File: dbus-send.c

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/* -*- mode: C; c-file-style: "gnu"; indent-tabs-mode: nil; -*- */
/* dbus-send.c  Utility program to send messages from the command line
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2003 Philip Blundell <philb@gnu.org>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 *
 */

#include <config.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <dbus/dbus.h>

#include "dbus-print-message.h"

static const char *appname;

static void
usage (int ecode)
{
  fprintf (stderr, "Usage: %s [--help] [--system | --session] [--dest=NAME] [--type=TYPE] [--print-reply=(literal)] [--reply-timeout=MSEC] <destination object path> <message name> [contents ...]\n", appname);
  exit (ecode);
}

static void
append_arg (DBusMessageIter *iter, int type, const char *value)
{
  dbus_uint16_t uint16;
  dbus_int16_t int16;
  dbus_uint32_t uint32;
  dbus_int32_t int32;
  dbus_uint64_t uint64;
  dbus_int64_t int64;
  double d;
  unsigned char byte;
  dbus_bool_t v_BOOLEAN;
  
  /* FIXME - we are ignoring OOM returns on all these functions */
  switch (type)
    {
    case DBUS_TYPE_BYTE:
      byte = strtoul (value, NULL, 0);
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_BYTE, &byte);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_DOUBLE:
      d = strtod (value, NULL);
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_DOUBLE, &d);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_INT16:
      int16 = strtol (value, NULL, 0);
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_INT16, &int16);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_UINT16:
      uint16 = strtoul (value, NULL, 0);
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_UINT16, &uint16);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_INT32:
      int32 = strtol (value, NULL, 0);
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_INT32, &int32);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_UINT32:
      uint32 = strtoul (value, NULL, 0);
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_UINT32, &uint32);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_INT64:
      int64 = strtoll (value, NULL, 0);
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_INT64, &int64);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_UINT64:
      uint64 = strtoull (value, NULL, 0);
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_UINT64, &uint64);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_STRING:
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_STRING, &value);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH:
      dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH, &value);
      break;

    case DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN:
      if (strcmp (value, "true") == 0)
	{
	  v_BOOLEAN = TRUE;
	  dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN, &v_BOOLEAN);
	}
      else if (strcmp (value, "false") == 0)
	{
	  v_BOOLEAN = FALSE;
	  dbus_message_iter_append_basic (iter, DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN, &v_BOOLEAN);
	}
      else
	{
	  fprintf (stderr, "%s: Expected \"true\" or \"false\" instead of \"%s\"\n", appname, value);
	  exit (1);
	}
      break;

    default:
      fprintf (stderr, "%s: Unsupported data type %c\n", appname, (char) type);
      exit (1);
    }
}

static void
append_array (DBusMessageIter *iter, int type, const char *value)
{
  const char *val;
  char *dupval = strdup (value);

  val = strtok (dupval, ",");
  while (val != NULL)
    {
      append_arg (iter, type, val);
      val = strtok (NULL, ",");
    }
  free (dupval);
}

static void
append_dict (DBusMessageIter *iter, int keytype, int valtype, const char *value)
{
  const char *val;
  char *dupval = strdup (value);

  val = strtok (dupval, ",");
  while (val != NULL)
    {
      DBusMessageIter subiter;
      
      dbus_message_iter_open_container (iter,
					DBUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY,
					NULL,
					&subiter);

      append_arg (&subiter, keytype, val);
      val = strtok (NULL, ",");
      if (val == NULL)
	{
	  fprintf (stderr, "%s: Malformed dictionary\n", appname);
	  exit (1);
	}
      append_arg (&subiter, valtype, val);

      dbus_message_iter_close_container (iter, &subiter);
      val = strtok (NULL, ",");
    } 
  free (dupval);
}

