File: INSTALL.dhcp_probe

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dhcp-probe 1.3.0-10.1
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Installing dhcp_probe


Note that the file INSTALL contains generic build and 
installation instructions; it supplements this file (specifically,
the steps involving 'configure', 'make', and 'make install').

The file PLATFORMS contains platform-specific notes.

dhcp_probe is intended for use by a network administrator.  Before running 
dhcp_probe on any network other than one for which you are responsible,
contact that network's administrator to learn if it is acceptable for you
to run this software on that network.  Running this software may violate
on a network where you don't have permission to do so may violate that
network's acceptable use policy.

---

1. Obtain and install libpcap, the packet capture library.
It is available from http://www.tcpdump.org

More information about which versions of libpcap the
program has been successfully used with (and whether any
versions should be avoided), may appear in the PLATFORMS file.

If libpcap isn't supported on your platform, you can't
use dhcp_probe.

Libpcap must be installed to compile dhcp_probe;
we assume we'll find the libpcap library and header files
in either /usr/local or the other usual places the compiler
and linker will search.  If you've installed it elsewhere,
when you run 'configure' below, remember to specify the
--with-pcap=DIR option.

--

2. Obtain and install libnet 1.1.x, the packet writing library.
It is available from http://www.packetfactory.net/libnet

The current version of this program uses the libnet 1.1.x API.  
It does not support the libnet 1.0.x API.  (The last version of 
this program that supported the libnet 1.0.x API was version 1.0.7.)

More information about which versions of libnet the
program has been successfully used with (and whether any
versions should be avoided), may appear in the PLATFORMS file.

If libnet 1.1.x isn't supported on your platform, you can't
use dhcp_probe.

Libnet must be installed to compile this program;
we assume we'll find the libnet library and header files
in either /usr/local or the other usual places the compiler
and linker will search.  If you've installed it elsewhere,
when you run 'configure' below, remember to specify the
--with-libnet=DIR option.  

Additionally, you will likely need to modify libnet to add a function 
that we need to use.  This function is not present in libnet 1.1.x 
(at least through version 1.1.2.1); you will need to patch libnet.  If you 
are using a newer version of libnet 1.1.x, you will need to examine libnet to see 
if the libnet_cq_end_loop() function is present.  If it not present, you will 
need patch libnet.)

In the libnet source directory, edit ./src/libnet_cq.c to add the following 
at the end:

u_int32_t
libnet_cq_end_loop()
{

    if (! clear_cq_lock(CQ_LOCK_WRITE)) 
    { 
    	return (0); 
    } 
    l_cqd.current = l_cq;
    return (1); 
}


In the libnet source directory, edit ./include/libnet/libnet-functions.h 
to add the following at the end:

u_int32_t 
libnet_cq_end_loop();

You will need to rebuild and install libnet to incorporate these changes.

---

3. `cd' to the directory containing the package's source code and type
`./configure' to configure the package for your system.

You may need to specify the --with-pcap=DIR option if configure is unable to
locate the libpcap header and library.  If the header and library don't share
a common parent, the more specific options --with-pcap-include=DIR and
--with-pcap-lib=DIR may be useful.

You may need to specify the --with-libnet=DIR option if configure is unable to
locate the libnet header and library.  If the header and library don't share
a common parent, the more specific options --with-libnet-include=DIR and 
--with-libnet-lib=DIR may be helpful.  For example, on some platforms,
libnet 1.1.x is installed below /usr/include/libnet11/ and /usr/lib/libnet11/.

More information about running 'configure' is available in the INSTALL
file, and you may type './configure --help' for a summary of options.

Additional notes about some platforms may be in the PLATFORMS file.

---

4. Type `make' to compile the package.

Ignore the following compiler warning:

  bootp.c: In function `build_dhcp_payload':
  bootp.c:80: warning: assignment from incompatible pointer type

If you see an error about libnet_cq_end_loop() being unknown,
see the earlier step about modifying libnet to add this function.

---

5. Type `make install' to install the package.

---

6. Create a configuration file dhcp_probe.cf in an appropriate location.

The default location for this file is /etc/dhcp_probe.cf, but you can put it
elsewhere, as long as you specify the new location when you run the program
using the appropriate command-line option.  

A sample configuration file is supplied in the 'extras' directory; you may wish 
to use it as a template.

7. Verify that the /etc/services file (or NIS 'services' map, whichever is
in-use) contains entries for 'bootpc' and 'bootps'.   If they are not
present, add them:

bootps          67/udp                          # BOOTP/DHCP server
bootpc          68/udp                          # BOOTP/DHCP client

---

8. To get started, try running it in the foreground and seeing if the debug messages 
seem reasonable to you.  E.g. as root:

   /usr/local/sbin/dhcp_probe -f -d 11 hme0

The -f option prevents it from forking, and also causes all output to be
sent to stderr instead of to syslog.  Debuglevel 11 will produce maximum
debugging.  Specify the name of the interface on which to run, e.g. 'hme0'.

---

9. Arrange to have the program started automatically by root when your host starts.  
Some sample startup scripts are in the extras directory.

Never specify the -f flag when starting the daemon from a startup script;
this flag should never be specified except for debugging purposes.    

You'll probably want to reduce the debuglevel; a debuglevel of 0 or 1 is generally
a good choice for production use.

Output will be directed to syslog (using the facility specified
in defaults.h); you'll want to configure syslogd to do something reasonable
with it.  (You can change the syslog facility name by editing defaults.h and
recompiling.)  Alternatively, use the -l option to specify a logfile to receive output;
this prevents syslog from being used.

---

10. If you want to capture packets received from unknown servers, add the -o
option when starting up, to specify a capture file.  Be sure to specify 
a directory for the capture file that no one may write to except root;
see the dhcp_probe(8) man page for details.

Since the program truncates this file each time it starts, you may want to
modify the script you use to start the program, to save the old version of
this file before starting the program.

---

11. Any additional tools you may find useful can be found in the 'extras' directory.
For example, extras/dhcp_probe_notify2 is a sample notification script that
may be called via the 'alert_program_name2' configuration file statement.
There are some sample startup scripts in that directory as well.
See the README file in that directory.

---