File: softmagic.c

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/*
 * softmagic - interpret variable magic from /etc/magic
 *
 * Copyright (c) Ian F. Darwin, 1987.
 * Written by Ian F. Darwin.
 *
 * This software is not subject to any license of the American Telephone
 * and Telegraph Company or of the Regents of the University of California.
 *
 * Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose on
 * any computer system, and to alter it and redistribute it freely, subject
 * to the following restrictions:
 *
 * 1. The author is not responsible for the consequences of use of this
 *    software, no matter how awful, even if they arise from flaws in it.
 *
 * 2. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented, either by
 *    explicit claim or by omission.  Since few users ever read sources,
 *    credits must appear in the documentation.
 *
 * 3. Altered versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be
 *    misrepresented as being the original software.  Since few users
 *    ever read sources, credits must appear in the documentation.
 *
 * 4. This notice may not be removed or altered.
 */

#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>

#include "file.h"


int debug = 0;


static int match	__P((unsigned char *, int));
static int mget		__P((union VALUETYPE *,
			     unsigned char *, struct magic *, int));
static int mcheck	__P((union VALUETYPE *, struct magic *));
static int mprint	__P((union VALUETYPE *, struct magic *, char *buf));
static void mdebug	__P((int, char *, int));
static int mconvert	__P((union VALUETYPE *, struct magic *));

/*
 * softmagic - lookup one file in database 
 * (already read from /etc/magic by apprentice.c).
 * Passed the name and FILE * of one file to be typed.
 */
/*ARGSUSED1*/		/* nbytes passed for regularity, maybe need later */
int
softmagic(buf, nbytes)
	unsigned char *buf;
	int nbytes;
{
	if (match(buf, nbytes))	return 1;
	else return 0;
}

/*
 * Go through the whole list, stopping if you find a match.  Process all
 * the continuations of that match before returning.
 *
 * We support multi-level continuations:
 *
 *	At any time when processing a successful top-level match, there is a
 *	current continuation level; it represents the level of the last
 *	successfully matched continuation.
 *
 *	Continuations above that level are skipped as, if we see one, it
 *	means that the continuation that controls them - i.e, the
 *	lower-level continuation preceding them - failed to match.
 *
 *	Continuations below that level are processed as, if we see one,
 *	it means we've finished processing or skipping higher-level
 *	continuations under the control of a successful or unsuccessful
 *	lower-level continuation, and are now seeing the next lower-level
 *	continuation and should process it.  The current continuation
 *	level reverts to the level of the one we're seeing.
 *
 *	Continuations at the current level are processed as, if we see
 *	one, there's no lower-level continuation that may have failed.
 *
 *	If a continuation matches, we bump the current continuation level
 *	so that higher-level continuations are processed.
 */
static int
match(s, nbytes)
	unsigned char	*s;
	int nbytes;
{
	int magindex = 0;
	int cont_level = 0;
	int need_separator = 0;
	union VALUETYPE p;
	static int *tmpoff = NULL;
	static size_t tmplen = 0;
	int oldoff = 0;
	int returnval = 0; /* if a match is found it is set to 1*/
	int firstline = 1; /* a flag to print X\n  X\n- X */

	if (tmpoff == NULL)
		if ((tmpoff = (int *) malloc(tmplen = 20)) == NULL)
			fprintf(stderr, "out of memory\n");

	for (magindex = 0; magindex < nmagic; magindex++) {
		/* if main entry matches, print it... */
		if (!mget(&p, s, &magic[magindex], nbytes) ||
		    !mcheck(&p, &magic[magindex])) {
			    /* 
			     * main entry didn't match,
			     * flush its continuations
			     */
			    while (magindex < nmagic &&
			    	   magic[magindex + 1].cont_level != 0)
			    	   magindex++;
			    continue;
		}

		if (! firstline) { /* we found another match */
			/* put a newline and '-' to do some simple formatting*/
			printf("\n- ");
		}

