File: update.java

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// Copyright (c) 1999-2004 Brian Wellington (bwelling@xbill.org)

import java.net.*;
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
import org.xbill.DNS.*;

/** @author Brian Wellington <bwelling@xbill.org> */

public class update {

Message query, response;
Resolver res;
String server = null;
Name zone = Name.root;
long defaultTTL;
int defaultClass = DClass.IN;
PrintStream log = null;

void
print(Object o) {
	System.out.println(o);
	if (log != null)
		log.println(o);
}

public Message
newMessage() {
	Message msg = new Message();
	msg.getHeader().setOpcode(Opcode.UPDATE);
	return msg;
}

public
update(InputStream in) throws IOException {
	List inputs = new LinkedList();
	List istreams = new LinkedList();

	query = newMessage();

	InputStreamReader isr = new InputStreamReader(in);
	BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(isr);

	inputs.add(br);
	istreams.add(in);

	while (true) {
		try {
			String line = null;
			do {
				InputStream is;
				is = (InputStream)istreams.get(0);
				br = (BufferedReader)inputs.get(0);

				if (is == System.in)
					System.out.print("> ");

				line = br.readLine();
				if (line == null) {
					br.close();
					inputs.remove(0);
					istreams.remove(0);
					if (inputs.isEmpty())
						return;
				}
			} while (line == null);

			if (log != null)
				log.println("> " + line);

			if (line.length() == 0 || line.charAt(0) == '#')
				continue;

			/* Allows cut and paste from other update sessions */
			if (line.charAt(0) == '>')
				line = line.substring(1);

			Tokenizer st = new Tokenizer(line);
			Tokenizer.Token token = st.get();

			if (token.isEOL())
				continue;
			String operation = token.value;

			if (operation.equals("server")) {
				server = st.getString();
				res = new SimpleResolver(server);
				token = st.get();
				if (token.isString()) {
					String portstr = token.value;
					res.setPort(Short.parseShort(portstr));
				}
			}

			else if (operation.equals("key")) {
				String keyname = st.getString();
				String keydata = st.getString();
				if (res == null)
					res = new SimpleResolver(server);
				res.setTSIGKey(new TSIG(keyname, keydata));
			}

			else if (operation.equals("edns")) {
				if (res == null)
					res = new SimpleResolver(server);
				res.setEDNS(st.getUInt16());
			}

			else if (operation.equals("port")) {
				if (res == null)
					res = new SimpleResolver(server);
				res.setPort(st.getUInt16());
			}

			else if (operation.equals("tcp")) {
				if (res == null)
					res = new SimpleResolver(server);
				res.setTCP(true);
			}

			else if (operation.equals("class")) {
				String classStr = st.getString();
				int newClass = DClass.value(classStr);
				if (newClass > 0)
					defaultClass = newClass;
				else
					print("Invalid class " + classStr);
			}

			else if (operation.equals("ttl"))
				defaultTTL = st.getTTL();

			else if (operation.equals("origin") ||
				 operation.equals("zone"))
			{
				zone = st.getName(Name.root);
			}

			else if (operation.equals("require"))
				doRequire(st);

			else if (operation.equals("prohibit"))
				doProhibit(st);

			else if (operation.equals("add"))
				doAdd(st);

			else if (operation.equals("delete"))
				doDelete(st);

			else if (operation.equals("glue"))
				doGlue(st);

			else if (operation.equals("help") ||
				 operation.equals("?"))
			{
				token = st.get();
				if (token.isString())
					help(token.value);
				else
					help(null);
			}

			else if (operation.equals("echo"))
				print(line.substring(4).trim());

			else if (operation.equals("send")) {
				sendUpdate();
				query = newMessage();
			}

			else if (operation.equals("show")) {
				print(query);
			}

			else if (operation.equals("clear"))
				query = newMessage();

			else if (operation.equals("query"))
				doQuery(st);

			else if (operation.equals("quit") ||
				 operation.equals("q"))
			{
				if (log != null)
					log.close();
				Iterator it = inputs.iterator();
				while (it.hasNext()) {
					BufferedReader tbr;
					tbr = (BufferedReader) it.next();
					tbr.close();
				}
				System.exit(0);
			}

			else if (operation.equals("file"))
				doFile(st, inputs, istreams);

			else if (operation.equals("log"))
				doLog(st);

			else if (operation.equals("assert")) {
				if (doAssert(st) == false)
					return;
			}

