File: collector_th

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#!/usr/local/bin/perl
# -*- perl -*-

# Cricket: a configuration, polling and data display wrapper for RRD files
#
#		Copyright (C) 1998 Jeff R. Allen and WebTV Networks, Inc.
#
#		This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
#		it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
#		the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
#		(at your option) any later version.
#
#		This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#		but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#		MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.	See the
#		GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#		You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#		along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
#		Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

BEGIN {
    require '/etc/cricket/cricket-conf.pl';
}


require 5.8.0;

use lib "$Common::global::gInstallRoot/lib";

use Threaded;

use RRDs 1.000101;

use Common::Version;
use Common::global;
use Common::Options;
use Common::Util;
use Common::Map;
use Common::HandleTarget;
use ConfigTree::Cache;
use Monitor;

# Don't change these here! Set them in the Defaults file.  These
#  should also not be removed because of backwards compatability
my $wait_time = 1;
my $wait_max = 240;
my $max_threads = 100;
my $is_threaded;

# here's where the individual datasource routines live
use snmp;
use exec;
use file;
use field;

# Remove the comment on the next line if you want to use sql logging
# use sql;
if (Common::Util::isWin32()) {
	eval "use wbem";
	eval "use perfmon";
}

Info("starting");
$start_time = time;

# See the documentation on ds-source FUNC for why this defaults
# to commented out.
# use func;
Common::Options::commonOptions();

Info("Starting collector: $Common::global::gVersion");
$gTargetCt = 0;

$Common::global::isCollector = 1;

$Common::global::gCT = new ConfigTree::Cache;
$gCT = $Common::global::gCT;
$gCT->Base($Common::global::gConfigRoot);
$gCT->Warn(\&Warn);

Info("calling init") if (defined($logging));
if (!$gCT->init()) {
	Die("Failed to open compiled config tree from " .
		"$Common::global::gConfigRoot/config.db: $!");
}

my($recomp, $why) = $gCT->needsRecompile();
if ($recomp) {
	Warn("Config tree needs to be recompiled: $why");

	system( (Common::Util::isWin32() ? 'perl ' : '') .
		"$Common::global::gInstallRoot/compile " .
		"-base $Common::global::gConfigRoot");

	$gCT = new ConfigTree::Cache;
	$gCT->Base($Common::global::gConfigRoot);

	if (! $gCT->init()) {
		Die("Failed to open compiled config tree from " .
			"$Common::global::gConfigRoot/config.db: $!");
	}
}

# if they gave us no subtrees to focus on, use the root of the config tree
if ($#ARGV+1 == 0) {
	push @ARGV, '/';
}


# foreach subtree to do
# find the base node of that subtree
# foreach leaf node of this subtree
# process it
my($subtree,%targets);

foreach $subtree (@ARGV) {
	if ($gCT->nodeExists($subtree)) {
		$gCT->visitLeafs($subtree, \&handleTarget,
					\&handleTargetInstance, \&localHandleTargetInstance);
	} else {
		Warn("Unknown subtree $subtree.");
	}
}

foreach $subtree (@ARGV) {
	if ($gCT->nodeExists($subtree)) {
		$gCT->visitLeafs($subtree, \&handleTarget, \&checkTargetInstance);
	} else {
		Warn("Unknown subtree $subtree.");
	}
}

# Placeholder for threaded collection
$th = 1;

#foreach my $name (sort rand_sort keys %targets) {
foreach my $name (sort keys %targets) {
	my(@mixedResults);
	my $type = $targets{$name}{'type'};
	my $target = $targets{$name}{'target'};
	my $dsList = $targets{$name}{'dsList'};

	Debug("threaded: $target->{'threaded'}");

	if(defined $target->{'threaded'} == 1) {
		$is_threaded = 1;
		Debug("Threading defined; using threaded collection");
		$wait_time = $target->{'threaded_waittime'} if(defined($target->{'threaded_waittime'}));
		$wait_max = $target->{'threaded_waitmax'} if(defined($target->{'threaded_waitmax'}));
		$max_threads = $target->{'threaded_maxthreads'} if(defined($target->{'maxthreads'}));
		Debug("Thread wait_time: $wait_time; wait_max: $wait_max; max_threads = $max_threads");

		ThreadedCollect::wait_for_thread($wait_time,$max_threads,$th);
		Info("Kick off thread");
		ThreadedCollect::create_threads($name, $type, $target, $dsList, $th);
		$th++;
	} else {
		$is_threaded = 0;
		Debug("Threading not defined; using un-threaded collection");
		localUpdateRRDDataFile($name,$type,$target,$dsList);
	}
}

