File: synth_mbrola.c

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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2005 to 2013 by Jonathan Duddington
 * email: jonsd@users.sourceforge.net
 * Copyright (C) 2015-2016 Reece H. Dunn
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, see: <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

#include "config.h"

#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <espeak-ng/espeak_ng.h>
#include <espeak-ng/speak_lib.h>
#include <espeak-ng/encoding.h>

#include "speech.h"
#include "phoneme.h"
#include "synthesize.h"
#include "translate.h"
#include "voice.h"

#ifdef INCLUDE_MBROLA

extern int Read4Bytes(FILE *f);
extern void SetPitch2(voice_t *voice, int pitch1, int pitch2, int *pitch_base, int *pitch_range);
extern unsigned char *outbuf;

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(_WIN64)
#include <windows.h>
#endif

#include "mbrowrap.h"

static MBROLA_TAB *mbrola_tab = NULL;
static int mbrola_control = 0;
static int mbr_name_prefix = 0;

espeak_ng_STATUS LoadMbrolaTable(const char *mbrola_voice, const char *phtrans, int *srate)
{
	// Load a phoneme name translation table from espeak-ng-data/mbrola

	int size;
	int ix;
	int *pw;
	FILE *f_in;
	char path[sizeof(path_home)+15];

	mbrola_name[0] = 0;
	mbrola_delay = 0;
	mbr_name_prefix = 0;

	if (mbrola_voice == NULL) {
		samplerate = samplerate_native;
		SetParameter(espeakVOICETYPE, 0, 0);
		return ENS_OK;
	}

	if (!load_MBR())
		return ENS_MBROLA_NOT_FOUND;

	sprintf(path, "%s/mbrola/%s", path_home, mbrola_voice);
#ifdef PLATFORM_POSIX
	// if not found, then also look in
	//   usr/share/mbrola/xx, /usr/share/mbrola/xx/xx, /usr/share/mbrola/voices/xx
	if (GetFileLength(path) <= 0) {
		sprintf(path, "/usr/share/mbrola/%s", mbrola_voice);

		if (GetFileLength(path) <= 0) {
			sprintf(path, "/usr/share/mbrola/%s/%s", mbrola_voice, mbrola_voice);

#if 0
			if (GetFileLength(path) <= 0)
				sprintf(path, "/usr/share/mbrola/voices/%s", mbrola_voice);
#endif
		}
	}
	close_MBR();
#endif

	if (init_MBR(path) != 0) // initialise the required mbrola voice
		return ENS_MBROLA_VOICE_NOT_FOUND;

	setNoError_MBR(1); // don't stop on phoneme errors

	// read eSpeak's mbrola phoneme translation data, eg. en1_phtrans
	sprintf(path, "%s/mbrola_ph/%s", path_home, phtrans);
	size = GetFileLength(path);
	if (size < 0) // size == -errno
		return -size;
	if ((f_in = fopen(path, "rb")) == NULL) {
		int error = errno;
		close_MBR();
		return error;
	}

	MBROLA_TAB *new_mbrola_tab = (MBROLA_TAB *)realloc(mbrola_tab, size);
	if (new_mbrola_tab == NULL) {
		fclose(f_in);
		close_MBR();
		return ENOMEM;
	}
	mbrola_tab = new_mbrola_tab;

	mbrola_control = Read4Bytes(f_in);
	pw = (int *)mbrola_tab;
	for (ix = 4; ix < size; ix += 4)
		*pw++ = Read4Bytes(f_in);
	fclose(f_in);

	setVolumeRatio_MBR((float)(mbrola_control & 0xff) /16.0f);
	samplerate = *srate = getFreq_MBR();
	if (*srate == 22050)
		SetParameter(espeakVOICETYPE, 0, 0);
	else
		SetParameter(espeakVOICETYPE, 1, 0);
	strcpy(mbrola_name, mbrola_voice);
	mbrola_delay = 1000; // improve synchronization of events
	return ENS_OK;
}

static int GetMbrName(PHONEME_LIST *plist, PHONEME_TAB *ph, PHONEME_TAB *ph_prev, PHONEME_TAB *ph_next, int *name2, int *split, int *control)
{
	// Look up a phoneme in the mbrola phoneme name translation table
	// It may give none, 1, or 2 mbrola phonemes

	MBROLA_TAB *pr;
	PHONEME_TAB *other_ph;
	int found = 0;
	static int mnem;

	// control
	// bit 0  skip the next phoneme
	// bit 1  match this and Previous phoneme
	// bit 2  only at the start of a word
	// bit 3  don't match two phonemes across a word boundary
	// bit 4  add this phoneme name as a prefix to the next phoneme name (used for de4 phoneme prefix '?')
	// bit 5  only in stressed syllable
	// bit 6  only at the end of a word

