File: cdcc.8

package info (click to toggle)
dcc 1.2.74-2
  • links: PTS
  • area: main
  • in suites: sarge
  • size: 3,552 kB
  • ctags: 4,041
  • sloc: ansic: 41,034; perl: 2,310; sh: 2,186; makefile: 224
file content (561 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 15,879 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (4)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
.\" Copyright (c) 2005 by Rhyolite Software
.\"
.\" Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
.\" purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
.\" copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
.\"
.\" THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND RHYOLITE SOFTWARE DISCLAIMS ALL
.\" WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES
.\" OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL RHYOLITE SOFTWARE
.\" BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
.\" OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS,
.\" WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION,
.\" ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS
.\" SOFTWARE.
.\"
.\" Rhyolite Software DCC 1.2.74-1.60 $Revision$
.\"
.Dd 2005/03/02 20:42:34
.ds volume-ds-DCC Distributed Checksum Clearinghouse
.Dt cdcc 8 DCC
.Sh NAME
.Nm cdcc
.Nd Control Distributed Checksum Clearinghouse
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm cdcc
.Op Fl Vdq
.Op Fl h Ar homedir
.Op Fl c Ar ids
.Op Ar op1 op2 ... Op Ar -
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm Cdcc
is used to clear, control, and query the control file used
by Distributed Checksum Clearinghouse
clients such as
.Xr dccm 8 .
The host names, UDP port numbers, IDs, and passwords local clients use
to talk to servers as well as IP addresses, round trip times, and other
information are contained in the
.Pa map
file.
While
.Nm
is set-UID, it uses the real UID only when accessing the
.Pa map
file.
It refuses to display sensitive information such as passwords
unless the real UID is the same as the effective UID.
Note that
.Nm
needs to be set to a UID that can read and write the
.Pa map
file, but that UID need not be 0.
.Pp
.Nm Cdcc
is also used to send commands to DCC servers to tell them
to stop, reload their lists of DCC IDs, turn on tracing, and so forth.
.Pp
Many commands sent to DCC servers require a numeric DCC ID
and a password recognized by the server.
A DCC password is a 1-32 character string that does not contain
blank, tab, newline or carriage return characters.
The ID is specified with the
.Ic id
operation.
If
.Nm cdcc
is run with a real UID that can read the
.Pa ids
file and a password is not specified
(see the
.Ic password
operation),
then the current password for the specified ID in the
.Pa ids
file will be used.
If no
.Pa ids
file is available and a password and DCC ID are not specified,
.Nm
uses the anonymous DCC client-ID.
DCC servers do not expect a password from clients using the
anonymous client-ID,
but they also won't honor control requests.
.Pp
Operations that modify the
.Pa map
file can only be performed when
the real UID is sufficient to modify the file directly.
Trying to perform an operation that requires a password without
specifying a server-ID or without using a UID that can access the
.Pa ids
file produces an error message complaining
about a "privileged operation."
.Pp
Commands and operations are read from the command line or from stdin.
A series of
.Ar op1 op2 ...
operations followed a
.Ar -
(a dash) causes operations to be read from stdin after the command line
operations are processed.
Semi-colons or newlines separate commands in UNIX command-line "words,"
as well as when commands are read from stdin.
Since each command line operation must be a shell "word," quotes are
often required as in
.Bd -ragged -offset indent
% cdcc
.Qq load map.txt
.Ed
or
.Bd -ragged -offset indent
% cdcc
.Qq host localhost;info
stats
.Ed
.Ss OPTIONS
The following options are available:
.Bl -tag -width 3n
.It Fl V
displays the version of the DCC controller.
.It Fl d
enables debugging output from the DCC client library.
Additional
.Fl d
options increase the number of messages.
.Fl q
quiets initial complaints about the map file,
and some messages about successful commands.
.It Fl h Ar homedir
overrides the default DCC home directory, which is often /var/dcc.
See the
.Ic homedir
operation.
