
       ;; can "flush" the window
       (setf (inflate-state-window-index state) 0)
       (replace window output :start2 (- index (length window))
                :end2 index))
      (t
       (let ((window-space (- (length window) window-index)))
         (cond
           ((> n-bytes-to-copy window-space)
            (replace window output :start1 window-index
                     :start2 start :end2 index)
            (replace window output
                     :start2 (+ start window-space)
                     :end2 index)
            (setf (inflate-state-window-index state)
                  (- n-bytes-to-copy window-space)))
           (t
            (replace window output :start1 window-index
                     :start2 start :end2 index)
            (setf (inflate-state-window-index state)
                  (mod (+ window-index n-bytes-to-copy) (length window))))))))))

;;; This is used behind-the-scenes to do efficient buffer->buffer
;;; decompression.  Everything user-visible that's related to
;;; decompression ultimately comes down to this function.
(defun %inflate (state input output &key (input-start 0) input-end
                (output-start 0) output-end)
  "Decompresses data in INPUT between INPUT-START and INPUT-END
and places the result in OUTPUT between OUTPUT-START and
OUTPUT-END.  -START and -END arguments follow the convention of
the sequence functions.  Returns the number of bytes pulled from
the input and the number of bytes written to the output."
  (declare (type inflate-state state))
  (let* ((input-end (or input-end (length input)))
         (output-end (or output-end (length output))))
    (setf (inflate-state-input state) input
          (inflate-state-input-start state) input-start
          (inflate-state-input-index state) input-start
          (inflate-state-input-end state) input-end
          (inflate-state-output state) output
          (inflate-state-output-start state) output-start
          (inflate-state-output-index state) output-start
          (inflate-state-output-end state) output-end)
    (catch 'inflate-done
      (%inflate-state-machine state))
    (update-window state)
    (when (dstate-update-checksum state)
      (funcall (dstate-update-checksum state)
               (dstate-checksum state) output output-start
               (inflate-state-output-index state)))
    (values (- (inflate-state-input-index state) input-start)
            (- (inflate-state-output-index state) output-start))))


(defun record-code-length (state value)
  (setf (aref (inflate-state-code-lengths state)
              (aref *code-length-code-order*
                    (inflate-state-n-values-read state))) value)
  (incf (inflate-state-n-values-read state)))


;;; internal inflate function

(defun %inflate-state-machine (state)
  (declare (type inflate-state state))
  (declare (optimize (speed 3) (debug 1) (space 0) (compilation-speed 0)))
  ;; Once upon a time, the individual functions in the LABELS below were
  ;; separate functions.  We drove the state machine of this function
  ;; using LOOP and SYMBOL-FUNCTION.  This scheme looked lovely...except
  ;; that SYMBOL-FUNCTION is a horrible thing to call in inner loops,
  ;; and we were calling it for just about every byte of input.
  ;;
  ;; So we switched to this huge LABELS.  Each function then stored a
  ;; reference to its next state in INFLATE-STATE-STATE before jumping
  ;; to the next function.  Some compilers were even able to optimize
  ;; the call into a fallthru, which provides a nice approximation of a
  ;; C switch statement.  That was fine and dandy...except that the jump
  ;; is a tail call, Common Lisp is not Scheme, and some implementations
  ;; do not optimize tail calls.  This combination led to stack
  ;; overflows if you handed a large input buffer to this function.
  ;;
  ;; So we provide alternatives now through the TRANSITION-TO macro.  On
  ;; implementations we're sure we can trust to DTRT, we keep the second
  ;; scheme above.  On other implementations, we use a variant of the
  ;; first scheme we tried, which is to simply store the next state's
  ;; function in INFLATE-STATE-STATE and return.  This at least avoids
  ;; SYMBOL-FUNCTION and keeps constant stack space; the LOOP in the
  ;; body of the LABELS (waaay down there) makes sure that we don't stop
  ;; until we THROW.
  (macrolet ((transition-to (next-state)
               `(progn
                  (setf (inflate-state-state state) #',next-state)
                  #+(or sbcl cmu)
                  (,next-state state)
                  ;; Just fall through for other implementations and
                  ;; return normally.
                  )))
    (labels (
             (read-bits (n state)
               (declare (type (integer 0 32) n))
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (prog1 (ldb (byte n 0) (inflate-state-bits state))
                 (setf (inflate-state-bits state)
                       (ash (inflate-state-bits state) (- n)))
                 (decf (inflate-state-n-bits state) n)))