	*name2 = 0;
	*split = 0;
	*control = 0;
	mnem = ph->mnemonic;

	pr = mbrola_tab;
	while (pr->name != 0) {
		if (mnem == pr->name) {
			if (pr->next_phoneme == 0)
				found = 1;
			else if ((pr->next_phoneme == ':') && (plist->synthflags & SFLAG_LENGTHEN))
				found = 1;
			else {
				if (pr->control & 2)
					other_ph = ph_prev;
				else if ((pr->control & 8) && ((plist+1)->newword))
					other_ph = phoneme_tab[phPAUSE]; // don't match the next phoneme over a word boundary
				else
					other_ph = ph_next;

				if ((pr->next_phoneme == other_ph->mnemonic) ||
				    ((pr->next_phoneme == 2) && (other_ph->type == phVOWEL)) ||
				    ((pr->next_phoneme == '_') && (other_ph->type == phPAUSE)))
					found = 1;
			}

			if ((pr->control & 4) && (plist->newword == 0)) // only at start of word
				found = 0;

			if ((pr->control & 0x40) && (plist[1].newword == 0)) // only at the end of a word
				found = 0;

			if ((pr->control & 0x20) && (plist->stresslevel < plist->wordstress))
				found = 0; // only in stressed syllables

			if (found) {
				*name2 = pr->mbr_name2;
				*split = pr->percent;
				*control = pr->control;

				if (pr->control & 0x10) {
					mbr_name_prefix = pr->mbr_name;
					return 0;
				}
				mnem = pr->mbr_name;
				break;
			}
		}

		pr++;
	}

	if (mbr_name_prefix != 0)
		mnem = (mnem << 8) | (mbr_name_prefix & 0xff);
	mbr_name_prefix = 0;
	return mnem;
}

static char *WritePitch(int env, int pitch1, int pitch2, int split, int final)
{
	// final=1:  only give the final pitch value.
	int x;
	int ix;
	int pitch_base;
	int pitch_range;
	int p1, p2, p_end;
	unsigned char *pitch_env;
	int max = -1;
	int min = 999;
	int y_max = 0;
	int y_min = 0;
	int env100 = 80; // apply the pitch change only over this proportion of the mbrola phoneme(s)
	int y2;
	int y[4];
	int env_split;
	char buf[50];
	static char output[50];

	output[0] = 0;
	pitch_env = envelope_data[env];

	SetPitch2(voice, pitch1, pitch2, &pitch_base, &pitch_range);

	env_split = (split * 128)/100;
	if (env_split < 0)
		env_split = 0-env_split;

	// find max and min in the pitch envelope
	for (x = 0; x < 128; x++) {
		if (pitch_env[x] > max) {
			max = pitch_env[x];
			y_max = x;
		}
		if (pitch_env[x] < min) {
			min = pitch_env[x];
			y_min = x;
		}
	}
	// set an additional pitch point half way through the phoneme.
	// but look for a maximum or a minimum and use that instead
	y[2] = 64;
	if ((y_max > 0) && (y_max < 127))
		y[2] = y_max;
	if ((y_min > 0) && (y_min < 127))
		y[2] = y_min;
	y[1] = y[2] / 2;
	y[3] = y[2] + (127 - y[2])/2;

	// set initial pitch
	p1 = ((pitch_env[0]*pitch_range)>>8) + pitch_base; // Hz << 12
	p_end = ((pitch_env[127]*pitch_range)>>8) + pitch_base;

	if (split >= 0) {
		sprintf(buf, " 0 %d", p1/4096);
		strcat(output, buf);
	}

	// don't use intermediate pitch points for linear rise and fall
	if (env > 1) {
		for (ix = 1; ix < 4; ix++) {
			p2 = ((pitch_env[y[ix]]*pitch_range)>>8) + pitch_base;

			if (split > 0)
				y2 = (y[ix] * env100)/env_split;
			else if (split < 0)
				y2 = ((y[ix]-env_split) * env100)/env_split;
			else
				y2 = (y[ix] * env100)/128;
			if ((y2 > 0) && (y2 <= env100)) {
				sprintf(buf, " %d %d", y2, p2/4096);
				strcat(output, buf);
			}
		}
	}

	p_end = p_end/4096;
	if (split <= 0) {
		sprintf(buf, " %d %d", env100, p_end);
		strcat(output, buf);
	}
	if (env100 < 100) {
		sprintf(buf, " %d %d", 100, p_end);
		strcat(output, buf);
	}
	strcat(output, "\n");

