File: sieve-lexer.c

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/* Copyright (c) 2002-2013 Pigeonhole authors, see the included COPYING file
 */

#include "lib.h"
#include "compat.h"
#include "str.h"
#include "str-sanitize.h"
#include "istream.h"

#include "sieve-common.h"
#include "sieve-limits.h"
#include "sieve-error.h"
#include "sieve-script.h"

#include "sieve-lexer.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <ctype.h>

/*
 * Useful macros
 */

#define DIGIT_VAL(c) ( c - '0' )

/*
 * Forward declarations
 */

inline static void sieve_lexer_error
	(const struct sieve_lexer *lexer, const char *fmt, ...) ATTR_FORMAT(2, 3);
inline static void sieve_lexer_warning
	(const struct sieve_lexer *lexer, const char *fmt, ...) ATTR_FORMAT(2, 3);

/*
 * Lexer object
 */

struct sieve_lexical_scanner {
	pool_t pool;
	struct sieve_instance *svinst;

	struct sieve_script *script;
	struct istream *input;

	struct sieve_error_handler *ehandler;

	/* Currently scanned data */
	const unsigned char *buffer;
	size_t buffer_size;
	size_t buffer_pos;

	struct sieve_lexer lexer;

	int current_line;
};

const struct sieve_lexer *sieve_lexer_create
(struct sieve_script *script, struct sieve_error_handler *ehandler,
	enum sieve_error *error_r)
{
	pool_t pool;
	struct sieve_lexical_scanner *scanner;
	struct sieve_instance *svinst = sieve_script_svinst(script);
	struct istream *stream;
	const struct stat *st;

	/* Open script as stream */
	if ( sieve_script_get_stream(script, &stream, error_r) < 0 )
		return NULL;

	/* Check script size */
	if ( i_stream_stat(stream, TRUE, &st) >= 0 && st->st_size > 0 &&
		svinst->max_script_size > 0 &&
		(uoff_t)st->st_size > svinst->max_script_size ) {
		sieve_error(ehandler, sieve_script_name(script),
			"sieve script is too large (max %"PRIuSIZE_T" bytes)",
			svinst->max_script_size);
		if ( error_r != NULL )
			*error_r = SIEVE_ERROR_NOT_POSSIBLE;
		return NULL;
	}

	pool = pool_alloconly_create("sieve_lexer_scanner", 1024);
	scanner = p_new(pool, struct sieve_lexical_scanner, 1);
	scanner->pool = pool;
	scanner->lexer.scanner = scanner;

	scanner->ehandler = ehandler;
	sieve_error_handler_ref(ehandler);

	scanner->input = stream;
	i_stream_ref(scanner->input);

	scanner->script = script;
	sieve_script_ref(script);

	scanner->buffer = NULL;
	scanner->buffer_size = 0;
	scanner->buffer_pos = 0;

	scanner->lexer.token_type = STT_NONE;
	scanner->lexer.token_str_value = str_new(pool, 256);
	scanner->lexer.token_int_value = 0;
	scanner->lexer.token_line = 1;

	scanner->current_line = 1;

	return &scanner->lexer;
}

void sieve_lexer_free(const struct sieve_lexer **lexer)
{
	struct sieve_lexical_scanner *scanner = (*lexer)->scanner;

	i_stream_unref(&scanner->input);

	sieve_script_unref(&scanner->script);

	sieve_error_handler_unref(&scanner->ehandler);

	pool_unref(&scanner->pool);

	*lexer = NULL;
}

/*
 * Internal error handling
 */

inline static void sieve_lexer_error
(const struct sieve_lexer *lexer, const char *fmt, ...)
{
	struct sieve_lexical_scanner *scanner = lexer->scanner;

	va_list args;
	va_start(args, fmt);

