File: db_dump185.1

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db1-compat 2.1.3-19
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.ds TYPE C
.\"
.\" See the file LICENSE for redistribution information.
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 1996, 1997, 1998
.\"	Sleepycat Software.  All rights reserved.
.\"
.\"	@(#)db_dump.so	10.10 (Sleepycat) 4/10/98
.\"
.\"
.\" See the file LICENSE for redistribution information.
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 1997, 1998
.\"	Sleepycat Software.  All rights reserved.
.\"
.\"	@(#)macros.so	10.45 (Sleepycat) 5/4/98
.\"
.\" This manpage was originally for db_dump from a later version of
.\" the DB, so many of these initial macros are now defunct. (jdg, 2/06)
.\"
.\" We don't want hyphenation for any HTML documents.
.if !d HTML .ds HTML
.ie '\*[HTML]'YES'\{\
.de Hy
..
.de Nh
..
.nh
\}
.el\{\
.de Hy
.hy
..
.de Nh
.nh
..
\}
.\" The alternative text macro
.\" This macro takes two arguments:
.\"	+ the text produced if this is a "C" manpage
.\"	+ the text produced if this is a "CXX" or "JAVA" manpage
.\"
.de Al
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{\\$1
\}
.el\{\\$2
\}
..
.\" Scoped name macro.
.\" Produces a_b, a::b, a.b depending on language
.\" This macro takes two arguments:
.\"	+ the class or prefix (without underscore)
.\"	+ the name within the class or following the prefix
.de Sc
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{\\$1_\\$2
\}
.el\{\
.ie '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{\\$1::\\$2
\}
.el\{\\$1.\\$2
\}
\}
..
.\" Scoped name for Java.
.\" Produces Db.b, for Java, otherwise just b.  This macro is used for
.\" constants that must be scoped in Java, but are global otherwise.
.\" This macro takes two arguments:
.\"	+ the class
.\"	+ the name within the class or following the prefix
.de Sj
.ie '\*[TYPE]'JAVA'\{\
.TP 5
Db.\\$1\}
.el\{\
.TP 5
\\$1\}
..
.\" The general information text macro.
.de Gn
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{The DB library is a family of groups of functions that provides a modular
programming interface to transactions and record-oriented file access.
The library includes support for transactions, locking, logging and file
page caching, as well as various indexed access methods.
Many of the functional groups (e.g., the file page caching functions)
are useful independent of the other DB functions,
although some functional groups are explicitly based on other functional
groups (e.g., transactions and logging).
\}
.el\{The DB library is a family of classes that provides a modular
programming interface to transactions and record-oriented file access.
The library includes support for transactions, locking, logging and file
page caching, as well as various indexed access methods.
Many of the classes (e.g., the file page caching class)
are useful independent of the other DB classes,
although some classes are explicitly based on other classes
(e.g., transactions and logging).
\}
..
.\" The library error macro, the local error macro.
.\" These macros take one argument:
.\"	+ the function name.
.de Ee
The
.I \\$1
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{function may fail and return
.I errno
\}
.el\{method may fail and throw a
.IR DbException (3)
.if '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{
or return
.I errno
\}
\}
for any of the errors specified for the following DB and library functions:
..
.de Ec
In addition, the
.I \\$1
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{function may fail and return
.I errno
\}
.el\{method may fail and throw a
.IR DbException (3)
.ie '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{or return
.I errno
\}
.el\{encapsulating an
.I errno
\}
\}
for the following conditions:
..
.de Ea
[EAGAIN]
A lock was unavailable.
..
.de Eb
[EBUSY]
The shared memory region was in use and the force flag was not set.
..
.de Em
[EAGAIN]
The shared memory region was locked and (repeatedly) unavailable.
..
.de Ei
[EINVAL]
An invalid flag value or parameter was specified.
..
.de Es
[EACCES]
An attempt was made to modify a read-only database.
..
.de Et
The DB_THREAD flag was specified and spinlocks are not implemented for
this architecture.