.It Fl c Ar ids
specifies file containing DCC IDs and passwords known by the local DCC server.
An
.Pa ids
file that can be read by others cannot be used.
The format of the
.Pa ids
file is described in
.Xr dccd 8 .
.It Ar op1 op2 ...
are operations or commands such as "id\ 100;\ stop".
Commands or operations specified on the command line are performed
before the first interactive request.
The last command can be
.Ar "-"
to specify that additional commands should be read from stdin.
.El
.Ss OPERATIONS
Local operations include the following:
.Bl -tag -width info
.It Ic help Op Ar command
lists information about one or all available commands and operations.
.It Ic exit
stops
.Nm
.It Ic grey Op Ar on | off
switches between DCC and greylist servers.
.It Ic homedir Op Ar path
displays or specifies the DCC home directory.
.It Ic file Op Ar map
displays or specifies the name or path of the map file.
The string "-" specifies the default file
.Pa map
in the DCC home directory.
.It Ic new map Op Ar map
creates a new, empty file for DCC server host names,
port numbers, passwords, and so forth.
There must not already be a file of the same name.
The default is
.Pa map
in the DCC home directory.
.It Ic delete Ar host Ns Xo
.Ns Op , Ns Ar port
.Xc
deletes the entry in the
.Pa map
file for
.Ar host
and UDP
.Ar port.
If greylist mode has been set with the
.Ic grey\ on
command,
the entry for the grelist server at
.Ar host
is deleted.
.It Ic add Ar host Ns Xo
.Ns Op , Ns Ar port
.Op Ar RTT+adj Ns | Ns Ar RTT-adj
.Op Ar Greylist
.Op Ar client-ID Op password
.Xc
adds an entry to the
.Pa map
file.
The
.Ar port
can be "-" to specify the default DCC server port number.
.Pp
An adjustment to the round trip time is a multiple of 10 milliseconds
between -4000 and +4000 following the string
.Ar RTT .
The adjustment is added to the average measured round trip time when
the DCC client software picks the "nearest" DCC server, or the server
with the smallest RTT.
If an IP address is mentioned more than once in the list of servers,
for example because it is among the addresses for more than one server name,
conflicts among RTT adjustments are resolved by picking
the adjustment with the largest absolute value.
.Pp
.Ar Greylist
marks an entry for a greylist servers.
.Ar Greylist
is assumed if greylist mode has been set with
the
.Ic grey\ on
command,
See
.Xr dccd 8 .
.Pp
If both the client-ID and the password are absent,
the anonymous client-ID, 1, is used.
The string
.Ar anon
is equivalent to the anonymous client-ID.
A null password string is assumed if the password is missing
and the client-ID is 1 or also missing.
.It Ic load Ar info-file
loads the current parameter file with the host names, port numbers, IDs, and
passwords in
.Ar info-file .
Standard input is understood if
.Ar info-file
is "-".
.Pp
A suitable file can be created with the
.Ic info
operation.
It consists of blank lines and comment lines starting with '#'
other lines in the same format as the arguments to the
.Ic add
and
.Ic load
operations.
Note that output of the
.Ic info
command will lack passwords unless it is run by a privileged user.
.It Ic host Op Ar hostname
specifies the host name of the DCC server to which commands should be sent.
If
.Ar hostname
is "-", the current default DCC server is chosen.
.It Ic port Op Ar port
specifies the UDP port number of the DCC server to which commands should
be sent.
The default is 6277 or 6276 depending on the setting of the greylist
mode controlled with the
.Ic grey
command.
.It Ic password Ar secret
specifies the password with which to sign commands sent to the DCC
server specified with the
.Ic server
and
.Ic port
operations.
.It Ic id Op Ar ID
specifies or displays the numeric DCC ID for commands sent to the DCC
server specified with the
.Ic server
and
.Ic port
operations.
If no password is specified with the
.Ic password
command,
the password is sought in the local
.Pa ids .
.It Ic info Op Fl N
displays information about the connections to DCC servers.