	T_BEGIN {
		sieve_verror(scanner->ehandler,
			sieve_error_script_location(scanner->script, scanner->current_line),
			fmt, args);
	} T_END;

	va_end(args);
}

inline static void sieve_lexer_warning
(const struct sieve_lexer *lexer, const char *fmt, ...)
{
	struct sieve_lexical_scanner *scanner = lexer->scanner;

	va_list args;
	va_start(args, fmt);

	T_BEGIN {
		sieve_vwarning(scanner->ehandler,
			sieve_error_script_location(scanner->script, scanner->current_line),
			fmt, args);
	} T_END;

	va_end(args);
}

const char *sieve_lexer_token_description
(const struct sieve_lexer *lexer)
{
	switch ( lexer->token_type ) {
		case STT_NONE: return "no token (bug)";
		case STT_WHITESPACE: return "whitespace (bug)";
		case STT_EOF: return "end of file";

		case STT_NUMBER: return "number";
		case STT_IDENTIFIER: return "identifier";
		case STT_TAG: return "tag";
		case STT_STRING: return "string";

		case STT_RBRACKET: return "')'";
		case STT_LBRACKET: return "'('";
		case STT_RCURLY: return "'}'";
		case STT_LCURLY: return "'{'";
		case STT_RSQUARE: return "']'";
		case STT_LSQUARE: return "'['";
		case STT_SEMICOLON: return "';'";
		case STT_COMMA: return "','";

		case STT_SLASH: return "'/'";
		case STT_COLON: return "':'";

		case STT_GARBAGE: return "unknown characters";
		case STT_ERROR: return "error token (bug)";
	}

	return "unknown token (bug)";
}

/*
 * Debug
 */

void sieve_lexer_token_print(const struct sieve_lexer *lexer)
{
	switch ( lexer->token_type ) {
		case STT_NONE: printf("??NONE?? "); break;
		case STT_WHITESPACE: printf("??WHITESPACE?? "); break;
		case STT_EOF: printf("EOF\n"); break;

		case STT_NUMBER: printf("NUMBER "); break;
		case STT_IDENTIFIER: printf("IDENTIFIER "); break;
		case STT_TAG: printf("TAG "); break;
		case STT_STRING: printf("STRING "); break;

		case STT_RBRACKET: printf(") "); break;
		case STT_LBRACKET: printf("( "); break;
		case STT_RCURLY: printf("}\n"); break;
		case STT_LCURLY: printf("{\n"); break;
		case STT_RSQUARE: printf("] "); break;
		case STT_LSQUARE: printf("[ "); break;
		case STT_SEMICOLON: printf(";\n"); break;
		case STT_COMMA: printf(", "); break;

		case STT_SLASH: printf("/ "); break;
		case STT_COLON: printf(": "); break;

		case STT_GARBAGE: printf(">>GARBAGE<<"); break;
		case STT_ERROR: printf(">>ERROR<<"); break;
	default:
		printf("UNKNOWN ");
		break;
	}
}

/*
 * Lexical scanning
 */

static void sieve_lexer_shift(struct sieve_lexical_scanner *scanner)
{
	if ( scanner->buffer != NULL && scanner->buffer[scanner->buffer_pos] == '\n' )
		scanner->current_line++;

	if ( scanner->buffer != NULL &&
		scanner->buffer_pos + 1 < scanner->buffer_size )
		scanner->buffer_pos++;
	else {
		if ( scanner->buffer != NULL )
			i_stream_skip(scanner->input, scanner->buffer_size);

		scanner->buffer = i_stream_get_data(scanner->input, &scanner->buffer_size);

		if ( scanner->buffer == NULL && i_stream_read(scanner->input) > 0 )
	  		scanner->buffer = i_stream_get_data
					(scanner->input, &scanner->buffer_size);

		scanner->buffer_pos = 0;
	}
}

static inline int sieve_lexer_curchar(struct sieve_lexical_scanner *scanner)
{
	if ( scanner->buffer == NULL )
		return -1;

	return scanner->buffer[scanner->buffer_pos];
}

static inline const char *_char_sanitize(int ch)
{
	if ( ch > 31 && ch < 127 )
		return t_strdup_printf("'%c'", ch);

	return t_strdup_printf("0x%02x", ch);
}

/* sieve_lexer_scan_raw_token:
 *   Scans valid tokens and whitespace
 */
static bool sieve_lexer_scan_raw_token(struct sieve_lexical_scanner *scanner)
{
	struct sieve_lexer *lexer = &scanner->lexer;
	string_t *str;

