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Network Working Group                                        G. McGregor
Request for Comments: 1332                                         Merit
Obsoletes: RFC 1172                                             May 1992



           The PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP)



Status of this Memo

   This RFC specifies an IAB standards track protocol for the Internet
   community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements.
   Please refer to the current edition of the "IAB Official Protocol
   Standards" for the standardization state and status of this protocol.
   Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

   The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) [1] provides a standard method of
   encapsulating Network Layer protocol information over point-to-point
   links.  PPP also defines an extensible Link Control Protocol, and
   proposes a family of Network Control Protocols (NCPs) for
   establishing and configuring different network-layer protocols.

   This document defines the NCP for establishing and configuring the
   Internet Protocol [2] over PPP, and a method to negotiate and use Van
   Jacobson TCP/IP header compression [3] with PPP.

   This RFC is a product of the Point-to-Point Protocol Working Group of
   the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).



















McGregor                                                        [Page i]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


Table of Contents


     1.     Introduction ..........................................    1

     2.     A PPP Network Control Protocol (NCP) for IP ...........    2
        2.1       Sending IP Datagrams ............................    2

     3.     IPCP Configuration Options ............................    4
        3.1       IP-Addresses ....................................    5
        3.2       IP-Compression-Protocol .........................    6
        3.3       IP-Address ......................................    8

     4.     Van Jacobson TCP/IP header compression ................    9
        4.1       Configuration Option Format .....................    9

     APPENDICES ...................................................   11

     A.     IPCP Recommended Options ..............................   11

     SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS ......................................   11

     REFERENCES ...................................................   11

     ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .............................................   11

     CHAIR'S ADDRESS ..............................................   12

     AUTHOR'S ADDRESS .............................................   12






















McGregor                                                       [Page ii]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


1.  Introduction

   PPP has three main components:

      1. A method for encapsulating datagrams over serial links.

      2. A Link Control Protocol (LCP) for establishing, configuring,
         and testing the data-link connection.

      3. A family of Network Control Protocols (NCPs) for establishing
         and configuring different network-layer protocols.

   In order to establish communications over a point-to-point link, each
   end of the PPP link must first send LCP packets to configure and test
   the data link.  After the link has been established and optional
   facilities have been negotiated as needed by the LCP, PPP must send
   NCP packets to choose and configure one or more network-layer
   protocols.  Once each of the chosen network-layer protocols has been
   configured, datagrams from each network-layer protocol can be sent
   over the link.

   The link will remain configured for communications until explicit LCP
   or NCP packets close the link down, or until some external event
   occurs (an inactivity timer expires or network administrator
   intervention).


























McGregor                                                        [Page 1]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


2.  A PPP Network Control Protocol (NCP) for IP

   The IP Control Protocol (IPCP) is responsible for configuring,
   enabling, and disabling the IP protocol modules on both ends of the
   point-to-point link.  IPCP uses the same packet exchange machanism as
   the Link Control Protocol (LCP).  IPCP packets may not be exchanged
   until PPP has reached the Network-Layer Protocol phase.  IPCP packets
   received before this phase is reached should be silently discarded.

   The IP Control Protocol is exactly the same as the Link Control
   Protocol [1] with the following exceptions:

   Data Link Layer Protocol Field

      Exactly one IPCP packet is encapsulated in the Information field
      of PPP Data Link Layer frames where the Protocol field indicates
      type hex 8021 (IP Control Protocol).

   Code field

      Only Codes 1 through 7 (Configure-Request, Configure-Ack,
      Configure-Nak, Configure-Reject, Terminate-Request, Terminate-Ack
      and Code-Reject) are used.  Other Codes should be treated as
      unrecognized and should result in Code-Rejects.

   Timeouts

      IPCP packets may not be exchanged until PPP has reached the
      Network-Layer Protocol phase.  An implementation should be
      prepared to wait for Authentication and Link Quality Determination
      to finish before timing out waiting for a Configure-Ack or other
      response.  It is suggested that an implementation give up only
      after user intervention or a configurable amount of time.

   Configuration Option Types

      IPCP has a distinct set of Configuration Options, which are
      defined below.

2.1.  Sending IP Datagrams

   Before any IP packets may be communicated, PPP must reach the
   Network-Layer Protocol phase, and the IP Control Protocol must reach
   the Opened state.

