File: dh_elpa.in

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dh-elpa 1.4
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#!/usr/bin/perl

=head1 NAME

dh_elpa - install emacs lisp packages into package build directories

=cut

use strict;
use Cwd qw{ getcwd };
use File::Temp qw{tempfile};
use IO::Handle;
use File::Path;

use Debian::Debhelper::Dh_Lib;

=head1 SYNOPSIS

B<dh_elpa> [S<I<debhelper options>>]  [S<I<pkg-file>>]

=head1 DESCRIPTION

B<dh_elpa> is a debhelper program that is responsible for installing
elpa style emacs lisp packages into package build directories.

B<dh_elpa> will attempt to run ERT and Buttercup test suites using
dh_elpa_test(1) if the debhelper compat level is 10 or higher.  To
disable this behaviour, or tweak it if it is failing to run the tests
as they should be run, set environment variables in debian/rules as
detailed in dh_elpa_test(1).

=head1 FILES

=over 4

=item debian/I<package>.elpa

List of files to be installed into I<package> as an elpa package.

=back

=cut

init(options => {
	"byte-compile!" => \$dh{BYTECOMPILE},
	"fix-autoload-date!" => \$dh{FIXAUTOLOADDATE},
});

=head1 OPTIONS

=over 4

=item B<--byte-compile>, B<--no-byte-compile>

Enable (default) or disable byte compilation of installed emacs lisp
files.  Disabling byte compilation changes the destination directory
to one that is found by the emacs package system.

=back

=over 4

=item B<--fix-autoload-date>, B<--no--fix-autoload-date>

Enable (default) or disable munging the dates in Emacs generated
autoload files to match debian/changelog.

=back

=cut

sub doit_quietly {
  my ($handle,$tmpfile) = tempfile(UNLINK=>1);
  my $exitcode;

  verbose_print(escape_shell(@_));
  open (CPERR,">&STDERR") or error "$!";
  open (CPOUT,">&STDOUT") or error "$!";
  STDOUT->fdopen($handle,'w');
  STDERR->fdopen($handle,'w');
  my $ret=doit_noerror(@_);
  STDOUT->fdopen(\*CPOUT,'w');
  STDERR->fdopen(\*CPERR,'w');

  if (!$ret){
    $exitcode=$?;
    seek $handle, 0, 0 or error "$!";
    print while (<$handle>);
    my $command=join(" ",@_);
    error("$command returned exit code ".($exitcode >> 8));
  }

}

# simplified version of private sub autoscript_sed in Dh_Lib
sub sed_file {
  my ($sed, $infile, $outfile) = @_;

  open(IN, $infile) or die "$infile: $!";
  open(OUT, ">>$outfile") or die "$outfile: $!";
  while (<IN>) { $sed->(); print OUT }
  close(OUT) or die "$outfile: $!";
  close(IN) or die "$infile: $!";
}

sub read_package_desc {
  my ($descdir, $package) = @_;
  my %desc = ();

  my $descfile="${descdir}/${package}.desc";

  my $fh;

  open $fh,'<', $descfile or
    error "failed to open $descfile";

  while (<$fh>) {
    if (m/([^:]+):\s*(.*)\s*$/) {
      $desc{$1} = $2;
    }
  }
  return \%desc;
}

my $templatedir = "/usr/share/debhelper/dh_elpa/emacsen-common";

sub maybe_install_helper{
  my ($package,$piece, $mode, $desc)=@_;
  my $file=pkgfile($package,"emacsen-$piece");

  my $tmp=tmpdir($package);
  my $ecdest="$tmp/usr/lib/emacsen-common/packages";
  my $target="$ecdest/$piece/$package";
  # if there is file, leave it for dh_installemacsen
  if ($file eq '') {
    if (! -d "$ecdest/$piece") {
      doit("install","-d","$ecdest/$piece");
    }
    unlink $target; # ignore errors

    my $elpapackage = $desc->{'ELPA-Name'} or
      error "elpa package name not found";

    my $elpaversion = $desc->{'ELPA-Version'} or
      error "elpa version not found";

    sed_file (sub {s/#ELPAPACKAGE#/$elpapackage/;
		   s/#ELPAVERSION#/$elpaversion/; },
	      "$templatedir/$piece", $target);
    chmod oct($mode), $target;
  }
}

$dh{BYTECOMPILE} = 1 unless defined($dh{BYTECOMPILE});
$dh{FIXAUTOLOADDATE} = 1 unless defined($dh{FIXAUTOLOADDATE});

my $elpadir;

my $dhelpadir="/usr/share/emacs/site-lisp/elpa";

# TODO: do we really need a seperate elpa-src hierarchy?
if ($dh{BYTECOMPILE}) {
  $elpadir="/usr/share/emacs/site-lisp/elpa-src";
} else {
  $elpadir=$dhelpadir;
}

PACKAGE:
foreach my $package (@{$dh{DOPACKAGES}}) {

  my $tmp=tmpdir($package);
  my $file=pkgfile($package,"elpa");

  my $elpapkg=$package;
  # TODO do this more sanely or at least allow an override
  $elpapkg =~ s/^elpa-//;
  verbose_print("Using elpa package name $elpapkg");

  my @files;