# Make sure the threads clean themselves up
if(defined($th)) {
	my $diff = time-$start_time;
	ThreadedCollect::wait_for_complete($wait_max,$max_threads,$wait_time);
	$diff = time-$start_time;
}

# print some summary stuff (number of targets, time taken)
# before exiting.
my($time) = runTime();
Info("Processed $gTargetCt targets in $time.");

# only use strict for the subroutines
use strict;

sub rand_sort {
	rand() <=> rand ();
}

sub localUpdateRRDDataFile {
	my($name,$type,$target,$dsList) = @_;

	my($tname) = $target->{'auto-target-name'};
	my($tpath) = $target->{'auto-target-path'};

	my($datafile) = $target->{'rrd-datafile'};

	my $agent_restart = 0;

	my(@data) = retrieveData($name,$type,$target,$dsList,\$agent_restart);

	if ($#data+1 == 0) {
		Warn("No data retrieved. Skipping RRD update.");
		return;
	}

	if (!defined($datafile)) {
		Warn("Could not find a datafile for $tname.");
		return;
	}

	if (! -f $datafile) {
		return unless newRRD($name, $target);
	}

	# look for date strings, suck em out.
	my($data, $when, @data2);
	foreach $data (@data) {
		if ($data =~ /@(\d+)/) {
			my($when2) = $1;
			if (defined($when) && ($when ne $when2)) {
				Warn("Found inconsistent times in retrieved data. " .
					"Using first one seen.");
			} else {
				$when = $when2;
			}
			$data =~ s/\@${when2}//;
		}
		push @data2, $data;
	}

	if (! defined($when)) {
		# if they didn't tell us when, use RRD's "now" syntax.
		$when = "N";
	}

	# If an SNMP agent restart occurred, insert a dummy record consisting
	# of all "U" one second before the current sample. This causes RRD
	# to set the previous value of counters to undefined, avoiding weird
	# results when a counter goes negative because of a restart.

	if ($agent_restart && $when eq "N") {
		my @dummyresults = @data2;
		grep { $_ = 'U'} @dummyresults;
		Info("Inserting dummy record because of agent restart");
		my $now = time();
		RRDs::update($datafile, join(":", $now - 1, @dummyresults));
	}

	RRDs::update($datafile, join(":", $when, @data2));
	if (my $error = RRDs::error()) {
		Warn("Cannot update $datafile: $error\n");
	}

	# if we were asked to copy this to someplace, go for it.
	if (defined($target->{'copy-to'})) {
		my($copyto) = $target->{'copy-to'};

		my($to, $args) = split(/:/, $copyto, 2);
		$to = lc($to);

		if ($to eq "trap") {
			# In this case, args is expected to have SNMP info in
			# it. Example:				trap:public@nms-101
			# We just pass it straight thru to snmptrap.

			# This number lets our NMS identify this as a Cricket
			# data trap. The enterprise for the trap
			# is hardcoded in snmpUtils::trap.
			my($specific) = 3;

			snmpUtils::trap($args, $specific, "/$tpath/$tname", @data2);
		} elsif ($to eq "sql") {
			sqlUtils::sendto($args, @data2);
		} else {
			Warn("Unknown copy-to type: $to. Ignoring.");
		}
	}
}

sub localHandleTargetInstance {
	my($name, $target) = @_;
	my($tname) = $target->{'auto-target-name'};
	my($tpath) = $target->{'auto-target-path'};

	# first, dump the dict, to help debug things
	my($k, $v, $t);
	$t =	"target $tname\n";
	foreach $k (sort (keys(%{$target}))) {
		next if ($k eq "auto-target-name");

		$v = $target->{$k};
		$v = "[undef]" if (! defined($v));

		$t .= "\t$k = $v\n";
	}
	Debug($t);

	# skip this if it's a meta-target
	if ((defined($target->{'targets'})) || (defined($target->{'mtargets'}))) {
		Debug("Skipping meta target $tname");
		return;
	}

	if (defined($target->{'collect'}) && isFalse($target->{'collect'})) {
		Debug("Skipping target $tname due to collect=false tag.");
		return;
	}