..
.de Ep
[EPERM]
Database corruption was detected.
All subsequent database calls (other than
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{\
.IR DB->close )
\}
.el\{\
.IR Db::close )
\}
will return EPERM.
..
.de Ek
.if '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{\
Methods marked as returning
.I errno
will, by default, throw an exception that encapsulates the error information.
The default error behavior can be changed, see
.IR DbException (3).
\}
..
.\" The SEE ALSO text macro
.de Sa
.nh
.na
.IR db_archive (1),
.IR db_checkpoint (1),
.IR db_deadlock (1),
.IR db_dump (1),
.IR db_load (1),
.IR db_recover (1),
.IR db_stat (1).
(Note that on Debian systems, some of these manpages and programs have
been renamed to things like
.B db4.3_stat
to distinguish between the multiple DB versions.)
.ad
.Hy
..
.\" The function header macro.
.\" This macro takes one argument:
.\"	+ the function name.
.de Fn
.in 2
.I \\$1
.in
..
.\" The XXX_open function text macro, for merged create/open calls.
.\" This macro takes two arguments:
.\"	+ the interface, e.g., "transaction region"
.\"	+ the prefix, e.g., "txn" (or the class name for C++, e.g., "DbTxn")
.de Co
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{\
.Fn \\$2_open
The
.I \\$2_open
function copies a pointer, to the \\$1 identified by the
.B directory
.IR dir ,
into the memory location referenced by
.IR regionp .
.PP
If the
.I dbenv
argument to
.I \\$2_open
was initialized using
.IR db_appinit ,
.I dir
is interpreted as described by
.IR db_appinit (3).
\}
.el\{\
.Fn \\$2::open
The
.I \\$2::open
.ie '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{\
method copies a pointer, to the \\$1 identified by the
.B directory
.IR dir ,
into the memory location referenced by
.IR regionp .
\}
.el\{\
method returns a \\$1 identified by the
.B directory
.IR dir .
\}
.PP
If the
.I dbenv
argument to
.I \\$2::open
was initialized using
.IR DbEnv::appinit ,
.I dir
is interpreted as described by
.IR DbEnv (3).
\}
.PP
Otherwise,
if
.I dir
is not NULL,
it is interpreted relative to the current working directory of the process.
If
.I dir
is NULL,
the following environment variables are checked in order:
``TMPDIR'', ``TEMP'', and ``TMP''.
If one of them is set,
\\$1 files are created relative to the directory it specifies.
If none of them are set, the first possible one of the following
directories is used:
.IR /var/tmp ,
.IR /usr/tmp ,
.IR /temp ,
.IR /tmp ,
.I C:/temp
and
.IR C:/tmp .
.PP
All files associated with the \\$1 are created in this directory.
This directory must already exist when
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{
\\$1_open
\}
.el\{\
\\$2::open
\}
is called.
If the \\$1 already exists,
the process must have permission to read and write the existing files.
If the \\$1 does not already exist,
it is optionally created and initialized.
..
.\" The common close language macro, for discarding created regions
.\" This macro takes one argument:
.\"	+ the function prefix, e.g., txn (the class name for C++, e.g., DbTxn)
.de Cc
In addition, if the
.I dir
argument to
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{\
.ds Va db_appinit
.ds Vo \\$1_open
.ds Vu \\$1_unlink
\}
.el\{\
.ds Va DbEnv::appinit
.ds Vo \\$1::open
.ds Vu \\$1::unlink
\}
.I \\*(Vo
was NULL
and
.I dbenv
was not initialized using
.IR \\*(Va ,
.if '\\$1'memp'\{\
or the DB_MPOOL_PRIVATE flag was set,
\}
all files created for this shared region will be removed,
as if
.I \\*(Vu
were called.
.rm Va
.rm Vo
.rm Vu
..
.\" The DB_ENV information macro.
