File: http.c

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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2002, 2003, Scott Nicol <esniper@users.sf.net>
 * All rights reserved
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 * - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *	this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *	notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *	documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 * OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
 * TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
 * PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
 * NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
 * SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include "http.h"
#include "esniper.h"
#include <ctype.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
#include <curl/easy.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#if defined(WIN32)
#	define DEVNULL "nul"
#else
#	define DEVNULL "/dev/null"
#endif

enum requestType {GET, POST};

static CURL *easyhandle = NULL;
static CURLcode curlrc = CURLE_OK;
static char *lastURL = NULL;
static int curlInitDone = 0;
static char globalErrorbuf[CURL_ERROR_SIZE];

static memBuf_t *httpRequest(const char *url, const char *logUrl, const char *data, const char *logData, enum requestType);
static memBuf_t *httpRequestFailed(memBuf_t *mp);
static size_t WriteMemoryCallback(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *data);
static int initCurlStuffFailed(void);

#ifdef NEED_CURL_EASY_STRERROR
static const char *curl_easy_strerror(CURLcode error);
#endif

/* Set auction error with full libcurl details */
int
httpError(auctionInfo *aip)
{
	int ret = 0;

	if (curlrc != CURLE_OK) {
		char *details = myStrdup4(myStrdup2(lastURL, ": "),
					curl_easy_strerror(curlrc), ": ",
					globalErrorbuf);

		ret = auctionError(aip, ae_curlerror, details);
		free(details);
	}
	return ret;
}

/* returns open socket, or NULL on error */
memBuf_t *
httpGet(const char *url, const char *logUrl)
{
	return httpRequest(url, logUrl, "", NULL, GET);
}

/* returns open socket, or NULL on error */
memBuf_t *
httpPost(const char *url, const char *data, const char *logData)
{
	return httpRequest(url, NULL, data, logData, POST);
}

/*
 * Create a membuf from a string.
 */
memBuf_t *
strToMemBuf(const char *s, memBuf_t *mp)
{
	mp->timeToFirstByte = time(NULL);
	mp->memory = myStrdup(s);
	mp->readptr = mp->memory;
	mp->size = s ? strlen(s) : 0;
	return mp;
}

/*
 * Free membuf.
 */
void
freeMembuf(memBuf_t *mp)
{
	if (mp) {
		free(mp->memory);
		free(mp);
	}
}

/*
 * Create a membuf from a file.
 */
memBuf_t *
readFile(FILE *fp)
{
	static memBuf_t membuf = { NULL, 0, NULL, 0 };
	static const size_t BUFINC = 20 * 1024;
	size_t i = 0;
	int c;

	if (membuf.memory)
		free(membuf.memory);
	membuf.size = BUFINC;
	membuf.memory = (char *)myMalloc(membuf.size);
	while ((c = getc(fp)) != EOF) {
		if (i == membuf.size) {
			membuf.size += BUFINC;
			membuf.memory = (char *)myRealloc(membuf.memory, membuf.size);
		}
		membuf.memory[i++] = (char)c;
	}
	membuf.size = i;
	membuf.readptr = membuf.memory;
	return &membuf;
}

static memBuf_t *
httpRequest(const char *url, const char *logUrl, const char *data, const char *logData, enum requestType rt)
{
	const char *nonNullData = data ? data : "";
	memBuf_t *mp = (memBuf_t *)myMalloc(sizeof(memBuf_t));
	char *metaRefresh;

	mp->memory = mp->readptr = NULL;
	mp->size = 0;
	mp->timeToFirstByte = 0;

	if(lastURL) free(lastURL);
	lastURL = myStrdup(url);

	if (!curlInitDone && initCurlStuff())
		return NULL;

	/* Note: was CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, which is the same as CURLOPT_FILE.
	 * Some older versions of libcurl don't have CURLOPT_WRITEDATA.
	 */
	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_FILE, (void *)mp)))
		return httpRequestFailed(mp);

	if (rt == GET) {
		if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_HTTPGET, 1)))
			return httpRequestFailed(mp);
	} else {
		log(("%s", logData ? logData : nonNullData));
		if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, nonNullData)))
			return httpRequestFailed(mp);
	}

	log(("%s", logUrl ? logUrl : url));
	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_URL, url)))
		return httpRequestFailed(mp);

