File: durep

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durep 0.9-3
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#!/usr/bin/perl -w

#############################################################################
# durep - Disk Usage Report Generator                                       #
#                                                                           #
# Copyright (C) 2004 Damian Kramer (psiren@hibernaculum.net)                #
#                                                                           #
# You may distribute this program under the terms of the Artistic License.  #
#                                                                           #
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but       #
# WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of                #
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the             #
# Artistic License for more details.                                        #
#############################################################################

use Getopt::Long;
use File::Basename;
#use MLDBM qw(DB_File Storable);
use Fcntl;
use Sys::Hostname;
use POSIX;
use Cwd qw(cwd);

use strict;

our ($version, %options);
our ($root_node, $filesystem_id, @stats);
our ($opt_help, $opt_version, $opt_textdepth, $opt_hidesize, $opt_showdate, $opt_nosort, $opt_quiet);
our ($opt_savefile, $opt_loadfile, $opt_desc, $opt_collate);
our ($opt_files, $opt_onefilesystem, $opt_collapsepath, $opt_excludepath, $opt_coalescefiles);
our ($root_dir, $file_count, $dir_count, $next_id);
our ($TYPE_FILE, $TYPE_DIR, $TYPE_EMPTY, $TYPE_COALESCED, $TYPE_COLLAPSED);

$TYPE_FILE        = 0;
$TYPE_DIR         = 1;
$TYPE_EMPTY       = 2;
$TYPE_COALESCED   = 4;
$TYPE_COLLAPSED   = 8;

$version = "0.9";

$| = 1;

$SIG{INT} = \&catchError;

%options = ("h|help"              => \$opt_help,
	    "v|version"           => \$opt_version,
	    "td|text-depth=i"     => \$opt_textdepth,
	    "hs|hide-size=s"      => \$opt_hidesize,
	    "sd|show-date"        => \$opt_showdate,
	    "ns|nosort"           => \$opt_nosort,
	    "q|quiet"             => \$opt_quiet,

	    "sf|save-file=s"      => \$opt_savefile,
	    "lf|load-file=s"      => \$opt_loadfile,
	    "d|desc=s"            => \$opt_desc,
	    "c|collate=s"         => \$opt_collate,

	    "f|files"             => \$opt_files,
	    "x|one-file-system"   => \$opt_onefilesystem,
	    "cp|collapse-path=s"  => \$opt_collapsepath,
	    "ep|exclude-path=s"   => \$opt_excludepath,
	    "cf|coalesce-files=s" => \$opt_coalescefiles
	   );


&usage unless (GetOptions(%options));

&usage if(defined $opt_help);

if(defined $opt_version) {
  print "durep version $version\n";
  exit 0;
}

## Process options
if($opt_collate) {
  collate();
  exit 0;
}

$opt_hidesize = processSizeOption($opt_hidesize) if(defined $opt_hidesize);
$opt_coalescefiles = processSizeOption($opt_coalescefiles) if(defined $opt_coalescefiles);

doAbort("Depth must be greater than 0.") if(defined $opt_textdepth && $opt_textdepth < 1);
doAbort("You must specify a save file if you use --quiet.") if(defined $opt_quiet && !defined $opt_savefile);
doAbort("You can't use --load-file and --save-file at the same time.") if(defined $opt_loadfile && defined $opt_savefile);

if($opt_savefile) {
  $opt_savefile .= ".ds" unless $opt_savefile =~ /\.ds$/;
}


push @ARGV, "." unless @ARGV;

$root_dir = shift;
chop $root_dir if $root_dir =~ m|./$|;  # Remove trailing /

doAbort("`$root_dir' not a valid directory.") unless -d $root_dir;

