File: checkrestart

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debian-goodies 0.27+etch1
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#!/usr/bin/python

# Copyright (C) 2001 Matt Zimmerman <mdz@debian.org>
# 
# Further updated by Javier Fernandez-Sanguino <jfs@debian.org>
# - included patch from Justin Pryzby <justinpryzby_AT_users.sourceforge.net>
#   to work with the latest Lsof - modify to reduce false positives by not
#   complaining about deleted inodes/files under /tmp/, /var/log/ or named
#   /SYSV. 

# PENDING:
# - included code from 'psdel' contributed by Sam Morris <sam_AT_robots.org.uk> to
#   make the program work even if lsof is not installed
#   (available at http://robots.org.uk/src/psdel)
# 
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
# any later version.

# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.

# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, 
# MA 02110-1301 USA
#
# On Debian systems, a copy of the GNU General Public License may be
# found in /usr/share/common-licenses/GPL.

import sys
import os, errno
import re
import stat
import pwd
import sys
import string
import subprocess

if os.getuid() != 0:
    sys.stderr.write('This program must be run as root\n')
    sys.stderr.write('in order to collect information about all open file descriptors\n')
    sys.exit(1)


def find_cmd(cmd):
     dirs = [ '/', '/usr/', '/usr/local/', sys.prefix ]
     for d in dirs:
         for sd in ('bin', 'sbin'):
             location = os.path.join(d, sd, cmd)
             if os.path.exists(location):
                 return location
     return 0


def main():
    process = None
    toRestart = {}

    toRestart = lsofcheck()
    # Check if we have lsof, if not, use psdel
#    if find_cmd('lsof'):
#         toRestart = lsofcheck()
#    else:
# TODO - This does not work yet:
#        toRestart = psdelcheck()

    print "Found %d processes using old versions of upgraded files" % len(toRestart)

    if len(toRestart) == 0:
        sys.exit(0)

    programs = {}
    for process in toRestart:
        programs.setdefault(process.program, [])
        programs[process.program].append(process)

    print "(%d distinct programs)" % len(programs)

    packages = {}
    diverted = None
    dpkgQuery = ["dpkg", "--search"] + programs.keys()
    dpkgProc = subprocess.Popen(dpkgQuery, stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
    for line in dpkgProc.stdout.readlines():
        if line.startswith('local diversion'):
            continue
        
        m = re.match('^diversion by (\S+) (from|to): (.*)$', line)
        if m:
            if m.group(2) == 'from':
                diverted = m.group(3)
                continue
            if not diverted:
                raise 'Weird error while handling diversion'
            packagename, program = m.group(1), diverted
        else:
            packagename, program = line[:-1].split(': ')

        packages.setdefault(packagename,Package(packagename))
        packages[packagename].processes.extend(programs[program])

    print "(%d distinct packages)" % len(packages)

    if len(packages) == 0:
        sys.exit(0)

    for package in packages.values():
        if package == 'util-linux':
            continue
        #dpkgQuery = 'dpkg-query --listfiles ' + package.name
        dpkgQuery = 'dpkg --listfiles ' + package.name
        for line in os.popen(dpkgQuery).readlines():
            path = line[:-1]
            if path.startswith('/etc/init.d/'):
                if path.endswith('.sh'):
                    continue
                package.initscripts.append(path)

    restartable = []
    nonrestartable = []
    restartCommands = []
    for package in packages.values():
        if len(package.initscripts) > 0:
            restartable.append(package)
            restartCommands.extend(map(lambda s: s + ' restart',package.initscripts))
        else:
            nonrestartable.append(package)
            
    print
    print "Of these, %d seem to contain init scripts which can be used to restart them:" % len(restartable)
    print '\n'.join(restartCommands)
    print

    if len(nonrestartable) == 0:
        sys.exit(0)

    print "Here are the others:"
    for package in nonrestartable:
        print package.name + ':'
        for process in package.processes:
            print "\t%s\t%s" % (process.pid,process.program)

def lsofcheck():
    processes = {}

    for line in os.popen('lsof +XL -F nf').readlines():
        field, data = line[0], line[1:-1]

        if field == 'p':
            process = processes.setdefault(data,Process(int(data)))
        elif field == 'k':
            process.links.append(data)
        elif field == 'n':
            # Remove the previous entry to check if this is something we should do
            if data.startswith('/SYSV'):
                last = process.descriptors.pop()
                if not re.compile("DEL").search(last):
                    process.files.append(data)
            else:
                process.files.append(data)
        elif field == 'f':
            process.descriptors.append(data)

    toRestart = filter(lambda process: process.needsRestart(),
                       processes.values())
    return toRestart

def psdelcheck():
# TODO - Needs to be fixed to work here
# Useful for seeing which processes need to be restarted after you upgrade
# programs or shared libraries. Written to replace checkrestart(1) from the
# debian-goodies, which often misses out processes due to bugs in lsof; see
# <http://bugs.debian.org/264985> for more information.