			else if (operation.equals("sleep")) {
				long interval = st.getUInt32();
				try {
					Thread.sleep(interval);
				}
				catch (InterruptedException e) {
				}
			}

			else if (operation.equals("date")) {
				Date now = new Date();
				token = st.get();
				if (token.isString() &&
				    token.value.equals("-ms"))
					print(Long.toString(now.getTime()));
				else
					print(now);
			}

			else
				print("invalid keyword: " + operation);
		}
		catch (TextParseException tpe) {
			System.out.println(tpe.getMessage());
		}
		catch (InterruptedIOException iioe) {
			System.out.println("Operation timed out");
		}
		catch (SocketException se) {
			System.out.println("Socket error");
		}
		catch (IOException ioe) {
			System.out.println(ioe);
		}
	}
}

void
sendUpdate() throws IOException {
	if (query.getHeader().getCount(Section.UPDATE) == 0) {
		print("Empty update message.  Ignoring.");
		return;
	}
	if (query.getHeader().getCount(Section.ZONE) == 0) {
		Name updzone;
		updzone = zone;
		int dclass = defaultClass;
		if (updzone == null) {
			Record [] recs = query.getSectionArray(Section.UPDATE);
			for (int i = 0; i < recs.length; i++) {
				if (updzone == null)
					updzone = new Name(recs[i].getName(),
							   1);
				if (recs[i].getDClass() != DClass.NONE &&
				    recs[i].getDClass() != DClass.ANY)
				{
					dclass = recs[i].getDClass();
					break;
				}
			}
		}
		Record soa = Record.newRecord(updzone, Type.SOA, dclass);
		query.addRecord(soa, Section.ZONE);
	}

	if (res == null)
		res = new SimpleResolver(server);
	response = res.send(query);
	print(response);
}

/*
 * <name> [ttl] [class] <type> <data>
 * Ignore the class, if present.
 */
Record
parseRR(Tokenizer st, int classValue, long TTLValue)
throws IOException
{
	Name name = st.getName(zone);
	long ttl;
	int type;
	Record record;

	String s = st.getString();

	try {
		ttl = TTL.parseTTL(s);
		s = st.getString();
	}
	catch (NumberFormatException e) {
		ttl = TTLValue;
	}

	if (DClass.value(s) >= 0) {
		classValue = DClass.value(s);
		s = st.getString();
	}

	if ((type = Type.value(s)) < 0)
		throw new IOException("Invalid type: " + s);

	record = Record.fromString(name, type, classValue, ttl, st, zone);
	if (record != null)
		return (record);
	else
		throw new IOException("Parse error");
}

void
doRequire(Tokenizer st) throws IOException {
	Tokenizer.Token token;
	Name name;
	Record record;
	int type;

	name = st.getName(zone);
	token = st.get();
	if (token.isString()) {
		if ((type = Type.value(token.value)) < 0)
			throw new IOException("Invalid type: " + token.value);
		token = st.get();
		boolean iseol = token.isEOL();
		st.unget();
		if (!iseol) {
			record = Record.fromString(name, type, defaultClass,
						   0, st, zone);
		} else
			record = Record.newRecord(name, type,
						  DClass.ANY, 0);
	} else
		record = Record.newRecord(name, Type.ANY, DClass.ANY, 0);

	query.addRecord(record, Section.PREREQ);
	print(record);
}

void
doProhibit(Tokenizer st) throws IOException {
	Tokenizer.Token token;
	Name name;
	Record record;
	int type;

	name = st.getName(zone);
	token = st.get();
	if (token.isString()) {
		if ((type = Type.value(token.value)) < 0)
			throw new IOException("Invalid type: " + token.value);
	} else
		type = Type.ANY;
	record = Record.newRecord(name, type, DClass.NONE, 0);
	query.addRecord(record, Section.PREREQ);
	print(record);
}

void
doAdd(Tokenizer st) throws IOException {
	Record record = parseRR(st, defaultClass, defaultTTL);
	query.addRecord(record, Section.UPDATE);
	print(record);
}

void
doDelete(Tokenizer st) throws IOException {
	Tokenizer.Token token;
	String s;
	Name name;
	Record record;
	int type;

