File: container_operations_unix.go

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// +build linux freebsd

package daemon

import (
	"fmt"
	"os"
	"path/filepath"
	"strconv"
	"strings"
	"syscall"
	"time"

	"github.com/Sirupsen/logrus"
	"github.com/docker/docker/container"
	"github.com/docker/docker/daemon/links"
	"github.com/docker/docker/pkg/fileutils"
	"github.com/docker/docker/pkg/idtools"
	"github.com/docker/docker/pkg/mount"
	"github.com/docker/docker/pkg/stringid"
	"github.com/docker/docker/runconfig"
	containertypes "github.com/docker/engine-api/types/container"
	networktypes "github.com/docker/engine-api/types/network"
	"github.com/docker/libnetwork"
	"github.com/opencontainers/runc/libcontainer/configs"
	"github.com/opencontainers/runc/libcontainer/devices"
	"github.com/opencontainers/runc/libcontainer/label"
	"github.com/opencontainers/runtime-spec/specs-go"
)

func u32Ptr(i int64) *uint32     { u := uint32(i); return &u }
func fmPtr(i int64) *os.FileMode { fm := os.FileMode(i); return &fm }

func (daemon *Daemon) setupLinkedContainers(container *container.Container) ([]string, error) {
	var env []string
	children := daemon.children(container)

	bridgeSettings := container.NetworkSettings.Networks[runconfig.DefaultDaemonNetworkMode().NetworkName()]
	if bridgeSettings == nil {
		return nil, nil
	}

	for linkAlias, child := range children {
		if !child.IsRunning() {
			return nil, fmt.Errorf("Cannot link to a non running container: %s AS %s", child.Name, linkAlias)
		}

		childBridgeSettings := child.NetworkSettings.Networks[runconfig.DefaultDaemonNetworkMode().NetworkName()]
		if childBridgeSettings == nil {
			return nil, fmt.Errorf("container %s not attached to default bridge network", child.ID)
		}

		link := links.NewLink(
			bridgeSettings.IPAddress,
			childBridgeSettings.IPAddress,
			linkAlias,
			child.Config.Env,
			child.Config.ExposedPorts,
		)

		for _, envVar := range link.ToEnv() {
			env = append(env, envVar)
		}
	}

	return env, nil
}

// getSize returns the real size & virtual size of the container.
func (daemon *Daemon) getSize(container *container.Container) (int64, int64) {
	var (
		sizeRw, sizeRootfs int64
		err                error
	)

	if err := daemon.Mount(container); err != nil {
		logrus.Errorf("Failed to compute size of container rootfs %s: %s", container.ID, err)
		return sizeRw, sizeRootfs
	}
	defer daemon.Unmount(container)

	sizeRw, err = container.RWLayer.Size()
	if err != nil {
		logrus.Errorf("Driver %s couldn't return diff size of container %s: %s",
			daemon.GraphDriverName(), container.ID, err)
		// FIXME: GetSize should return an error. Not changing it now in case
		// there is a side-effect.
		sizeRw = -1
	}

	if parent := container.RWLayer.Parent(); parent != nil {
		sizeRootfs, err = parent.Size()
		if err != nil {
			sizeRootfs = -1
		} else if sizeRw != -1 {
			sizeRootfs += sizeRw
		}
	}
	return sizeRw, sizeRootfs
}

// ConnectToNetwork connects a container to a network
func (daemon *Daemon) ConnectToNetwork(container *container.Container, idOrName string, endpointConfig *networktypes.EndpointSettings) error {
	if !container.Running {
		if container.RemovalInProgress || container.Dead {
			return errRemovalContainer(container.ID)
		}
		if _, err := daemon.updateNetworkConfig(container, idOrName, endpointConfig, true); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if endpointConfig != nil {
			container.NetworkSettings.Networks[idOrName] = endpointConfig
		}
	} else {
		if err := daemon.connectToNetwork(container, idOrName, endpointConfig, true); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}
	if err := container.ToDiskLocking(); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Error saving container to disk: %v", err)
	}
	return nil
}

