File: gpt.c

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/*
 *  Copyright (C) 2014 Sourcefire, Inc.
 *
 *  Authors: Kevin Lin <klin@sourcefire.com>
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 *  published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston,
 *  MA 02110-1301, USA.
 */

#if HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "clamav-config.h"
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#if HAVE_STRING_H
#include <string.h>
#endif
#include <ctype.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <zlib.h>

#include "clamav.h"
#include "cltypes.h"
#include "others.h"
#include "gpt.h"
#include "mbr.h"
#include "str.h"
#include "prtn_intxn.h"
#include "scanners.h"
#include "dconf.h"

//#define DEBUG_GPT_PARSE
//#define DEBUG_GPT_PRINT

#ifdef DEBUG_GPT_PARSE
#  define gpt_parsemsg(...) cli_dbgmsg( __VA_ARGS__)
#else
#  define gpt_parsemsg(...) ;
#endif

#ifdef DEBUG_GPT_PRINT
#  define gpt_printmsg(...) cli_dbgmsg( __VA_ARGS__)
#else
#  define gpt_printmsg(...) ;
#endif

enum GPT_SCANSTATE {
    INVALID,
    PRIMARY_ONLY,
    SECONDARY_ONLY,
    BOTH
};

static int gpt_scan_partitions(cli_ctx *ctx, struct gpt_header hdr, size_t sectorsize);
static int gpt_validate_header(cli_ctx *ctx, struct gpt_header hdr, size_t sectorsize);
static int gpt_check_mbr(cli_ctx *ctx, size_t sectorsize);
static void gpt_printSectors(cli_ctx *ctx, size_t sectorsize);
static void gpt_printName(uint16_t name[], const char* msg);
static void gpt_printGUID(uint8_t GUID[], const char* msg);
static int gpt_prtn_intxn(cli_ctx *ctx, struct gpt_header hdr, size_t sectorsize);

/* returns 0 on failing to detect sectorsize */
size_t gpt_detect_size(fmap_t *map)
{
    unsigned char *buff;

    buff = (unsigned char*)fmap_need_off_once(map, 512, 8);
    if (!buff) return 0;
    if (0 == strncmp((const char *)buff, GPT_SIGNATURE_STR, 8))
        return 512;

    buff = (unsigned char*)fmap_need_off_once(map, 1024, 8);
    if (!buff) return 0;
    if (0 == strncmp((const char *)buff, GPT_SIGNATURE_STR, 8))
        return 1024;

    buff = (unsigned char*)fmap_need_off_once(map, 2048, 8);
    if (!buff) return 0;
    if (0 == strncmp((const char *)buff, GPT_SIGNATURE_STR, 8))
        return 2048;

    buff = (unsigned char*)fmap_need_off_once(map, 4096, 8);
    if (!buff) return 0;
    if (0 == strncmp((const char *)buff, GPT_SIGNATURE_STR, 8))
        return 4096;

    return 0;
}

/* attempts to detect sector size is input as 0 */
int cli_scangpt(cli_ctx *ctx, size_t sectorsize)
{
    struct gpt_header phdr, shdr;
    enum GPT_SCANSTATE state = INVALID;
    int ret = CL_CLEAN, detection = CL_CLEAN;
    size_t maplen;
    off_t pos = 0;

    gpt_parsemsg("The beginning of something big: GPT parsing\n");

    if (!ctx || !ctx->fmap) {
        cli_errmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid context\n");
        return CL_ENULLARG;
    }

    /* sector size calculatation */
    if (sectorsize == 0) {
        sectorsize = gpt_detect_size((*ctx->fmap));
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: detected %lu sector size\n", (unsigned long)sectorsize);
    }
    if (sectorsize == 0) {
        cli_errmsg("cli_scangpt: could not detemine sector size\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    /* size of total file must be a multiple of the sector size */
    maplen = (*ctx->fmap)->real_len;
    if ((maplen % sectorsize) != 0) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: File sized %lu is not a multiple of sector size %lu\n",
                   (unsigned long)maplen, (unsigned long)sectorsize);
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    /* check the protective mbr */
    ret = gpt_check_mbr(ctx, sectorsize);
    if (ret != CL_CLEAN) {
        if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_ALLMATCHES) && (ret == CL_VIRUS))
            detection = CL_VIRUS;
        else
            return ret;
    }

    pos = GPT_PRIMARY_HDR_LBA * sectorsize; /* sector 1 (second sector) is the primary gpt header */