It starts with the current date and name of the current
.Ar map
file or
says that
.Nm
is using the implicit file created with the
.Ic server
and
.Ic port
operations.
It then says when host names will next be resolved into IP addresses,
the smallest round trip time to the IP addresses of known DCC servers.
The host name, UDP port number (or dash if it is the default),
DCC client-ID, and password (if
.Nm
is used by a privileged user)
are shown in one line per configured DCC server.
.Pp
The currently preferred IP address is indicated by an asterisk.
The "brand" of the server, its DCC ID, and its IP address
are displayed in one line per IP address.
The performance of the server at each IP address in the most recent
32 operations is displayed in a second line.
The second line ends with the measured delay imposed by the server on requests
with this client's ID.
.Pp
.Fl N
displays the reverse DNS name of each server.
.It Ic RTT Op Fl N
measures the round trip time to the DCC servers.
It does this by discarding accumulated information and forcing
a probe of all listed server IP addresses.
.Pp
.Em Beware
that when run with sufficient privilege, the
.Ic RTT
operation is like the
.Ic info
and
.Ic load
operations and displays cleartext passwords.
.Pp
.Fl N
displays the reverse DNS name of each server.
.It Ic debug Op Ar on | off | TTL=x
increases or decreases debugging information from the DCC client library
or sets the IP TTL on queries to the server.
See
.Fl d .
.Pp
Some systems do not include the functions required to change the IP TTL.
Others apparently including Microsoft Windows XP include required functions
but have no apparent effect.
.It Ic IPv6 Op Ar on | off
sets a switch to cause clients using the map file to try to use IPv6.
.It Ic SOCKS Op Ar on off
sets a switch to cause DCC clients using the map to use the SOCKS5
protocol, if they have been built with a SOCKS library.
The socks library linked with the DCC client must be configured appropriately,
often including knowing which DCC servers must be connected via the
SOCKS proxy and which can be reached directly.
DCC clients use SOCKS functions such as Rsendto() with all or no servers
depending on the setting of this switch.
.El
.Pp
.Ss DCC SERVER COMMANDS
Commands that can be sent to a DCC server include the following.
Most of the commands must be used with the server's 
.Ar ID
specified with the
.Ic id
command.
The specified ID is included in the commands sent to the server
The command itself is digitally signed with the first password associated
with the ID in the
.Pa ids
file.
The server requires that the signature match one of the passwords associated
with the ID in its
.Pa ids
file.
.Bl -tag -width xxx
.It Ic delck type hex1 hex2 hex3 hex4
asks the server to delete the
.Ar type
checksum with value
.Ar hex1 hex2 hex3 hex4 .
The type and checksum values can be found in
.Xr dccproc 8
and
.Xr dccm 8
log files
or computed with
.Em dccproc\&-QC .
.Pp
There are very few situations where it makes sense to bother to delete
checksums.
For example, mail that was accidentally reported with a target
count of "MANY" is either private and so will not be seen by other
people and so will not be affected, or it is bulk and its source
so must have already been white-listed by recipients.
.It Ic stats Op Ar all | clear
displays current status and statistics from the current DCC server
or for
.Ar all
known DCC servers.
.It Ic clients Xo
.Op Fl n
.Op Fl s
.Op Fl i
.Op Fl a
.Op Ar max Op Ar thold
.Xc
displays some of the clients recently seen by the server.
.br
.Ic clients Fl n
displays only the IP addresses and not the names of clients.
.Ic clients Fl s
sorts the clients by the number of requests they have made.
.Ic clients Fl i
counts clients with the same client-ID as single entities.
.Ic clients Fl a
produces 24 hour average values.
.Ic clients Ar max
displays only the most recent
.Ar max
clients.
.Ic clients Ar max Ar thold
displays the most recent
.Ar max
clients that have made at least
.Ar thold
requests.