	$main::gTargetCt++;

	my $agent_restart = 0;
	my(@data) = retrieveParams($name, $target, \$agent_restart);
}

sub handleMultiTarget {
	# the collector completely ignores this -- it's only
	# used by the grapher.
}

sub retrieveData {
	my($name,$type,$target,$dsList,$restart_ref) = @_;
	my(@mixedResults);
	my $dsCount = $target->{'dsCount'};
	my $tname = $target->{'auto-target-name'};
	my $start = time;
	my %dataLog;
	my $dataLog;

	push(@mixedResults, map { $_ = $type . ":" . $_ }
		&{$main::gDSFetch{$type}}($dsList, $name, $target));

	# Reassemble the data in the right order.
	my($line, @results);

	foreach $line (@mixedResults) {
		my($type, $index, $value) = split(/:/, $line, 3);

		# only take the first token from the line... that
		# way, they can put in-line comments in the returned data.
		# do this only for 'exec' and 'file' data sources
		if (lc($type) ne 'snmp') {
			$value =~ s/^\s*//;
			($value) = split(/\s+/, $value, 2);
		}

		$results[$index] = $value;
		$dataLog{$index} = $value;
	}

	my $num_data = @results;


	my $diff = time - $start;

	# Make sure there are no gaps in the return data!
	# If any data is missing, make it undefined ("U")

	my($ctr, $missingData) = (0, 0);
	for $ctr (0 .. $#results) {
		if (! defined $results[$ctr]) {
			$results[$ctr] = "U";
			$missingData = 1;
		} else {
			if ($results[$ctr] eq 'U') {
				$missingData = 1;
			}
		}
	}

	# Check the agent uptime with the poll interval. If the uptime is
	# less then one poll interval, notify our caller of the restart.

	if (defined($target->{'snmp-uptime'})) {
		my($agent_uptime) = pop @results;
		my($poll) = $target->{'rrd-poll-interval'};
		$poll = 300 unless (defined($poll));
		if ($agent_uptime ne "U" && $agent_uptime < $poll * 100) {
			Info("Agent uptime is less than poll interval");
			$$restart_ref = 1 if (defined($restart_ref));
		}
	}

	# if we are verifying, check the
	# fetched mapping key to make certain it's right

	my($mapkey, $mapRef, $match, $snmp, $baseOID, $oid);
	if (defined($target->{'--verify-mapkey--'})) {
		$mapkey = $target->{'--verify-mapkey--'};
		$mapRef = $main::gCT->configHash($name, 'map', $mapkey, $target);

		if (defined($mapRef)) {
			$match = $mapRef->{'match'};
			if (defined($match)) {
				$match = ConfigTree::Cache::expandString($match, $target, \&Warn);
			}
			$baseOID = $mapRef->{'base-oid'};

			my($oidMap) = $main::gCT->configHash($name, 'oid', undef, $target);
			$oid = mapOid($oidMap, $baseOID);
		} else {
			Warn("Unknown mapkey. This should not happen.");
		}

		$snmp = $target->{'snmp'};

		if (!defined($match) || !defined($snmp) || !defined($oid)) {
			Warn("Data needed to verify $mapkey is missing. " .
				"Skipping verification.");
			delete($target->{'--verify-mapkey--'});
		} else {
			my($inst) = $target->{'inst'};
		}
		my($fetchedKey) = pop @results;
		my($wrongInst);

		if ($match =~ /^\s*\/(.*)\/\s*$/) {
			$match = $1;
			$wrongInst = ($fetchedKey !~ /$match/i);
		} else {
			$wrongInst = ($fetchedKey ne $match);
		}

		if ($wrongInst) {
			# damn, they didn't match. this means we need to
			# fix the instance number using mapInstance, and
			# retry.
			Common::Map::mapInstance($name, $target);

			if (defined($target->{'inst'})) {
				# now that we have the correct inst, fetch again
				# (this time there is no need to verify)
				delete($target->{'--verify-mapkey--'});
				@results = retrieveData($name, $target, undef);
			} else {
				# fill in all unknown, since the mapping key seems
				# to no longer exist
				#@results = ();
				#for ($ctr = 0; $ctr < $dsCount; $ctr++) {
				#	push @results, "U";
				#}
			}
		}
	}

	my($numRes) = $#results+1;
	if($numRes != $dsCount) {
		Warn("$dsCount datasources required, $numRes results returned!");
		@results = ();
	}

	# Beautify the log output
	foreach my $key (sort {$a <=> $b} keys %dataLog)  {
		my $val = $dataLog{$key};
		$val =~ s/^U$/*** U ***/g;
		$dataLog .= "ds$key: $val, ";
	}