    numeric = re.compile(r'\d+')
    toRestart = map (delmaps, map (string.atoi, filter (numeric.match, os.listdir('/proc'))))
    return toRestart

def delmaps (pid):
    processes = {}
    process = processes.setdefault(pid,Process(int(pid)))
    deleted = re.compile(r'(.*) \(deleted\)$')
    boring = re.compile(r'/(dev/zero|SYSV([\da-f]{8}))')

    mapline = re.compile(r'^[\da-f]{8}-[\da-f]{8} [r-][w-][x-][sp-] '
            r'[\da-f]{8} [\da-f]{2}:[\da-f]{2} (\d+) *(.+)( \(deleted\))?\n$')
    maps = open('/proc/%d/maps' % (pid))
    for line in maps.readlines ():
        m = mapline.match (line)
        if (m):
            inode = string.atoi (m.group (1))
            file = m.group (2)
            if inode == 0:
                continue
            # remove ' (deleted)' suffix
            if deleted.match (file):
                file = file [0:-10]
            if boring.match (file):
                continue
            # list file names whose inode numbers do not match their on-disk
            # values; or files that do not exist at all
            try:
                if os.stat (file)[stat.ST_INO] != inode:
                    process = processes.setdefault(pid,Process(int(pid)))
            except OSError, (e, strerror):
                if e == errno.ENOENT:
                    process = processes.setdefault(pid,Process(int(pid)))
                else:
                    sys.stderr.write ('checkrestart (psdel): %s %s: %s\n' % (SysProcess.get(pid).info (), file, os.strerror (e)))
        else:
            print 'checkrestart (psdel): Error parsing "%s"' % (line [0:-1]) 
    maps.close ()

    return process


class SysProcess:
	re_name = re.compile('Name:\t(.*)$')
	re_uids = re.compile('Uid:\t(\d+)\t(\d+)\t(\d+)\t(\d+)$')
	processes = {}
	def get (pid):
		try:
			return Process.processes [pid]
		except KeyError:
			Process.processes [pid] = Process (pid)
			return Process.get (pid)

	# private
	def __init__ (self, pid):
		self.pid = pid

		status = open ('/proc/%d/status' % (self.pid))
		for line in status.readlines ():
			m = self.re_name.match (line)
			if m:
				self.name = m.group (1)
				continue
			m = self.re_uids.match (line)
			if m:
				self.user = pwd.getpwuid (string.atoi (m.group (1)))[0]
				continue
		status.close ()
	
	def info (self):
		return '%d %s %s' % (self.pid, self.name, self.user)

class Process:
    def __init__(self, pid):
        self.pid = pid
        self.files = []
        self.descriptors = []
        self.links = []

        try:
            self.program = self.cleanFile(os.readlink('/proc/%d/exe' % self.pid))
        except OSError, e:
            if e.errno != 2:
                raise

    def cleanFile(self, f):
        # /proc/pid/exe has all kinds of junk in it sometimes
        null = f.find('\0')
        if null != -1:
            f = f[:null]
        return re.sub('( \(deleted\)|.dpkg-new).*$','',f)

    # Check if a process needs to be restarted, previously we would
    # just check if it used libraries named '.dpkg-new' since that's
    # what dpkg would do. Now we need to be more contrieved.
    def needsRestart(self):
        for f in self.files:
            #print "Checking %s" % f
            # We don't care about log files
            if f.startswith('/var/log/'):
	    	continue
            # Or about files under /tmp
            if f.startswith('/tmp/'):
	    	continue
            # TODO: it should only care about library files (i.e. /lib, /usr/lib and the like)
            # build that check with a regexp to exclude others
            if f.endswith(' (deleted)'):
	    	return 1
	    if re.compile("\(path inode=[0-9]+\)$").search(f):
	    	return 1
	for f in self.descriptors:
            # If it begins with SYSV it is not a deleted file
            if re.compile("DEL").search(f):
	    	return 1
	for f in self.links:
	    if f == 0:
	    	return 1
        return 0

class Package:
    def __init__(self, name):
        self.name = name
        self.initscripts = []
        self.processes = []

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()