File: test.c

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/*	$NetBSD: test.c,v 1.15 1995/03/21 07:04:06 cgd Exp $	*/

/*
 * test(1); version 7-like  --  author Erik Baalbergen
 * modified by Eric Gisin to be used as built-in.
 * modified by Arnold Robbins to add SVR3 compatibility
 * (-x -c -b -p -u -g -k) plus Korn's -L -nt -ot -ef and new -S (socket).
 * modified by J.T. Conklin for NetBSD.
 *
 * This program is in the Public Domain.
 */

#ifndef lint
static char rcsid[] = "$NetBSD: test.c,v 1.15 1995/03/21 07:04:06 cgd Exp $";
#endif

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

/* test(1) accepts the following grammar:
	oexpr	::= aexpr | aexpr "-o" oexpr ;
	aexpr	::= nexpr | nexpr "-a" aexpr ;
	nexpr	::= primary | "!" primary
	primary	::= unary-operator operand
		| operand binary-operator operand
		| operand
		| "(" oexpr ")"
		;
	unary-operator ::= "-r"|"-w"|"-x"|"-f"|"-d"|"-c"|"-b"|"-p"|
		"-u"|"-g"|"-k"|"-s"|"-t"|"-z"|"-n"|"-o"|"-O"|"-G"|"-L"|"-S";

	binary-operator ::= "="|"!="|"-eq"|"-ne"|"-ge"|"-gt"|"-le"|"-lt"|
			"-nt"|"-ot"|"-ef";
	operand ::= <any legal UNIX file name>
*/

enum token {
	EOI,
	FILRD,
	FILWR,
	FILEX,
	FILEXIST,
	FILREG,
	FILDIR,
	FILCDEV,
	FILBDEV,
	FILFIFO,
	FILSOCK,
	FILSYM,
	FILGZ,
	FILTT,
	FILSUID,
	FILSGID,
	FILSTCK,
	FILNT,
	FILOT,
	FILEQ,
	FILUID,
	FILGID,
	STREZ,
	STRNZ,
	STREQ,
	STRNE,
	STRLT,
	STRGT,
	INTEQ,
	INTNE,
	INTGE,
	INTGT,
	INTLE,
	INTLT,
	UNOT,
	BAND,
	BOR,
	LPAREN,
	RPAREN,
	OPERAND
};

enum token_types {
	UNOP,
	BINOP,
	BUNOP,
	BBINOP,
	PAREN
};

struct t_op {
	const char *op_text;
	short op_num, op_type;
} const ops [] = {
	{"-r",	FILRD,	UNOP},
	{"-w",	FILWR,	UNOP},
	{"-x",	FILEX,	UNOP},
	{"-e",	FILEXIST,UNOP},
	{"-f",	FILREG,	UNOP},
	{"-d",	FILDIR,	UNOP},
	{"-c",	FILCDEV,UNOP},
	{"-b",	FILBDEV,UNOP},
	{"-p",	FILFIFO,UNOP},
	{"-u",	FILSUID,UNOP},
	{"-g",	FILSGID,UNOP},
	{"-k",	FILSTCK,UNOP},
	{"-s",	FILGZ,	UNOP},
	{"-t",	FILTT,	UNOP},
	{"-z",	STREZ,	UNOP},
	{"-n",	STRNZ,	UNOP},
	{"-h",	FILSYM,	UNOP},		/* for backwards compat */
	{"-O",	FILUID,	UNOP},
	{"-G",	FILGID,	UNOP},
	{"-L",	FILSYM,	UNOP},
	{"-S",	FILSOCK,UNOP},
	{"=",	STREQ,	BINOP},
	{"!=",	STRNE,	BINOP},
	{"<",	STRLT,	BINOP},
	{">",	STRGT,	BINOP},
	{"-eq",	INTEQ,	BINOP},
	{"-ne",	INTNE,	BINOP},
	{"-ge",	INTGE,	BINOP},
	{"-gt",	INTGT,	BINOP},
	{"-le",	INTLE,	BINOP},
	{"-lt",	INTLT,	BINOP},
	{"-nt",	FILNT,	BINOP},
	{"-ot",	FILOT,	BINOP},
	{"-ef",	FILEQ,	BINOP},
	{"!",	UNOT,	BUNOP},
	{"-a",	BAND,	BBINOP},
	{"-o",	BOR,	BBINOP},
	{"(",	LPAREN,	PAREN},
	{")",	RPAREN,	PAREN},
	{0,	0,	0}
};