	if (final)
		sprintf(output, "\t100 %d\n", p_end);
	return output;
}

int MbrolaTranslate(PHONEME_LIST *plist, int n_phonemes, int resume, FILE *f_mbrola)
{
	// Generate a mbrola pho file
	unsigned int name;
	int len;
	int len1;
	PHONEME_TAB *ph;
	PHONEME_TAB *ph_next;
	PHONEME_TAB *ph_prev;
	PHONEME_LIST *p;
	PHONEME_LIST *next;
	PHONEME_DATA phdata;
	FMT_PARAMS fmtp;
	int pause = 0;
	int released;
	int name2;
	int control;
	int done;
	int len_percent;
	const char *final_pitch;
	char *ptr;
	char mbr_buf[120];

	static int phix;
	static int embedded_ix;
	static int word_count;

	if (!resume) {
		phix = 1;
		embedded_ix = 0;
		word_count = 0;
	}

	while (phix < n_phonemes) {
		if (WcmdqFree() < MIN_WCMDQ)
			return 1;

		ptr = mbr_buf;

		p = &plist[phix];
		next = &plist[phix+1];
		ph = p->ph;
		ph_prev = plist[phix-1].ph;
		ph_next = plist[phix+1].ph;

		if (p->synthflags & SFLAG_EMBEDDED)
			DoEmbedded(&embedded_ix, p->sourceix);

		if (p->newword & 4)
			DoMarker(espeakEVENT_SENTENCE, (p->sourceix & 0x7ff) + clause_start_char, 0, count_sentences);
		if (p->newword & 1)
			DoMarker(espeakEVENT_WORD, (p->sourceix & 0x7ff) + clause_start_char, p->sourceix >> 11, clause_start_word + word_count++);

		name = GetMbrName(p, ph, ph_prev, ph_next, &name2, &len_percent, &control);
		if (control & 1)
			phix++;

		if (name == 0) {
			phix++;
			continue; // ignore this phoneme
		}

		if ((ph->type == phPAUSE) && (name == ph->mnemonic)) {
			// a pause phoneme, which has not been changed by the translation
			name = '_';
			len = (p->length * speed.pause_factor)/256;
			if (len == 0)
				len = 1;
		} else
			len = (80 * speed.wav_factor)/256;

		if (ph->code != phonEND_WORD) {
			char phoneme_name[16];
			WritePhMnemonic(phoneme_name, p->ph, p, option_phoneme_events & espeakINITIALIZE_PHONEME_IPA, NULL);
			DoPhonemeMarker(espeakEVENT_PHONEME, (p->sourceix & 0x7ff) + clause_start_char, 0, phoneme_name);
		}

		ptr += sprintf(ptr, "%s\t", WordToString(name));

		if (name2 == '_') {
			// add a pause after this phoneme
			pause = len_percent;
			name2 = 0;
		}

		done = 0;
		final_pitch = "";

		switch (ph->type)
		{
		case phVOWEL:
			len = ph->std_length;
			if (p->synthflags & SFLAG_LENGTHEN)
				len += phoneme_tab[phonLENGTHEN]->std_length; // phoneme was followed by an extra : symbol

			if (ph_next->type == phPAUSE)
				len += 50; // lengthen vowels before a pause
			len = (len * p->length)/256;

			if (name2 == 0) {
				char *pitch = WritePitch(p->env, p->pitch1, p->pitch2, 0, 0);
				ptr += sprintf(ptr, "%d\t%s", len, pitch);
			} else {
				char *pitch;

				pitch = WritePitch(p->env, p->pitch1, p->pitch2, len_percent, 0);
				len1 = (len * len_percent)/100;
				ptr += sprintf(ptr, "%d\t%s", len1, pitch);

				pitch = WritePitch(p->env, p->pitch1, p->pitch2, -len_percent, 0);
				ptr += sprintf(ptr, "%s\t%d\t%s", WordToString(name2), len-len1, pitch);
			}
			done = 1;
			break;
		case phSTOP:
			released = 0;
			if (next->type == phVOWEL) released = 1;
			if (next->type == phLIQUID && !next->newword) released = 1;

			if (released == 0)
				p->synthflags |= SFLAG_NEXT_PAUSE;
			InterpretPhoneme(NULL, 0, p, &phdata, NULL);
			len = DoSample3(&phdata, 0, -1);

