File: cert.c

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/*
 * "$Id: cert.c 9120 2010-04-23 18:56:34Z mike $"
 *
 *   Authentication certificate routines for CUPS.
 *
 *   Copyright 2007-2010 by Apple Inc.
 *   Copyright 1997-2006 by Easy Software Products.
 *
 *   These coded instructions, statements, and computer programs are the
 *   property of Apple Inc. and are protected by Federal copyright
 *   law.  Distribution and use rights are outlined in the file "LICENSE.txt"
 *   which should have been included with this file.  If this file is
 *   file is missing or damaged, see the license at "http://www.cups.org/".
 *
 * Contents:
 *
 *   cupsdAddCert()        - Add a certificate.
 *   cupsdDeleteCert()     - Delete a single certificate.
 *   cupsdDeleteAllCerts() - Delete all certificates...
 *   cupsdFindCert()       - Find a certificate.
 *   cupsdInitCerts()      - Initialize the certificate "system" and root
 *                           certificate.
 */

/*
 * Include necessary headers...
 */

#include "cupsd.h"
#ifdef HAVE_ACL_INIT
#  include <sys/acl.h>
#  ifdef HAVE_MEMBERSHIP_H
#    include <membership.h>
#  endif /* HAVE_MEMBERSHIP_H */
#endif /* HAVE_ACL_INIT */


/*
 * 'cupsdAddCert()' - Add a certificate.
 */

void
cupsdAddCert(int        pid,		/* I - Process ID */
             const char *username,	/* I - Username */
             void       *ccache)	/* I - Kerberos credentials or NULL */
{
  int		i;			/* Looping var */
  cupsd_cert_t	*cert;			/* Current certificate */
  int		fd;			/* Certificate file */
  char		filename[1024];		/* Certificate filename */
  static const char hex[] = "0123456789ABCDEF";
					/* Hex constants... */


  cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_DEBUG2,
                  "cupsdAddCert: Adding certificate for PID %d", pid);

 /*
  * Allocate memory for the certificate...
  */

  if ((cert = calloc(sizeof(cupsd_cert_t), 1)) == NULL)
    return;

 /*
  * Fill in the certificate information...
  */

  cert->pid = pid;
  strlcpy(cert->username, username, sizeof(cert->username));

  for (i = 0; i < 32; i ++)
    cert->certificate[i] = hex[CUPS_RAND() & 15];

 /*
  * Save the certificate to a file readable only by the User and Group
  * (or root and SystemGroup for PID == 0)...
  */

  snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s/certs/%d", StateDir, pid);
  unlink(filename);

  if ((fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_EXCL, 0400)) < 0)
  {
    cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_ERROR,
                    "Unable to create certificate file %s - %s",
                    filename, strerror(errno));
    free(cert);
    return;
  }

  if (pid == 0)
  {
#ifdef HAVE_ACL_INIT
    acl_t		acl;		/* ACL information */
    acl_entry_t		entry;		/* ACL entry */
    acl_permset_t	permset;	/* Permissions */
#  ifdef HAVE_MBR_UID_TO_UUID
    uuid_t		group;		/* Group ID */
#  endif /* HAVE_MBR_UID_TO_UUID */
    static int		acls_not_supported = 0;
					/* Only warn once */
#endif /* HAVE_ACL_INIT */


   /*
    * Root certificate...
    */

    fchmod(fd, 0440);
    fchown(fd, RunUser, SystemGroupIDs[0]);

    cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_DEBUG2, "cupsdAddCert: NumSystemGroups=%d",
                    NumSystemGroups);

#ifdef HAVE_ACL_INIT
    if (NumSystemGroups > 1)
    {
     /*
      * Set POSIX ACLs for the root certificate so that all system
      * groups can access it...
      */