	/* Read first character */
	if ( lexer->token_type == STT_NONE ) {
		i_stream_read(scanner->input);
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
	}

	lexer->token_line = scanner->current_line;

	switch ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) ) {

	/* whitespace */

	// hash-comment = ( "#" *CHAR-NOT-CRLF CRLF )
	case '#':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

		while ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) != '\n' ) {
			switch( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) ) {
			case -1:
				sieve_lexer_warning
					(lexer, "no newline (CRLF) at end of hash comment at end of file");
				lexer->token_type = STT_WHITESPACE;
				return TRUE;
			case '\0':
				sieve_lexer_error
					(lexer, "encountered NUL character in hash comment");
				lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
				return FALSE;
			default:
				break;
			}

			/* Stray CR is ignored */

			sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		}

		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

		lexer->token_type = STT_WHITESPACE;
		return TRUE;

	// bracket-comment = "/*" *(CHAR-NOT-STAR / ("*" CHAR-NOT-SLASH)) "*/"
	//        ;; No */ allowed inside a comment.
	//        ;; (No * is allowed unless it is the last character,
	//        ;; or unless it is followed by a character that isn't a
	//        ;; slash.)
	case '/':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

		if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '*' ) {
			sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

			while ( TRUE ) {
				switch ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) ) {
				case -1:
					sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
						"end of file before end of bracket comment ('/* ... */') "
						"started at line %d", lexer->token_line);
					lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
					return FALSE;
				case '*':
					sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

					if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '/' ) {
						sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

						lexer->token_type = STT_WHITESPACE;
						return TRUE;

					} else if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == -1 ) {
						sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
							"end of file before end of bracket comment ('/* ... */') "
							"started at line %d", lexer->token_line);
						lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
						return FALSE;
					}
					break;
				case '\0':
					sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
						"encountered NUL character in bracket comment");
					lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
					return FALSE;
				default:
					sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
				}
			}

			i_unreached();
			return FALSE;
		}

		lexer->token_type = STT_SLASH;
		return TRUE;

	// comment = bracket-comment / hash-comment
	// white-space = 1*(SP / CRLF / HTAB) / comment
	case '\t':
	case '\r':
	case '\n':
	case ' ':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

		while ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '\t' ||
			sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '\r' ||
			sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '\n' ||
			sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == ' ' ) {

			sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		}

		lexer->token_type = STT_WHITESPACE;
		return TRUE;

	/* quoted-string */
	case '"':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

		str_truncate(lexer->token_str_value, 0);
		str = lexer->token_str_value;

		while ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) != '"' ) {
			if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '\\' ) {
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
			}

			switch ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) ) {

			/* End of file */
			case -1:
				sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
					"end of file before end of quoted string "
					"started at line %d", lexer->token_line);
				lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
				return FALSE;

			/* NUL character */
			case '\0':
				sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
					"encountered NUL character in quoted string "
					"started at line %d", lexer->token_line);
				lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
				return FALSE;

			/* CR .. check for LF */
			case '\r':
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

				if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) != '\n' ) {
					sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
						"found stray carriage-return (CR) character "
						"in quoted string started at line %d", lexer->token_line);
					lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
					return FALSE;
				}

				if ( str_len(str) <= SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN )
					str_append(str, "\r\n");
				break;

			/* Loose LF is allowed (non-standard) and converted to CRLF */
			case '\n':
				if ( str_len(str) <= SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN )
					str_append(str, "\r\n");
				break;