             (ensure-bits (n state)
               (declare (type (integer 0 32) n))
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((bits (inflate-state-bits state))
                     (n-bits (inflate-state-n-bits state))
                     (input-index (inflate-state-input-index state)))
                 (declare (type (unsigned-byte 32) bits))
                 (loop while (< n-bits n)
                       when (>= input-index (inflate-state-input-end state))
                         do (progn
                              (setf (inflate-state-bits state) bits
                                    (inflate-state-n-bits state) n-bits
                                    (inflate-state-input-index state) input-index)
                              (throw 'inflate-done nil))
                       do (let ((byte (aref (inflate-state-input state) input-index)))
                            (declare (type (unsigned-byte 8) byte))
                            (setf bits
                                  (logand #xffffffff (logior (ash byte n-bits) bits)))
                            (incf n-bits 8)
                            (incf input-index))
                       finally (setf (inflate-state-bits state) bits
                                     (inflate-state-n-bits state) n-bits
                                     (inflate-state-input-index state) input-index))))

             (ensure-and-read-bits (n state)
               (ensure-bits n state)
               (read-bits n state))

             (align-bits-bytewise (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((n-bits (inflate-state-n-bits state)))
                 (decf (inflate-state-n-bits state) (rem n-bits 8))
                 (setf (inflate-state-bits state)
                       (ash (inflate-state-bits state)
                            (- (rem n-bits 8))))
                 (values)))

             (decode-value (table state)
               (declare (type huffman-decode-table table))
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (declare (optimize (speed 3)))
               (ensure-bits (hdt-bits table) state)
               (let ((bits (inflate-state-bits state)))
                 (declare (type (unsigned-byte 32) bits))
                 (do ((counts (hdt-counts table))
                      (len 1 (1+ len))
                      (first 0 (probably-the-fixnum (ash first 1)))
                      (code 0 (probably-the-fixnum (ash code 1))))
                     ((>= len +max-code-length+) nil)
                   (declare (type (and fixnum (integer 0 *)) first code))
                   ;; We would normally do this with READ-BITS, but DECODE-VALUE
                   ;; is a hotspot in profiles along with this would-be call to
                   ;; READ-BITS, so we inline it all here.
                   (setf code (logior code (logand bits 1))
                         bits (ash bits -1))
                   (let ((count (aref counts len)))
                     (when (< (- code count) first)
                       (setf (inflate-state-bits state) bits)
                       (decf (inflate-state-n-bits state) len)
                       (return-from decode-value (aref (hdt-symbols table)
                                                       (probably-the-fixnum 
                                                        (+ (aref (hdt-offsets table) (1- len))
                                                           (- code first))))))
                     (setf first
                           (probably-the-fixnum (+ first count)))))))

             (read-dynamic-table (state decoder n-values)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (loop with lengths = (inflate-state-code-lengths state)
                     while (< (inflate-state-n-values-read state) n-values)
                     do (ensure-bits (+ (hdt-bits decoder) 7) state)
                        (let ((value (decode-value decoder state)))
                          (cond
                            ((< value 16)
                             (setf (aref lengths (inflate-state-n-values-read state)) value)
                             (incf (inflate-state-n-values-read state)))
                            (t
                             (let ((len 0) (sym 0))
                               (cond
                                 ((= value 16)
                                  (setf sym (aref lengths (1- (inflate-state-n-values-read state))))
                                  (setf len (+ 3 (read-bits 2 state))))
                                 ((= value 17)
                                  (setf len (+ 3 (read-bits 3 state))))
                                 ((= value 18)
                                  (setf len (+ 11 (read-bits 7 state)))))
                               (fill lengths sym :start (inflate-state-n-values-read state)
                                     :end (+ (inflate-state-n-values-read state) len))
                               (incf (inflate-state-n-values-read state) len)))))
                     finally (progn
                               (assert (= n-values (inflate-state-n-values-read state)))
                               (return (construct-huffman-decode-table lengths n-values)))))

             ;; Basic starter functions.
             (done (state)
               (declare (ignore state))
               (throw 'inflate-done t))