   Exactly one IP packet is encapsulated in the Information field of PPP
   Data Link Layer frames where the Protocol field indicates type hex
   0021 (Internet Protocol).



McGregor                                                        [Page 2]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


   The maximum length of an IP packet transmitted over a PPP link is the
   same as the maximum length of the Information field of a PPP data
   link layer frame.  Larger IP datagrams must be fragmented as
   necessary.  If a system wishes to avoid fragmentation and reassembly,
   it should use the TCP Maximum Segment Size option [4], and MTU
   discovery [5].













































McGregor                                                        [Page 3]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


3.  IPCP Configuration Options

IPCP Configuration Options allow negotiatiation of desirable Internet
Protocol parameters.  IPCP uses the same Configuration Option format
defined for LCP [1], with a separate set of Options.

The most up-to-date values of the IPCP Option Type field are specified
in the most recent "Assigned Numbers" RFC [6].  Current values are
assigned as follows:

   1       IP-Addresses
   2       IP-Compression-Protocol
   3       IP-Address






































McGregor                                                        [Page 4]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


3.1.  IP-Addresses

   Description

      The use of the Configuration Option IP-Addresses has been
      deprecated.  It has been determined through implementation
      experience that it is difficult to ensure negotiation convergence
      in all cases using this option.  RFC 1172 [7] provides information
      for implementations requiring backwards compatability.  The IP-
      Address Configuration Option replaces this option, and its use is
      preferred.

      This option SHOULD NOT be sent in a Configure-Request if a
      Configure-Request has been received which includes either an IP-
      Addresses or IP-Address option.  This option MAY be sent if a
      Configure-Reject is received for the IP-Address option, or a
      Configure-Nak is received with an IP-Addresses option as an
      appended option.

      Support for this option MAY be removed after the IPCP protocol
      status advances to Internet Draft Standard.






























McGregor                                                        [Page 5]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


3.2.  IP-Compression-Protocol

   Description

      This Configuration Option provides a way to negotiate the use of a
      specific compression protocol.  By default, compression is not
      enabled.

   A summary of the IP-Compression-Protocol Configuration Option format
   is shown below.  The fields are transmitted from left to right.

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |     Type      |    Length     |     IP-Compression-Protocol   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |    Data ...
   +-+-+-+-+

   Type

      2

   Length

      >= 4

   IP-Compression-Protocol

      The IP-Compression-Protocol field is two octets and indicates the
      compression protocol desired.  Values for this field are always
      the same as the PPP Data Link Layer Protocol field values for that
      same compression protocol.

      The most up-to-date values of the IP-Compression-Protocol field
      are specified in the most recent "Assigned Numbers" RFC [6].
      Current values are assigned as follows:

         Value (in hex)          Protocol

         002d                    Van Jacobson Compressed TCP/IP

   Data

      The Data field is zero or more octets and contains additional data
      as determined by the particular compression protocol.





McGregor                                                        [Page 6]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


   Default

      No compression protocol enabled.
















































McGregor                                                        [Page 7]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


3.3.  IP-Address

   Description

      This Configuration Option provides a way to negotiate the IP
      address to be used on the local end of the link.  It allows the
      sender of the Configure-Request to state which IP-address is
      desired, or to request that the peer provide the information.  The
      peer can provide this information by NAKing the option, and
      returning a valid IP-address.

      If negotiation about the remote IP-address is required, and the
      peer did not provide the option in its Configure-Request, the
      option SHOULD be appended to a Configure-Nak.  The value of the
      IP-address given must be acceptable as the remote IP-address, or
      indicate a request that the peer provide the information.

      By default, no IP address is assigned.

   A summary of the IP-Address Configuration Option format is shown
   below.  The fields are transmitted from left to right.

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |     Type      |    Length     |           IP-Address
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
           IP-Address (cont)       |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   Type

      3

   Length

      6

   IP-Address

      The four octet IP-Address is the desired local address of the
      sender of a Configure-Request.  If all four octets are set to
      zero, it indicates a request that the peer provide the IP-Address
      information.

   Default

      No IP address is assigned.