.\" This macro takes two arguments:
.\"	+ the function called to open, e.g., "txn_open"
.\"	+ the function called to close, e.g., "txn_close"
.de En
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{\
based on the
.I dbenv
argument to
.IR \\$1 ,
which is a pointer to a structure of type DB_ENV (typedef'd in <db.h>).
Applications will normally use the same DB_ENV structure (initialized
by
.IR db_appinit (3)),
as an argument to all of the subsystems in the DB package.
.PP
References to the DB_ENV structure are maintained by DB,
so it may not be discarded until the last close function,
corresponding to an open function for which it was an argument,
has returned.
In order to ensure compatibility with future releases of DB, all fields of
the DB_ENV structure that are not explicitly set should be initialized to 0
before the first time the structure is used.
Do this by declaring the structure external or static, or by calling the C
library routine
.IR bzero (3)
or
.IR memset (3).
.PP
The fields of the DB_ENV structure used by
.I \\$1
are described below.
.if '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{\
As references to the DB_ENV structure may be maintained by
.IR \\$1 ,
it is necessary that the DB_ENV structure and memory it references be valid
until the
.I \\$2
function is called.
\}
.ie '\\$1'db_appinit'\{The
.I dbenv
argument may not be NULL.
If any of the fields of the
.I dbenv
are set to 0,
defaults appropriate for the system are used where possible.
\}
.el\{If
.I dbenv
is NULL
or any of its fields are set to 0,
defaults appropriate for the system are used where possible.
\}
.PP
The following fields in the DB_ENV structure may be initialized before calling
.IR \\$1 :
\}
.el\{\
based on which set methods have been used.
It is expected that applications will use a single DbEnv object as the
argument to all of the subsystems in the DB package.
The fields of the DbEnv object used by
.I \\$1
are described below.
As references to the DbEnv object may be maintained by
.IR \\$1 ,
it is necessary that the DbEnv object and memory it references be valid
until the object is destroyed.
.ie '\\$1'appinit'\{\
The
.I dbenv
argument may not be NULL.
If any of the fields of the
.I dbenv
are set to 0,
defaults appropriate for the system are used where possible.
\}
.el\{\
Any of the DbEnv fields that are not explicitly set will default to
appropriate values.
\}
.PP
The following fields in the DbEnv object may be initialized, using the
appropriate set method, before calling
.IR \\$1 :
\}
..
.\" The DB_ENV common fields macros.
.de Se
.if '\*[TYPE]'JAVA'\{\
.TP 5
DbErrcall db_errcall;
.ns
.TP 5
String db_errpfx;
.ns
.TP 5
int db_verbose;
The error fields of the DbEnv behave as described for
.IR DbEnv (3).
\}
.ie '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{\
.TP 5
void *(*db_errcall)(char *db_errpfx, char *buffer);
.ns
.TP 5
FILE *db_errfile;
.ns
.TP 5
const char *db_errpfx;
.ns
.TP 5
class ostream *db_error_stream;
.ns
.TP 5
int db_verbose;
The error fields of the DbEnv behave as described for
.IR DbEnv (3).
\}
.el\{\
void *(*db_errcall)(char *db_errpfx, char *buffer);
.ns
.TP 5
FILE *db_errfile;
.ns
.TP 5
const char *db_errpfx;
.ns
.TP 5
int db_verbose;
The error fields of the DB_ENV behave as described for
.IR db_appinit (3).
.sp
\}
..
.\" The open flags.
.de Fm
The
.I flags
and
.I mode
arguments specify how files will be opened and/or created when they
don't already exist.
The flags value is specified by
.BR or 'ing
together one or more of the following values:
.Sj DB_CREATE
Create any underlying files, as necessary.
If the files do not already exist and the DB_CREATE flag is not specified,
the call will fail.
..
.\" DB_THREAD open flag macro.
.\" This macro takes two arguments:
.\"	+ the open function name
.\"	+ the object it returns.