			len = (len * 1000)/samplerate; // convert to mS
			len += PauseLength(p->prepause, 1);
			break;
		case phVSTOP:
			len = (80 * speed.wav_factor)/256;
			break;
		case phFRICATIVE:
			len = 0;
			InterpretPhoneme(NULL, 0, p, &phdata, NULL);
			if (p->synthflags & SFLAG_LENGTHEN)
				len = DoSample3(&phdata, p->length, -1); // play it twice for [s:] etc.
			len += DoSample3(&phdata, p->length, -1);

			len = (len * 1000)/samplerate; // convert to mS
			break;
		case phNASAL:
			if (next->type != phVOWEL) {
				memset(&fmtp, 0, sizeof(fmtp));
				InterpretPhoneme(NULL, 0, p, &phdata, NULL);
				fmtp.fmt_addr = phdata.sound_addr[pd_FMT];
				len = DoSpect2(p->ph, 0, &fmtp,  p, -1);
				len = (len * 1000)/samplerate;
				if (next->type == phPAUSE)
					len += 50;
				final_pitch = WritePitch(p->env, p->pitch1, p->pitch2, 0, 1);
			}
			break;
		case phLIQUID:
			if (next->type == phPAUSE) {
				len += 50;
				final_pitch = WritePitch(p->env, p->pitch1, p->pitch2, 0, 1);
			}
			break;
		}

		if (!done) {
			if (name2 != 0) {
				len1 = (len * len_percent)/100;
				ptr += sprintf(ptr, "%d\n%s\t", len1, WordToString(name2));
				len -= len1;
			}
			ptr += sprintf(ptr, "%d%s\n", len, final_pitch);
		}

		if (pause) {
			len += PauseLength(pause, 0);
			ptr += sprintf(ptr, "_ \t%d\n", PauseLength(pause, 0));
			pause = 0;
		}

		if (f_mbrola)
			fwrite(mbr_buf, 1, (ptr-mbr_buf), f_mbrola); // write .pho to a file
		else {
			int res = write_MBR(mbr_buf);
			if (res < 0)
				return 0;  // don't get stuck on error
			if (res == 0)
				return 1;
			wcmdq[wcmdq_tail][0] = WCMD_MBROLA_DATA;
			wcmdq[wcmdq_tail][1] = len;
			WcmdqInc();
		}

		phix++;
	}

	if (!f_mbrola) {
		flush_MBR();

		// flush the mbrola output buffer
		wcmdq[wcmdq_tail][0] = WCMD_MBROLA_DATA;
		wcmdq[wcmdq_tail][1] = 500;
		WcmdqInc();
	}

	return 0;
}

int MbrolaGenerate(PHONEME_LIST *phoneme_list, int *n_ph, int resume)
{
	FILE *f_mbrola = NULL;

	if (*n_ph == 0)
		return 0;

	if (option_phonemes & espeakPHONEMES_MBROLA) {
		// send mbrola data to a file, not to the mbrola library
		f_mbrola = f_trans;
	}

	int again = MbrolaTranslate(phoneme_list, *n_ph, resume, f_mbrola);
	if (!again)
		*n_ph = 0;
	return again;
}

int MbrolaFill(int length, int resume, int amplitude)
{
	// Read audio data from Mbrola (length is in millisecs)

	static int n_samples;
	int req_samples, result;
	int ix;
	short value16;
	int value;

	if (!resume)
		n_samples = samplerate * length / 1000;

	req_samples = (out_end - out_ptr)/2;
	if (req_samples > n_samples)
		req_samples = n_samples;
	result = read_MBR((short *)out_ptr, req_samples);
	if (result <= 0)
		return 0;

	for (ix = 0; ix < result; ix++) {
		value16 = out_ptr[0] + (out_ptr[1] << 8);
		value = value16 * amplitude;
		value = value / 40; // adjust this constant to give a suitable amplitude for mbrola voices
		if (value > 0x7fff)
			value = 0x7fff;
		if (value < -0x8000)
			value = 0x8000;
		out_ptr[0] = value;
		out_ptr[1] = value >> 8;
		out_ptr += 2;
	}
	n_samples -= result;
	return n_samples ? 1 : 0;
}

void MbrolaReset(void)
{
	// Reset the Mbrola engine and flush the pending audio

	reset_MBR();
}

#else

// mbrola interface is not compiled, provide dummy functions.

espeak_ng_STATUS LoadMbrolaTable(const char *mbrola_voice, const char *phtrans, int *srate)
{
	return ENS_NOT_SUPPORTED;
}

int MbrolaGenerate(PHONEME_LIST *phoneme_list, int *n_ph, int resume)
{
	return 0;
}

int MbrolaFill(int length, int resume, int amplitude)
{
	return 0;
}

void MbrolaReset(void)
{
}

#endif