	name = st.getName(zone);
	token = st.get();
	if (token.isString()) {
		s = token.value;
		if (DClass.value(s) >= 0) {
			s = st.getString();
		}
		if ((type = Type.value(s)) < 0)
			throw new IOException("Invalid type: " + s);
		token = st.get();
		boolean iseol = token.isEOL();
		st.unget();
		if (!iseol) {
			record = Record.fromString(name, type, DClass.NONE,
						   0, st, zone);
		} else
			record = Record.newRecord(name, type, DClass.ANY, 0);
	}
	else
		record = Record.newRecord(name, Type.ANY, DClass.ANY, 0);

	query.addRecord(record, Section.UPDATE);
	print(record);
}

void
doGlue(Tokenizer st) throws IOException {
	Record record = parseRR(st, defaultClass, defaultTTL);
	query.addRecord(record, Section.ADDITIONAL);
	print(record);
}

void
doQuery(Tokenizer st) throws IOException {
	Record rec;
	Tokenizer.Token token;

	Name name = null;
	int type = Type.A;
	int dclass = defaultClass;

	name = st.getName(zone);
	token = st.get();
	if (token.isString()) {
		type = Type.value(token.value);
		if (type < 0)
			throw new IOException("Invalid type");
		token = st.get();
		if (token.isString()) {
			dclass = DClass.value(token.value);
			if (dclass < 0)
				throw new IOException("Invalid class");
		}
	}

	rec = Record.newRecord(name, type, dclass);
	Message newQuery = Message.newQuery(rec);
	if (res == null)
		res = new SimpleResolver(server);
	response = res.send(newQuery);
	print(response);
}

void
doFile(Tokenizer st, List inputs, List istreams) throws IOException {
	String s = st.getString();
	InputStream is;
	try {
		if (s.equals("-"))
			is = System.in;
		else
			is = new FileInputStream(s);
		istreams.add(0, is);
		inputs.add(0, new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(is)));
	}
	catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
		print(s + " not found");
	}
}

void
doLog(Tokenizer st) throws IOException {
	String s = st.getString();
	try {
		FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(s);
		log = new PrintStream(fos);
	}
	catch (Exception e) {
		print("Error opening " + s);
	}
}

boolean
doAssert(Tokenizer st) throws IOException {
	String field = st.getString();
	String expected = st.getString();
	String value = null;
	boolean flag = true;
	int section;

	if (response == null) {
		print("No response has been received");
		return true;
	}
	if (field.equalsIgnoreCase("rcode")) {
		int rcode = response.getHeader().getRcode();
		if (rcode != Rcode.value(expected)) {
			value = Rcode.string(rcode);
			flag = false;
		}
	}
	else if (field.equalsIgnoreCase("serial")) {
		Record [] answers = response.getSectionArray(Section.ANSWER);
		if (answers.length < 1 || !(answers[0] instanceof SOARecord))
			print("Invalid response (no SOA)");
		else {
			SOARecord soa = (SOARecord) answers[0];
			long serial = soa.getSerial();
			if (serial != Long.parseLong(expected)) {
				value = Long.toString(serial);
				flag = false;
			}
		}
	}
	else if (field.equalsIgnoreCase("tsig")) {
		if (response.isSigned()) {
			if (response.isVerified())
				value = "ok";
			else
				value = "failed";
		}
		else
			value = "unsigned";
		if (!value.equalsIgnoreCase(expected))
			flag = false;
	}
	else if ((section = Section.value(field)) >= 0) {
		int count = response.getHeader().getCount(section);
		if (count != Integer.parseInt(expected)) {
			value = new Integer(count).toString();
			flag = false;
		}
	}
	else
		print("Invalid assertion keyword: " + field);

	if (flag == false) {
		print("Expected " + field + " " + expected +
		      ", received " + value);
		while (true) {
			Tokenizer.Token token = st.get();
			if (!token.isString())
				break;
			print(token.value);
		}
		st.unget();
	}
	return flag;
}

static void
help(String topic) {
	System.out.println();
	if (topic == null) {
		System.out.println("The following are supported commands:\n" +
		    "add      assert   class    clear    date     delete\n" +
		    "echo     edns     file     glue     help     key\n" +
		    "log      port     prohibit query    quit     require\n" +
		    "send     server   show     sleep    tcp      ttl\n" +
		    "zone     #\n");
		return;
	}
	topic = topic.toLowerCase();