  # Call isnative because it sets $dh{VERSION}
  # as a side effect.
  isnative($package);
  if ($file) {
    @files=filearray($file, ".");
    scalar(@files) == 1 || grep { m/\b${elpapkg}-pkg.el$/ } @files or
      warning "missing ${elpapkg}-pkg.el; will try to generate it";
  }
  if (($package eq $dh{FIRSTPACKAGE} || $dh{PARAMS_ALL})
      && @ARGV) {
    push @files, @ARGV;
  }

  next PACKAGE if (scalar(@files) == 0);

  my $pkg_file;
  my $cwd = getcwd();
  my $tempdir = "${cwd}/debian/.debhelper/elpa";
  my $helper_version = '@HELPER_VERSION@';

  my @extra_args = ( $tempdir );

  if ($dh{FIXAUTOLOADDATE}) {
    push @extra_args, get_source_date_epoch();
  }

  File::Path::rmtree $tempdir ||
      error "cleaning $tempdir";

  File::Path::make_path $tempdir ||
	  error "creating $tempdir";

  addsubstvar($package,'misc:Built-Using',"dh-elpa (= ${helper_version})");

  if (scalar(@files) == 1) {
      my $pkg_file=$files[0];

      doit_quietly(qw{emacs -batch -Q -l package},
		   '--eval',"(add-to-list 'package-directory-list \"$dhelpadir\")",
		   '--eval',"(add-to-list 'package-directory-list \"$elpadir\")",
		   qw{-f package-initialize -l dh-elpa.el},
		   qw{-f dhelpa-batch-install-file}, "$tmp/$elpadir", $pkg_file, @extra_args);
  } else {
    my $stagedir = "$tempdir/$elpapkg";
    File::Path::make_path $stagedir ||
	  error "creating $stagedir";

    # copy files into stagedir, flattening hierarchy
    # TODO: do this more correctly
    foreach my $el_file (@files) {
      doit("cp", "-a", $el_file, "$stagedir");
    }

    doit_quietly(qw{emacs -batch -Q -l package},
		 '--eval',"(add-to-list 'package-directory-list \"$dhelpadir\")",
		 '--eval',"(add-to-list 'package-directory-list \"$elpadir\")",
		 qw{-f package-initialize -l dh-elpa.el},
		 qw{-f dhelpa-batch-install-directory},
		 "$tmp/$elpadir", $stagedir, @extra_args);

  }

  my $desc = read_package_desc ($tempdir,$elpapkg);
  my $deps = $desc->{'ELPA-Requires'};

  # TODO: addsubstvar fails to add a variable if its blank.  So if the
  # package has no ELPA dependencies, we should tell the user not to
  # use this substvar in debian/control
  addsubstvar($package, 'elpa:Depends', $deps);

  if ($dh{BYTECOMPILE}) {
    addsubstvar($package, 'misc:Depends', 'emacsen-common');
    maybe_install_helper($package, 'compat', '0644', $desc);
    maybe_install_helper($package, 'install', '0755', $desc);
    maybe_install_helper($package, 'remove', '0755', $desc);

    if (! $dh{NOSCRIPTS}) {
      autoscript($package,"postinst","postinst-emacsen",
                 "s/#PACKAGE#/$package/");
      autoscript($package,"prerm","prerm-emacsen",
                 "s/#PACKAGE#/$package/");
    }
  }

}

=head1 SUBSTVARS

dh_elpa currently defines three substvars (cf. deb-substvars(5)) that
can be used in debian/control

=over 4

=item ${misc:Depends}

These are dependencies needed by every dh_elpa based package.

=item ${misc:Built-Using}

This adds a value suitable for a Built-Using header identifying the
version of dh_elpa used at build time.

=item ${elpa:Depends}

These are dependencies on other ELPA packages as given in the
Package-Requires: line of the package's main Emacs Lisp file.

Note that Emacs Lisp dependencies packaged outside the elpa-* dpkg
namespace must be specified manually.  For example, the s.el library
is provided by the binary package s-el.  If dh_elpa adds dependency
elpa-x where x is an Emacs Lisp binary package outside the elpa-*
namespace, please file a bug against dh_elpa to have an exclusion
added.

=back

=head1 EXAMPLES

Here is an example of using the helper in a dh(1) style debian/rules

=over 4

    #!/usr/bin/make -f
    %:
        dh $@ --with elpa

=back

Here is an example of a binary package stanza using dh_elpa generated
substvars

=over 4

    Package: elpa-hello
    Architecture: all
    Depends: ${misc:Depends}, ${elpa:Depends}
    Built-Using: ${misc:Built-Using}
    Description: Emacs addon to say hello
     The Emacs editor addon likes to wave and say hello.

=back

=head1 HINTS

=head2 Specifying the package version

If dh_elpa can't determine the package version by looking at *.el
files (usually because upstream has failed to include the proper
headers or *-pkg.el file), it will fallback to the
DEB_UPSTREAM_VERSION and DEB_VERSION_UPSTREAM.  An easy way to set one
of these based on your latest Debian changelog entry is just to
prepend the following to your rules file:

=over 4

    include /usr/share/dpkg/pkg-info.mk
    export DEB_VERSION_UPSTREAM

=back

Certain Debian upstream version strings cannot be translated into
version strings Emacs will accept (see the docstring for the Emacs
function `version-to-list' for details).  dh_elpa will error out if
the version cannot be translated.  You should resort to patching in a
Package-Version header or adding a *-pkg.el file.