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Network Working Group                                        C. Smith
Request for Comments: 2937                     Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Category: Standards Track                              September 2000


                The Name Service Search Option for DHCP

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This document defines a new Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
   (DHCP) option which is passed from the DHCP Server to the DHCP Client
   to specify the order in which name services should be consulted when
   resolving hostnames and other information.

Introduction

   The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)[1] provides a
   framework for passing configuration information to hosts on a TCP/IP
   network.  RFC 2132 [2] allows DHCP servers to specify configuration
   information for various kinds of name services to be passed to DHCP
   clients.  Many clients use multiple name services and have crafted
   their own conventions that allow an individual host to express the
   order among the various name services with which lookups are done.
   However, no search order can be specified via DHCP.  The purpose of
   this document is to allow DHCP servers to specify the search order to
   be used by DHCP clients.  To avoid the need for inventing and
   maintaining a separate name space for this option, we rely on the
   existence of previously-defined DHCP options that specify the IP
   address(es) of servers which provide name services whose order we
   wish to express.









Smith                       Standards Track                     [Page 1]

RFC 2937        The Name Service Search Option for DHCP   September 2000


Definitions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY" and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [3].  This
   document also uses the following terms:

      "DHCP client"

         DHCP client or "client" is an Internet host using DHCP to
         obtain configuration parameters such as a network address.

      "DHCP server"

         A DHCP server or "server" is an Internet host that returns
         configuration parameters to DHCP clients.

   Name Service Search Option Format

     The code for this option is 117, and its minimum length is 2 bytes.
     A DHCP server SHOULD return, in its preferred order, the 16-bit,
     network byte order (big-endian [4]) integer option code for the
     name services (the earlier in the list, the more preferred the name
     service).

       Code            Length      Name Service Search Order in Sequence
   0                   1                   2                   3
   0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |     117       |     Len       |             ns1               |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |             ns2               |             ...               |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

     In the above diagram, ns1 and ns2 are 16-bit integers corresponding
     to two DHCP options which specify the IP addresses of two different
     types of name server.  The current list of name services and their
     DHCP option codes, taken from RFC 2132, includes

       Name Service                                  Value

       Domain Name Server Option                       6
       Network Information Servers Option             41
       NetBIOS over TCP/IP Name Server Option         44
       Network Information Service+ Servers Option    65






Smith                       Standards Track                     [Page 2]

RFC 2937        The Name Service Search Option for DHCP   September 2000


       A name service option code of 0 is used to indicate that the
       client should refer to local naming information (e.g., an
       /etc/hosts file on a UNIX machine).

     A DHCP server wishing to express that a client should first search
     DNS, then NIS+, would send

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |     117       |      4        |              6                |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |              65               |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   DHCP Client Behavior

     The DHCP client will use this option to create a search list for
     name resolution.  The client may receive name services in this
     option that it does not support or has not been configured to
     access.  Likewise, a client may receive an option that lists name
     services for which no corresponding DHCP option was supplied.
     Clients will interpret this option in a system-specific manner
     whose specification is outside the scope of this document.

Security Considerations

   DHCP currently provides no authentication or security mechanisms.
   Potential exposures to attack are discussed in section 7 of the DHCP
   protocol specification [1].

IANA Considerations

   IANA has assigned a value of 117 for the DHCP option code described
   in this document.
















Smith                       Standards Track                     [Page 3]

RFC 2937        The Name Service Search Option for DHCP   September 2000


References

   [1] Droms, R., "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol", RFC 2131, March
       1997.

   [2] Alexander, S. and R. Droms, "DHCP Options and BOOTP Vendor
       Extensions", RFC 2132, March 1997.

   [3] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to indicate requirement
       levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [4] Cohen, D., "On Holy Wars and a Plea for Peace", Computer, IEEE,
       October 1981.

Author's Address

   Carl Smith
   Sun Microsystems, Inc.
   901 San Antonio Road
   Palo Alto, CA 94043

   EMail:  cs@Eng.Sun.COM





























Smith                       Standards Track                     [Page 4]

RFC 2937        The Name Service Search Option for DHCP   September 2000


Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.



















Smith                       Standards Track                     [Page 5]