# Get the absolute pathname rather than relative pathname
$_ = cwd();
chdir($root_dir) or doAbort("Unable to chdir to '$root_dir'.");
$root_dir = cwd();
chdir($_);

sub check_mldbm {
  eval 'use MLDBM qw(DB_File Storable)';
  if ($@) {
     die "Unable to load MLDBM, install the libmldbm-perl package.\n";
  }
}

if($opt_loadfile) {
  &check_mldbm;
  tie %{$root_node}, 'MLDBM', "$opt_loadfile", O_RDONLY, 0640 or doAbort("Unable to tie file '$opt_loadfile'.");
}
else {
  ## Perform scan
  $file_count = 0;
  $dir_count = 0;
  $next_id = 1;

  $root_node = {};

  if($opt_savefile) {
    if(-r $opt_savefile) {
      print "Removing existing savefile '$opt_savefile'.\n" unless $opt_quiet;
      unlink $opt_savefile;
    }

    &check_mldbm;
    tie %{$root_node}, 'MLDBM', "$opt_savefile", O_CREAT|O_RDWR, 0640 or doAbort("Unable to tie file '$opt_savefile'.");
  }

  ($filesystem_id) = stat $root_dir if defined $opt_onefilesystem;

  $root_node->{1} = recursiveScan($root_dir, undef, 1);
  my $data;
  $data->{FILE_COUNT} = $file_count;
  $data->{DIR_COUNT} = $dir_count;
  $data->{LAST_UPDATE} = time;
  $data->{HOSTNAME} = hostname();
  $data->{DESC} = $opt_desc if $opt_desc;
  $data->{OPTIONS}->{FILES} = 1 if $opt_files;
  $data->{OPTIONS}->{ONEFILESYSTEM} = 1 if $opt_onefilesystem;
  $data->{OPTIONS}->{COLLAPSEPATH} = $opt_collapsepath if $opt_collapsepath;
  $data->{OPTIONS}->{EXCLUDEPATH} = $opt_excludepath if $opt_excludepath;
  $data->{OPTIONS}->{COALESCEFILES} = $opt_coalescefiles if $opt_coalescefiles;
  $root_node->{DATA} = $data;
}

# use Data::Dumper;
# print Dumper($root_node);

if(!$opt_quiet) {
  printf "[ %s  %s (%d files, %d dirs) ]\n", $root_node->{1}->{NAME}, prettyFileSize($root_node->{1}->{SIZE}),
    $root_node->{1}->{FCOUNT}, $root_node->{1}->{DCOUNT};
  printDir($root_node->{1}, 0);
}

if($opt_savefile || $opt_loadfile) {
  untie %{$root_node};
}


exit 0;

## End of program.

sub recursiveScan {
  my ($dir, $parent, $store) = @_;
  my @children;
  my $coalesced_count = 0;
  my $coalesced_size = 0;
  my $node = {};
  my $temp;
  my $dirhandle;

  $node->{ID} = $next_id++;
  if(defined $parent) {
    $node->{NAME} = basename($dir);
    $node->{PARENT} = $parent;
  }
  else {
    $node->{NAME} = $dir;
  }

  $node->{SIZE} = 0;
  $node->{TYPE} = $TYPE_DIR;
  $node->{DCOUNT} = 0;
  $node->{FCOUNT} = 0;

  if($store) {
    $store = 0 if($opt_collapsepath && $dir =~ m/$opt_collapsepath/);
  }

  $node->{TYPE} &= $TYPE_COLLAPSED unless $store;

  opendir($dirhandle, $dir) or warn "Unable to open dir '$dir': $!\n" and return $node;

  foreach(readdir($dirhandle)) {
    @stats = lstat "$dir/$_" or warn "Unable to lstat '$dir/$_': $!\n" and next;

    $node->{MTIME} = $stats[9] if($_ eq ".");

    # Skip '.' and '..'
    next if(/^\.{1,2}$/);

    if(-d _ && ! -l _ && !$opt_files) {
      if(! -x _) {
	warn "Unable to read directory `$dir/$_'. Skipping.\n";
	next;
      }

      next if($opt_excludepath && "$dir/$_" =~ m/$opt_excludepath/);
      next if($opt_onefilesystem && ($stats[0] != $filesystem_id));