    /* read primary gpt header */
    cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Using primary GPT header\n");
    if (fmap_readn(*ctx->fmap, &phdr, pos, sizeof(phdr)) != sizeof(phdr)) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid primary GPT header\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    pos = maplen - sectorsize; /* last sector is the secondary gpt header */

    if (gpt_validate_header(ctx, phdr, sectorsize)) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Primary GPT header is invalid\n");
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Using secondary GPT header\n");

        state = SECONDARY_ONLY;

        /* read secondary gpt header */
        if (fmap_readn(*ctx->fmap, &shdr, pos, sizeof(shdr)) != sizeof(shdr)) {
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid secondary GPT header\n");
            return CL_EFORMAT;
        }

        if (gpt_validate_header(ctx, shdr, sectorsize)) {
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Secondary GPT header is invalid\n");
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Disk is unusable\n");
            return CL_EFORMAT;
        }
    }
    else {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Checking secondary GPT header\n");

        state = PRIMARY_ONLY;

        /* check validity of secondary header; still using the primary */
        if (fmap_readn(*ctx->fmap, &shdr, pos, sizeof(shdr)) != sizeof(shdr)) {
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid secondary GPT header\n");
        }
        else if (gpt_validate_header(ctx, shdr, sectorsize)) {
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Secondary GPT header is invalid\n");
        }
        /* check that the two partition table crc32 checksum match, 
         * may want a different hashing function */
        else if (phdr.tableCRC32 != shdr.tableCRC32){
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Primary and secondary GPT header table CRC32 differ\n");
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Set to scan primary and secondary partition tables\n");

            state = BOTH;
        }
        else {
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Secondary GPT header check OK\n");
        }
    }

    /* check that the partition table has no intersections - HEURISTICS */
    if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_PARTITION_INTXN) && (ctx->dconf->other & OTHER_CONF_PRTNINTXN)) {
        ret = gpt_prtn_intxn(ctx, phdr, sectorsize);
        if (ret != CL_CLEAN) {
            if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_ALLMATCHES) && (ret == CL_VIRUS))
                detection = CL_VIRUS;
            else
                return ret;
        }
        ret = gpt_prtn_intxn(ctx, shdr, sectorsize);
        if (ret != CL_CLEAN) {
            if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_ALLMATCHES) && (ret == CL_VIRUS))
                detection = CL_VIRUS;
            else
                return ret;
        }
    }

    /* scanning partitions */
    switch (state) {
    case PRIMARY_ONLY:
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Scanning primary GPT partitions only\n");
        ret = gpt_scan_partitions(ctx, phdr, sectorsize);
        if (ret != CL_CLEAN) {
            if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_ALLMATCHES) && (ret == CL_VIRUS))
                detection = CL_VIRUS;
            else
                return ret;
        }
        break;
    case SECONDARY_ONLY:
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Scanning secondary GPT partitions only\n");
        ret = gpt_scan_partitions(ctx, shdr, sectorsize);
        if (ret != CL_CLEAN) {
            if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_ALLMATCHES) && (ret == CL_VIRUS))
                detection = CL_VIRUS;
            else
                return ret;
        }
        break;
    case BOTH:
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Scanning primary GPT partitions\n");
        ret = gpt_scan_partitions(ctx, phdr, sectorsize);
        if (ret != CL_CLEAN) {
            if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_ALLMATCHES) && (ret == CL_VIRUS))
                detection = CL_VIRUS;
            else
                return ret;
        }
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Scanning secondary GPT partitions\n");
        ret = gpt_scan_partitions(ctx, shdr, sectorsize);
        if (ret != CL_CLEAN) {
            if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_ALLMATCHES) && (ret == CL_VIRUS))
                detection = CL_VIRUS;
            else
                return ret;
        }
        break;
    default:
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: State is invalid\n");
    }

    return detection;
}

static int gpt_scan_partitions(cli_ctx *ctx, struct gpt_header hdr, size_t sectorsize)
{
    struct gpt_partition_entry gpe;
    int ret = CL_CLEAN, detection = CL_CLEAN;
    size_t maplen, part_size = 0;
    off_t pos = 0, part_off = 0;
    unsigned i = 0, j = 0;
    uint32_t max_prtns = 0;