char **t_wp;
struct t_op const *t_wp_op;

static enum token t_lex();
static int oexpr();
static int aexpr();
static int nexpr();
static int binop();
static int primary();
static int filstat();
static int getn();
static int newerf();
static int olderf();
static int equalf();
static void syntax();

int
main(argc, argv)
	int argc;
	char **argv;
{
	int	res;

	if (strcmp(argv[0], "[") == 0) 
	{
		if (strcmp(argv[--argc], "]"))
		{
			fprintf(stderr, "missing ]");
			exit(2);
		}
		argv[argc] = NULL;
	}

	/* Implement special cases from POSIX.2, section 4.62.4 */
	switch (argc) 
	{
	case 1:
		return 1;
	case 2:
		return (*argv[1] == '\0');
	case 3:
		if (argv[1][0] == '!' && argv[1][1] == '\0') 
			return !(*argv[2] == '\0');
		break;
	case 4:
		if (argv[1][0] != '!' || argv[1][1] != '\0') 
		{
			if (t_lex(argv[2]), t_wp_op && t_wp_op->op_type == BINOP) 
			{
				t_wp = &argv[1];
				return (binop() == 0);
			}
		}
		break;
	case 5:
		if (argv[1][0] == '!' && argv[1][1] == '\0') 
		{
			if (t_lex(argv[3]), t_wp_op && t_wp_op->op_type == BINOP) 
			{
				t_wp = &argv[2];
				return !(binop() == 0);
			}
		}
		break;
	}

	t_wp = &argv[1];
	res = !oexpr(t_lex(*t_wp));

	if (*t_wp != NULL && *++t_wp != NULL)
		syntax(*t_wp, "unknown operand");

	return res;
}

static void
syntax(op, msg)
	char	*op;
	char	*msg;
{
	if (op && *op)
		fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s", op, msg);
	else
		fprintf(stderr, "%s", msg);

	exit(2);
}

static int
oexpr(n)
	enum token n;
{
	int res;

	res = aexpr(n);
	if (t_lex(*++t_wp) == BOR)
		return oexpr(t_lex(*++t_wp)) || res;
	t_wp--;
	return res;
}

static int
aexpr(n)
	enum token n;
{
	int res;

	res = nexpr(n);
	if (t_lex(*++t_wp) == BAND)
		return aexpr(t_lex(*++t_wp)) && res;
	t_wp--;
	return res;
}

static int
nexpr(n)
	enum token n;			/* token */
{
	if (n == UNOT)
		return !nexpr(t_lex(*++t_wp));
	return primary(n);
}

static int
primary(n)
	enum token n;
{
	int res;

	if (n == EOI)
		syntax(NULL, "argument expected");
	if (n == LPAREN) {
		res = oexpr(t_lex(*++t_wp));
		if (t_lex(*++t_wp) != RPAREN)
			syntax(NULL, "closing paren expected");
		return res;
	}
	if (t_wp_op && t_wp_op->op_type == UNOP) {
		/* unary expression */
		if (*++t_wp == NULL)
			syntax(t_wp_op->op_text, "argument expected");
		switch (n) {
		case STREZ:
			return strlen(*t_wp) == 0;
		case STRNZ:
			return strlen(*t_wp) != 0;
		case FILTT:
			return isatty(getn(*t_wp));
		default:
			return filstat(*t_wp, n);
		}
	}

	if (t_lex(t_wp[1]), t_wp_op && t_wp_op->op_type == BINOP) {
		return binop();
	}	  

	return strlen(*t_wp) > 0;
}

static int
binop()
{
	register const char *opnd1, *opnd2;
	struct t_op const *op;

	opnd1 = *t_wp;
	(void) t_lex(*++t_wp);
	op = t_wp_op;

	if ((opnd2 = *++t_wp) == (char *)0)
		syntax(op->op_text, "argument expected");
		