	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_perform(easyhandle)))
		return httpRequestFailed(mp);

	log(("checking for META Refresh"));
	if ((metaRefresh = memGetMetaRefresh(mp)) != NULL) {
		log(("page redirection by META Refresh: %s\n", metaRefresh));
		freeMembuf(mp);
		return httpGet(metaRefresh, NULL);
	}

	return mp;
}

static memBuf_t *
httpRequestFailed(memBuf_t *mp)
{
	freeMembuf(mp);
	log(("%s", curl_easy_strerror(curlrc)));
	log(("%s", globalErrorbuf));
	return NULL;
}

/*
 * Returns 0 on success, non-0 otherwise.
 */
int
initCurlStuff(void)
{
	/* list for custom headers */
	struct curl_slist *slist=NULL;

	curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_ALL);

	/* init the curl session */
	if (!(easyhandle = curl_easy_init()))
		return -1;

	/* buffer for error messages */
	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_ERRORBUFFER, globalErrorbuf)))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();

	/* debug output, show what libcurl does */
	if (options.curldebug &&
		 (curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1)))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();

	/* follow all redirects */
	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1)))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();

	/* use proxy */
	if (options.proxy &&
		 (curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_PROXY, options.proxy)))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();

/* bug#677: don't force SSLv3 because ebay deactivated it */
#if 0
	/* enforce usage of SSLv3 to avoid GnuTLS errors */
	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_SSLVERSION, CURL_SSLVERSION_SSLv3)))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();
#endif

	/* send all data to this function */
	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, WriteMemoryCallback)))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();

	/* some servers don't like requests that are made without a user-agent
	 * field, so we provide one */
	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, "Mozilla/4.7 [en] (X11; U; Linux 2.2.12 i686)")))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();

	/* some servers don't like requests that are made without a user-agent
	 * field, so we provide one */
	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "")))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();

	slist = curl_slist_append(slist, "Accept: text/*");
	slist = curl_slist_append(slist, "Accept-Language: en");
	slist = curl_slist_append(slist, "Accept-Charset: iso-8859-1,*,utf-8");
	slist = curl_slist_append(slist, "Cache-Control: no-cache");
	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, slist)))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();

	if ((curlrc = curl_easy_setopt(easyhandle, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, DEVNULL)))
		return initCurlStuffFailed();

	curlInitDone = 1;
	return 0;
}

static int
initCurlStuffFailed(void)
{
	log(("%s", curl_easy_strerror(curlrc)));
	log(("%s", globalErrorbuf));
	return -1;
}

void
cleanupCurlStuff(void)
{
	if (easyhandle) {
		curl_easy_cleanup(easyhandle);
		easyhandle = NULL;
	}
	curl_global_cleanup();
	curlInitDone = 0;
}

static size_t
WriteMemoryCallback(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *data)
{
	register size_t realsize = size * nmemb;
	memBuf_t *mp = (memBuf_t *)data;

	if (!mp->timeToFirstByte)
		mp->timeToFirstByte = time(NULL);

	mp->memory = (char *)myRealloc(mp->memory, mp->size + realsize + 1);
	mp->readptr = mp->memory;
	memcpy(&(mp->memory[mp->size]), ptr, realsize);
	mp->size += realsize;
	mp->memory[mp->size] = 0;
	return realsize;
}

int
memEof(memBuf_t *mp)
{
	return (!mp || !mp->size || mp->readptr == (mp->memory + mp->size));
}

int
memGetc(memBuf_t *mp)
{
	return memEof(mp) ? EOF : (int)(*(unsigned char *)(mp->readptr++));
}

void
memUngetc(memBuf_t *mp)
{
	if (mp->readptr > mp->memory)
		mp->readptr--;
}

void
memReset(memBuf_t *mp)
{
	mp->readptr = mp->memory;
}

void memSkip(memBuf_t *mp, int n)
{
	++mp->readptr;
}

char *
memStr(memBuf_t *mp, const char *s)
{
	char *ret = strstr(mp->readptr, s);

	if (ret)
		mp->readptr = ret;
	return ret;
}

char *
memCaseStr(memBuf_t *mp, const char *s)
{
	char *ret = strcasestr(mp->readptr, s);

	if (ret)
		mp->readptr = ret;
	return ret;
}

char *
memChr(memBuf_t *mp, char c)
{
	char *ret = strchr(mp->readptr, c);

	if (ret)
		mp->readptr = ret;
	return ret;
}

/* get META refresh URL (if any) */
char *
memGetMetaRefresh(memBuf_t *mp)
{
	char *cp;
	static char *buf = NULL;
	char *bufptr;
	static size_t bufsize = 0;
	char *metaRefresh = NULL;

	if (!buf) {
		bufsize = 1024;
		buf = myMalloc(bufsize);
	}

	/* look for all "meta" tags until Refresh found */
	while (!metaRefresh && (cp = memStr(mp, "<meta")) != NULL) {
		int c;

		bufptr = buf;
		/* copy whole tag to buffer for processing */
		for (c = memGetc(mp); c != EOF && c != '>'; c = memGetc(mp)) {
			*bufptr++ = (char)c;
			if (bufptr > buf + (bufsize -1)) {
				bufsize += 1024;
				buf = myRealloc(buf, bufsize);
			}
		}