static int
type_from_name (const char *arg)
{
  int type;
  if (!strcmp (arg, "string"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_STRING;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "int16"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_INT16;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "uint16"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_UINT16;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "int32"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_INT32;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "uint32"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_UINT32;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "int64"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_INT64;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "uint64"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_UINT64;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "double"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_DOUBLE;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "byte"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_BYTE;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "boolean"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_BOOLEAN;
  else if (!strcmp (arg, "objpath"))
    type = DBUS_TYPE_OBJECT_PATH;
  else
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "%s: Unknown type \"%s\"\n", appname, arg);
      exit (1);
    }
  return type;
}

int
main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
  DBusConnection *connection;
  DBusError error;
  DBusMessage *message;
  int print_reply;
  int print_reply_literal;
  int reply_timeout;
  DBusMessageIter iter;
  int i;
  DBusBusType type = DBUS_BUS_SESSION;
  const char *dest = NULL;
  const char *name = NULL;
  const char *path = NULL;
  int message_type = DBUS_MESSAGE_TYPE_SIGNAL;
  const char *type_str = NULL;

  appname = argv[0];
  
  if (argc < 3)
    usage (1);

  print_reply = FALSE;
  print_reply_literal = FALSE;
  reply_timeout = -1;
  
  for (i = 1; i < argc && name == NULL; i++)
    {
      char *arg = argv[i];

      if (strcmp (arg, "--system") == 0)
	type = DBUS_BUS_SYSTEM;
      else if (strcmp (arg, "--session") == 0)
	type = DBUS_BUS_SESSION;
      else if (strncmp (arg, "--print-reply", 13) == 0)
	{
	  print_reply = TRUE;
	  message_type = DBUS_MESSAGE_TYPE_METHOD_CALL;
	  if (*(arg + 13) != '\0')
	    print_reply_literal = TRUE;
	}
      else if (strstr (arg, "--reply-timeout=") == arg)
	{
	  reply_timeout = strtol (strchr (arg, '=') + 1,
				  NULL, 10);
	}
      else if (strstr (arg, "--dest=") == arg)
	dest = strchr (arg, '=') + 1;
      else if (strstr (arg, "--type=") == arg)
	type_str = strchr (arg, '=') + 1;
      else if (!strcmp(arg, "--help"))
	usage (0);
      else if (arg[0] == '-')
	usage (1);
      else if (path == NULL)
        path = arg;
      else if (name == NULL)
        name = arg;
      else
        usage (1);
    }

  if (name == NULL)
    usage (1);

  if (type_str != NULL)
    {
      message_type = dbus_message_type_from_string (type_str);
      if (!(message_type == DBUS_MESSAGE_TYPE_METHOD_CALL ||
            message_type == DBUS_MESSAGE_TYPE_SIGNAL))
        {
          fprintf (stderr, "Message type \"%s\" is not supported\n",
                   type_str);
          exit (1);
        }
    }
  
  dbus_error_init (&error);
  connection = dbus_bus_get (type, &error);
  if (connection == NULL)
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "Failed to open connection to %s message bus: %s\n",
	       (type == DBUS_BUS_SYSTEM) ? "system" : "session",
               error.message);
      dbus_error_free (&error);
      exit (1);
    }

  if (message_type == DBUS_MESSAGE_TYPE_METHOD_CALL)
    {
      char *last_dot;

      last_dot = strrchr (name, '.');
      if (last_dot == NULL)
        {
          fprintf (stderr, "Must use org.mydomain.Interface.Method notation, no dot in \"%s\"\n",
                   name);
          exit (1);
        }
      *last_dot = '\0';
      
      message = dbus_message_new_method_call (NULL,
                                              path,
                                              name,
                                              last_dot + 1);
      dbus_message_set_auto_start (message, TRUE);
    }
  else if (message_type == DBUS_MESSAGE_TYPE_SIGNAL)
    {
      char *last_dot;

      last_dot = strrchr (name, '.');
      if (last_dot == NULL)
        {
          fprintf (stderr, "Must use org.mydomain.Interface.Signal notation, no dot in \"%s\"\n",
                   name);
          exit (1);
        }
      *last_dot = '\0';
      