             (block-type (state)
               (cond
                 ((inflate-state-final-block-p state)
                  (align-bits-bytewise state)
                  (setf (inflate-state-state state)
                        (ecase (inflate-state-data-format state)
                          (deflate
                              (setf (inflate-state-done state) t)
                              #'done)
                          (zlib #'check-zlib-adler32)
                          (gzip #'gzip-crc32))))
                 (t
                  (ensure-bits 3 state)
                  (setf (inflate-state-final-block-p state) (= 1 (read-bits 1 state)))
                  (ecase (read-bits 2 state)
                    (#.+block-no-compress+
                       (transition-to uncompressed-block))
                    (#.+block-fixed-codes+
                       (setf (inflate-state-literal/length-table state)
                             *fixed-literal/length-table*
                             (inflate-state-distance-table state)
                             *fixed-distance-table*)
                       (transition-to literal/length))
                    (#.+block-dynamic-codes+
                       (transition-to dynamic-tables))
                    (#.+block-invalid+
                       (error 'reserved-block-type-error))))))

;;; processing uncompressed blocks

             (uncompressed-block (state)
               (align-bits-bytewise state)
               (let* ((len (ensure-and-read-bits 16 state))
                      (nlen (ensure-and-read-bits 16 state)))
                 (unless (zerop (logand len nlen))
                   ;; Apparently Adobe's PDF generator(s) get this wrong, so let the
                   ;; user continue on if they choose to do so.
                   (cerror "Use the invalid stored block length."
                           'invalid-stored-block-length-error))
                 (setf (inflate-state-length state) len)
                 (transition-to copy-bytes)))

             (copy-bytes (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (if (zerop (inflate-state-length state))
                   (setf (inflate-state-state state) #'block-type)
                   (let ((n-copied-bytes (min (inflate-state-length state)
                                              (- (inflate-state-input-end state)
                                                 (inflate-state-input-index state))
                                              (- (inflate-state-output-end state)
                                                 (inflate-state-output-index state)))))
                     (cond
                       ((zerop n-copied-bytes) (throw 'inflate-done nil))
                       (t
                        (replace (inflate-state-output state)
                                 (inflate-state-input state)
                                 :start1 (inflate-state-output-index state)
                                 :end1 (+ (inflate-state-output-index state)
                                          n-copied-bytes)
                                 :start2 (inflate-state-input-index state)
                                 :end2 (+ (inflate-state-input-index state)
                                          n-copied-bytes))
                        (incf (inflate-state-input-index state) n-copied-bytes)
                        (incf (inflate-state-output-index state) n-copied-bytes)
                        (decf (inflate-state-length state) n-copied-bytes)))))
               (values))

;;; dynamic block compression tables

             (dynamic-tables (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (ensure-bits 14 state)
               (setf (inflate-state-n-length-codes state) (+ (read-bits 5 state) 257)
                     (inflate-state-n-distance-codes state) (+ (read-bits 5 state) 1)
                     (inflate-state-n-codes state) (+ (read-bits 4 state) 4)
                     (inflate-state-n-values-read state) 0)
               (transition-to dynamic-code-lengths))

             (dynamic-code-lengths (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (loop while (< (inflate-state-n-values-read state)
                              (inflate-state-n-codes state))
                     do (ensure-bits 3 state)
                        (record-code-length state (read-bits 3 state)))
               (loop while (< (inflate-state-n-values-read state) +max-n-code-lengths+)
                     do (record-code-length state 0))
               (setf (inflate-state-codes-table state)
                     (construct-huffman-decode-table (inflate-state-code-lengths state)
                                                     +max-n-code-lengths+)
                     (inflate-state-n-values-read state) 0)
               (transition-to dynamic-literal/length-table))

             (dynamic-literal/length-table (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (setf (inflate-state-literal/length-table state)
                     (read-dynamic-table state (inflate-state-codes-table state)
                                         (inflate-state-n-length-codes state))
                     (inflate-state-n-values-read state) 0)
               (transition-to dynamic-distance-table))

             (dynamic-distance-table (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (setf (inflate-state-distance-table state)
                     (read-dynamic-table state (inflate-state-codes-table state)
                                         (inflate-state-n-distance-codes state)))
               (transition-to literal/length))

;;; normal operation on compressed blocks

             (literal/length (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((value (decode-value (inflate-state-literal/length-table state)
                                          state)))
                 (declare (type (integer 0 288) value))
                 (cond
                   ((< value 256)
                    (setf (inflate-state-length state) value)
                    (transition-to literal))
                   ((> value 256)
                    (setf (inflate-state-length-code state) (- value 257))
                    (transition-to length-code))
                   (t #+nil (= value 256)
                    (transition-to block-type)))))

             (literal (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (cond
                 ((= (inflate-state-output-index state)
                     (inflate-state-output-end state)) (throw 'inflate-done nil))
                 (t (setf (aref (inflate-state-output state)
                                (inflate-state-output-index state))
                          (inflate-state-length state))
                  (incf (inflate-state-output-index state))
                  (transition-to literal/length))))

