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Network Working Group                                        J. Reynolds
Request for Comments: 1199                                           ISI
                                                           December 1991


                      Request for Comments Summary

                         RFC Numbers 1100-1199

Status of This Memo

   This RFC is a slightly annotated list of the 100 RFCs from RFC 1100
   through RFCs 1199.  This is a status report on these RFCs.  This memo
   provides information for the Internet community.  It does not specify
   an Internet standard.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Note

   Many RFCs, but not all, are Proposed Standards, Draft Standards, or
   Standards.  Since the status of these RFCs may change during the
   standards processing, we note here only that they are on the
   standards track.  Please see the latest edition of "IAB Official
   Protocol Standards" for the current state and status of these RFCs.
   In the following, RFCs on the standards track are marked [STANDARDS-
   TRACK].

RFC     Author       Date      Title
---     ------       ----      -----

1199    Reynolds     Dec 91   Requests For Comments Summary

This memo.


1198    Scheifler    Jan 91   FYI on the X Window System

This FYI RFC provides pointers to the published standards of the MIT X
Consortium.  This memo provides information for the Internet community.
It does not specify any Internet standard.


1197    Sherman      Dec 90   Using ODA for Translating Multimedia
                              Information

The purpose of this RFC is to inform implementors of multimedia systems
about our experiences using ISO 8613: Office Document Architecture
(ODA).  Because ODA is being proposed as an encoding format for use in
multimedia mail and file exchange, implementors wishing to use ODA in an



Reynolds                                                        [Page 1]

RFC 1199                  Summary of 1100-1199             December 1991


open systems environment may profit from our experiences.  This memo
provides information for the Internet community.  It does not specify
any standard.


1196    Zimmerman    Dec 90   The Finger User Information Protocol

This memo describes the Finger User Information Protocol.  This is a
simple protocol which provides an interface to a remote user information
program.  Based on RFC 742, a description of the original Finger
protocol, this memo attempts to clarify the expected communication
between the two ends of a Finger connection.  It also tries not to
invalidate the many existing implementations or add unnecessary
restrictions to the original protocol definition.  This edition corrects
and clarifies in a minor way, RFC 1194.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1195    Callon       Dec 90   Use of OSI IS-IS for Routing in TCP/IP
                              and Dual Environments

This memo specifies an integrated routing protocol, based on the OSI
Intra-Domain IS-IS Routing Protocol, which may be used as an interior
gateway protocol (IGP) to support TCP/IP as well as OSI.  This allows a
single routing protocol to be used to support pure IP environments, pure
OSI environments, and dual environments.  This specification was
developed by the IS-IS working group of the Internet Engineering Task
Force.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1194    Zimmerman    Nov 90   The Finger User Information Protocol

This memo describes the Finger User Information Protocol.  This is a
simple protocol which provides an interface to a remote user information
program.  Based on RFC 742, a description of the original Finger
protocol, this memo attempts to clarify the expected communication
between the two ends of a Finger connection.  It also tries not to
invalidate the many existing implementations or add unnecessary
restrictions to the original protocol definition.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1193    Ferrari      Nov 90   Client Requirements for Real-Time
                              Communication Services

This memo describes client requirements for real-time communication
services.  This memo provides information for the Internet community,
and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements.  It does not
specify any standard.




Reynolds                                                        [Page 2]

RFC 1199                  Summary of 1100-1199             December 1991


1192    Kahin        Nov 90   Commercialization of the Internet
                              Summary Repor

This memo is based on a workshop held by the Science, Technology and
Public Policy Program of the John F. Kennedy School of Government,
Harvard University, March 1-3, 1990.  This memo provides information for
the Internet community.  It does not specify any standard.


1191    Mogul        Nov 90   Path MTU Discovery

This memo describes a technique for dynamically discovering the maximum
transmission unit (MTU) of an arbitrary internet path.  It specifies a
small change to the way routers generate one type of ICMP message.  For
a path that passes through a router that has not been so changed, this
technique might not discover the correct Path MTU, but it will always
choose a Path MTU as accurate as, and in many cases more accurate than,
the Path MTU that would be chosen by current practice.  [STANDARDS-
TRACK]


1190    Topolcic     Oct 90   Experimental Internet Stream Protocol,
                              Version 2 (ST-II)

This memo defines a revised version of the Internet Stream Protocol,
originally defined in IEN-119 [8], based on results from experiments
with the original version, and subsequent requests, discussion, and
suggestions for improvements.  This is a Limited-Use Experimental
Protocol.  Please refer to the current edition of the "IAB Official
Protocol Standards" for the standardization state and status of this
protocol.