      $temp = recursiveScan("$dir/$_", $node->{ID}, $store);
      $node->{SIZE} += $temp->{SIZE};
      if($store) {
	$root_node->{$temp->{ID}} = $temp;
	push @children, $temp->{ID};
	$dir_count++;
	$node->{DCOUNT}++;
      }
      next;
    }

    if($opt_coalescefiles && $stats[7] < $opt_coalescefiles) {
      $coalesced_count++;
      $coalesced_size += $stats[7];
    }	
    else {
      if($store) {
	my $file = {};
	$file->{ID} = $next_id++;
	$file->{NAME} = $_;
	$file->{SIZE} = $stats[7];
	$file->{PARENT} = $node->{ID};
	$file->{TYPE} = $TYPE_FILE;
	$file->{MTIME} = $stats[9];
	$root_node->{$file->{ID}} = $file;
	push @children, $file->{ID};
      }
      $node->{SIZE} += $stats[7];
    }
    $file_count++;
    $node->{FCOUNT}++;
  }
  closedir($dirhandle);

  if($coalesced_count) {
    if($store) {
      my $file = {};
      $file->{ID} = $next_id++;
      $file->{NAME} = "[COALESCED FILES]";
      $file->{SIZE} = $coalesced_size;
      $file->{PARENT} = $node->{ID};
      $file->{TYPE} = $TYPE_FILE|$TYPE_COALESCED;
      $file->{MTIME} = 0;
      $file->{FCOUNT} = $coalesced_count;
      $root_node->{$file->{ID}} = $file;
      push @children, $file->{ID};
    }
    $node->{SIZE} += $coalesced_size;
  }

  if(@children) {
    $node->{CHILDREN} = \@children;
  }
  else {
    $node->{TYPE} = $TYPE_DIR|$TYPE_EMPTY;
  }

#   $root_node->{$node->{ID}} = $node;
  return $node;
}


sub collate {
  my %db;

  doAbort("'$opt_collate' is not a valid directory.") unless -d $opt_collate;

  &check_mldbm;
  tie %db, 'MLDBM', "$opt_collate/durep.cds", O_CREAT|O_TRUNC|O_RDWR, 0640 or doAbort("Unable to tie file '$opt_collate/durep.cds'");

  my @files;
  my $next_id = 1;

  opendir(DIR, $opt_collate) or doAbort("Unable to open dir '$opt_collate': $!");
  foreach(readdir(DIR)) {
    # Skip unless a .ds file
    next unless(/\.ds$/);
    push @files, $_;
  }
  closedir(DIR);

  foreach my $file (sort @files) {
    my $id = $next_id++;
    my %temp;
    tie %temp, 'MLDBM', "$opt_collate/$file", O_RDONLY, 0640 or doAbort("Unable to tie file '$opt_collate/$file'");
    if (not defined($temp{DATA})) {
      --$next_id;	# Revert to first unused marker.
      untie %temp;
      next;
    }
    my %data = (%{$temp{DATA}});
    $data{FILENAME} = $file;
    $data{SIZE} = $temp{1}->{SIZE};
    $data{ID} = $id;
    $data{PATH} = $temp{1}->{NAME};
    $db{$id} = \%data;
    untie %temp;
  }
  untie %db;
}


sub printDir {
  my ($dir, $indent) = @_;

  my @entries;

  foreach my $entry (@{$dir->{CHILDREN}}) {
    $entry = $root_node->{$entry};
    next if(defined $opt_hidesize && $entry->{SIZE} < $opt_hidesize);

    my $e = {};
    $e->{NAME} = $entry->{NAME};
    $e->{SIZE} = $entry->{SIZE};
    $e->{TYPE} = $entry->{TYPE};
    $e->{MTIME} = $entry->{MTIME};
    $e->{CHILDREN} = $entry->{CHILDREN} if $entry->{CHILDREN};
    push @entries, $e;
  }