             (length-code (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let* ((length-code (inflate-state-length-code state))
                      (length-extra (ensure-and-read-bits (n-length-extra-bits length-code) state)))
                 (setf (inflate-state-length state)
                       (+ (length-base length-code) length-extra))
                 (transition-to distance)))

             (distance (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((value (decode-value (inflate-state-distance-table state)
                                          state)))
                 (setf (inflate-state-distance state) value)
                 (transition-to distance-extra)))

             (distance-extra (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let* ((bits (n-distance-extra-bits (inflate-state-distance state)))
                      (distance-extra (if (zerop bits)
                                          0
                                          (ensure-and-read-bits bits state))))
                 (setf (inflate-state-distance state)
                       (+ (distance-base (inflate-state-distance state)) distance-extra))
                 (transition-to copy-match)))

             (copy-match (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let* ((distance (inflate-state-distance state))
                      (length (inflate-state-length state))
                      (start (inflate-state-output-start state))
                      (index (inflate-state-output-index state))
                      (end (inflate-state-output-end state))
                      (window-index (inflate-state-window-index state))
                      (n-bytes-to-copy (min length (- end index))))
                 (when (= index end)
                   (throw 'inflate-done nil))
                 (flet ((frob-by-copying-from (copy-source copy-index n-bytes-to-copy)
                          (declare (type (simple-array (unsigned-byte 8) (*)) copy-source))
                          (decf (inflate-state-length state) n-bytes-to-copy)
                          (incf (inflate-state-output-index state) n-bytes-to-copy)
                          (loop with output = (inflate-state-output state)
                                for i from index below (the fixnum (+ index n-bytes-to-copy))
                                for j from copy-index below (the fixnum (+ copy-index n-bytes-to-copy))
                                do (setf (aref output i) (aref copy-source j)))))
                   (cond
                     ((<= distance (- index start))
                      ;; we are within the output we have produced
                      (frob-by-copying-from (inflate-state-output state)
                                            (- index distance)
                                            n-bytes-to-copy))
                     (t
                      (let ((copy-index (+ (- window-index distance) (- index start))))
                        (cond
                          ((not (minusp copy-index))
                           ;; we are within the non-wraparound portion of the window
                           ;;
                           ;; can only copy up to the window's index, though
                           (let ((n-bytes-to-copy (min n-bytes-to-copy (- window-index copy-index))))
                             (frob-by-copying-from (inflate-state-window state)
                                                   copy-index
                                                   n-bytes-to-copy)))
                          (t
                           ;; we are within the wraparound portion of the window
                           (let* ((copy-index (+ copy-index
                                                 (length (inflate-state-window state))))
                                  (n-bytes-to-copy (min n-bytes-to-copy
                                                        (- (length (inflate-state-window state))
                                                           copy-index))))
                             (frob-by-copying-from (inflate-state-window state)
                                                   copy-index
                                                   n-bytes-to-copy)))))))
                   (when (zerop (inflate-state-length state))
                     (transition-to literal/length)))))

             ;; GZIP
             (gzip-header-id (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((header-field (ensure-and-read-bits 16 state)))
                 (unless (and (= (ldb (byte 8 0) header-field) #x1f)
                              (= (ldb (byte 8 8) header-field) #x8b))
                   (error 'invalid-gzip-header-error))
                 (transition-to gzip-cm)))

             (gzip-cm (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((cm-byte (ensure-and-read-bits 8 state)))
                 (setf (inflate-state-header state)
                       (make-instance 'gzip-header :compression-method cm-byte))
                 (transition-to gzip-flags)))

             (gzip-flags (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((flags-byte (ensure-and-read-bits 8 state)))
                 (setf (flags (inflate-state-header state)) flags-byte)
                 (transition-to gzip-mtime)))

             (gzip-mtime (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((mtime (ensure-and-read-bits 32 state)))
                 (setf (mtime (inflate-state-header state)) mtime)
                 (transition-to gzip-xfl)))

             (gzip-xfl (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((xfl-byte (ensure-and-read-bits 8 state)))
                 (setf (extra-flags (inflate-state-header state)) xfl-byte)
                 (transition-to gzip-os)))

             (gzip-os (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((os-byte (ensure-and-read-bits 8 state)))
                 (setf (os (inflate-state-header state)) os-byte)
                 (transition-to gzip-xlen-len)))