1189    Warrier      Oct 90   The Common Management Information
                              Services and Protocols for the Internet

This memo defines a network management architecture that uses the
International Organization for Standardization's (ISO) Common Management
Information Services/Common Management Information Protocol (CMIS/CMIP)
in the Internet.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1188    Katz         Oct 90   A Proposed Standard for the
                              Transmission of IP Datagrams over
                              FDDI Networks

This memo defines a method of encapsulating the Internet Protocol (IP)
datagrams and Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) requests and replies on



Reynolds                                                        [Page 3]

RFC 1199                  Summary of 1100-1199             December 1991


Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) Networks.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1187    Rose         Oct 90   Bulk Table Retrieval with the SNMP

This memo reports an interesting family of algorithms for bulk table
retrieval using the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).  This
memo describes an Experimental Protocol for the Internet community, and
requests discussion and suggestions for improvements.  This memo does
not specify a standard for the Internet community.  Please refer to the
current edition of the "IAB Official Protocol Standards" for the
standardization state and status of this protocol.


1186    Rivest       Oct 90   The MD4 Message Digest Algorithm

This RFC is the specification of the MD4 Digest Algorithm.  If you are
going to implement MD4, it is suggested you do it this way.  This memo
is for informational use and does not constitute a standard.


1185    Jacobson     Oct 90   TCP Extension for High-Speed Paths

This memo describes an Experimental Protocol extension to TCP for the
Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "IAB Official
Protocol Standards" for the standardization state and status of this
protocol.


1184    Borman       Oct 90   Telnet Linemode Option

This RFC specifies a procedure for line at a time terminal interaction
based on the Telnet Protocol.  It obsoletes RFC 1116.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1183    Everhart     Oct 90   New DNS RR Definitions

This memo defines five new DNS types for experimental purposes.  This
RFC describes an Experimental Protocol for the Internet community, and
requests discussion and suggestions for improvements.


1182    Never issued.







Reynolds                                                        [Page 4]

RFC 1199                  Summary of 1100-1199             December 1991


1181    Blokzijl     Sep 90   RIPE Terms of Reference

This RFC describes the Terms of Reference of RIPE (Reseaux IP
Europeens), the cooperation of European IP networks.  This memo provides
information for the Internet community.  It does not specify any
standard.


1180    Socolofsky   Jan 91   A TCP/IP Tutorial

This RFC is a tutorial on the TCP-IP protocol suite, focusing
particularly on the steps in forwarding an IP datagram from source host
to destination host through a router.  It does not specify an Internet
standard.


1179    McLaughlin   Aug 90   Line Printer Daemon Protocol

This RFC describes an existing print server protocol widely used on the
Internet for communicating between line printer daemons (both clients
and servers).  This memo is for informational purposes only, and does
not specify an Internet standard.  Please refer to the current edition
of the "IAB Official Protocol Standards" for the standardization state
and status of this protocol.


1178    Libes        Aug 90   Choosing a Name for Your Computer

This FYI RFC is a republication of a Communications of the ACM article
on guidelines on what to do and what not to do when naming your
computer.  This memo provides information for the Internet community.
It does not specify any standard.  [Also FYI 5.]


1177    Malkin       Aug 90   FYI on Questions and Answers
                              Answers to Commonly asked "New
                              Internet User" Questions

This FYI RFC is one of three FYI's called, "Questions and Answers"
(Q/A), produced by the User Services Working Group (USWG) of the
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).  The goal is to document the
most commonly asked questions and answers in the Internet.  This memo
provides information for the Internet community.  It does not specify
any standard.  [Also FYI 4.]







Reynolds                                                        [Page 5]

RFC 1199                  Summary of 1100-1199             December 1991


1176    Crispin      Aug 90   Interactive Mail Access Protocol -
                              Version 2

This RFC suggests a method for personal computers and workstations to
dynamically access mail from a mailbox server ("repository").  It
obosoletes RFC 1064.  This RFC specifies an Experimental Protocol for
the Internet community.  Discussion and suggestions for improvement are
requested.  Please refer to the current edition of the "IAB Official
Protocol Standards" for the standardization state and status of this
protocol.


