File: encoder.h

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/*  Clzip - LZMA lossless data compressor
    Copyright (C) 2010-2019 Antonio Diaz Diaz.

    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/

struct Len_prices
  {
  const struct Len_model * lm;
  int len_symbols;
  int count;
  int prices[pos_states][max_len_symbols];
  int counters[pos_states];			/* may decrement below 0 */
  };

static inline void Lp_update_low_mid_prices( struct Len_prices * const lp,
                                             const int pos_state )
  {
  int * const pps = lp->prices[pos_state];
  int tmp = price0( lp->lm->choice1 );
  int len = 0;
  for( ; len < len_low_symbols && len < lp->len_symbols; ++len )
    pps[len] = tmp + price_symbol3( lp->lm->bm_low[pos_state], len );
  if( len >= lp->len_symbols ) return;
  tmp = price1( lp->lm->choice1 ) + price0( lp->lm->choice2 );
  for( ; len < len_low_symbols + len_mid_symbols && len < lp->len_symbols; ++len )
    pps[len] = tmp +
               price_symbol3( lp->lm->bm_mid[pos_state], len - len_low_symbols );
  }

static inline void Lp_update_high_prices( struct Len_prices * const lp )
  {
  const int tmp = price1( lp->lm->choice1 ) + price1( lp->lm->choice2 );
  int len;
  for( len = len_low_symbols + len_mid_symbols; len < lp->len_symbols; ++len )
    /* using 4 slots per value makes "Lp_price" faster */
    lp->prices[3][len] = lp->prices[2][len] =
    lp->prices[1][len] = lp->prices[0][len] = tmp +
      price_symbol8( lp->lm->bm_high, len - len_low_symbols - len_mid_symbols );
  }

static inline void Lp_reset( struct Len_prices * const lp )
  { int i; for( i = 0; i < pos_states; ++i ) lp->counters[i] = 0; }

static inline void Lp_init( struct Len_prices * const lp,
                            const struct Len_model * const lm,
                            const int match_len_limit )
  {
  lp->lm = lm;
  lp->len_symbols = match_len_limit + 1 - min_match_len;
  lp->count = ( match_len_limit > 12 ) ? 1 : lp->len_symbols;
  Lp_reset( lp );
  }

static inline void Lp_decrement_counter( struct Len_prices * const lp,
                                         const int pos_state )
  { --lp->counters[pos_state]; }

static inline void Lp_update_prices( struct Len_prices * const lp )
  {
  int pos_state;
  bool high_pending = false;
  for( pos_state = 0; pos_state < pos_states; ++pos_state )
    if( lp->counters[pos_state] <= 0 )
      { lp->counters[pos_state] = lp->count;
        Lp_update_low_mid_prices( lp, pos_state ); high_pending = true; }
  if( high_pending && lp->len_symbols > len_low_symbols + len_mid_symbols )
    Lp_update_high_prices( lp );
  }

static inline int Lp_price( const struct Len_prices * const lp,
                            const int len, const int pos_state )
  { return lp->prices[pos_state][len - min_match_len]; }


struct Pair			/* distance-length pair */
  {
  int dis;
  int len;
  };

enum { infinite_price = 0x0FFFFFFF,
       max_num_trials = 1 << 13,
       single_step_trial = -2,
       dual_step_trial = -1 };

struct Trial
  {
  State state;
  int price;		/* dual use var; cumulative price, match length */
  int dis4;		/* -1 for literal, or rep, or match distance + 4 */
  int prev_index;	/* index of prev trial in trials[] */
  int prev_index2;	/*   -2  trial is single step */
			/*   -1  literal + rep0 */
			/* >= 0  ( rep or match ) + literal + rep0 */
  int reps[num_rep_distances];
  };

static inline void Tr_update( struct Trial * const trial, const int pr,
                              const int distance4, const int p_i )
  {
  if( pr < trial->price )
    { trial->price = pr; trial->dis4 = distance4; trial->prev_index = p_i;
      trial->prev_index2 = single_step_trial; }
  }

static inline void Tr_update2( struct Trial * const trial, const int pr,
                               const int p_i )
  {
  if( pr < trial->price )
    { trial->price = pr; trial->dis4 = 0; trial->prev_index = p_i;
      trial->prev_index2 = dual_step_trial; }
  }

static inline void Tr_update3( struct Trial * const trial, const int pr,
                               const int distance4, const int p_i,
                               const int p_i2 )
  {
  if( pr < trial->price )
    { trial->price = pr; trial->dis4 = distance4; trial->prev_index = p_i;
      trial->prev_index2 = p_i2; }
  }


struct LZ_encoder
  {
  struct LZ_encoder_base eb;
  int cycles;
  int match_len_limit;
  struct Len_prices match_len_prices;
  struct Len_prices rep_len_prices;
  int pending_num_pairs;
  struct Pair pairs[max_match_len+1];
  struct Trial trials[max_num_trials];

  int dis_slot_prices[len_states][2*max_dictionary_bits];
  int dis_prices[len_states][modeled_distances];
  int align_prices[dis_align_size];
  int num_dis_slots;
  };

static inline bool Mb_dec_pos( struct Matchfinder_base * const mb,
                               const int ahead )
  {
  if( ahead < 0 || mb->pos < ahead ) return false;
  mb->pos -= ahead;
  if( mb->cyclic_pos < ahead ) mb->cyclic_pos += mb->dictionary_size + 1;
  mb->cyclic_pos -= ahead;
  return true;
  }

int LZe_get_match_pairs( struct LZ_encoder * const e, struct Pair * pairs );