    /* convert endian to host */
    hdr.signature = be64_to_host(hdr.signature);
    hdr.revision = be32_to_host(hdr.revision);
    hdr.headerSize = le32_to_host(hdr.headerSize);
    hdr.headerCRC32 = le32_to_host(hdr.headerCRC32);
    hdr.reserved = le32_to_host(hdr.reserved);
    hdr.currentLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.currentLBA);
    hdr.backupLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.backupLBA);
    hdr.firstUsableLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.firstUsableLBA);
    hdr.lastUsableLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.lastUsableLBA);
    hdr.tableStartLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.tableStartLBA);
    hdr.tableNumEntries = le32_to_host(hdr.tableNumEntries);
    hdr.tableEntrySize = le32_to_host(hdr.tableEntrySize);
    hdr.tableCRC32 = le32_to_host(hdr.tableCRC32);

    /* print header info for the debug */
    cli_dbgmsg("GPT Header:\n");
    cli_dbgmsg("Signature: 0x%llx\n", hdr.signature);
    cli_dbgmsg("Revision: %x\n", hdr.revision);
    gpt_printGUID(hdr.DiskGUID, "DISK GUID");
    cli_dbgmsg("Partition Entry Count: %u\n", hdr.tableNumEntries);
    cli_dbgmsg("Partition Entry Size: %u\n", hdr.tableEntrySize);

    maplen = (*ctx->fmap)->real_len;

    /* check engine maxpartitions limit */
    if (hdr.tableNumEntries < ctx->engine->maxpartitions) {
        max_prtns = hdr.tableNumEntries;
    }
    else {
        max_prtns = ctx->engine->maxpartitions;
    }

    /* use the partition tables to pass partitions to cli_map_scan */
    pos = hdr.tableStartLBA * sectorsize;
    for (i = 0; i < max_prtns; ++i) {
        /* read in partition entry */
        if (fmap_readn(*ctx->fmap, &gpe, pos, sizeof(gpe)) != sizeof(gpe)) {
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid GPT partition entry\n");
            return CL_EFORMAT;
        }

        /* convert the endian to host */
        gpe.firstLBA = le64_to_host(gpe.firstLBA);
        gpe.lastLBA = le64_to_host(gpe.lastLBA);
        gpe.attributes = le64_to_host(gpe.attributes);
        for (j = 0; j < 36; ++j) {
            gpe.name[i] = le16_to_host(gpe.name[i]);
        }

        /* check that partition is not empty and within a valid location */
        if (gpe.firstLBA == 0) {
            /* empty partition, invalid */
        }
        else if ((gpe.firstLBA > gpe.lastLBA) ||
                 (gpe.firstLBA < hdr.firstUsableLBA) || (gpe.lastLBA > hdr.lastUsableLBA)) {
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT partition exists outside specified bounds\n");
            gpt_parsemsg("%llu < %llu, %llu > %llu\n", gpe.firstLBA, hdr.firstUsableLBA,
                         gpe.lastLBA, hdr.lastUsableLBA);
            /* partition exists outside bounds specified by header or invalid */
        }
        else if (((gpe.lastLBA+1) * sectorsize) > maplen) {
            /* partition exists outside bounds of the file map */
        }
        else {
            /* print partition entry data for debug */
            cli_dbgmsg("GPT Partition Entry %u:\n", i);
            gpt_printName(gpe.name, "Name");
            gpt_printGUID(gpe.typeGUID, "Type GUID");
            gpt_printGUID(gpe.uniqueGUID, "Unique GUID");
            cli_dbgmsg("Attributes: %llx\n", gpe.attributes);
            cli_dbgmsg("Blocks: [%llu(%llu) -> %llu(%llu)]\n",
                       gpe.firstLBA, (gpe.firstLBA * sectorsize), 
                       gpe.lastLBA, ((gpe.lastLBA+1) * sectorsize));

            /* send the partition to cli_map_scan */
            part_off = gpe.firstLBA * sectorsize;
            part_size = (gpe.lastLBA - gpe.firstLBA + 1) * sectorsize;
            ret = cli_map_scan(*ctx->fmap, part_off, part_size, ctx, CL_TYPE_PART_ANY);
            if (ret != CL_CLEAN) {
                if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_ALLMATCHES) && (ret == CL_VIRUS))
                    detection = CL_VIRUS;
                else
                    return ret;
            }
        }