1175    Bowers       Aug 90   FYI on Where to Start - A Bibliography
                              of Internetworking Information

This FYI RFC is a bibliography of information about TCP/IP
internetworking, prepared by the User Services Working Group (USWG) of
the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).  This memo provides
information for the Internet community.  It does not specify any
standard.  [Also FYI 3.]


1174    Cerf         Aug 90   IAB Recommended Policy on Distributing
                              Internet Identifier Assignment and
                              IAB Recommended Policy
                              Change to Internet "Connected" Status

This informational RFC represents the official view of the Internet
Activities Board (IAB), and describes the recommended policies and
procedures on distributing Internet identifier assignments and dropping
the connected status requirement.  This RFC does not specify a standard.


1173    Van Bokkelen Aug 90   Responsibilities of Host and Network
                              Managers: A Summary of the "Oral
                              Tradition" of the Internet

This informational RFC describes the conventions to be followed by those
in charge of networks and hosts in the Internet.  It is a summary of the
"oral tradition" of the Internet on this subject.  [RFC Editor's note:
This memo is a contribution by the author of his view of these
conventions.  It is expected that this RFC will provide a basis for the
development of official policies in the future.] These conventions may
be supplemented or amended by the policies of specific local and
regional components of the Internet.  This RFC does not specify a
standard, or a policy of the IAB.





Reynolds                                                        [Page 6]

RFC 1199                  Summary of 1100-1199             December 1991


1172    Perkins      Jul 90   The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
                              Initial Configuration Options

This memo specifies the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) Initial
Configuration Options as a Proposed Standard Protocol for the Internet
community.  When it becomes a full Standard, this protocol will be
recommended for all TCP/IP implementations that communicate over serial
links.


1171    Perkins      Jul 90   The Point-to-Point Protocol for the
                              Transmission of Multi-Protocol Datagrams
                              Over Point-to-Point Links

This memo specifies the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) as a Draft
Standard Protocol for the Internet community.  When it becomes a full
Standard, this protocol will be recommended for all TCP/IP
implementations that communicate over serial links.


1170    Fougner      Jan 91   Public Key Standards and Licenses

This RFC is a public statement by Public Key Partners regarding Public
Key Standards and Licenses.  This memo is for informational use only,
and does not constitute an Internet standard.


1169    Cerf         Aug 90   Explaining the Role of GOSIP

This informational RFC represents the official view of the Internet
Activities Board (IAB), after coordination with the Federal Networking
Council (FNC).  This RFC does not specify a standard.


1168    Westine      Jul 90   Intermail and Commercial Mail
                              Relay Services

This RFC discusses the history and evolution of the Intermail and
Commercial mail systems.  The problems encountered in operating a
store-and-forward mail relay between commercial systems such as
Telemail, MCI Mail and Dialcom are also discussed.  This RFC provides
information for the Internet community, and does not specify any
standard.








Reynolds                                                        [Page 7]

RFC 1199                  Summary of 1100-1199             December 1991


1167    Cerf         Jul 90   Thoughts on the National Research and
                              Education Network

The memo provides a brief outline of a National Research and Education
Network (NREN).  This memo provides information for the Internet
community.  It does not specify any standard.  It is not a statement of
IAB policy or recommendations.


1166    Kirkpatrick  Jul 90   Internet Numbers

This memo is a status report on the network numbers and autonomous
system numbers used in the Internet community.


1165    Crowcrowft   Jun 90   Network Time Protocol (NTP)
                              over the OSI Remote Operations Service

This memo suggests an Experimental Protocol for the OSI and Internet
communities.  Hosts in either community, and in particular those on both
are encouraged to experiment with this mechanism.


1164    Honig         Jun 90  Application of the Border Gateway
                              Protocol in the Internet

This RFC, together with its companion RFC-1163, "A Border Gateway
Protocol (BGP)", specify an inter-autonomous system routing protocol for
the Internet.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1163    Lougheed     Jun 90   A Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

This RFC, together with its companion RFC-1164, "Application of the
Border Gateway Protocol in the Internet", specify an inter-autonomous
system routing protocol for the Internet.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1162    Satz         Jun 90   Connectionless Network Protocol
                              (ISO 8473) and End System to
                              Intermediate System (ISO 9542)
                              Management Information Base

This memo defines an experimental portion of the Management Information
Base (MIB) for use with network management protocols in TCP/IP-based
internets.  This memo does not specify a standard for the Internet
community.