// DisconnectFromNetwork disconnects container from network n.
func (daemon *Daemon) DisconnectFromNetwork(container *container.Container, n libnetwork.Network, force bool) error {
	if container.HostConfig.NetworkMode.IsHost() && containertypes.NetworkMode(n.Type()).IsHost() {
		return runconfig.ErrConflictHostNetwork
	}
	if !container.Running {
		if container.RemovalInProgress || container.Dead {
			return errRemovalContainer(container.ID)
		}
		if _, ok := container.NetworkSettings.Networks[n.Name()]; ok {
			delete(container.NetworkSettings.Networks, n.Name())
		} else {
			return fmt.Errorf("container %s is not connected to the network %s", container.ID, n.Name())
		}
	} else {
		if err := disconnectFromNetwork(container, n, false); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	if err := container.ToDiskLocking(); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Error saving container to disk: %v", err)
	}

	attributes := map[string]string{
		"container": container.ID,
	}
	daemon.LogNetworkEventWithAttributes(n, "disconnect", attributes)
	return nil
}

// called from the libcontainer pre-start hook to set the network
// namespace configuration linkage to the libnetwork "sandbox" entity
func (daemon *Daemon) setNetworkNamespaceKey(containerID string, pid int) error {
	path := fmt.Sprintf("/proc/%d/ns/net", pid)
	var sandbox libnetwork.Sandbox
	search := libnetwork.SandboxContainerWalker(&sandbox, containerID)
	daemon.netController.WalkSandboxes(search)
	if sandbox == nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("error locating sandbox id %s: no sandbox found", containerID)
	}

	return sandbox.SetKey(path)
}

func (daemon *Daemon) getIpcContainer(container *container.Container) (*container.Container, error) {
	containerID := container.HostConfig.IpcMode.Container()
	c, err := daemon.GetContainer(containerID)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	if !c.IsRunning() {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("cannot join IPC of a non running container: %s", containerID)
	}
	if c.IsRestarting() {
		return nil, errContainerIsRestarting(container.ID)
	}
	return c, nil
}

func (daemon *Daemon) setupIpcDirs(c *container.Container) error {
	var err error

	c.ShmPath, err = c.ShmResourcePath()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	if c.HostConfig.IpcMode.IsContainer() {
		ic, err := daemon.getIpcContainer(c)
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		c.ShmPath = ic.ShmPath
	} else if c.HostConfig.IpcMode.IsHost() {
		if _, err := os.Stat("/dev/shm"); err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("/dev/shm is not mounted, but must be for --ipc=host")
		}
		c.ShmPath = "/dev/shm"
	} else {
		rootUID, rootGID := daemon.GetRemappedUIDGID()
		if !c.HasMountFor("/dev/shm") {
			shmPath, err := c.ShmResourcePath()
			if err != nil {
				return err
			}

			if err := idtools.MkdirAllAs(shmPath, 0700, rootUID, rootGID); err != nil {
				return err
			}

			shmSize := container.DefaultSHMSize
			if c.HostConfig.ShmSize != 0 {
				shmSize = c.HostConfig.ShmSize
			}
			shmproperty := "mode=1777,size=" + strconv.FormatInt(shmSize, 10)
			if err := syscall.Mount("shm", shmPath, "tmpfs", uintptr(syscall.MS_NOEXEC|syscall.MS_NOSUID|syscall.MS_NODEV), label.FormatMountLabel(shmproperty, c.GetMountLabel())); err != nil {
				return fmt.Errorf("mounting shm tmpfs: %s", err)
			}
			if err := os.Chown(shmPath, rootUID, rootGID); err != nil {
				return err
			}
		}

	}

	return nil
}

func (daemon *Daemon) mountVolumes(container *container.Container) error {
	mounts, err := daemon.setupMounts(container)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	for _, m := range mounts {
		dest, err := container.GetResourcePath(m.Destination)
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}

		var stat os.FileInfo
		stat, err = os.Stat(m.Source)
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if err = fileutils.CreateIfNotExists(dest, stat.IsDir()); err != nil {
			return err
		}

		opts := "rbind,ro"
		if m.Writable {
			opts = "rbind,rw"
		}

		if err := mount.Mount(m.Source, dest, "bind", opts); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	return nil
}

