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.\" Copyright 2011 Lars Wirzenius <liw@liw.fi>
.\" 
.\" This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
.\" it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
.\" the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
.\" (at your option) any later version.
.\" 
.\" This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
.\" but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
.\" MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
.\" GNU General Public License for more details.
.\" 
.\" You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
.\" along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
.\"
.TH CMDTEST 1
.SH NAME
cmdtest \- blackbox testing of Unix command line tools
.SH SYNOPSIS
.SH DESCRIPTION
.B cmdtest 
black box tests Unix command line tools.
Given some test scripts, their inputs, and expected outputs,
it verifies that the command line produces the expected output.
If not, it reports problems, and shows the differences.
.PP
Each test case
.I foo
consists of the following files:
.TP
.I foo.script
a script to run the test (this is required)
.TP
.I foo.stdin
the file fed to standard input
.TP
.I foo.stdout
the expected output to the standard output
.TP
.I foo.stderr
the expected output to the standard error
.TP
.I foo.exit
the expected exit code
.TP
.I foo.setup
a shell script to run before the test
.TP
.I foo.teardown
a shell script to run after test
.PP
Usually, a single test is not enough. All tests are put into the
same directory, and they may share some setup and teardown code:
.TP
.I setup-once
a shell script to run once, before any tests
.TP
.I setup
a shell script to run before each test
.TP
.I teardown
a shell script to run after each test
.TP
.I teardown-once
a shell script to run once, after all tests
.PP
.B cmdtest
is given the name of the directory with all the tests,
or several such directories, and it does the following:
.PP
.na
.nh
\(bu execute
.I setup-once
.PP
\(bu for each test case (unique prefix 
.IR foo ):
.RS
.HP 2
\(em execute
.I setup
.HP 2
\(em execute 
.I foo.setup
.HP 2
\(em execute the command, by running 
.IR foo.script ,
and redirecting standard input to come from 
.IR foo.stdin ,
and capturing standard output and error and exit codes
.HP 2
\(em execute
.I foo.teardown
.HP 2
\(em execute 
.I teardown
.HP 2
\(em report result of test: does exit code match
.IR foo.exit , 
standard output match 
.IR foo.stdout , 
and standard error match 
.IR foo.stderr ?
.RE
.fi
.hy
.PP
\(bu execute 
.I teardown-once
.PP
Except for
.IR foo.script , 
all of these files are optional. 
If a setup or teardown script is missing, it is simply not executed. 
If one of the standard input, output, or error files is missing, 
it is treated as if it were empty. 
If the exit code file is missing, it is treated as if it specified an exit
code of zero.
.PP
The shell scripts may use the following environment variables:
.TP
.B DATADIR
a temporary directory where files may be created by the test
.TP
.B TESTNAME
name of the current test (will be empty for 
.B setup-once
and
.BR teardown-once )
.TP
.B SRCDIR
directory from which
.B cmdtest
was launched
.SH OPTIONS
.SH EXAMPLE
To test that the
.BR echo (1)
command outputs the expected string,
create a file called
.I echo-tests/hello.script
containing the following content:
.IP
.nf
#!/bin/sh
echo hello, world
.fi
.PP
Also create the file
.I echo-tests/hello.stdout
containing:
.IP
hello, world
.PP
Then you can run the tests:
.IP
.nf
$ cmdtest echo-tests
test 1/1
1/1 tests OK, 0 failures
.fi
.PP
If you change the stdout file to be something else,
.B cmdtest
will report the differences:
.IP
.nf
$ cmdtest echo-tests
FAIL: hello: stdout diff:
--- echo-tests/hello.stdout	2011-09-11 19:14:47 +0100
+++ echo-tests/hello.stdout-actual	2011-09-11 19:14:49 +0100
@@ -1 +1 @@
-something else
+hello, world

test 1/1
0/1 tests OK, 1 failures
.fi
.PP
Furthermore, the 
.I echo-tests
directory will contain the actual output files,
and diffs from the expected files.
If one of the actual output files is actually correct,
you can actualy rename it to be the expected file.
Actually,
that's a very convenient way of creating the expected output files:
you run the test,
fixing things,
until you've manually checked the actual output is correct,
then you rename the file.
.SH "SEE ALSO"
.BR cliapp (5).