		tmpoff[cont_level] = mprint(&p, &magic[magindex], s);
		/*
		 * If we printed something, we'll need to print
		 * a blank before we print something else.
		 */
		if (magic[magindex].desc[0])
			need_separator = 1;
		/* and any continuations that match */
		if (++cont_level >= tmplen)
			if ((tmpoff = (int *) realloc(tmpoff,
						       tmplen += 20)) == NULL)
				fprintf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
		while (magic[magindex+1].cont_level != 0 && 
		       ++magindex < nmagic) {
			if (cont_level >= magic[magindex].cont_level) {
				if (cont_level > magic[magindex].cont_level) {
					/*
					 * We're at the end of the level
					 * "cont_level" continuations.
					 */
					cont_level = magic[magindex].cont_level;
				}
				if (magic[magindex].flag & ADD) {
					oldoff=magic[magindex].offset;
					magic[magindex].offset += tmpoff[cont_level-1];
				}
				if (mget(&p, s, &magic[magindex], nbytes) &&
				    mcheck(&p, &magic[magindex])) {
					/*
					 * This continuation matched.
					 * Print its message, with
					 * a blank before it if
					 * the previous item printed
					 * and this item isn't empty.
					 */
					/* space if previous printed */
					if (need_separator
					   && (magic[magindex].nospflag == 0)
					   && (magic[magindex].desc[0] != '\0')
					   ) {
						(void) putchar(' ');
						need_separator = 0;
					}
					tmpoff[cont_level] = mprint(&p, &magic[magindex], s);
					if (magic[magindex].desc[0])
						need_separator = 1;

					/*
					 * If we see any continuations
					 * at a higher level,
					 * process them.
					 */
					if (++cont_level >= tmplen)
						if ((tmpoff = 
						    (int *) realloc(tmpoff,
						    tmplen += 20)) == NULL)
							fprintf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
				}
				if (magic[magindex].flag & ADD) {
					 magic[magindex].offset = oldoff;
				}
			}
		}
		firstline = 0;
		returnval = 1;
                return 1; /* don't keep searching */
	}
	return returnval;  /* This is hit if -k is set or there is no match */
}

static int
mprint(p, m, buf)
	union VALUETYPE *p;
	struct magic *m;
        char *buf;
{
#define printf(a, b)  (sprintf(buf, a, b))

	char *pp, *rt;
	uint v;
	time_t curtime;
	int t=0 ;


  	switch (m->type) {
  	case BYTE:
		v = p->b;
		v = signextend(m, v) & m->mask;
		(void) printf(m->desc, (unsigned char) v);
		t = m->offset + sizeof(char);
		break;

  	case SHORT:
  	case BESHORT:
  	case LESHORT:
		v = p->h;
		v = signextend(m, v) & m->mask;
		(void) printf(m->desc, (unsigned short) v);
		t = m->offset + sizeof(short);
		break;

  	case LONG:
  	case BELONG:
  	case LELONG:
		v = p->l;
		v = signextend(m, v) & m->mask;
		(void) printf(m->desc, (unsigned int) v);
		t = m->offset + sizeof(int);
  		break;

  	case STRING:
		if (m->reln == '=') {
			(void) printf(m->desc, m->value.s);
			t = m->offset + strlen(m->value.s);
		}
		else {
			if (*m->value.s == '\0') {
				char *cp = strchr(p->s,'\n');
				if (cp)
					*cp = '\0';
			}
			(void) printf(m->desc, p->s);
			t = m->offset + strlen(p->s);
		}
		break;

	case DATE:
	case BEDATE:
	case LEDATE:
		curtime = p->l;
		pp = ctime(&curtime);
		if ((rt = strchr(pp, '\n')) != NULL)
			*rt = '\0';
		(void) printf(m->desc, pp);
		t = m->offset + sizeof(time_t);
		break;

	default:
		fprintf(stderr, "invalid m->type (%d) in mprint().\n", m->type);
		/*NOTREACHED*/
	}
	return(t);
#undef printf
}