#  ifdef HAVE_MBR_UID_TO_UUID
     /*
      * On MacOS X, ACLs use UUIDs instead of GIDs...
      */

      acl = acl_init(NumSystemGroups - 1);

      for (i = 1; i < NumSystemGroups; i ++)
      {
       /*
        * Add each group ID to the ACL...
	*/

        acl_create_entry(&acl, &entry);
	acl_get_permset(entry, &permset);
	acl_add_perm(permset, ACL_READ_DATA);
	acl_set_tag_type(entry, ACL_EXTENDED_ALLOW);
	mbr_gid_to_uuid((gid_t)SystemGroupIDs[i], group);
	acl_set_qualifier(entry, &group);
	acl_set_permset(entry, permset);
      }
#  else
     /*
      * POSIX ACLs need permissions for owner, group, other, and mask
      * in addition to the rest of the system groups...
      */

      acl = acl_init(NumSystemGroups + 3);

      /* Owner */
      acl_create_entry(&acl, &entry);
      acl_get_permset(entry, &permset);
      acl_add_perm(permset, ACL_READ);
      acl_set_tag_type(entry, ACL_USER_OBJ);
      acl_set_permset(entry, permset);

      /* Group */
      acl_create_entry(&acl, &entry);
      acl_get_permset(entry, &permset);
      acl_add_perm(permset, ACL_READ);
      acl_set_tag_type(entry, ACL_GROUP_OBJ);
      acl_set_permset(entry, permset);

      /* Others */
      acl_create_entry(&acl, &entry);
      acl_get_permset(entry, &permset);
      acl_add_perm(permset, 0);
      acl_set_tag_type(entry, ACL_OTHER);
      acl_set_permset(entry, permset);

      /* Mask */
      acl_create_entry(&acl, &entry);
      acl_get_permset(entry, &permset);
      acl_add_perm(permset, ACL_READ);
      acl_set_tag_type(entry, ACL_MASK);
      acl_set_permset(entry, permset);

      for (i = 1; i < NumSystemGroups; i ++)
      {
       /*
        * Add each group ID to the ACL...
	*/

        acl_create_entry(&acl, &entry);
	acl_get_permset(entry, &permset);
	acl_add_perm(permset, ACL_READ);
	acl_set_tag_type(entry, ACL_GROUP);
	acl_set_qualifier(entry, SystemGroupIDs + i);
	acl_set_permset(entry, permset);
      }

      if (acl_valid(acl))
      {
        char *text, *textptr;		/* Temporary string */


        cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_ERROR, "ACL did not validate: %s",
	                strerror(errno));
        text = acl_to_text(acl, NULL);
	for (textptr = strchr(text, '\n');
	     textptr;
	     textptr = strchr(textptr + 1, '\n'))
	  *textptr = ',';

	cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_ERROR, "ACL: %s", text);
	free(text);
      }
#  endif /* HAVE_MBR_UID_TO_UUID */

      if (acl_set_fd(fd, acl))
      {
	if (errno != EOPNOTSUPP || !acls_not_supported)
	  cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_ERROR,
			  "Unable to set ACLs on root certificate \"%s\" - %s",
			  filename, strerror(errno));

	if (errno == EOPNOTSUPP)
	  acls_not_supported = 1;
      }

      acl_free(acl);
    }
#endif /* HAVE_ACL_INIT */

    RootCertTime = time(NULL);
  }
  else
  {
   /*
    * CGI certificate...
    */

    fchmod(fd, 0400);
    fchown(fd, User, Group);
  }

  DEBUG_printf(("ADD pid=%d, username=%s, cert=%s\n", pid, username,
                cert->certificate));

  write(fd, cert->certificate, strlen(cert->certificate));
  close(fd);

 /*
  * Add Kerberos credentials as needed...
  */

#ifdef HAVE_GSSAPI
  cert->ccache = (krb5_ccache)ccache;
#else
  (void)ccache;
#endif /* HAVE_GSSAPI */

