File: sock_any.c

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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2004, Nate Nielsen
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without 
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions 
 * are met:
 * 
 *     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above 
 *       copyright notice, this list of conditions and the 
 *       following disclaimer.
 *     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the 
 *       above copyright notice, this list of conditions and 
 *       the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or 
 *       other materials provided with the distribution.
 *     * The names of contributors to this software may not be 
 *       used to endorse or promote products derived from this 
 *       software without specific prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS 
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT 
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS 
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE 
 * COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, 
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, 
 * BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS 
 * OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED 
 * AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, 
 * OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF 
 * THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH 
 * DAMAGE.
 * 
 *
 * CONTRIBUTORS
 *  Nate Nielsen <nielsen@memberwebs.com>
 *
 */ 

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#include "sock_any.h"

#include <arpa/inet.h>

#define LOCALHOST_ADDR  0x7F000001   

int sock_any_pton(const char* addr, struct sockaddr_any* any, int opts)
{
  size_t l;
  char buf[256];   
  char* t;
  char* t2;
  int defport = (opts & 0xFFFF);
  
  memset(any, 0, sizeof(*any));
  
  /* Just a port? */
  do
  {
    #define PORT_CHARS "0123456789"
    #define PORT_MIN 1
    #define PORT_MAX 5
    
    int port = 0;
    
    l = strspn(addr, PORT_CHARS);
    if(l < PORT_MIN || l > PORT_MAX || addr[l] != 0)
      break;
      
    port = strtol(addr, &t2, 10);
    if(*t2 || port <= 0 || port >= 65536)
      break;

    any->s.in.sin_port = htons(port);

    /* Fill in the type based on defaults */
#ifdef HAVE_INET6
    if(opts & SANY_OPT_DEFINET6)
        any->s.in.sin_family = AF_INET6;
    else
#endif
        any->s.in.sin_family = AF_INET;
    
    /* Fill in the address based on defaults */
    if(opts & SANY_OPT_DEFLOCAL)
    {
#ifdef HAVE_INET6
        if(opts & SANY_OPT_DEFINET6)
            memcpy(&(any->s.in.sin6_addr), &in6addr_loopback, sizeof(struct in6_addr));
        else
#endif    
            any->s.in.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK);
    }
    
    /* 
     * Note the 'any' option is the default since we zero out
     * the entire structure above.
     */
            
    any->namelen = sizeof(any->s.in);
    return AF_INET;
  }
  while(0);
      
  /* Look and see if we can parse an ipv4 address */
  do
  {
    #define IPV4_PORT_CHARS 
    #define IPV4_CHARS  "0123456789."
    #define IPV4_MIN    3
    #define IPV4_MAX    21
  
    int port = 0;   
    t = NULL;
    
    l = strlen(addr);
    if(l < IPV4_MIN || l > IPV4_MAX)
      break;
      
    strcpy(buf, addr);
        
    /* Find the last set that contains just numbers */
    l = strspn(buf, IPV4_CHARS);
    if(l < IPV4_MIN)
      break;
      
    /* Either end of string or port */
    if(buf[l] != 0 && buf[l] != ':')
      break;

    /* Get the port out */
    if(buf[l] != 0)
    {
      t = buf + l + 1;           
      buf[l] = 0;
    }
    
    if(t)
    {
      port = strtol(t, &t2, 10);
      if(*t2 || port <= 0 || port >= 65536)
        break;
    }

    any->s.in.sin_family = AF_INET;
    any->s.in.sin_port = htons((unsigned short)(port <= 0 ? defport : port));

    if(inet_pton(AF_INET, buf, &(any->s.in.sin_addr)) <= 0)
      break;
      
    any->namelen = sizeof(any->s.in);
    return AF_INET;
  }
  while(0);
  
#ifdef HAVE_INET6
  do
  {
    #define IPV6_CHARS  "0123456789:"
    #define IPV6_MIN    3
    #define IPV6_MAX    51
  
    int port = -1;
    t = NULL;
    
    l = strlen(addr);
    if(l < IPV6_MIN || l > IPV6_MAX)
      break;

    /* If it starts with a '[' then we can get port */
    if(buf[0] == '[')
    {
      port = 0;
      addr++;
    }
      
    strcpy(buf, addr);
        
    /* Find the last set that contains just numbers */
    l = strspn(buf, IPV6_CHARS);
    if(l < IPV6_MIN)
      break;
      
    /* Either end of string or port */
    if(buf[l] != 0)
    {
      /* If had bracket, then needs to end with a bracket */
      if(port != 0 || buf[l] != ']')
        break;