/*
 * Convert the byte order of the data we are looking at
 */
static int
mconvert(p, m)
	union VALUETYPE *p;
	struct magic *m;
{
	switch (m->type) {
	case BYTE:
	case SHORT:
	case LONG:
	case DATE:
		return 1;
	case STRING:
		{
			char *ptr;

			/* Null terminate and eat the return */
			p->s[sizeof(p->s) - 1] = '\0';
			if ((ptr = strchr(p->s, '\n')) != NULL)
				*ptr = '\0';
			return 1;
		}
	case BESHORT:
		p->h = (short)((p->hs[0]<<8)|(p->hs[1]));
		return 1;
	case BELONG:
	case BEDATE:
		p->l = (int)
		    ((p->hl[0]<<24)|(p->hl[1]<<16)|(p->hl[2]<<8)|(p->hl[3]));
		return 1;
	case LESHORT:
		p->h = (short)((p->hs[1]<<8)|(p->hs[0]));
		return 1;
	case LELONG:
	case LEDATE:
		p->l = (int)
		    ((p->hl[3]<<24)|(p->hl[2]<<16)|(p->hl[1]<<8)|(p->hl[0]));
		return 1;
	default:
		fprintf(stderr, "invalid type %d in mconvert().\n", m->type);
		return 0;
	}
}


static void
mdebug(offset, str, len)
	int offset;
	char *str;
	int len;
{
	(void) fprintf(stderr, "mget @%d: ", offset);
	showstr(stderr, (char *) str, len);
	(void) fputc('\n', stderr);
	(void) fputc('\n', stderr);
}

static int
mget(p, s, m, nbytes)
	union VALUETYPE* p;
	unsigned char	*s;
	struct magic *m;
	int nbytes;
{
	int offset = m->offset;

	if (offset + sizeof(union VALUETYPE) <= nbytes)
		memcpy(p, s + offset, sizeof(union VALUETYPE));
	else {
		/*
		 * the usefulness of padding with zeroes eludes me, it
		 * might even cause problems
		 */
		int have = nbytes - offset;
		memset(p, 0, sizeof(union VALUETYPE));
		if (have > 0)
			memcpy(p, s + offset, have);
	}


	if (debug) {
		mdebug(offset, (char *) p, sizeof(union VALUETYPE));
		mdump(m);
	}

	if (m->flag & INDIR) {

		switch (m->in.type) {
		case BYTE:
			offset = p->b + m->in.offset;
			break;
		case BESHORT:
		        offset = (short)((p->hs[0]<<8)|(p->hs[1]))+
			          m->in.offset;
			break;
		case LESHORT:
		        offset = (short)((p->hs[1]<<8)|(p->hs[0]))+
			         m->in.offset;
			break;
		case SHORT:
			offset = p->h + m->in.offset;
			break;
		case BELONG:
		        offset = (int)((p->hl[0]<<24)|(p->hl[1]<<16)|
					 (p->hl[2]<<8)|(p->hl[3]))+
			         m->in.offset;
			break;
		case LELONG:
		        offset = (int)((p->hl[3]<<24)|(p->hl[2]<<16)|
					 (p->hl[1]<<8)|(p->hl[0]))+
			         m->in.offset;
			break;
		case LONG:
			offset = p->l + m->in.offset;
			break;
		}

		if (offset + sizeof(union VALUETYPE) > nbytes)
			return 0;

		memcpy(p, s + offset, sizeof(union VALUETYPE));

		if (debug) {
			mdebug(offset, (char *) p, sizeof(union VALUETYPE));
			mdump(m);
		}
	}
	if (!mconvert(p, m))
	  return 0;
	return 1;
}

static int
mcheck(p, m)
	union VALUETYPE* p;
	struct magic *m;
{
	unsigned int l = m->value.l;
	unsigned int v;
	int matched;