	# I'm too lazy to use substr(). Sue me.
	chop($dataLog);
	chop($dataLog);

	Info("Retrieved data for $tname: $dataLog");
	Info("Some data is missing for $tname.") if ($missingData);

	return @results;
}

sub retrieveParams {
	my($name, $target, $restart_ref) = @_;

	my($tname) = $target->{'auto-target-name'};
	my($inst) = $target->{'inst'};
	if (defined($inst)) {
		$tname .= " ($inst)";
	}

	my($ttype) = lc($target->{'target-type'});
	my($ttRef) = $main::gCT->configHash($name, 'targettype', $ttype, $target);
	if (! $ttRef) {
		Warn("Unknown target type: $ttype.");
		return;
	}

	Debug("Retrieving data for target $tname ($ttype)");

	# Determine the list of data sources for this target.
	my(@targetDSs) = split(/\s*,\s*/, $ttRef->{'ds'});
	if (!@targetDSs) {
		Warn("Could not find any datasources for target type $ttype.");
		return ();
	}
	# take the count before we start dicking with it
	# below...
	my($dsCount) = $#targetDSs + 1;

	# if we need to fetch a key to verify a cached instance,
	# we append it to targetDSs here.

	my($mapkey, $mapRef, $match, $snmp, $baseOID, $oid);
	if ($target->{'--verify-mapkey--'}) {
		$mapkey = $target->{'--verify-mapkey--'};
		$mapRef = $main::gCT->configHash($name, 'map', $mapkey, $target);

		if (defined($mapRef)) {
			$match = $mapRef->{'match'};
			if (defined($match)) {
				$match = ConfigTree::Cache::expandString($match,
					$target, \&Warn);
			}
			$baseOID = $mapRef->{'base-oid'};

			my($oidMap) = $main::gCT->configHash($name, 'oid', undef, $target);
				$oid = mapOid($oidMap, $baseOID);
		} else {
			Warn("Unknown mapkey. This should not happen.");
		}

		$snmp = $target->{'snmp'};

		if (!defined($match) || !defined($snmp) || !defined($oid)) {
			Warn("Data needed to verify $mapkey is missing. " .
				"Skipping verification.");
				delete($target->{'--verify-mapkey--'});
		} else {
			my($inst) = $target->{'inst'};
			my($newds) = "--snmp://${snmp}/${oid}.${inst}";
			push @targetDSs, $newds;
		}
	}
	if (defined($target->{'snmp-uptime'})) {
		my $ds = "--snmp://$target->{'snmp'}/$target->{'snmp-uptime'}";
		push @targetDSs, $ds;
	}

	# this will hold a hash of ds-method names. the values will
	# be a ref to a list of the sources that get passed to
	# the ds-method later.
	my(%targetDataSources) = ();

	my($dsIndex) = 0;

	my($ds);
	foreach $ds ( @targetDSs ) {
		my($dataSource);
		if ($ds =~ /^--/) {
			# this is a hacked one, from the verify code, above.
			$dataSource = $ds;
			$dataSource =~ s/^--//;
		} else {
			# this is a normal ds, so go look it up.
			my($dsRef) = $main::gCT->configHash($name, 'datasource',
																							lc($ds), $target);
			if ($dsRef) {
				# computed data sources need to be excluded fetch
				if ($dsRef->{'rrd-ds-type'} eq 'COMPUTE') {
					$dsCount--; # don't penalize for missing these DS
					next;
				}
				$dataSource = $dsRef->{'ds-source'};
				$dataSource = ConfigTree::Cache::expandString($dataSource,
					$target, \&Warn);
			} else {
					Warn("Datasource named $ds not found.");
					next;
			}
		}

		my($dsMethod,$dsLine) = split(':', $dataSource, 2);

		# create a hash entry which is an array of datasources
		# of the same TYPE (i.e. snmp, shell, etc).
		# NOTE: The datasource type is REPLACED by the datasource
		# index.	This is so that we can be sure to reassemble the
		# data source return value array in the right order.

		push(@{ $targetDataSources{lc($dsMethod)} }, "$dsIndex:$dsLine");
		Debug("ds$dsIndex is: $dsLine");
		$dsIndex++;
	}

	# For each different data source type (snmp, exec, etc.)
	# call the fetcher to retrieve the data.
	my($dsList, $type, @mixedResults,$diff,$error);

	while (($type, $dsList) = each %targetDataSources) {
		if (defined ($main::gDSFetch{$type})) {
			my $starttime = time;
			$targets{$name}{'type'} = $type;
			$targets{$name}{'target'} = $target;
			$targets{$name}{'dsList'} = $dsList;
			$target->{'dsCount'} = $dsCount;