             (gzip-xlen-len (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((flags (flags (inflate-state-header state))))
                 (cond
                   ((logbitp +gzip-flag-extra+ flags)
                    (error "gzip extra field not supported yet"))
                   (t
                    (transition-to gzip-fname)))))

             (gzip-fname (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (process-gzip-zero-terminated-field state +gzip-flag-name+
                                                   #'filename #'(setf filename)
                                                   #'gzip-fcomment))

             (gzip-fcomment (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (process-gzip-zero-terminated-field state +gzip-flag-comment+
                                                   #'comment #'(setf comment)
                                                   #'gzip-crc16))

             (process-gzip-zero-terminated-field (state control-bit
                                                        slot set-slot
                                                        next-state)
               (let ((header (inflate-state-header state)))
                 (cond
                   ((logbitp control-bit (flags header))
                    (let ((byte (ensure-and-read-bits 8 state)))
                      (cond
                        ((zerop byte)
                         ;; the end, convert to sane form
                         (funcall set-slot
                                  (coerce (funcall slot header)
                                          '(vector (unsigned-byte 8)))
                                  header)
                         (setf (inflate-state-state state) next-state))
                        (t
                         ;; wish we could use PUSH here
                         (funcall set-slot
                                  (cons byte (funcall slot header))
                                  header)))))
                   (t
                    (setf (inflate-state-state state) next-state)))
                 (values)))

             (gzip-crc16 (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((header (inflate-state-header state)))
                 (when (logbitp +gzip-flag-crc+ (flags header))
                   (let ((crc16 (ensure-and-read-bits 16 state)))
                     ;; FIXME: would be good to perform integrity checking here
                     (declare (ignore crc16))))
                 (transition-to block-type)))

             (gzip-crc32 (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((stored (ensure-and-read-bits 32 state))
                     (crc32 (copy-crc32 (inflate-state-checksum state))))
                 (update-crc32 crc32
                               (inflate-state-output state)
                               (inflate-state-output-start state)
                               (inflate-state-output-index state))
                 (unless (= stored (produce-crc32 crc32))
                   (error 'invalid-checksum-error
                          :stored stored
                          :computed (produce-crc32 crc32)
                          :kind :crc32))
                 (transition-to gzip-isize)))

             (gzip-isize (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((isize (ensure-and-read-bits 32 state)))
                 (declare (ignore isize))
                 (setf (inflate-state-done state) t)
                 (transition-to done)))

             ;; ZLIB
             (zlib-cmf (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((cmf-byte (ensure-and-read-bits 8 state)))
                 (setf (inflate-state-header state)
                       (make-instance 'zlib-header :cmf cmf-byte))
                 (transition-to zlib-flags)))

             (zlib-flags (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((flags-byte (ensure-and-read-bits 8 state))
                     (header (inflate-state-header state)))
                 ;; check
                 (unless (zerop (mod (+ (* (cmf header) 256) flags-byte) 31))
                   (error 'invalid-zlib-header-error))
                 (setf (flags header) flags-byte)
                 (transition-to zlib-fdict)))

             (zlib-fdict (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let* ((header (inflate-state-header state))
                      (flags-byte (flags header)))
                 (when (logbitp +zlib-flag-fdict+ flags-byte)
                   (let ((fdict (ensure-and-read-bits 32 state)))
                     (setf (fdict header) fdict)))
                 (transition-to block-type)))

             (check-zlib-adler32 (state)
               (declare (type inflate-state state))
               (let ((stored (let ((x (ensure-and-read-bits 32 state)))
                               (logior (ash (ldb (byte 8 0) x) 24)
                                       (ash (ldb (byte 8 8) x) 16)
                                       (ash (ldb (byte 8 16) x) 8)
                                       (ldb (byte 8 24) x))))
                     (adler32 (copy-adler32 (inflate-state-checksum state))))
                 (update-adler32 adler32
                                 (inflate-state-output state)
                                 (inflate-state-output-start state)
                                 (inflate-state-output-index state))
                 (unless (= stored
                            (produce-adler32 adler32))
                   (error 'invalid-checksum-error
                          :stored stored
                          :computed (produce-adler32 adler32)
                          :kind :adler32))
                 (setf (inflate-state-done state) t)
                 (transition-to done)))
             )
      (unless (inflate-state-state state)
        (setf (inflate-state-state state)
              (ecase (inflate-state-data-format state)
                (deflate #'block-type)
                (zlib #'zlib-cmf)
                (gzip #'gzip-header-id))))
      (loop (funcall (inflate-state-state state) state)))))