		/* terminate string */
		*bufptr = '\0';
		log(("found META tag: %s", buf));

		cp = strstr(buf, "http-equiv=");
		if (!cp) {
			log(("no http-equiv, looking for next"));
			continue;
		}
		cp += 11;

		if (strncasecmp(cp, "\"Refresh\"", 9)) {
			log(("no Refresh, looking for next"));
			continue;
		}

		cp = strstr(buf, "content=\"");
		if (!cp) {
			log(("no content, looking for next"));
			continue;
		}
		cp += 9;

		/* skip delay value (everything until ';') */
		while (*cp && *cp != ';') cp++;
		/* if not end of string skip ';' */
		if (*cp) cp++;
		/* and skip whitespace */
		while (*cp && isspace(*cp)) cp++;

		/* now there should be "url=" with optional whitespace around '=' */
		if (strncasecmp(cp, "url", 3)) {
			log(("no url key, looking for next"));
			continue;
		}
		cp += 3;

		while (*cp && isspace(*cp)) cp++;
		if (*cp != '=') {
			log(("no = after url, looking for next"));
			continue;
		}
		cp++;
		while (*cp && isspace(*cp)) cp++;

		/* this is the beginning of the redirection URL */
		bufptr = cp;
		cp = strchr(bufptr, '"');
		if (!cp) {
			log(("no closing \", looking for next"));
			continue;
		}
		/* cut off terminating '"' and other trailing garbage */
		*cp = '\0';
		metaRefresh = bufptr;
	}

	if (metaRefresh)
		log(("found redirection"));
	else
		log(("no redirection found"));

	memReset(mp);