.Pp
The mechanism that implements this command involves
asking the DCC server for the first approximately 100 clients, then
the second about 100, and so on,
If entries change position in the complete list maintained by the server
between requests,
the displayed list will have duplicate or missing entries.
.Pp
Only clients heard from since the server was started or
.Ic stats clear
was last used are displayed.
.It Ic stop
tells the DCC server to exit.
.It Ic reload IDs
tells the DCC server to reload its DCC
.Pa ids
file.
This is handy to cause the server to notice changes in the file.
.It Ic flood check
tells the DCC server to check for changes in the
.Pa flod
file and try to restart any of the streams to peers that are broken.
.It Ic flood shutdown
tells the DCC server to cleanly stop flooding checksums to and from peers.
The server will wait for sending and receiving peers to agree to stop.
Each
.Ic flood shutdown
or
.Ic flood halt
request increases a count of reasons why the server should not
flood checksums.
.It Ic flood halt
tells the DCC server to abruptly stop flooding checksums to and from peers.
.It Ic flood rewind Ar server-ID
tells the DCC server to ask its peer with
.Ar server-ID
to rewind and resend its stream of checksums.
.It Ic flood ffwd in Ar server-ID
tells the DCC server to ask its peer to "fast forward" or skip to
the end of the incoming flood.
.It Ic flood ffwd out Ar server-ID
tells the DCC server to "fast forward" or skip to the current end
of the flood to its peer.
.It Ic flood resume
tells the DCC server to reduce the number of reasons to
not flood checksums increased by
.Ic flood shutdown
and
.Ic flood halt.
When the number of reasons reaches zero,
the server tries to resume flooding.
.It Ic flood list
displays the list of current incoming and outgoing floods.
Each line contains the server-ID of the peer,
the IP address and port used for the outgoing flood,
the address for the incoming flood if different,
and the host name.
Only the server-IDs of flooding peers are disclosed with the server's ID.
.It Ic flood stats Xo
.Op Ic clear
.No {
.Ar server-ID | all
.No }
.Xc
displays counts of checksum reports sent and received by the current
flooding connections to and from
.Ar server-ID
or
.Ar all
flooding connections
and then optionally clears the counts.
.It Ic DB unlock
is used by
.Nm dbclean
to tell the server that the database expiration has begun.
.It Ic DB new
is used by
.Nm dbclean
to tell the server that the database cleaning is complete.
.It Ic trace Ar mode {on|off}
turns the server's tracing 
.Ar mode
on or off.
.Ar Mode
must be one of:
.Bl -tag -width QUERY -offset 2n -compact
.It Ar ALL
all tracing
.It Ar ADMN
administrative requests from
.Nm
.It Ar ANON
errors by anonymous clients
.It Ar CLNT
errors by authenticated clients
.It Ar RLIM
rate-limited messages
.It Ar QUERY
all queries and reports
.It Ar RIDC
messages concerning the report-ID cache that is used
to detect duplicate reports from clients
.It Ar FLOOD
messages about inter-server flooding
.It Ar IDS
unknown server-IDs in flooded reports
.It Ar BL
blacklisted clients
.El
.El
.Pp
.Nm
exits 0 on success,
and >0 if an error occurs in operations specified on the command line.
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -width /var/dcc -compact
.It Pa /var/dcc
DCC home directory
.It Pa map
memory mapped file in the home DCC home directory of server host names,
port numbers,
passwords, measured round trip times (RTT), and so forth.
.It Pa ids
list of IDs and passwords, as described in
.Xr dccd 8 .
It is only required by systems running the DCC server,
but is used by
.Nm
if available.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr dbclean 8 ,
.Xr dcc 8 ,
.Xr dccd 8 ,
.Xr dblist 8 ,
.Xr dccifd 8 ,
.Xr dccm 8 ,
.Xr dccproc 8 ,
.Xr dccsight 8 .
.Sh HISTORY
Implementation of
.Nm
was started at Rhyolite Software in 2000.
This describes version 1.2.74.
.\"  LocalWords:  RTT stdin