File: dh_systemd_enable

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#!/usr/bin/perl -w

=head1 NAME

dh_systemd_enable - enable/disable systemd unit files

=cut

use strict;
use warnings;
use Debian::Debhelper::Dh_Lib;
use File::Find;

our $VERSION = DH_BUILTIN_VERSION;

=head1 SYNOPSIS

B<dh_systemd_enable> [S<I<debhelper options>>] [B<--no-enable>] [B<--name=>I<name>] [S<I<unit file> ...>]

=head1 DESCRIPTION

B<dh_systemd_enable> is a debhelper program that is responsible for enabling
and disabling systemd unit files.

In the simple case, it finds all unit files installed by a package (e.g.
bacula-fd.service) and enables them. It is not necessary that the machine
actually runs systemd during package installation time, enabling happens on all
machines in order to be able to switch from sysvinit to systemd and back.

In the complex case, you can call B<dh_systemd_enable> and B<dh_systemd_start>
manually (by overwriting the debian/rules targets) and specify flags per unit
file. An example is colord, which ships colord.service, a dbus-activated
service without an [Install] section. This service file cannot be enabled or
disabled (a state called "static" by systemd) because it has no
[Install] section. Therefore, running dh_systemd_enable does not make sense.

For only generating blocks for specific service files, you need to pass them as
arguments, e.g. B<dh_systemd_enable quota.service> and B<dh_systemd_enable
--name=quotarpc quotarpc.service>.

=head1 FILES

=over 4

=item debian/I<package>.service, debian/I<package>@.service

If this exists, it is installed into lib/systemd/system/I<package>.service (or
lib/systemd/system/I<package>@.service) in the package build directory.

=item debian/I<package>.tmpfile

If this exists, it is installed into usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/I<package>.conf in the
package build directory. (The tmpfiles.d mechanism is currently only used
by systemd.)

=item debian/I<package>.target, debian/I<package>@.target

If this exists, it is installed into lib/systemd/system/I<package>.target (or
lib/systemd/system/I<package>@.target) in the package build directory.

=item debian/I<package>.socket, debian/I<package>@.socket

If this exists, it is installed into lib/systemd/system/I<package>.socket (or
lib/systemd/system/I<package>@.socket) in the package build directory.

=item debian/I<package>.mount

If this exists, it is installed into lib/systemd/system/I<package>.mount
in the package build directory.

=item debian/I<package>.path, debian/I<package>@.path

If this exists, it is installed into lib/systemd/system/I<package>.path (or
lib/systemd/system/I<package>@.path) in the package build directory.

=item debian/I<package>.timer, debian/I<package>@.timer

If this exists, it is installed into lib/systemd/system/I<package>.timer (or
lib/systemd/system/I<package>@.timer) in the package build directory.

=back

=head1 OPTIONS

=over 4

=item B<--no-enable>

Disable the service(s) on purge, but do not enable them on install.

B<Note> that this option does not affect whether the services are
started.  That is controlled by L<dh_systemd_start(1)> (using e.g. its
B<--no-start> option).

=item B<--name=>I<name>

Install the service file as I<name.service> instead of the default filename,
which is the I<package.service>. When this parameter is used,
B<dh_systemd_enable> looks for and installs files named
F<debian/package.name.service> instead of the usual F<debian/package.service>.

=back

=head1 NOTES

Note that this command is not idempotent. L<dh_prep(1)> should be called
between invocations of this command (with the same arguments). Otherwise, it
may cause multiple instances of the same text to be added to maintainer
scripts.

Note that B<dh_systemd_enable> should be run before B<dh_installinit>.
The default sequence in B<dh> does the right thing, this note is only relevant
when you are calling B<dh_systemd_enable> manually.

=cut

if (not compat(10)) {
	error("dh_systemd_enable is no longer used in compat >= 11, please use dh_installsystemd instead");
}

init(options => {
	"no-enable" => \$dh{NO_ENABLE},
});

sub contains_install_section {
	my ($unit_path) = @_;
	open(my $fh, '<', $unit_path) or error("Cannot open($unit_path) to check for [Install]: $!");
	while (my $line = <$fh>) {
		chomp($line);
		return 1 if $line =~ /^\s*\[Install\]$/i;
	}
	close($fh);
	return 0;
}

sub install_unit {
	my ($package, $script, $pkgsuffix, $path, $installsuffix) = @_;
	$installsuffix = $installsuffix || $pkgsuffix;
	my $unit = pkgfile($package, $pkgsuffix);
	return if $unit eq '';
	install_dir($path);
	install_file($unit, "${path}/${script}.${installsuffix}");
}

# PROMISE: DH NOOP WITHOUT tmp(lib/systemd/system) mount path service socket target tmpfile timer

my %requested_files = map { basename($_) => 1 } @ARGV;
my %installed_files;

foreach my $package (@{$dh{DOPACKAGES}}) {
	my $tmpdir = tmpdir($package);
	my @installed_units;
	my @units;

	# XXX: This is duplicated in dh_installinit, which is unfortunate.
	# We do need the service files before running dh_installinit though,
	# every other solution makes things much worse for all the maintainers.