       /* move-to-front dis in/into reps; do nothing if( dis4 <= 0 ) */
static inline void mtf_reps( const int dis4, int reps[num_rep_distances] )
  {
  if( dis4 >= num_rep_distances )			/* match */
    {
    reps[3] = reps[2]; reps[2] = reps[1]; reps[1] = reps[0];
    reps[0] = dis4 - num_rep_distances;
    }
  else if( dis4 > 0 )				/* repeated match */
    {
    const int distance = reps[dis4];
    int i; for( i = dis4; i > 0; --i ) reps[i] = reps[i-1];
    reps[0] = distance;
    }
  }

static inline int LZeb_price_shortrep( const struct LZ_encoder_base * const eb,
                                       const State state, const int pos_state )
  {
  return price0( eb->bm_rep0[state] ) + price0( eb->bm_len[state][pos_state] );
  }

static inline int LZeb_price_rep( const struct LZ_encoder_base * const eb,
                                  const int rep, const State state,
                                  const int pos_state )
  {
  int price;
  if( rep == 0 ) return price0( eb->bm_rep0[state] ) +
                        price1( eb->bm_len[state][pos_state] );
  price = price1( eb->bm_rep0[state] );
  if( rep == 1 )
    price += price0( eb->bm_rep1[state] );
  else
    {
    price += price1( eb->bm_rep1[state] );
    price += price_bit( eb->bm_rep2[state], rep - 2 );
    }
  return price;
  }

static inline int LZe_price_rep0_len( const struct LZ_encoder * const e,
                                      const int len, const State state,
                                      const int pos_state )
  {
  return LZeb_price_rep( &e->eb, 0, state, pos_state ) +
         Lp_price( &e->rep_len_prices, len, pos_state );
  }

static inline int LZe_price_pair( const struct LZ_encoder * const e,
                                  const int dis, const int len,
                                  const int pos_state )
  {
  const int price = Lp_price( &e->match_len_prices, len, pos_state );
  const int len_state = get_len_state( len );
  if( dis < modeled_distances )
    return price + e->dis_prices[len_state][dis];
  else
    return price + e->dis_slot_prices[len_state][get_slot( dis )] +
           e->align_prices[dis & (dis_align_size - 1)];
  }

static inline int LZe_read_match_distances( struct LZ_encoder * const e )
  {
  const int num_pairs = LZe_get_match_pairs( e, e->pairs );
  if( num_pairs > 0 )
    {
    const int len = e->pairs[num_pairs-1].len;
    if( len == e->match_len_limit && len < max_match_len )
      e->pairs[num_pairs-1].len =
        Mb_true_match_len( &e->eb.mb, len, e->pairs[num_pairs-1].dis + 1 );
    }
  return num_pairs;
  }

static inline void LZe_move_and_update( struct LZ_encoder * const e, int n )
  {
  while( true )
    {
    Mb_move_pos( &e->eb.mb );
    if( --n <= 0 ) break;
    LZe_get_match_pairs( e, 0 );
    }
  }

static inline void LZe_backward( struct LZ_encoder * const e, int cur )
  {
  int dis4 = e->trials[cur].dis4;
  while( cur > 0 )
    {
    const int prev_index = e->trials[cur].prev_index;
    struct Trial * const prev_trial = &e->trials[prev_index];

    if( e->trials[cur].prev_index2 != single_step_trial )
      {
      prev_trial->dis4 = -1;					/* literal */
      prev_trial->prev_index = prev_index - 1;
      prev_trial->prev_index2 = single_step_trial;
      if( e->trials[cur].prev_index2 >= 0 )
        {
        struct Trial * const prev_trial2 = &e->trials[prev_index-1];
        prev_trial2->dis4 = dis4; dis4 = 0;			/* rep0 */
        prev_trial2->prev_index = e->trials[cur].prev_index2;
        prev_trial2->prev_index2 = single_step_trial;
        }
      }
    prev_trial->price = cur - prev_index;			/* len */
    cur = dis4; dis4 = prev_trial->dis4; prev_trial->dis4 = cur;
    cur = prev_index;
    }
  }

enum { num_prev_positions3 = 1 << 16,
       num_prev_positions2 = 1 << 10 };

static inline bool LZe_init( struct LZ_encoder * const e,
                             const int dict_size, const int len_limit,
                             const int ifd, const int outfd )
  {
  enum { before_size = max_num_trials,
         /* bytes to keep in buffer after pos */
         after_size = ( 2 * max_match_len ) + 1,
         dict_factor = 2,
         num_prev_positions23 = num_prev_positions2 + num_prev_positions3,
         pos_array_factor = 2 };

  if( !LZeb_init( &e->eb, before_size, dict_size, after_size, dict_factor,
                  num_prev_positions23, pos_array_factor, ifd, outfd ) )
    return false;
  e->cycles = ( len_limit < max_match_len ) ? 16 + ( len_limit / 2 ) : 256;
  e->match_len_limit = len_limit;
  Lp_init( &e->match_len_prices, &e->eb.match_len_model, e->match_len_limit );
  Lp_init( &e->rep_len_prices, &e->eb.rep_len_model, e->match_len_limit );
  e->pending_num_pairs = 0;
  e->num_dis_slots = 2 * real_bits( e->eb.mb.dictionary_size - 1 );
  e->trials[1].prev_index = 0;
  e->trials[1].prev_index2 = single_step_trial;
  return true;
  }

static inline void LZe_reset( struct LZ_encoder * const e )
  {
  LZeb_reset( &e->eb );
  Lp_reset( &e->match_len_prices );
  Lp_reset( &e->rep_len_prices );
  e->pending_num_pairs = 0;
  }

bool LZe_encode_member( struct LZ_encoder * const e,
                        const unsigned long long member_size );