Reynolds                                                        [Page 8]

RFC 1199                  Summary of 1100-1199             December 1991


1161    Rose         Jun 90   SNMP over OSI

This memo defines an experimental means for running the Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP) over OSI transports.  This memo does not
specify a standard for the Internet community,


1160    Cerf         May 90   The Internet Activities Board

This RFC provides a history and description of the Internet Activities
Board (IAB) and its subsidiary organizations.  This memo is for
informational use and does not constitute a standard.  This is a
revision of RFC 1120.


1159    Nelson       Jun 90   Message Send Protocol

This RFC suggests an Experimental Protocol for the Internet community.
Hosts on the Internet that choose to implement a Message Send Protocol
may experiment with this protocol.


1158    Rose         May 90   Management Information Base for
                              Network Management of TCP/IP-based
                              internets:  MIB-II

This memo defines the second version of the Management Information Base
(MIB-II) for use with network management protocols in TCP/IP- based
internets.  In particular, together with its companion memos which
describe the structure of management information (RFC 1155) along with
the network management protocol (RFC 1157) for TCP/IP- based internets,
these documents provide a simple, workable architecture and system for
managing TCP/IP-based internets and in particular the Internet
community.

This document on MIB-II incorporates all of the technical content of RFC
1156 on MIB-I and extends it, without loss of compatibilty.
[STANDARDS-TRACK]


1157    Case         May 90   A Simple Network Management
                              Protocol (SNMP)

This RFC is a re-release of RFC 1098, with a changed "Status of this
Memo" section plus a few minor typographical corrections.  This memo
defines a simple protocol by which management information for a network
element may be inspected or altered by logically remote users.
[STANDARDS-TRACK]



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1156    McCloghrie   May 90   Management Information Base for
                              Network Management of
                              TCP/IP-based internets

This RFC is a re-release of RFC 1066, with a changed "Status of this
Memo", "IAB Policy Statement", and "Introduction" sections plus a few
minor typographical corrections.  The technical content of the document
is unchanged from RFC 1066.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1155    Rose         May 90   Structure and Identification of
                              Management Information for
                              TCP/IP-based Internets

This RFC is a re-release of RFC 1065, with a changed "Status of this
Memo", plus a few minor typographical corrections.  The technical
content of the document is unchanged from RFC 1065.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1154    Robinson     Apr 90   Encoding Header Field for
                              Internet Messages

This RFC proposes an elective experimental Encoding header field to
permit the mailing of multi-part, multi-structured messages.

The use of Encoding updates RFC 1049 (Content-Type), and is a suggested
update to RFCs 1113, 1114, and 1115 (Privacy Enhancement).


1153    Wancho       Apr 90   Digest Message Format

This memo describes the de facto standard Digest Message Format.  This
is an elective experimental protocol.


1152    Partridge    Apr 90   Workshop Report: Internet Research
                              Steering GroupWorkshop on
                              Very-High-Speed Networks

This memo is a report on a workshop sponsored by the Internet Research
Steering Group.  This memo is for information only.  This RFC does not
specify an Internet standard.


1151    Partridge    Apr 90   Version 2 of the Reliable Data
                              Protocol (RDP)

This RFC suggests several updates to the specification of the Reliable



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Data Protocol (RDP) in RFC-908 based on experience with the protocol.
This revised version of the protocol is experimental.


1150    Malkin       Mar 90   F.Y.I on F.Y.I:
                              Introduction to the F.Y.I. Notes

This memo is the first in a new sub-series of RFCs called FYIs (For Your
Information).  This memo provides information for the Internet
community.  It does not specify any standard.  [Also FYI 1.]


1149    Waitzman     Apr 90   A Standard for the Transmission of
                              IP Datagrams on Avian Carriers

This memo describes an experimental method for the encapsulation of IP
datagrams in avian carriers.  This specification is primarily useful in
Metropolitan Area Networks.  This is an experimental, not recommended
standard.


1148    Kille        Mar 90   Mapping between X.400(1988) /
                              ISO 10021 and RFC 822

This RFC suggests an electronic mail protocol mapping for the Internet
community and UK Academic Community, and requests discussion and
suggestions for improvements.  This memo does not specify an Internet
standard.  This edition includes material lost in editing.