  @entries = reverse sort sortBySize @entries unless $opt_nosort;

  foreach my $entry (@entries) {
    my $numofchars;
    my $percent = $dir->{SIZE} == 0 ? 0 : ($entry->{SIZE}/$dir->{SIZE})*100;
    print prettyFileSize($entry->{SIZE});
    $numofchars = int ((30 / 100) * $percent);
    printf(" [%s%s] ", "#" x $numofchars, " " x (30-$numofchars));
    printf("%6.2f%% ", $percent);
    printf("%s ", shortDate($entry->{MTIME})) if $opt_showdate;
    print "    " x $indent;
    printf("%s%s\n", $entry->{NAME}, $entry->{TYPE} & $TYPE_DIR ? "/" : "");
    if($entry->{TYPE} & $TYPE_DIR) {
      printDir($entry, $indent+1) if(!defined $opt_textdepth || ($opt_textdepth > $indent+1));
    }
  }
}

sub processSizeOption {
  my ($size, $temp);

  if($_[0] =~ m/[bBkKmMgG]$/) {
    ($size, $temp) = $_[0] =~ m/^(.+)([bBkKmMgG])$/;
  }
  else {
    $size = $_[0];
  }

  unless (defined $size && ($size =~ m/^\d+$/ || $size =~ m/^\d+\.\d+$/)) {
    doAbort("Malformed argument: $_[0]");
  }

  if(defined $temp) {
    if($temp =~ m/^[kK]/) {
      return $size * 1024;
    }
    elsif ($temp =~ m/^[mM]/) {
      return $size * 1048576;
    }
    elsif ($temp =~ m/^[mM]/) {
      return $size * 1048576 * 1024;
    }
    return $size;
  }
}

sub prettyFileSize {
  my $val = $_[0];
  my $dtype = "b";

  if($val >= 1024) {
    $val /= 1024;
    $dtype = "K";
  }
  if($val >= 1024) {
    $val /= 1024;
    $dtype = "M";
  }
  if($val >= 1024) {
    $val /= 1024;
    $dtype = "G";
  }
  if($dtype eq "b") {
    return sprintf("%6d%s", $val, $dtype);
  }
  else {
    return sprintf("%6.1f%s", $val, $dtype);
  }
}

sub shortDate {
  if($_[0] < (time - 31536000)) {
    return POSIX::strftime("%b %e  %Y", localtime $_[0]);
  }
  return POSIX::strftime("%b %e %H:%M", localtime $_[0]);
}

sub sortBySize {
  return $a->{SIZE} <=> $b->{SIZE};
}

### End program with error message
sub doAbort {
  warn "Error: $_[0]\n";
  exit 1;
}


sub catchError {
  warn "Program interrupted.\n";
  if($opt_savefile || $opt_loadfile) {
    untie %{$root_node};
  }
  exit 1;
}


sub usage {
print <<EOF;
Usage: durep [OPTION(S)] [DIRECTORY]
   -h, --help                   this help
   -v, --version                show version number

Text Ouput Options:
  -td, --text-depth=N           limit text report on directories to depth N
  -hs, --hide-size=N[bkmg]      do not display entries using N Bytes/Kb/Mb/Gb
                                or less (default Bytes)
  -sd, --show-date              show modification date
  -ns, --nosort                 do not sort results by size
   -q, --quiet                  do not produce text output

File Options:
  -sf, --save-file=<file>       save the results of the scan into this file
  -lf, --load-file=<file>       load the results of a scan from this file
   -d, --desc=<description>     give description of save file
   -c, --collate=<dir>          collate save files in dir for web report

Inclusion Options:
   -f, --files                  do not descend into subdirs, only report files
   -x, --one-file-system        do not traverse file systems
  -cp, --collapse-path=<regexp> hide entries below paths that match regexp
  -ep, --exclude-path=<regexp>  ignore paths that match regexp
  -cf, --coalesce-files=N[bkmg] coalesce files less than N Bytes/Kb/Mb/Gb
                                into one entry (default Bytes)
EOF
  exit 0;
}