.de Ft
.TP 5
.Sj DB_THREAD
Cause the \\$2 handle returned by the
.I \\$1
.Al function method
to be useable by multiple threads within a single address space,
i.e., to be ``free-threaded''.
.if '\*[TYPE]'JAVA'\{\
Threading is assumed in the Java API,
so no special flags are required,
and DB functions will always behave as if the DB_THREAD flag was specified.
\}
..
.\" The mode macro.
.\" This macro takes one argument:
.\"	+ the subsystem name.
.de Mo
All files created by the \\$1 are created with mode
.I mode
(as described in
.IR chmod (2))
and modified by the process' umask value at the time of creation (see
.IR umask (2)).
The group ownership of created files is based on the system and directory
defaults, and is not further specified by DB.
..
.\" The application exits macro.
.\" This macro takes one argument:
.\"	+ the application name.
.de Ex
The
.I \\$1
utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
..
.\" The application -h section.
.\" This macro takes one argument:
.\"	+ the application name
.de Dh
DB_HOME
If the
.B \-h
option is not specified and the environment variable
.I DB_HOME
is set, it is used as the path of the database home, as described in
.IR db_appinit (3).
..
.\" The function DB_HOME ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES section.
.\" This macro takes one argument:
.\"	+ the open function name
.de Eh
DB_HOME
If the
.I dbenv
argument to
.I \\$1
was initialized using
.IR db_appinit ,
the environment variable DB_HOME may be used as the path of the database
home for the interpretation of the
.I dir
argument to
.IR \\$1 ,
as described in
.IR db_appinit (3).
.if \\n(.$>1 \{Specifically,
.I \\$1
is affected by the configuration string value of \\$2.\}
..
.\" The function TMPDIR ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES section.
.\" This macro takes two arguments:
.\"	+ the interface, e.g., "transaction region"
.\"	+ the prefix, e.g., "txn" (or the class name for C++, e.g., "DbTxn")
.de Ev
TMPDIR
If the
.I dbenv
argument to
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{\
.ds Vo \\$2_open
\}
.el\{\
.ds Vo \\$2::open
\}
.I \\*(Vo
was NULL or not initialized using
.IR db_appinit ,
the environment variable TMPDIR may be used as the directory in which to
create the \\$1,
as described in the
.I \\*(Vo
section above.
.rm Vo
..
.\" The unused flags macro.
.de Fl
The
.I flags
parameter is currently unused, and must be set to 0.
..
.\" The no-space TP macro.
.de Nt
.br
.ns
.TP 5
..
.\" The return values of the functions macros.
.\" Rc is the standard two-value return with a suffix for more values.
.\" Ro is the standard two-value return but there were previous values.
.\" Rt is the standard two-value return, returning errno, 0, or < 0.
.\" These macros take one argument:
.\"	+ the routine name
.de Rc
The
.I \\$1
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{function returns the value of
.I errno
on failure,
0 on success,
\}
.el\{method throws a
.IR DbException (3)
.ie '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{or returns the value of
.I errno
on failure,
0 on success,
\}
.el\{that encapsulates an
.I errno
on failure,
\}
\}
..
.de Ro
Otherwise, the
.I \\$1
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{function returns the value of
.I errno
on failure and 0 on success.
\}
.el\{method throws a
.IR DbException (3)
.ie '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{or returns the value of
.I errno
on failure and 0 on success.
\}
.el\{that encapsulates an
.I errno
on failure,
\}
\}
..
.de Rt
The
.I \\$1
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{function returns the value of
.I errno
on failure and 0 on success.
\}
.el\{method throws a
.IR DbException (3)
.ie '\*[TYPE]'CXX'\{or returns the value of
.I errno
on failure and 0 on success.
\}
.el\{that encapsulates an
.I errno
on failure.
\}
\}
..
.\" The TXN id macro.
.de Tx
.IP
If the file is being accessed under transaction protection,
the
.I txnid
parameter is a transaction ID returned from
.IR txn_begin ,
otherwise, NULL.
..