        /* increment the offsets to next partition entry */
        pos += hdr.tableEntrySize;
    }

    if (i >= ctx->engine->maxpartitions) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: max partitions reached\n");
    }

    return detection;
}

static int gpt_validate_header(cli_ctx *ctx, struct gpt_header hdr, size_t sectorsize)
{
    uint32_t crc32_calc, crc32_ref;
    uint64_t tableLastLBA, lastLBA;
    size_t maplen, ptable_start, ptable_len;
    unsigned char *ptable;

    maplen = (*ctx->fmap)->real_len;

    /* checking header crc32 checksum */
    crc32_ref = le32_to_host(hdr.headerCRC32);
    hdr.headerCRC32 = 0; /* checksum is calculated with field = 0 */
    crc32_calc = crc32(0, (unsigned char*)&hdr, sizeof(hdr));
    if (crc32_calc != crc32_ref) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT header checksum mismatch\n");
        gpt_parsemsg("%x != %x\n", crc32_calc, crc32_ref);
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    /* convert endian to host to check partition table */
    hdr.signature = be64_to_host(hdr.signature);
    hdr.revision = be32_to_host(hdr.revision);
    hdr.headerSize = le32_to_host(hdr.headerSize);
    hdr.headerCRC32 = crc32_ref;
    hdr.reserved = le32_to_host(hdr.reserved);
    hdr.currentLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.currentLBA);
    hdr.backupLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.backupLBA);
    hdr.firstUsableLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.firstUsableLBA);
    hdr.lastUsableLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.lastUsableLBA);
    hdr.tableStartLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.tableStartLBA);
    hdr.tableNumEntries = le32_to_host(hdr.tableNumEntries);
    hdr.tableEntrySize = le32_to_host(hdr.tableEntrySize);
    hdr.tableCRC32 = le32_to_host(hdr.tableCRC32);;

    ptable_start = hdr.tableStartLBA * sectorsize;
    ptable_len = hdr.tableNumEntries * hdr.tableEntrySize;
    tableLastLBA = (hdr.tableStartLBA + (ptable_len / sectorsize)) - 1;
    lastLBA = (maplen / sectorsize) - 1;

    /** HEADER CHECKS **/
    gpt_printSectors(ctx, sectorsize);

    /* check signature */
    if (hdr.signature != GPT_SIGNATURE) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid GPT header signature %llx\n",
                   hdr.signature);
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    /* check header size */
    if (hdr.headerSize != sizeof(hdr)) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT header size does not match stated size\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    /* check reserved value == 0 */
    if (hdr.reserved != GPT_HDR_RESERVED) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT header reserved is not expected value\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    /* check that sectors are in a valid configuration */
    if (!((hdr.currentLBA == GPT_PRIMARY_HDR_LBA && hdr.backupLBA == lastLBA) ||
          (hdr.currentLBA == lastLBA && hdr.backupLBA == GPT_PRIMARY_HDR_LBA))) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT secondary header is not last LBA\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }
    if (hdr.firstUsableLBA > hdr.lastUsableLBA) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT first usable sectors is after last usable sector\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }
    if (hdr.firstUsableLBA <= GPT_PRIMARY_HDR_LBA || hdr.lastUsableLBA >= lastLBA) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT usable sectors intersects header sector\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }
    if ((hdr.tableStartLBA <= hdr.firstUsableLBA && tableLastLBA >= hdr.firstUsableLBA) ||
        (hdr.tableStartLBA >= hdr.firstUsableLBA && hdr.tableStartLBA <= hdr.lastUsableLBA)) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT usable sectors intersects partition table\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }
    if (hdr.tableStartLBA <= GPT_PRIMARY_HDR_LBA || tableLastLBA >= lastLBA) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT partition table intersects header sector\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    /* check that valid table entry size */
    if (hdr.tableEntrySize != sizeof(struct gpt_partition_entry)) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: cannot parse gpt with partition entry sized %u\n",
                   hdr.tableEntrySize);
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }


    /* check valid table */
    if ((ptable_start + ptable_len) > maplen) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT partition table extends over fmap limit\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    /** END HEADER CHECKS **/

    /* checking partition table crc32 checksum */
    ptable = (unsigned char*)fmap_need_off_once((*ctx->fmap), ptable_start, ptable_len);
    crc32_calc = crc32(0, ptable, ptable_len);
    if (crc32_calc != hdr.tableCRC32) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: GPT partition table checksum mismatch\n");
        gpt_parsemsg("%x != %x\n", crc32_calc, hdr.tableCRC32);
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    return CL_SUCCESS;
}

static int gpt_check_mbr(cli_ctx *ctx, size_t sectorsize)
{
    struct mbr_boot_record pmbr;
    off_t pos = 0, mbr_base = 0;
    int ret = CL_CLEAN;
    unsigned i = 0;

    /* read the mbr */
    mbr_base = sectorsize - sizeof(struct mbr_boot_record);
    pos = (MBR_SECTOR * sectorsize) + mbr_base;

    if (fmap_readn(*ctx->fmap, &pmbr, pos, sizeof(pmbr)) != sizeof(pmbr)) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid primary MBR header\n");
        return CL_EFORMAT;
    }

    /* convert mbr */
    mbr_convert_to_host(&pmbr);

    /* check the protective mbr - warning */
    if (pmbr.entries[0].type == MBR_PROTECTIVE) {
        /* check the efi partition matches the gpt spec */
        if (pmbr.entries[0].firstLBA != GPT_PRIMARY_HDR_LBA) {
            cli_warnmsg("cli_scangpt: protective MBR first LBA is incorrect %u\n",
                        pmbr.entries[0].firstLBA);
        }

        /* other entries are empty */
        for (i = 1; i < MBR_MAX_PARTITION_ENTRIES; ++i) {
            if (pmbr.entries[i].type != MBR_EMPTY) {
                cli_warnmsg("cli_scangpt: protective MBR has non-empty partition\n");
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    else if (pmbr.entries[0].type == MBR_HYBRID) {
        /* hybrid mbr detected */
        cli_warnmsg("cli_scangpt: detected a hybrid MBR\n");
    }
    else {
        /* non-protective mbr detected */
        cli_warnmsg("cli_scangpt: detected a non-protective MBR\n");
    }

    /* scan the bootloader segment - pushed to scanning mbr */
    /* check if MBR size matches GPT size */
    /* check if the MBR and GPT partitions align - heuristic */
    /* scan the MBR partitions - additional scans */

    return ret;
}

static void gpt_printSectors(cli_ctx *ctx, size_t sectorsize)
{
#ifdef DEBUG_GPT_PARSE
    struct gpt_header phdr, shdr;
    off_t ppos = 0, spos = 0;
    size_t pptable_len, sptable_len, maplen;
    uint64_t ptableLastLBA, stableLastLBA;

    /* sector size calculation */
    sectorsize = GPT_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE;

    maplen = (*ctx->fmap)->real_len;

    ppos = 1 * sectorsize; /* sector 1 (second sector) is the primary gpt header */
    spos = maplen - sectorsize; /* last sector is the secondary gpt header */

    /* read in the primary and secondary gpt headers */
    if (fmap_readn(*ctx->fmap, &phdr, ppos, sizeof(phdr)) != sizeof(phdr)) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid primary GPT header\n");
        return;
    }
    if (fmap_readn(*ctx->fmap, &shdr, spos, sizeof(shdr)) != sizeof(shdr)) {
        cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid secondary GPT header\n");
        return;
    }

    pptable_len = phdr.tableNumEntries * phdr.tableEntrySize;
    sptable_len = shdr.tableNumEntries * shdr.tableEntrySize;
    ptableLastLBA = (phdr.tableStartLBA + (pptable_len / sectorsize)) - 1;
    stableLastLBA = (shdr.tableStartLBA + (sptable_len / sectorsize)) - 1;