1147    Stine        Apr 90   FYI on a Network Management Tool
                              Catalog: Tools for Monitoring and
                              Debugging TCP/IP Internets
                              and Interconnected Devices

The goal of this FYI memo is to provide practical information to site
administrators and network managers.  This memo provides information for
the Internet community.  It does not specify any standard.  It is not a
statement of IAB policy or recommendations.  [Also FYI 2.] This catalog
contains descriptions of several tools available to assist network
managers in debugging and maintaining TCP/IP internets and
interconnected communications resources.  Entries in the catalog tell
what a tool does, how it works, and how it can be obtained.








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1146    Zweig        Mar 90   TCP Alternate Checksum Options

This memo is suggests a pair of TCP options to allow use of alternate
data checksum algorithms in the TCP header.  The use of these options is
experimental, and not recommended for production use.  Note: This RFC
corrects errors introduced in the editing process in RFC 1145.


1145    Zweig        Feb 90   TCP Alternate Checksum Options

This memo is suggests a pair of TCP options to allow use of alternate
data checksum algorithms in the TCP header.  The use of these options is
experimental, and not recommended for production use.


1144    Jacobson     Feb 90   Compressing TCP/IP Headers for
                              Low-Speed Serial Links

This RFC describes a method for compressing the headers of TCP/IP
datagrams to improve performance over low speed serial links.  The
motivation, implementation and performance of the method are described.
C code for a sample implementation is given for reference.  [STANDARDS-
TRACK]


1143    Bernstein    Feb 90   The Q Method of Implementing TELNET
                              Option Negotiation

This is RFC discusses an implementation approach to option negotiation
in the Telnet protocol (RFC 854).  It does not propose any changes to
the TELNET protocol.  Rather, it discusses the implementation of the
protocol of one feature, only.  This is not a protocol specification.
This is an experimental method of implementing a protocol.


1142    Oran         Feb 90   OSI IS-IS Intra-domain Routing Protocol

This RFC is a republication of ISO DP 10589 as a service to the
Internet community.  This is not an Internet standard.


1141    Mallory      Jan 90   Incremental Updating of the
                              Internet Checksum

This memo correctly describes the incremental update procedure for use
with the standard Internet checksum.  It is intended to replace the
description of Incremental Update in RFC 1071.  This is not a standard
but rather, an implementation technique.



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1140    Postel       May 90   IAB Official Protocol Standards

This memo describes the state of standardization of protocols used in
the Internet as determined by the Internet Activities Board (IAB).

This memo is issued quarterly, please be sure the copy you are reading
is dated within the last three months.  Current copies may be obtained
from the Network Information Center or from the Internet Assigned
Numbers Authority.  Do not use this edition after 31-Aug-90.


1139    Hagens       Jan 90   An Echo Function for ISO 8473

This memo defines an echo function for the connection-less network layer
protocol.  Two mechanisms are introduced that may be used to implement
the echo function.  The first mechanism is recommended as an interim
solution for the Internet community.  The second mechanism will be
progressed to the ANSI X3S3.3 working group for consideration as a work
item.

When an ISO standard is adopted that provides functionality similar to
that described by this memo, then this memo will become obsolete and
superceded by the ISO standard.  This memo is not intended to compete
with an ISO standard.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1138    Kille        Dec 89   Mapping between X.400(1988) / ISO 10021
                              and RFC 822

Ths RFC suggests an electronic mail protocol mapping for the Internet
community and UK Academic Community, and requests discussion and
suggestions for improvements.  This memo does not specify an Internet
standard.  This memo updates RFCs 822, 987, and 1026.


1137    Kille        Dec 89   Mapping Between Full RFC 822 and
                              RFC 822 with Restricted Encoding

This RFC suggests an electronic mail protocol mapping for the Internet
community and UK Academic Community, and requests discussion and
suggestions for improvements.  This memo does not specify an Internet
standard.


1136    Hares        Dec 89   Administrative Domains and Routing Domains
                              A Model for Routing in the Internet

This RFC proposes a model for describing routing within the Internet.



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The model is an adaptation of the "OSI Routeing Framework".  This memo
does not specify an Internet standard.


1135    Reynolds     Dec 89   The Helminthiasis of the Internet

This memo takes a look back at the helminthiasis (infestation with, or
disease caused by parasitic worms) of the Internet that was unleashed
the evening of 2 November 1988.  This RFC provides information about an
event that occurred in the life of the Internet.  This memo does not
specify any standard.

This document provides a glimpse at the infection, its festering, and
cure.  The impact of the worm on the Internet community, ethics
statements, the role of the news media, crime in the computer world, and
future prevention is discussed.  A documentation review presents four
publications that describe in detail this particular parasitic computer
program.  Reference and bibliography sections are also included.