.\" The XXX_unlink function text macro.
.\" This macro takes two arguments:
.\"	+ the interface, e.g., "transaction region"
.\"	+ the prefix (for C++, this is the class name)
.de Un
.ie '\*[TYPE]'C'\{\
.ds Va db_appinit
.ds Vc \\$2_close
.ds Vo \\$2_open
.ds Vu \\$2_unlink
\}
.el\{\
.ds Va DbEnv::appinit
.ds Vc \\$2::close
.ds Vo \\$2::open
.ds Vu \\$2::unlink
\}
.Fn \\*(Vu
The
.I \\*(Vu
.Al function method
destroys the \\$1 identified by the directory
.IR dir ,
removing all files used to implement the \\$1.
.ie '\\$2'log' \{(The log files themselves and the directory
.I dir
are not removed.)\}
.el \{(The directory
.I dir
is not removed.)\}
If there are processes that have called
.I \\*(Vo
without calling
.I \\*(Vc
(i.e., there are processes currently using the \\$1),
.I \\*(Vu
will fail without further action,
unless the force flag is set,
in which case
.I \\*(Vu
will attempt to remove the \\$1 files regardless of any processes
still using the \\$1.
.PP
The result of attempting to forcibly destroy the region when a process
has the region open is unspecified.
Processes using a shared memory region maintain an open file descriptor
for it.
On UNIX systems, the region removal should succeed
and processes that have already joined the region should continue to
run in the region without change,
however processes attempting to join the \\$1 will either fail or
attempt to create a new region.
On other systems, e.g., WNT, where the
.IR unlink (2)
system call will fail if any process has an open file descriptor
for the file,
the region removal will fail.
.PP
In the case of catastrophic or system failure,
database recovery must be performed (see
.IR db_recover (1)
or the DB_RECOVER and DB_RECOVER_FATAL flags to
.IR \\*(Va (3)).
Alternatively, if recovery is not required because no database state is
maintained across failures,
it is possible to clean up a \\$1 by removing all of the
files in the directory specified to the
.I \\*(Vo
.Al function, method,
as \\$1 files are never created in any directory other than the one
specified to
.IR \\*(Vo .
Note, however,
that this has the potential to remove files created by the other DB
subsystems in this database environment.
.PP
.Rt \\*(Vu
.rm Va
.rm Vo
.rm Vu
.rm Vc
..
.\" Signal paragraph for standard utilities.
.\" This macro takes one argument:
.\"	+ the utility name.
.de Si
The
.I \\$1
utility attaches to DB shared memory regions.
In order to avoid region corruption,
it should always be given the chance to detach and exit gracefully.
To cause
.I \\$1
to clean up after itself and exit,
send it an interrupt signal (SIGINT).
..
.\" Logging paragraph for standard utilities.
.\" This macro takes one argument:
.\"	+ the utility name.
.de Pi
.B \-L
Log the execution of the \\$1 utility to the specified file in the
following format, where ``###'' is the process ID, and the date is
the time the utility starting running.
.sp
\\$1: ### Wed Jun 15 01:23:45 EDT 1995
.sp
This file will be removed if the \\$1 utility exits gracefully.
..
.\" Malloc paragraph.
.\" This macro takes one argument:
.\"	+ the allocated object
.de Ma
.if !'\*[TYPE]'JAVA'\{\
\\$1 are created in allocated memory.
If
.I db_malloc
is non-NULL,
it is called to allocate the memory,
otherwise,
the library function
.IR malloc (3)
is used.
The function
.I db_malloc
must match the calling conventions of the
.IR malloc (3)
library routine.
Regardless,
the caller is responsible for deallocating the returned memory.
To deallocate the returned memory,
free each returned memory pointer;
pointers inside the memory do not need to be individually freed.
\}
..
.\" Underlying function paragraph.
.\" This macro takes two arguments:
.\"	+ the function name
.\"	+ the utility name
.de Uf
The
.I \\$1
.Al function method
is the underlying function used by the
.IR \\$2 (1)
utility.