func killProcessDirectly(container *container.Container) error {
	if _, err := container.WaitStop(10 * time.Second); err != nil {
		// Ensure that we don't kill ourselves
		if pid := container.GetPID(); pid != 0 {
			logrus.Infof("Container %s failed to exit within 10 seconds of kill - trying direct SIGKILL", stringid.TruncateID(container.ID))
			if err := syscall.Kill(pid, 9); err != nil {
				if err != syscall.ESRCH {
					return err
				}
				e := errNoSuchProcess{pid, 9}
				logrus.Debug(e)
				return e
			}
		}
	}
	return nil
}

func specDevice(d *configs.Device) specs.Device {
	return specs.Device{
		Type:     string(d.Type),
		Path:     d.Path,
		Major:    d.Major,
		Minor:    d.Minor,
		FileMode: fmPtr(int64(d.FileMode)),
		UID:      u32Ptr(int64(d.Uid)),
		GID:      u32Ptr(int64(d.Gid)),
	}
}

func specDeviceCgroup(d *configs.Device) specs.DeviceCgroup {
	t := string(d.Type)
	return specs.DeviceCgroup{
		Allow:  true,
		Type:   &t,
		Major:  &d.Major,
		Minor:  &d.Minor,
		Access: &d.Permissions,
	}
}

func getDevicesFromPath(deviceMapping containertypes.DeviceMapping) (devs []specs.Device, devPermissions []specs.DeviceCgroup, err error) {
	resolvedPathOnHost := deviceMapping.PathOnHost

	// check if it is a symbolic link
	if src, e := os.Lstat(deviceMapping.PathOnHost); e == nil && src.Mode()&os.ModeSymlink == os.ModeSymlink {
		if linkedPathOnHost, e := os.Readlink(deviceMapping.PathOnHost); e == nil {
			resolvedPathOnHost = linkedPathOnHost
		}
	}

	device, err := devices.DeviceFromPath(resolvedPathOnHost, deviceMapping.CgroupPermissions)
	// if there was no error, return the device
	if err == nil {
		device.Path = deviceMapping.PathInContainer
		return append(devs, specDevice(device)), append(devPermissions, specDeviceCgroup(device)), nil
	}

	// if the device is not a device node
	// try to see if it's a directory holding many devices
	if err == devices.ErrNotADevice {

		// check if it is a directory
		if src, e := os.Stat(resolvedPathOnHost); e == nil && src.IsDir() {

			// mount the internal devices recursively
			filepath.Walk(resolvedPathOnHost, func(dpath string, f os.FileInfo, e error) error {
				childDevice, e := devices.DeviceFromPath(dpath, deviceMapping.CgroupPermissions)
				if e != nil {
					// ignore the device
					return nil
				}

				// add the device to userSpecified devices
				childDevice.Path = strings.Replace(dpath, resolvedPathOnHost, deviceMapping.PathInContainer, 1)
				devs = append(devs, specDevice(childDevice))
				devPermissions = append(devPermissions, specDeviceCgroup(childDevice))

				return nil
			})
		}
	}

	if len(devs) > 0 {
		return devs, devPermissions, nil
	}

	return devs, devPermissions, fmt.Errorf("error gathering device information while adding custom device %q: %s", deviceMapping.PathOnHost, err)
}

func mergeDevices(defaultDevices, userDevices []*configs.Device) []*configs.Device {
	if len(userDevices) == 0 {
		return defaultDevices
	}

	paths := map[string]*configs.Device{}
	for _, d := range userDevices {
		paths[d.Path] = d
	}

	var devs []*configs.Device
	for _, d := range defaultDevices {
		if _, defined := paths[d.Path]; !defined {
			devs = append(devs, d)
		}
	}
	return append(devs, userDevices...)
}

func detachMounted(path string) error {
	return syscall.Unmount(path, syscall.MNT_DETACH)
}

func isLinkable(child *container.Container) bool {
	// A container is linkable only if it belongs to the default network
	_, ok := child.NetworkSettings.Networks[runconfig.DefaultDaemonNetworkMode().NetworkName()]
	return ok
}

func errRemovalContainer(containerID string) error {
	return fmt.Errorf("Container %s is marked for removal and cannot be connected or disconnected to the network", containerID)
}