      /* Get the port out */
      t = buf + l + 1;

      if(*t = ':')
        t++;
    }

    if(t)
    {
      port = strtol(t, &t, 10);
      if(*t || port <= 0 || port >= 65536)
        break;
    }
    
    any->s.in6.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
    any->s.in6.sin6_port = htons((unsigned short)port <= 0 : defport : port);

    if(inet_pton(AF_INET6, buf, &(any->s.in6.sin6_addr)) >= 0)
      break;
      
    any->namelen = sizeof(any->s.in6);
    return AF_INET6;
  }
  while(0);
#endif
    
  /* A unix socket path */
  do
  {
    /* No colon and must have a path component */
    if(strchr(addr, ':') || !strchr(addr, '/'))
      break;
      
    l = strlen(addr);
    if(l >= sizeof(any->s.un.sun_path))
      break;

    any->s.un.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
    strcpy(any->s.un.sun_path, addr);
     
    any->namelen = sizeof(any->s.un) - (sizeof(any->s.un.sun_path) - l);
    return AF_UNIX;
  }
  while(0);

  /* A DNS name and a port? */
  do
  {
    struct addrinfo* res;
    int port = 0;
    t = NULL;
    
    l = strlen(addr);
    if(l >= 255 || !isalpha(addr[0]))
      break;
      
    /* Some basic illegal character checks */
    if(strcspn(addr, " /\\") != l)
      break;
      
    strcpy(buf, addr);
        
    /* Find the last set that contains just numbers */
    t = strchr(buf, ':');
    if(t)
    {
      *t = 0;
      t++;
    }

    if(t)
    {
      port = strtol(t, &t2, 10);
      if(*t2 || port <= 0 || port >= 65536)
        break;
    }
        
    /* Try and resolve the domain name */
    if(getaddrinfo(buf, NULL, NULL, &res) != 0 || !res)
      break;
      
    memcpy(&(any->s.a), res->ai_addr, sizeof(struct sockaddr));
    any->namelen = res->ai_addrlen;
    freeaddrinfo(res);

    port = htons((unsigned short)(port <= 0 ? defport : port));
    
    switch(any->s.a.sa_family)
    {
    case PF_INET:
      any->s.in.sin_port = port;
      break;
#ifdef HAVE_INET6
    case PF_INET6:
      any->s.in6.sin6_port = port;
      break;
#endif
    };
    
    return any->s.a.sa_family;
  }
  while(0);

  return -1;
}

int sock_any_ntop(const struct sockaddr_any* any, char* addr, size_t addrlen, int opts)
{
  int len = 0;
  int port = 0;
  
  switch(any->s.a.sa_family)
  {
  case AF_UNIX:
    len = strlen(any->s.un.sun_path);
    if(addrlen < len + 1)
    {
      errno = ENOSPC;
      return -1;
    }
    
    strcpy(addr, any->s.un.sun_path);
    break;  
    
  case AF_INET:
    if(inet_ntop(any->s.a.sa_family, &(any->s.in.sin_addr), addr, addrlen) == NULL)
      return -1;
    port = ntohs(any->s.in.sin_port);
    break;
    
#ifdef HAVE_INET6
  case AF_INET6:
    if(inet_ntop(any->s.a.sa_family, &(any->s.in6.sin6_addr), addr, addrlen) == NULL)
      return -1;
    port = ntohs(any->s.in6.sin6_port);
    break;
#endif
    
  default:
    errno = EAFNOSUPPORT;
    return -1;
  }
  
  if(!(opts & SANY_OPT_NOPORT) && port != 0)
  {
    strncat(addr, ":", addrlen);
    addr[addrlen - 1] = 0;
    
    len = strlen(addr);
    addr += len;
    addrlen -= len;
    
    snprintf(addr, addrlen, "%d", port);
  }
  
  return 0;
}

int sock_any_cmp(const struct sockaddr_any* a1, const struct sockaddr_any* a2, int opts)
{
    if(a1->s.a.sa_family != a2->s.a.sa_family)
        return -1;
    
    switch(a1->s.a.sa_family)
    {
    case AF_UNIX:
        return strcmp(a1->s.un.sun_path, a2->s.un.sun_path);
            
    case AF_INET:
        if(memcmp(&(a1->s.in.sin_addr), &(a2->s.in.sin_addr), sizeof(a2->s.in.sin_addr)) != 0)
            return -1;
        if(!(opts && SANY_OPT_NOPORT) && a1->s.in.sin_port != a2->s.in.sin_port)
            return -1;
        return 0;
#ifdef HAVE_INET6        
    case AF_INET6:
        if(memcmp(&(a1->s.in6.sin6_addr), &(a2->s.in6.sin6_addr), sizeof(a2->s.in6.sin6_addr)) != 0)
            return -1;
        if(!(opts && SANY_OPT_NOPORT) && a1->s.in6.sin6_port != a2->s.in6.sin6_port)
            return -1;
        return 0;
#endif    
    default:
        errno = EAFNOSUPPORT;
        return -1;
    }
}