	if (topic.equals("add"))
		System.out.println(
			"add <name> [ttl] [class] <type> <data>\n\n" +
			"specify a record to be added\n");
	else if (topic.equals("assert"))
		System.out.println(
			"assert <field> <value> [msg]\n\n" +
			"asserts that the value of the field in the last\n" +
			"response matches the value specified.  If not,\n" +
			"the message is printed (if present) and the\n" +
			"program exits.  The field may be any of <rcode>,\n" +
			"<serial>, <tsig>, <qu>, <an>, <au>, or <ad>.\n");
	else if (topic.equals("class"))
		System.out.println(
			"class <class>\n\n" +
			"class of the zone to be updated (default: IN)\n");
	else if (topic.equals("clear"))
		System.out.println(
			"clear\n\n" +
			"clears the current update packet\n");
	else if (topic.equals("date"))
		System.out.println(
			"date [-ms]\n\n" +
			"prints the current date and time in human readable\n" +
			"format or as the number of milliseconds since the\n" +
			"epoch");
	else if (topic.equals("delete"))
		System.out.println(
			"delete <name> [ttl] [class] <type> <data> \n" +
			"delete <name> <type> \n" +
			"delete <name>\n\n" +
			"specify a record or set to be deleted, or that\n" +
			"all records at a name should be deleted\n");
	else if (topic.equals("echo"))
		System.out.println(
			"echo <text>\n\n" +
			"prints the text\n");
	else if (topic.equals("edns"))
		System.out.println(
			"edns <level>\n\n" +
			"EDNS level specified when sending messages\n");
	else if (topic.equals("file"))
		System.out.println(
			"file <file>\n\n" +
			"opens the specified file as the new input source\n" +
			"(- represents stdin)\n");
	else if (topic.equals("glue"))
		System.out.println(
			"glue <name> [ttl] [class] <type> <data>\n\n" +
			"specify an additional record\n");
	else if (topic.equals("help"))
		System.out.println(
			"help\n" +
			"help [topic]\n\n" +
			"prints a list of commands or help about a specific\n" +
			"command\n");
	else if (topic.equals("key"))
		System.out.println(
			"key <name> <data>\n\n" +
			"TSIG key used to sign messages\n");
	else if (topic.equals("log"))
		System.out.println(
			"log <file>\n\n" +
			"opens the specified file and uses it to log output\n");
	else if (topic.equals("port"))
		System.out.println(
			"port <port>\n\n" +
			"UDP/TCP port messages are sent to (default: 53)\n");
	else if (topic.equals("prohibit"))
		System.out.println(
			"prohibit <name> <type> \n" +
			"prohibit <name>\n\n" +
			"require that a set or name is not present\n");
	else if (topic.equals("query"))
		System.out.println(
			"query <name> [type [class]] \n\n" +
			"issues a query\n");
	else if (topic.equals("q") || topic.equals("quit"))
		System.out.println(
			"quit\n\n" +
			"quits the program\n");
	else if (topic.equals("require"))
		System.out.println(
			"require <name> [ttl] [class] <type> <data> \n" +
			"require <name> <type> \n" +
			"require <name>\n\n" +
			"require that a record, set, or name is present\n");
	else if (topic.equals("send"))
		System.out.println(
			"send\n\n" +
			"sends and resets the current update packet\n");
	else if (topic.equals("server"))
		System.out.println(
			"server <name> [port]\n\n" +
			"server that receives send updates/queries\n");
	else if (topic.equals("show"))
		System.out.println(
			"show\n\n" +
			"shows the current update packet\n");
	else if (topic.equals("sleep"))
		System.out.println(
			"sleep <milliseconds>\n\n" +
			"pause for interval before next command\n");
	else if (topic.equals("tcp"))
		System.out.println(
			"tcp\n\n" +
			"TCP should be used to send all messages\n");
	else if (topic.equals("ttl"))
		System.out.println(
			"ttl <ttl>\n\n" +
			"default ttl of added records (default: 0)\n");
	else if (topic.equals("zone") || topic.equals("origin"))
		System.out.println(
			"zone <zone>\n\n" +
			"zone to update (default: .\n");
	else if (topic.equals("#"))
		System.out.println(
			"# <text>\n\n" +
			"a comment\n");
	else
		System.out.println ("Topic '" + topic + "' unrecognized\n");
}

public static void
main(String args[]) throws IOException {

	InputStream in = null;
	if (args.length >= 1) {
		try {
			in = new FileInputStream(args[0]);
		}
		catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			System.out.println(args[0] + " not found.");
			System.exit(1);
		}
	}
	else
		in = System.in;
	update u = new update(in);
}

}