	return metaRefresh;
}

time_t
getTimeToFirstByte(memBuf_t *mp)
{
	return mp->timeToFirstByte;
}

#ifdef NEED_CURL_EASY_STRERROR
/*
 * This is only needed if we are using libcurl that doesn't have its own
 * curl_easy_strerror.  curl_easy_strerror was added in 7.11.2.
 */
static const char *curlErrorTable[] = {
	"no error", /* CURLE_OK */
	"unsupported protocol", /* CURLE_UNSUPPORTED_PROTOCOL */
	"failed init", /* CURLE_FAILED_INIT */
	"URL using bad/illegal format or missing URL", /* CURLE_URL_MALFORMAT */
	"CURLE_URL_MALFORMAT_USER", /* CURLE_URL_MALFORMAT_USER */
	"couldnt resolve proxy name", /* CURLE_COULDNT_RESOLVE_PROXY */
	"couldnt resolve host name", /* CURLE_COULDNT_RESOLVE_HOST */
	"couldn't connect to server", /* CURLE_COULDNT_CONNECT */
	"FTP: weird server reply", /* CURLE_FTP_WEIRD_SERVER_REPLY */
	"FTP: access denied", /* CURLE_FTP_ACCESS_DENIED */
	"FTP: user and/or password incorrect", /* CURLE_FTP_USER_PASSWORD_INCORRECT */
	"FTP: unknown PASS reply", /* CURLE_FTP_WEIRD_PASS_REPLY */
	"FTP: unknown USER reply", /* CURLE_FTP_WEIRD_USER_REPLY */
	"FTP: unknown PASV reply", /* CURLE_FTP_WEIRD_PASV_REPLY */
	"FTP: unknown 227 response format", /* CURLE_FTP_WEIRD_227_FORMAT */
	"FTP: can't figure out the host in the PASV response", /* CURLE_FTP_CANT_GET_HOST */
	"FTP: can't connect to server the response code is unknown", /* CURLE_FTP_CANT_RECONNECT */
	"FTP: couldn't set binary mode", /* CURLE_FTP_COULDNT_SET_BINARY */
	"Transferred a partial file", /* CURLE_PARTIAL_FILE */
	"FTP: couldn't retrieve (RETR failed) the specified file", /* CURLE_FTP_COULDNT_RETR_FILE */
	"FTP: the post-transfer acknowledge response was not OK", /* CURLE_FTP_WRITE_ERROR */
	"FTP: a quote command returned error", /* CURLE_FTP_QUOTE_ERROR */
	"HTTP response code said error", /* CURLE_HTTP_RETURNED_ERROR */
	"failed writing received data to disk/application", /* CURLE_WRITE_ERROR */
	"CURLE_MALFORMAT_USER", /* CURLE_MALFORMAT_USER */
	"failed FTP upload (the STOR command)", /* CURLE_FTP_COULDNT_STOR_FILE */
	"failed to open/read local data from file/application", /* CURLE_READ_ERROR */
	"out of memory", /* CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY */
	"a timeout was reached", /* CURLE_OPERATION_TIMEOUTED */
	"FTP could not set ASCII mode (TYPE A)", /* CURLE_FTP_COULDNT_SET_ASCII */
	"FTP command PORT failed", /* CURLE_FTP_PORT_FAILED */
	"FTP command REST failed", /* CURLE_FTP_COULDNT_USE_REST */
	"FTP command SIZE failed", /* CURLE_FTP_COULDNT_GET_SIZE */
	"a range was requested but the server did not deliver it", /* CURLE_HTTP_RANGE_ERROR */
	"internal problem setting up the POST", /* CURLE_HTTP_POST_ERROR */
	"SSL connect error", /* CURLE_SSL_CONNECT_ERROR */
	"couldn't resume FTP download", /* CURLE_FTP_BAD_DOWNLOAD_RESUME */
	"couldn't read a file:// file", /* CURLE_FILE_COULDNT_READ_FILE */
	"LDAP: cannot bind", /* CURLE_LDAP_CANNOT_BIND */
	"LDAP: search failed", /* CURLE_LDAP_SEARCH_FAILED */
	"a required shared library was not found", /* CURLE_LIBRARY_NOT_FOUND */
	"a required function in the shared library was not found", /* CURLE_FUNCTION_NOT_FOUND */
	"the operation was aborted by an application callback", /* CURLE_ABORTED_BY_CALLBACK */
	"a libcurl function was given a bad argument", /* CURLE_BAD_FUNCTION_ARGUMENT */
	"CURLE_BAD_CALLING_ORDER", /* CURLE_BAD_CALLING_ORDER */
	"failed binding local connection end", /* CURLE_INTERFACE_FAILED */
	"CURLE_BAD_PASSWORD_ENTERED", /* CURLE_BAD_PASSWORD_ENTERED */
	"number of redirects hit maximum amount", /* CURLE_TOO_MANY_REDIRECTS */
	"User specified an unknown option", /* CURLE_UNKNOWN_TELNET_OPTION */
	"Malformed telnet option", /* CURLE_TELNET_OPTION_SYNTAX */
	"CURLE_OBSOLETE", /* CURLE_OBSOLETE */
	"SSL peer certificate was not ok", /* CURLE_SSL_PEER_CERTIFICATE */
	"server returned nothing (no headers, no data)", /* CURLE_GOT_NOTHING */
	"SSL crypto engine not found", /* CURLE_SSL_ENGINE_NOTFOUND */
	"can not set SSL crypto engine as default", /* CURLE_SSL_ENGINE_SETFAILED */
	"failed sending data to the peer", /* CURLE_SEND_ERROR */
	"failure when receiving data from the peer", /* CURLE_RECV_ERROR */
	"share is already in use", /* CURLE_SHARE_IN_USE */
	"problem with the local SSL certificate", /* CURLE_SSL_CERTPROBLEM */
	"couldn't use specified SSL cipher", /* CURLE_SSL_CIPHER */
	"problem with the SSL CA cert (path? access rights?)", /* CURLE_SSL_CACERT */
	"Unrecognized HTTP Content-Encoding", /* CURLE_BAD_CONTENT_ENCODING */
	"Invalid LDAP URL", /* CURLE_LDAP_INVALID_URL */
	"Maximum file size exceeded", /* CURLE_FILESIZE_EXCEEDED */
	"Requested FTP SSL level failed", /* CURLE_FTP_SSL_FAILED */
};

static const char *
curl_easy_strerror(CURLcode error)
{
	if (error < 0 || error >= CURL_LAST ||
		 error >= (sizeof(curlErrorTable) / sizeof(const char *)))
		return "unknown error";
	return curlErrorTable[error];
}
#endif