 /*
  * Insert the certificate at the front of the list...
  */

  cert->next = Certs;
  Certs      = cert;
}


/*
 * 'cupsdDeleteCert()' - Delete a single certificate.
 */

void
cupsdDeleteCert(int pid)		/* I - Process ID */
{
  cupsd_cert_t	*cert,			/* Current certificate */
		*prev;			/* Previous certificate */
  char		filename[1024];		/* Certificate file */


  for (prev = NULL, cert = Certs; cert != NULL; prev = cert, cert = cert->next)
    if (cert->pid == pid)
    {
     /*
      * Remove this certificate from the list...
      */

      cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_DEBUG2,
                      "cupsdDeleteCert: Removing certificate for PID %d", pid);

      DEBUG_printf(("DELETE pid=%d, username=%s, cert=%s\n", cert->pid,
                    cert->username, cert->certificate));

      if (prev == NULL)
        Certs = cert->next;
      else
        prev->next = cert->next;

#ifdef HAVE_GSSAPI
     /*
      * Release Kerberos credentials as needed...
      */

      if (cert->ccache)
	krb5_cc_destroy(KerberosContext, cert->ccache);
#endif /* HAVE_GSSAPI */

      free(cert);

     /*
      * Delete the file and return...
      */

      snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s/certs/%d", StateDir, pid);
      if (unlink(filename))
	cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_ERROR, "Unable to remove %s!", filename);

      return;
    }
}


/*
 * 'cupsdDeleteAllCerts()' - Delete all certificates...
 */

void
cupsdDeleteAllCerts(void)
{
  cupsd_cert_t	*cert,			/* Current certificate */
		*next;			/* Next certificate */
  char		filename[1024];		/* Certificate file */


 /*
  * Loop through each certificate, deleting them...
  */

  for (cert = Certs; cert != NULL; cert = next)
  {
   /*
    * Delete the file...
    */

    snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s/certs/%d", StateDir, cert->pid);
    if (unlink(filename))
      cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_ERROR, "Unable to remove %s!", filename);

   /*
    * Free memory...
    */

    next = cert->next;
    free(cert);
  }

  Certs        = NULL;
  RootCertTime = 0;
}


/*
 * 'cupsdFindCert()' - Find a certificate.
 */

cupsd_cert_t *				/* O - Matching certificate or NULL */
cupsdFindCert(const char *certificate)	/* I - Certificate */
{
  cupsd_cert_t	*cert;			/* Current certificate */


  cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_DEBUG2, "cupsdFindCert(certificate=%s)",
                  certificate);
  for (cert = Certs; cert != NULL; cert = cert->next)
    if (!strcasecmp(certificate, cert->certificate))
    {
      cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_DEBUG2, "cupsdFindCert: Returning %s...",
                      cert->username);
      return (cert);
    }

  cupsdLogMessage(CUPSD_LOG_DEBUG2, "cupsdFindCert: Certificate not found!");

  return (NULL);
}


/*
 * 'cupsdInitCerts()' - Initialize the certificate "system" and root
 *                      certificate.
 */

void
cupsdInitCerts(void)
{
#ifndef HAVE_ARC4RANDOM
  cups_file_t	*fp;			/* /dev/random file */


 /*
  * Initialize the random number generator using the random device or
  * the current time, as available...
  */

  if ((fp = cupsFileOpen("/dev/urandom", "rb")) == NULL)
  {
    struct timeval tod;			/* Time of day */

   /*
    * Get the time in usecs and use it as the initial seed...
    */

    gettimeofday(&tod, NULL);

    CUPS_SRAND((unsigned)(tod.tv_sec + tod.tv_usec));
  }
  else
  {
    unsigned	seed;			/* Seed for random number generator */

   /*
    * Read 4 random characters from the random device and use
    * them as the seed...
    */

    seed = cupsFileGetChar(fp);
    seed = (seed << 8) | cupsFileGetChar(fp);
    seed = (seed << 8) | cupsFileGetChar(fp);
    CUPS_SRAND((seed << 8) | cupsFileGetChar(fp));

    cupsFileClose(fp);
  }
#endif /* !HAVE_ARC4RANDOM */

 /*
  * Create a root certificate and return...
  */

  if (!RunUser)
    cupsdAddCert(0, "root", NULL);
}


/*
 * End of "$Id: cert.c 9120 2010-04-23 18:56:34Z mike $".
 */