			/* Other characters */
			default:
				if ( str_len(str) <= SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN )
					str_append_c(str, sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner));
			}

			sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		}

		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

		if ( str_len(str) > SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN ) {
			sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
				"quoted string started at line %d is too long "
				"(longer than %llu bytes)", lexer->token_line,
				(long long) SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN);
			lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
			return FALSE;
		}

		lexer->token_type = STT_STRING;
		return TRUE;

	/* single character tokens */
	case ']':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		lexer->token_type = STT_RSQUARE;
		return TRUE;
	case '[':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		lexer->token_type = STT_LSQUARE;
		return TRUE;
	case '}':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		lexer->token_type = STT_RCURLY;
		return TRUE;
	case '{':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		lexer->token_type = STT_LCURLY;
		return TRUE;
	case ')':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		lexer->token_type = STT_RBRACKET;
		return TRUE;
	case '(':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		lexer->token_type = STT_LBRACKET;
		return TRUE;
	case ';':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		lexer->token_type = STT_SEMICOLON;
		return TRUE;
	case ',':
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		lexer->token_type = STT_COMMA;
		return TRUE;

	/* EOF */
	case -1:
	  lexer->token_type = STT_EOF;
		return TRUE;

	default:
		/* number */
		if ( i_isdigit(sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner)) ) {
			sieve_number_t value = DIGIT_VAL(sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner));
			bool overflow = FALSE;

			sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

			while ( i_isdigit(sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner)) ) {
				sieve_number_t valnew =
					value * 10 + DIGIT_VAL(sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner));

				/* Check for integer wrap */
				if ( valnew < value )
					overflow = TRUE;

				value = valnew;
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
 			}

			switch ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) ) {
			case 'k':
			case 'K': /* Kilo */
				if ( value > (SIEVE_MAX_NUMBER >> 10) )
					overflow = TRUE;
				else
					value = value << 10;
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
				break;
			case 'm':
			case 'M': /* Mega */
				if ( value > (SIEVE_MAX_NUMBER >> 20) )
					overflow = TRUE;
				else
					value = value << 20;
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
				break;
			case 'g':
			case 'G': /* Giga */
				if ( value > (SIEVE_MAX_NUMBER >> 30) )
					overflow = TRUE;
				else
					value = value << 30;
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
				break;
			default:
				/* Next token */
				break;
			}

			/* Check for integer wrap */
			if ( overflow ) {
				sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
					"number exceeds integer limits (max %llu)",
					(long long) SIEVE_MAX_NUMBER);
				lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
				return FALSE;
			}

			lexer->token_type = STT_NUMBER;
			lexer->token_int_value = value;
			return TRUE;

		/* identifier / tag */
		} else if ( i_isalpha(sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner)) ||
			sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '_' ||
			sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == ':' ) {

			enum sieve_token_type type = STT_IDENTIFIER;
			str_truncate(lexer->token_str_value,0);
			str = lexer->token_str_value;

			/* If it starts with a ':' it is a tag and not an identifier */
 			if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == ':' ) {
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner); // discard colon
				type = STT_TAG;

				/* First character still can't be a DIGIT */
 				if ( i_isalpha(sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner)) ||
					sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '_' ) {
					str_append_c(str, sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner));
					sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
				} else {
					/* Hmm, otherwise it is just a spurious colon */
					lexer->token_type = STT_COLON;
					return TRUE;
				}
			} else {
				str_append_c(str, sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner));
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
			}

			/* Scan the rest of the identifier */
			while ( i_isalnum(sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner)) ||
				sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '_' ) {

				if ( str_len(str) <= SIEVE_MAX_IDENTIFIER_LEN ) {
	 				str_append_c(str, sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner));
				}
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
			}

			/* Is this in fact a multiline text string ? */
			if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == ':' &&
				type == STT_IDENTIFIER && str_len(str) == 4 &&
				strncasecmp(str_c(str), "text", 4) == 0 ) {
				sieve_lexer_shift(scanner); // discard colon