1134    Perkins      Nov 89   The Point-to-Point Protocol: A Proposal
                              for Multi-Protocol Transmission of
                              Datagrams Over Point-to-Point Links

This proposal is the product of the Point-to-Point Protocol Working
Group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).  Comments on this
memo should be submitted to the IETF Point-to-Point Protocol Working
Group chair by January 15, 1990.  Comments will be reviewed at the
February 1990 IETF meeting, with the goal of advancing PPP to draft
standard status.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1133    Yu           Nov 89   Routing between the NSFNET and the DDN

This document is a case study of the implementation of routing between
the NSFNET and the DDN components (the MILNET and the ARPANET).  We hope
that it can be used to expand towards interconnection of other
Administrative Domains.  We would welcome discussion and suggestions
about the methods employed for the interconnections.  No standards are
specified in this memo.


1132    McLaughlin   Nov 89   A Standard for the Transmission of
                              802.2 Packets over IPX Networks

This document specifies a standard method of encapsulating 802.2 packets
on networks supporting Novell's Internet Packet Exchange Protocol (IPX).
It obsoletes earlier documents detailing the transmission of Internet



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packets over IPX networks.  It differs from these earlier documents in
that it allows for the transmission of multiple network protocols over
IPX and for the transmission of packets through IPX bridges.


1131    Moy          Oct 89   The OSPF Specification

This RFC is the specification of the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
Internet routing protocol.  OSPF is in the class of Internal Gateway
Protocols (IGPs) for distributing routing information between gateways
of a single Autonomous System.  This routing protocol is based on the
link-state approach (in contrast to the distance-vector approach).  This
specification was developed by the OSPF Working Group of the Internet
Engineering Task Force.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1130    Postel       Oct 89   IAB Official Protocol Standards

This memo describes the state of standardization of protocols used in
the Internet as determined by the Internet Activities Board (IAB).


1129    Mills        Oct 89   Internet Time Synchronization:
                              the Network Time Protocol

This memo describes the Network Time Protocol (NTP) designed to
distribute time information in a large, diverse internet system
operating at speeds from mundane to lightwave.  It uses a returnable-
time architecture in which a distributed subnet of time servers
operating in a self-organizing, hierarchical, master-slave configuration
synchronizes local clocks within the subnet and to national time
standards via wire or radio.  The servers can also redistribute time
information within a network via local routing algorithms and time
daemons.

The architectures, algorithms and protocols which have evolved to NTP
over several years of implementation and refinement are described in
this paper.  The synchronization subnet which has been in regular
operation in the Internet for the last several years is described along
with performance data which shows that timekeeping accuracy throughout
most portions of the Internet can be ordinarily maintained to within a
few tens of milliseconds, even in cases of failure or disruption of
clocks, time servers or networks.

This memo describes the Network Time Protocol in RFC-1119.






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1128    Mills        Oct 89   Measured Performance of the Network Time
                              Protocol in the Internet System

This paper describes a series of experiments involving over 100,000
hosts of the Internet system and located in the U.S., Europe and the
Pacific.  The experiments are designed to evaluate the availability,
accuracy and reliability of international standard time distribution
using the DARPA/NSF Internet and the Network Time Protocol (NTP), which
is specified in RFC-1119.  NTP is designed specifically for use in a
large, diverse internet system operating at speeds from mundane to
lightwave.  In NTP a distributed subnet of time servers operating in a
self-organizing, hierarchical, master-slave configuration exchange
precision timestamps in order to synchronize subnet clocks to each other
and national time standards via wire or radio.

The experiments are designed to locate Internet hosts and gateways that
provide time by one of three time distribution protocols and evaluate
the accuracy of their indications.  For those hosts that support NTP,
the experiments determine the distribution of errors and other
statistics over paths spanning major portions of the globe.  Finally,
the experiments evaluate the accuracy and reliability of precision
timekeeping using NTP and typical Internet paths involving DARPA, NSFNET
and other agency networks.  The experiments demonstrate that timekeeping
accuracy throughout most portions of the Internet can be ordinarily
maintained to within a few tens of milliseconds, even in cases of
failure or disruption of clocks, time servers or networks.

This memo does not specify a standard.


1127    Braden       Oct 89   Perspective on Host Requirements

This RFC is for information only; it does not constitute a standard,
draft standard, or proposed standard, and it does not define a protocol.