	# Figure out what filename to install it as.
	my $script;
	my $jobfile=$package;
	if (defined $dh{NAME}) {
		$jobfile=$script=$dh{NAME};
	}
	elsif ($dh{D_FLAG}) {
		# -d on the command line sets D_FLAG. We will
		# remove a trailing 'd' from the package name and
		# use that as the name.
		$script=$package;
		if ($script=~m/(.*)d$/) {
			$jobfile=$script=$1;
		}
		else {
			warning("\"$package\" has no final d' in its name, but -d was specified.");
		}
	}
	elsif ($dh{INIT_SCRIPT}) {
		$script=$dh{INIT_SCRIPT};
	}
	else {
		$script=$package;
	}

	for my $service_type (qw(service target socket path timer)) {
		install_unit($package, $script, $service_type, "$tmpdir/lib/systemd/system");
		install_unit("${package}@", "${script}@", $service_type, "$tmpdir/lib/systemd/system");
	}

	install_unit($package, $script, 'mount', "$tmpdir/lib/systemd/system");
	install_unit($package, $script, 'tmpfile', "$tmpdir/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d", 'conf');

	find({
		wanted => sub {
			my $name = $File::Find::name;
			return unless -f $name;
			# Skip symbolic links, their only legitimate use is for
			# adding an alias, e.g. linking smartmontools.service
			# -> smartd.service.
			return if -l $name;
			return unless $name =~ m,^$tmpdir/lib/systemd/system/[^/]+$,;
			push @installed_units, $name;
		},
		no_chdir => 1,
	}, "${tmpdir}/lib/systemd/system") if -d "${tmpdir}/lib/systemd/system";

	# Handle either only the unit files which were passed as arguments or
	# all unit files that are installed in this package.
	my @args = @ARGV > 0 ? @ARGV : @installed_units;

	# support excluding units via -X
	foreach my $x (@{$dh{EXCLUDE}}) {
		@args = grep !/(^|\/)$x$/, @args;
	}

	for my $name (@args) {
		my $base = basename($name);
		# Try to make the path absolute, so that the user can call
		# dh_installsystemd bacula-fd.service
		if ($base eq $name) {
			# NB: This works because @installed_units contains
			# files from precisely one directory.
			my ($full) = grep { basename($_) eq $base } @installed_units;
			if (defined($full)) {
				$name = $full;
			} elsif (not exists($requested_files{$base})) {
				warning(qq|Could not find "$name" in the /lib/systemd/system directory of $package. | .
					qq|This could be a typo, or using Also= with a service file from another package. | .
					qq|Please check carefully that this message is harmless.|);
			} else {
				# Ignore an explicitly requested file that is missing; happens when we are acting on
				# multiple packages and only a subset of them have the unit file.
				next;
			}
		}

		$installed_files{$base} = 1 if exists($requested_files{$base});

		# Skip template service files like e.g. getty@.service.
		# Enabling, disabling, starting or stopping those services
		# without specifying the instance (e.g. getty@ttyS0.service) is
		# not useful.
		if ($name =~ /\@/) {
			next;
		}

		# Skip unit files that don’t have an [Install] section.
		next unless contains_install_section($name);

		push @units, $name;
	}

	next if @units == 0;

	# Wrap the basenames in '' to preserve \x2d when the shell parses the
	# name.  (#764730)
	my $unitargs = join(' ', sort map { q{'} . basename($_) . q{'}  } @units);
	for my $unit (sort @units) {
		# Wrap the basenames in '' to preserve \x2d when the shell parses the
		# name.  (#764730)
		my $base = q{'} . basename($unit) . q{'};
		if ($dh{NO_ENABLE}) {
			autoscript($package, 'postinst', 'postinst-systemd-dont-enable', { 'UNITFILE' => $base });
		} else {
			autoscript($package, 'postinst', 'postinst-systemd-enable', { 'UNITFILE' => $base });
		}
	}
	autoscript($package, 'postrm', 'postrm-systemd', {'UNITFILES' => $unitargs });
}

if (%requested_files) {
	my $any_missing = 0;
	for my $name (sort(keys(%requested_files))) {
		if (not exists($installed_files{$name})) {
			warning(qq{Requested unit "$name" but it was not found in any package acted on.});
			$any_missing = 1;
		}
	}
	error("Could not handle all of the requested services") if $any_missing;
}

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<dh_systemd_start(1)>, L<debhelper(7)>

=head1 AUTHORS

pkg-systemd-maintainers@lists.alioth.debian.org

=cut