See the source code for the
.I \\$2
utility for an example of using
.I \\$1
in a UNIX environment.
..
.\" Underlying function paragraph, for C++.
.\" This macro takes three arguments:
.\"	+ the C++ method name
.\"	+ the function name for C
.\"	+ the utility name
.de Ux
The
.I \\$1
method is based on the C
.I \\$2
function, which
is the underlying function used by the
.IR \\$3 (1)
utility.
See the source code for the
.I \\$3
utility for an example of using
.I \\$2
in a UNIX environment.
..
.TH DB_DUMP185 1 "April 10, 1998"
.UC 7
.SH NAME
db_dump185 \- dump DB 1.85 legacy database files
.SH SYNOPSIS
\fBdb_dump185\fP [\fB-p\fP] [\fB-f output\fP] db_file
.SH DESCRIPTION
The
.I db_dump185
utility reads the version 1.85 database file
.I db_file
and writes it to the standard output using a portable flat-text format
understood by the
.IR db_load (1)
utility.
The argument
.I db_file
must be a file produced using the version 1.85
.I DB
library functions.
.PP
The options are as follows:
.TP 5
.B \-f
Write to the specified
.I file
instead of to the standard output.
.TP 5
.B \-p
If characters in either the key or data items are printing characters
(as defined by
.IR isprint (3)),
use printing characters in
.I file
to represent them.
This option permits users to use standard text editors to modify
the contents of databases.
.IP
Note, different systems may have different notions as to what characters
are ``printing'', and databases dumped in this manner may be less portable
to external systems.
.PP
Dumping and reloading hash databases that use user-defined hash functions
will result in new databases that use the default hash function.
While using the default hash function may not be optimal for the new database,
it will continue to work correctly.
.PP
Dumping and reloading btree databases that use user-defined prefix or
comparison functions will result in new databases that use the default
prefix and comparison functions.
.ft B
In this case, it is quite likely that the database will be damaged
beyond repair permitting neither record storage or retrieval.
.ft R
.PP
The only available workaround for either case is to modify the sources
for the
.IR db_load (1)
utility to load the database using the correct hash, prefix and comparison
functions.
.PP
.Ex db_dump
.SH "OUTPUT FORMATS
There are two output formats used by
.IR db_dump .
.PP
In both output formats, the first few lines of the output contain
header information describing the underlying access method, filesystem page
size and other bookkeeping information.
This information is output in ``name=value'' pairs, where ``name'' may
be any of the keywords listed in the
.IR db_load (1)
manual page, and ``value'' will be its value.
While this header information can be edited before the database is
reloaded,
there is rarely any reason to do so, as all of this information can be
overridden by command-line arguments to
.IR db_load .
.PP
Following the header information are the key/data pairs from the database.
If the database being dumped is of type
.B btree
or
.BR hash ,
the output will be paired lines of text,
where the first line of the pair is the key item,
and the second line of the pair is its corresponding data item.
If the database being dumped is of type
.BR recno ,
the output will be lines of text,
where each line is a new data item for the database.
.PP
If the
.B \-p
option was specified, each output line will consist of single characters
representing any characters from the database that were ``printing'',
and backslash (``\e'') escaped characters for any that were not.
Backslash characters appearing in the output mean one of two things:
if the backslash character precedes another backslash character,
it means that a literal backslash character occurred in the key or data
item.
If the backslash character precedes any other character,
the next two characters should be interpreted as hexadecimal specification
of a single character, e.g., ``\e0a'' is a newline character in the ASCII
character set.
.PP
If the
.B \-p
option was not specified, each output line will consist of paired hexadecimal
values, e.g., the line ``726f6f74'' is the string ``root'' in the ASCII
character set.
.PP
In both output formats,
a single newline character ends both the key and data items.
.SH "SEE ALSO"
.IR isprint (3)
.PP
.Gn
.PP
.Sa