	if ( (m->value.s[0] == 'x') && (m->value.s[1] == '\0') ) {
		fprintf(stderr, "BOINK");
		return 1;
	}


	switch (m->type) {
	case BYTE:
		v = p->b;
		break;

	case SHORT:
	case BESHORT:
	case LESHORT:
		v = p->h;
		break;

	case LONG:
	case BELONG:
	case LELONG:
	case DATE:
	case BEDATE:
	case LEDATE:
		v = p->l;
		break;

	case STRING: {
		/*
		 * What we want here is:
		 * v = strncmp(m->value.s, p->s, m->vallen);
		 * but ignoring any nulls.  bcmp doesn't give -/+/0
		 * and isn't universally available anyway.
		 */
		unsigned char *a = (unsigned char*)m->value.s;
		unsigned char *b = (unsigned char*)p->s;
		int len = m->vallen;
		l = 0;
		v = 0;
		if (0L == m->mask) { /* normal string: do it fast */
			while (--len >= 0)
				if ((v = *b++ - *a++) != '\0')
					break; 
		} else { /* combine the others */
			while (--len >= 0) {
				if ((m->mask & STRING_IGNORE_LOWERCASE) &&
				    islower(*a)) {
					if ((v = tolower(*b++) - *a++) != '\0')
						break;
				} else if ((m->mask & STRING_COMPACT_BLANK) && 
				    isspace(*a)) { 
					a++;
					if (isspace(*b++)) {
						while (isspace(*b))
							b++;
					} else {
						v = 1;
						break;
					}
				} else if (isspace(*a) &&
				    (m->mask & STRING_COMPACT_OPTIONAL_BLANK)) {
					a++;
					while (isspace(*b))
						b++;
				} else {
					if ((v = *b++ - *a++) != '\0')
						break;
				}
			}
		}
		break;
	}
	default:
		fprintf(stderr, "invalid type %d in mcheck().\n", m->type);
		return 0;/*NOTREACHED*/
	}

	if(m->type != STRING)
		v = signextend(m, v) & m->mask;

	switch (m->reln) {
	case 'x':
		if (debug)
			(void) fprintf(stderr, "%u == *any* = 1\n", v);
		matched = 1;
		break;

	case '!':
		matched = v != l;
		if (debug)
			(void) fprintf(stderr, "%u != %u = %d\n",
				       v, l, matched);
		break;

	case '=':
		matched = v == l;
		if (debug)
			(void) fprintf(stderr, "%u == %u = %d\n",
				       v, l, matched);
		break;

	case '>':
		if (m->flag & UNSIGNED) {
			matched = v > l;
			if (debug)
				(void) fprintf(stderr, "%u > %u = %d\n",
					       v, l, matched);
		}
		else {
			matched = (int) v > (int) l;
			if (debug)
				(void) fprintf(stderr, "%d > %d = %d\n",
					       v, l, matched);
		}
		break;

	case '<':
		if (m->flag & UNSIGNED) {
			matched = v < l;
			if (debug)
				(void) fprintf(stderr, "%u < %u = %d\n",
					       v, l, matched);
		}
		else {
			matched = (int) v < (int) l;
			if (debug)
				(void) fprintf(stderr, "%d < %d = %d\n",
					       v, l, matched);
		}
		break;

	case '&':
		matched = (v & l) == l;
		if (debug)
			(void) fprintf(stderr, "((%x & %x) == %x) = %d\n",
				       v, l, l, matched);
		break;

	case '^':
		matched = (v & l) != l;
		if (debug)
			(void) fprintf(stderr, "((%x & %x) != %x) = %d\n",
				       v, l, l, matched);
		break;

	default:
		matched = 0;
		fprintf(stderr, "mcheck: can't happen: invalid relation %d.\n", m->reln);
		break;/*NOTREACHED*/
	}

	return matched;
}