				/* Discard SP and HTAB whitespace */
				while ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == ' ' ||
					sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '\t' )
 					sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

				/* Discard hash comment or handle single CRLF */
				switch ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) ) {
				case '#':
					while ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) != '\n' )
						sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
					break;
				case '\r':
					sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
					break;
				}

				/* Terminating LF required */
 				switch ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) ) {
				case '\n':
					sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
					break;
				case -1:
					sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
						"end of file before end of multi-line string");
					lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
					return FALSE;
				default:
 					sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
 						"invalid character %s after 'text:' in multiline string",
						_char_sanitize(sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner)));
					lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
					return FALSE;
				}

				/* Start over */
				str_truncate(str, 0);

 				/* Parse literal lines */
				while ( TRUE ) {
					bool cr_shifted = FALSE;

					/* Remove dot-stuffing or detect end of text */
					if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '.' ) {
						sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

						/* Check for CR.. */
						if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '\r' ) {
							sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
							cr_shifted = TRUE;
						}

						/* ..LF */
						if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '\n' ) {
							sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);

							/* End of multi-line string */

							/* Check whether length limit was violated */
							if ( str_len(str) > SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN ) {
								sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
									"multi-line string started at line %d is too long "
									"(longer than %llu bytes)", lexer->token_line,
									(long long) SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN);
									lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
									return FALSE;
							}

							lexer->token_type = STT_STRING;
							return TRUE;
						} else if ( cr_shifted ) {
							/* Seen CR, but no LF */
							sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
								"found stray carriage-return (CR) character "
								"in multi-line string started at line %d", lexer->token_line);
							lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
							return FALSE;
						}

						/* Handle dot-stuffing */
						if ( str_len(str) <= SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN )
							str_append_c(str, '.');
						if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '.' )
							sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
					}

					/* Scan the rest of the line */
					while ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) != '\n' &&
						sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) != '\r' ) {

						switch ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) ) {
						case -1:
							sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
								"end of file before end of multi-line string");
 							lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
 							return FALSE;
						case '\0':
							sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
								"encountered NUL character in quoted string "
								"started at line %d", lexer->token_line);
							lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
							return FALSE;
						default:
							if ( str_len(str) <= SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN )
  								str_append_c(str, sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner));
						}

						sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
					}

					/* If exited loop due to CR, skip it */
					if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) == '\r' ) {
						sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
					}

					/* Now we must see an LF */
					if ( sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner) != '\n' ) {
						sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
							"found stray carriage-return (CR) character "
							"in multi-line string started at line %d", lexer->token_line);
 						lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
 						return FALSE;
					}

					if ( str_len(str) <= SIEVE_MAX_STRING_LEN )
						str_append(str, "\r\n");

					sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
				}

 				i_unreached();
				lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
				return FALSE;
			}

			if ( str_len(str) > SIEVE_MAX_IDENTIFIER_LEN ) {
				sieve_lexer_error(lexer,
					"encountered impossibly long %s%s'",
					(type == STT_TAG ? "tag identifier ':" : "identifier '"),
					str_sanitize(str_c(str), SIEVE_MAX_IDENTIFIER_LEN));
				lexer->token_type = STT_ERROR;
				return FALSE;
			}

			lexer->token_type = type;
			return TRUE;
		}

		/* Error (unknown character and EOF handled already) */
		if ( lexer->token_type != STT_GARBAGE )
			sieve_lexer_error(lexer, "unexpected character(s) starting with %s",
				_char_sanitize(sieve_lexer_curchar(scanner)));
		sieve_lexer_shift(scanner);
		lexer->token_type = STT_GARBAGE;
		return FALSE;
	}
}

bool sieve_lexer_skip_token(const struct sieve_lexer *lexer)
{
	/* Scan token while skipping whitespace */
	do {
		if ( !sieve_lexer_scan_raw_token(lexer->scanner) )
			return FALSE;
	} while ( lexer->token_type == STT_WHITESPACE );

	return TRUE;
}