    gpt_parsemsg("0: MBR\n");
    gpt_parsemsg("%llu: Primary GPT Header\n", phdr.currentLBA);
    gpt_parsemsg("%llu-%llu: Primary GPT Partition Table\n", phdr.tableStartLBA, ptableLastLBA);
    gpt_parsemsg("%llu-%llu: Usuable LBAs\n", phdr.firstUsableLBA, phdr.lastUsableLBA);
    gpt_parsemsg("%llu-%llu: Secondary GPT Partition Table\n", shdr.tableStartLBA, stableLastLBA);
    gpt_parsemsg("%llu: Secondary GPT Header\n", phdr.backupLBA);
#else
    UNUSEDPARAM(ctx);
    UNUSEDPARAM(sectorsize);
    return;
#endif
}

static void gpt_printName(uint16_t name[], const char* msg)
{
    char *namestr;

    namestr = (char*)cli_utf16toascii((char*)name, 72);
    cli_dbgmsg("%s: %s\n", msg, namestr);

    free(namestr);
}

static void gpt_printGUID(uint8_t GUID[], const char* msg)
{
    cli_dbgmsg("%s: %02x%02x%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
               msg, GUID[0], GUID[1], GUID[2], GUID[3], GUID[4], GUID[5], GUID[6], GUID[7],
               GUID[8], GUID[9], GUID[10], GUID[11], GUID[12], GUID[13], GUID[14], GUID[15]);
}

static int gpt_prtn_intxn(cli_ctx *ctx, struct gpt_header hdr, size_t sectorsize)
{
    prtn_intxn_list_t prtncheck;
    struct gpt_partition_entry gpe;
    unsigned i, pitxn;
    int ret = CL_CLEAN, tmp = CL_CLEAN;
    off_t pos;
    size_t maplen;
    uint32_t max_prtns = 0;

    maplen = (*ctx->fmap)->real_len;

    /* convert endian to host to check partition table */
    hdr.tableStartLBA = le64_to_host(hdr.tableStartLBA);
    hdr.tableNumEntries = le32_to_host(hdr.tableNumEntries);

    prtn_intxn_list_init(&prtncheck);    

    /* check engine maxpartitions limit */
    if (hdr.tableNumEntries < ctx->engine->maxpartitions) {
        max_prtns = hdr.tableNumEntries;
    }
    else {
        max_prtns = ctx->engine->maxpartitions;
    }

    pos = hdr.tableStartLBA * sectorsize;
    for (i = 0; i < max_prtns; ++i) {
        /* read in partition entry */
        if (fmap_readn(*ctx->fmap, &gpe, pos, sizeof(gpe)) != sizeof(gpe)) {
            cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: Invalid GPT partition entry\n");
            prtn_intxn_list_free(&prtncheck);
            return CL_EFORMAT;
        }

        /* convert the endian to host */
        gpe.firstLBA = le64_to_host(gpe.firstLBA);
        gpe.lastLBA = le64_to_host(gpe.lastLBA);

        if (gpe.firstLBA == 0) {
            /* empty partition, invalid */
        }
        else if ((gpe.firstLBA > gpe.lastLBA) ||
                 (gpe.firstLBA < hdr.firstUsableLBA) || (gpe.lastLBA > hdr.lastUsableLBA)) {
            /* partition exists outside bounds specified by header or invalid */
        }
        else if (((gpe.lastLBA+1) * sectorsize) > maplen) {
            /* partition exists outside bounds of the file map */
        }
        else {
            tmp = prtn_intxn_list_check(&prtncheck, &pitxn, gpe.firstLBA, gpe.lastLBA - gpe.firstLBA + 1);
            if (tmp != CL_CLEAN) {
                if ((ctx->options & CL_SCAN_ALLMATCHES) && (tmp == CL_VIRUS)) {
                    cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: detected intersection with partitions "
                               "[%u, %u]\n", pitxn, i);
                    cli_append_virus(ctx, PRTN_INTXN_DETECTION);
                    ret = tmp;
                    tmp = 0;
                }
                else if (tmp == CL_VIRUS) {
                    cli_dbgmsg("cli_scangpt: detected intersection with partitions "
                               "[%u, %u]\n", pitxn, i);
                    cli_append_virus(ctx, PRTN_INTXN_DETECTION);
                    prtn_intxn_list_free(&prtncheck);
                    return CL_VIRUS;
                }
                else {
                    prtn_intxn_list_free(&prtncheck);
                    return tmp;
                }
            }
        }

        /* increment the offsets to next partition entry */
        pos += hdr.tableEntrySize;
    }

    prtn_intxn_list_free(&prtncheck);
    return ret;
}