McGregor                                                        [Page 8]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


4.  Van Jacobson TCP/IP header compression

Van Jacobson TCP/IP header compression reduces the size of the TCP/IP
headers to as few as three bytes.  This can be a significant improvement
on slow serial lines, particularly for interactive traffic.

The IP-Compression-Protocol Configuration Option is used to indicate the
ability to receive compressed packets.  Each end of the link must
separately request this option if bi-directional compression is desired.

The PPP Protocol field is set to the following values when transmitting
IP packets:

   Value (in hex)

   0021      Type IP.  The IP protocol is not TCP, or the packet is a
             fragment, or cannot be compressed.

   002d      Compressed TCP.  The TCP/IP headers are replaced by the
             compressed header.

   002f      Uncompressed TCP.  The IP protocol field is replaced by
             the slot identifier.

4.1.  Configuration Option Format

   A summary of the IP-Compression-Protocol Configuration Option format
   to negotiate Van Jacobson TCP/IP header compression is shown below.
   The fields are transmitted from left to right.

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |     Type      |    Length     |     IP-Compression-Protocol   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  Max-Slot-Id  | Comp-Slot-Id  |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   Type

      2

   Length

      6






McGregor                                                        [Page 9]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


   IP-Compression-Protocol

      002d (hex) for Van Jacobson Compressed TCP/IP headers.

   Max-Slot-Id

      The Max-Slot-Id field is one octet and indicates the maximum slot
      identifier.  This is one less than the actual number of slots; the
      slot identifier has values from zero to Max-Slot-Id.

         Note: There may be implementations that have problems with only
         one slot (Max-Slot-Id = 0).  See the discussion in reference
         [3].  The example implementation in [3] will only work with 3
         through 254 slots.

   Comp-Slot-Id

      The Comp-Slot-Id field is one octet and indicates whether the slot
      identifier field may be compressed.

         0  The slot identifier must not be compressed.  All compressed
            TCP packets must set the C bit in every change mask, and
            must include the slot identifier.

         1  The slot identifer may be compressed.

      The slot identifier must not be compressed if there is no ability
      for the PPP link level to indicate an error in reception to the
      decompression module.  Synchronization after errors depends on
      receiving a packet with the slot identifier.  See the discussion
      in reference [3].




















McGregor                                                       [Page 10]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


A.  IPCP Recommended Options

   The following Configurations Options are recommended:

      IP-Compression-Protocol -- with at least 4 slots, usually 16
      slots.

      IP-Address -- only on dial-up lines.


Security Considerations

   Security issues are not discussed in this memo.


References

   [1]   Simpson, W., "The Point-to-Point Protocol", RFC 1331, May 1992.

   [2]   Postel, J., "Internet Protocol", RFC 791, USC/Information
         Sciences Institute, September 1981.

   [3]   Jacobson, V., "Compressing TCP/IP Headers", RFC 1144, January
         1990.

   [4]   Postel, J., "The TCP Maximum Segment Size Option and Related
         Topics", RFC 879, USC/Information Sciences Institute, November
         1983.

   [5]   Mogul, J., and S. Deering, "Path MTU Discovery", RFC 1191,
         November 1990.

   [6]   Reynolds, J., and J. Postel, "Assigned Numbers", RFC 1060,
         USC/Information Sciences Institute, March 1990.

   [7]   Perkins, D., and R. Hobby, "Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
         initial configuration options", RFC 1172, August 1990.


Acknowledgments

   Some of the text in this document is taken from RFCs 1171 & 1172, by
   Drew Perkins of Carnegie Mellon University, and by Russ Hobby of the
   University of California at Davis.

   Information leading to the expanded IP-Compression option provided by
   Van Jacobson at SIGCOMM '90.




McGregor                                                       [Page 11]

RFC 1332                        PPP IPCP                        May 1992


   Bill Simpson helped with the document formatting.


Chair's Address

   The working group can be contacted via the current chair:

      Brian Lloyd
      Lloyd & Associates
      3420 Sudbury Road
      Cameron Park, California 95682

      Phone: (916) 676-1147

      EMail: brian@ray.lloyd.com



Author's Address

   Questions about this memo can also be directed to:

      Glenn McGregor
      Merit Network, Inc.
      1071 Beal Avenue
      Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2103

      Phone: (313) 763-1203

      EMail: Glenn.McGregor@Merit.edu





















McGregor                                                       [Page 12]