	switch (op->op_num) {
	case STREQ:
		return strcmp(opnd1, opnd2) == 0;
	case STRNE:
		return strcmp(opnd1, opnd2) != 0;
	case STRLT:
		return strcmp(opnd1, opnd2) < 0;
	case STRGT:
		return strcmp(opnd1, opnd2) > 0;
	case INTEQ:
		return getn(opnd1) == getn(opnd2);
	case INTNE:
		return getn(opnd1) != getn(opnd2);
	case INTGE:
		return getn(opnd1) >= getn(opnd2);
	case INTGT:
		return getn(opnd1) > getn(opnd2);
	case INTLE:
		return getn(opnd1) <= getn(opnd2);
	case INTLT:
		return getn(opnd1) < getn(opnd2);
	case FILNT:
		return newerf (opnd1, opnd2);
	case FILOT:
		return olderf (opnd1, opnd2);
	case FILEQ:
		return equalf (opnd1, opnd2);
	}
	/* NOTREACHED */
}

static int
filstat(nm, mode)
	char *nm;
	enum token mode;
{
	struct stat s;
	int i;

	if (mode == FILSYM) {
#ifdef S_IFLNK
		if (lstat(nm, &s) == 0) {
			i = S_IFLNK;
			goto filetype;
		}
#endif
		return 0;
	}

	if (stat(nm, &s) != 0) 
		return 0;

	switch (mode) {
	case FILRD:
		return access(nm, R_OK) == 0;
	case FILWR:
		return access(nm, W_OK) == 0;
	case FILEX:
		return access(nm, X_OK) == 0;
	case FILEXIST:
		return access(nm, F_OK) == 0;
	case FILREG:
		i = S_IFREG;
		goto filetype;
	case FILDIR:
		i = S_IFDIR;
		goto filetype;
	case FILCDEV:
		i = S_IFCHR;
		goto filetype;
	case FILBDEV:
		i = S_IFBLK;
		goto filetype;
	case FILFIFO:
#ifdef S_IFIFO
		i = S_IFIFO;
		goto filetype;
#else
		return 0;
#endif
	case FILSOCK:
#ifdef S_IFSOCK
		i = S_IFSOCK;
		goto filetype;
#else
		return 0;
#endif
	case FILSUID:
		i = S_ISUID;
		goto filebit;
	case FILSGID:
		i = S_ISGID;
		goto filebit;
	case FILSTCK:
		i = S_ISVTX;
		goto filebit;
	case FILGZ:
		return s.st_size > 0L;
	case FILUID:
		return s.st_uid == geteuid();
	case FILGID:
		return s.st_gid == getegid();
	default:
		return 1;
	}

filetype:
	return ((s.st_mode & S_IFMT) == i);

filebit:
	return ((s.st_mode & i) != 0);
}

static enum token
t_lex(s)
	register char *s;
{
	register struct t_op const *op = ops;

	if (s == 0) {
		t_wp_op = (struct t_op *)0;
		return EOI;
	}
	while (op->op_text) {
		if (strcmp(s, op->op_text) == 0) {
			t_wp_op = op;
			return op->op_num;
		}
		op++;
	}
	t_wp_op = (struct t_op *)0;
	return OPERAND;
}

/* atoi with error detection */
static int
getn(s)
	char *s;
{
	char *p;
	long r;

	errno = 0;
	r = strtol(s, &p, 10);

	if (errno != 0)
	{
	  fprintf(stderr, "%s: out of range", s);
	  exit(2);
	}

	while (isspace(*p))
	  p++;
	
	if (*p)
	{
	  fprintf(stderr, "%s: bad number", s);
	  exit(2);
	}

	return (int) r;
}

static int
newerf (f1, f2)
char *f1, *f2;
{
	struct stat b1, b2;

	return (stat (f1, &b1) == 0 &&
		stat (f2, &b2) == 0 &&
		b1.st_mtime > b2.st_mtime);
}

static int
olderf (f1, f2)
char *f1, *f2;
{
	struct stat b1, b2;

	return (stat (f1, &b1) == 0 &&
		stat (f2, &b2) == 0 &&
		b1.st_mtime < b2.st_mtime);
}

static int
equalf (f1, f2)
char *f1, *f2;
{
	struct stat b1, b2;

	return (stat (f1, &b1) == 0 &&
		stat (f2, &b2) == 0 &&
		b1.st_dev == b2.st_dev &&
		b1.st_ino == b2.st_ino);
}