1126    Little       Oct 89   Goals and Functional Requirements for
                              Inter-Autonomous System Routing

This document describes the functional requirements for a routing
protocol to be used between autonomous systems.  This document is
intended as a necessary precursor to the design of a new inter-
autonomous system routing protocol and specifies requirements for the
Internet applicable for use with the current DoD IP, the ISO IP, and
future Internet Protocols.  It is intended that these requirements will
form the basis for the future development of a new inter-autonomous
systems routing architecture and protocol. This memo does not specify a
standard.



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1125    Estrin       Nov 89   Policy Requirements for Inter
                              Administrative Domain Routing

The purpose of this memo is to focus discussion on particular problems
in the Internet and possible methods of solution.  No proposed solutions
in this document are intended as standards for the Internet.  Rather, it
is hoped that a general consensus will emerge as to the appropriate
solution to such problems, leading eventually to the development and
adoption of standards.


1124    Leiner       Sep 89   Policy Issues in Interconnecting Networks

To support the activities of the Federal Research Internet Coordinating
Committee (FRICC) in creating an interconnected set of networks to serve
the research community, two workshops were held to address the technical
support of policy issues that arise when interconnecting such networks.
Held under the suspices of the Internet Activities Board at the request
of the FRICC, and sponsored by NASA through RIACS, the workshops
addressed the required and feasible technologies and architectures that
could be used to satisfy the desired policies for interconnection.  The
purpose of this RFC is to report the results of these workshops.


1123    Braden       Oct 89   Requirements for Internet Hosts --
                              Application and Support

This RFC is an official specification for the Internet community.  It
incorporates by reference, amends, corrects, and supplements the primary
protocol standards documents relating to hosts.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1122    Braden       Oct 89   Requirements for Internet Hosts --
                              Communication Layers

This RFC is an official specification for the Internet community.  It
incorporates by reference, amends, corrects, and supplements the primary
protocol standards documents relating to hosts.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1121    Postel       Sep 89   Act One - The Poems

This RFC presents a collection of poems that were presented at "Act
One", a symposium held partially in celebration of the 20th anniversary
of the ARPANET.






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1120    Cerf         Sep 89   The Internet Activities Board

This RFC provides a history and description of the Internet Activities
Board (IAB) and its subsidiary organizations.  This memo is for
informational use and does not constitute a standard.


1119    Mills        Sep 89   Network Time Protocol (Version 2)
                              Specification and Implementation

This document describes the Network Time Protocol (NTP), specifies its
formal structure and summarizes information useful for its
implementation.  NTP provides the mechanisms to synchronize time and
coordinate time distribution in a large, diverse internet operating at
rates from mundane to lightwave.  It uses a returnable-time design in
which a distributed subnet of time servers operating in a self-
organizing, hierarchical-master-slave configuration synchronizes local
clocks within the subnet and to national time standards via wire or
radio.  The servers can also redistribute reference time via local
routing algorithms and time daemons.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1118    Krol         Sep 89   The Hitchhikers Guide to the Internet

This RFC is being distributed to members of the Internet community in
order to make available some "hints" which will allow new network
participants to understand how the direction of the Internet is set, how
to acquire online information and how to be a good Internet neighbor.
While the information discussed may not be relevant to the research
problems of the Internet, it may be interesting to a number of
researchers and implementors.  No standards are defined or specified in
this memo.


1117    Romano       Aug 89   Internet Numbers

This memo is an official status report on the network numbers and the
autonomous system numbers used in the Internet community.


1116    Borman       Aug 89   Telnet Linemode Option

Hosts on the Internet that support Linemode within the Telnet protocol
are expected to adopt and implement this protocol.  Obsoleted by RFC
1184.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]






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1115    Linn         Aug 89   Privacy Enhancement for Internet
                              Electronic Mail: Part III --
                              Algorithms, Modes, and Identifiers

This RFC provides definitions, references, and citations for
algorithms, usage modes, and associated identifiers used in RFC-1113
and RFC-1114 in support of privacy-enhanced electronic mail.
[STANDARDS-TRACK]


1114    Kent         Aug 89   Privacy Enhancement for Internet
                              Electronic Mail: Part II --
                              Certificate-Based Key Management

This RFC specifies the key management aspects of Privacy Enhanced Mail.
[STANDARDS-TRACK]


1113    Linn         Aug 89   Privacy Enhancement for Internet
                              Electronic Mail: Part I -- Message
                              Encipherment and Authentication
                              Procedures

This RFC specifies features for private electronic mail based on
encryption technology.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1112    Deering      Aug 89   Host Extensions for IP Multicasting

This memo specifies the extensions required of a host implementation of
the Internet Protocol (IP) to support multicasting.  Recommended
procedure for IP multicasting in the Internet.  This RFC obsoletes RFCs
998 and 1054.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1111    Postel       Aug 89   Request for Comments on Request for
                              Comments - Instructions to
                              RFC Authors

This RFC specifies a standard for the Internet community.  Authors of
RFCs are expected to adopt and implement this standard.