			Debug("Collecting params for $name");
		} else {
			Warn("Could not find a fetcher with type $type to " .
			"fetch data for $tname.");
		}
	}
}

sub newRRD {
	# Create a new RRD file base on the contents of the
	# referenced dictionary.
	my($name, $target) = @_;

	my($datafile) = $target->{'rrd-datafile'};
	my($tname) = $target->{'auto-target-name'};
	my($ttype) = lc($target->{'target-type'});

	# Create the data directory if it does not exist:
	$datafile =~ /(.*)\/.*$/;
	my($dataDir) = $1;
	if (! -d $dataDir) {
		Common::Util::MkDir($dataDir);
	}

	# Start rrd one week ago.
	my($week) = (60 * 60 * 24 * 7);
	my($start) = time - $week - 1;

	my($poll) = $target->{'rrd-poll-interval'};
	$poll = 300 unless (defined($poll));

	my(@arg) = ($datafile,
		"--start",				$start,
		"--step",					$poll);

	my($type, $val);
	my($valid) = 0;
	my(@dsDesc) = ();
	my(@rraDesc) = ();
	my($dsCnt) = 0;

	my($ttRef) = $main::gCT->configHash($name, 'targettype', $ttype, $target);
	if (! $ttRef) {
		Warn("Unknown target type: $ttype.");
		return;
	}

	# first, process the ds tag

	my($dses) = $ttRef->{'ds'};
	if (! $dses) {
		Warn("No ds tag found for target type $ttype.");
		return;
	}

	my($ds);
	foreach $ds (split(/\s*,\s*/, $dses)) {
		my($dsname) = lc($ds);
		my($d) = $main::gCT->configHash($name, 'datasource', $dsname, $target);

		if (defined($d)) {
			my($dst) = $d->{'rrd-ds-type'};
			$dst = "GAUGE" unless (defined($dst));
			$dst = uc($dst);

			my($hb) = $d->{'rrd-heartbeat'};
			$hb = $target->{'rrd-heartbeat'}
			if (defined($target->{'rrd-heartbeat'}));
			$hb = 1800 unless (defined($hb));

			my($min) = $d->{'rrd-min'};
			$min = $target->{'rrd-min'}
			if (defined($target->{'rrd-min'}));
			$min = 'U' unless (defined($min));

			my($max) = $d->{'rrd-max'};
			$max = $target->{'rrd-max'}
			if (defined($target->{'rrd-max'}));
			$max = 'U' unless (defined($max));

			my($cdef) = $d -> {'rrd-cdef'};
			if ($dst eq 'COMPUTE' && !defined($cdef)) {
					Warn("Datasource $ds is of type $dst but tag " .
							"rrd-cdef is missing.");
					return;
			}
			if ($dst ne 'COMPUTE') {
				push @dsDesc, join(":", 'DS', "ds$dsCnt",
					$dst, $hb, $min, $max);
			} else {
				push @dsDesc, join(":", 'DS', "ds$dsCnt",
					$dst, $cdef);
			}
			$dsCnt++;

		} else {
			Warn("Datasource $ds referenced by target " .
				"type $ttype does not exist.");
			return;
		}
	}

	# now do RRAs
	my($rras) = $ttRef->{'rra'};
	if (! $rras) {
		Warn("No rra tag found for target type $ttype.");
		return;
	}

	my($rra);
	foreach $rra (split(/\s*,\s*/, $rras)) {
		my($rraname) = lc($rra);
		my($r) = $main::gCT->configHash($name, 'rra', undef, $target);

		if (defined($r)) {
			if (defined $r->{$rraname}) {
				push(@rraDesc, "RRA:$r->{$rraname}");
			} else {
				Warn("RRA $rra referenced by target " .
					"type $ttype does not exist.");
				return;
			}
		} else {
			# this shouldn't happen... right?
			Warn("Could not find RRA dictionary.");
			return;
		}
	}

	push(@arg, @dsDesc, @rraDesc);

	Info("Creating datafile $datafile for target name $tname.");
	Debug(join(' ', 'RRDs::create', @arg));
	RRDs::create(@arg);
	if (my $error = RRDs::error()) {
		Warn("Cannot create $datafile: $error\n");
	}

	return 1;
}

# Local Variables:
# mode: perl
# indent-tabs-mode: nil
# tab-width: 4
# perl-indent-level: 4