      message = dbus_message_new_signal (path, name, last_dot + 1);
    }
  else
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "Internal error, unknown message type\n");
      exit (1);
    }

  if (message == NULL)
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "Couldn't allocate D-Bus message\n");
      exit (1);
    }

  if (dest && !dbus_message_set_destination (message, dest))
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "Not enough memory\n");
      exit (1);
    }
  
  dbus_message_iter_init_append (message, &iter);

  while (i < argc)
    {
      char *arg;
      char *c;
      int type;
      int secondary_type;
      int container_type;
      DBusMessageIter *target_iter;
      DBusMessageIter container_iter;

      type = DBUS_TYPE_INVALID;
      arg = argv[i++];
      c = strchr (arg, ':');

      if (c == NULL)
	{
	  fprintf (stderr, "%s: Data item \"%s\" is badly formed\n", argv[0], arg);
	  exit (1);
	}

      *(c++) = 0;

      container_type = DBUS_TYPE_INVALID;

      if (strcmp (arg, "variant") == 0)
	container_type = DBUS_TYPE_VARIANT;
      else if (strcmp (arg, "array") == 0)
	container_type = DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY;
      else if (strcmp (arg, "dict") == 0)
	container_type = DBUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY;

      if (container_type != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)
	{
	  arg = c;
	  c = strchr (arg, ':');
	  if (c == NULL)
	    {
	      fprintf (stderr, "%s: Data item \"%s\" is badly formed\n", argv[0], arg);
	      exit (1);
	    }
	  *(c++) = 0;
	}

      if (arg[0] == 0)
	type = DBUS_TYPE_STRING;
      else
	type = type_from_name (arg);

      if (container_type == DBUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY)
	{
	  char sig[5];
	  arg = c;
	  c = strchr (c, ':');
	  if (c == NULL)
	    {
	      fprintf (stderr, "%s: Data item \"%s\" is badly formed\n", argv[0], arg);
	      exit (1);
	    }
	  *(c++) = 0;
	  secondary_type = type_from_name (arg);
	  sig[0] = DBUS_DICT_ENTRY_BEGIN_CHAR;
	  sig[1] = type;
	  sig[2] = secondary_type;
	  sig[3] = DBUS_DICT_ENTRY_END_CHAR;
	  sig[4] = '\0';
	  dbus_message_iter_open_container (&iter,
					    DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY,
					    sig,
					    &container_iter);
	  target_iter = &container_iter;
	}
      else if (container_type != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)
	{
	  char sig[2];
	  sig[0] = type;
	  sig[1] = '\0';
	  dbus_message_iter_open_container (&iter,
					    container_type,
					    sig,
					    &container_iter);
	  target_iter = &container_iter;
	}
      else
	target_iter = &iter;

      if (container_type == DBUS_TYPE_ARRAY)
	{
	  append_array (target_iter, type, c);
	}
      else if (container_type == DBUS_TYPE_DICT_ENTRY)
	{
	  append_dict (target_iter, type, secondary_type, c);
	}
      else
	append_arg (target_iter, type, c);

      if (container_type != DBUS_TYPE_INVALID)
	{
	  dbus_message_iter_close_container (&iter,
					     &container_iter);
	}
    }

  if (print_reply)
    {
      DBusMessage *reply;

      dbus_error_init (&error);
      reply = dbus_connection_send_with_reply_and_block (connection,
                                                         message, reply_timeout,
                                                         &error);
      if (dbus_error_is_set (&error))
        {
          fprintf (stderr, "Error %s: %s\n",
		   error.name,
                   error.message);
          exit (1);
        }

      if (reply)
        {
          print_message (reply, print_reply_literal);
          dbus_message_unref (reply);
        }
    }
  else
    {
      dbus_connection_send (connection, message, NULL);
      dbus_connection_flush (connection);
    }

  dbus_message_unref (message);

  dbus_connection_unref (connection);

  exit (0);
}