1110    McKenzie     Aug 89   A Problem with the TCP Big Window
                              Option

This memo comments on the TCP Big Window option described in RFC 1106.




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1109    Cerf         Aug 89   Report of the Second Ad Hoc
                              Network Management Review Group

This RFC reports an official Internet Activities Board (IAB) policy
position on the treatment of Network Management in the Internet.  This
RFC presents the results and recommendations of the second Ad Hoc
Network Management Review on June 12, 1989.  The results of the first
such meeting were reported in RFC 1052.


1108    Kent         Nov 91   U.S. Department of Defense Security
                              Options for the Internet Protocol

This RFC specifies the U.S. Department of Defense Basic Security
Option and the top-level description of the Extended Security Option
for use with the Internet Protocol.  This RFC obsoletes RFC 1038,
"Revised IP Security Option", dated January 1988.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1107    Sollins      Jul 89   A Plan for Internet Directory Services

This memo proposes a program to develop a directory service for the
Internet.  It reports the results of a meeting held in February 1989,
which was convened to review requirements and options for such a
service.  This proposal is offered for comment, and does not represent a
committed research activity of the Internet community.


1106    Fox          Jun 89   TCP Big Window and Nak Options

This memo discusses two extensions to the TCP protocol to provide a more
efficient operation over a network with a high bandwidth*delay product.
The extensions described in this document have been implemented and
shown to work using resources at NASA.  This memo describes an
Experimental Protocol, these extensions are not proposed as an Internet
standard, but as a starting point for further research.


1105    Lougheed     Jun 89   A Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

This RFC outlines a specific approach for the exchange of network
reachability information between Autonomous Systems.  Updated by RFCs
1163 and 1164.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]








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1104    Braun        Jun 89   Models of Policy Based Routing

The purpose of this RFC is to outline a variety of models for policy
based routing.  The relative benefits of the different approaches are
reviewed.  Discussions and comments are explicitly encouraged to move
toward the best policy based routing model that scales well within a
large internetworking environment.


1103    Katz         Jun 89   A Proposed Standard for the Transmission
                              of IP Datagrams over FDDI Networks

This RFC specifies a method of encapsulating the Internet Protocol (IP)
datagrams and Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) requests and replies on
Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) Networks.  [STANDARDS-TRACK]


1102    Clark        May 89   Policy Routing in Internet Protocols

The purpose of this RFC is to focus discussion on particular problems in
the Internet and possible methods of solution.  No proposed solutions in
this document are intended as standards for the Internet.


1101    Mockapetris  Apr 89   DNS Encoding of Network Names and
                              Other Types

This RFC proposes two extensions to the Domain Name System:

   - A specific method for entering and retrieving RRs which map
     between network names and numbers.

   - Ideas for a general method for describing mappings between
     arbitrary identifiers and numbers.

The method for mapping between network names and addresses is a proposed
standard, the ideas for a general method are experimental.


1100    IAB          Apr 89   IAB Official Protocol Standards

This memo describes the state of standardization of protocols used in
the Internet as determined by the Internet Activities Board (IAB).  An
overview of the standards procedures is presented first, followed by
discussions of the standardization process and the RFC document series,
then the explanation of the terms is presented, the lists of protocols
in each stage of standardization follows, and finally pointers to
references and contacts for further information.



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This memo is issued quarterly, please be sure the copy you are reading
is dated within the last three months.  Current copies may be obtained
from the Network Information Center or from the Internet Assigned
Numbers Authority (see the contact information at the end of this memo).
Do not use this memo after 31-July-89.


Security Considerations

   Security issues are not discussed in this memo.

Author's Address

   Joyce K. Reynolds
   University of Southern California
   Information Sciences Institute
   4676 Admiralty Way
   Marina del Rey, CA 90292

   Phone:  (310) 822-1511

   EMail:  JKREY@ISI.EDU





























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