File: faifa.c

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faifa 0.2~svn82-1
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/*
 *  Core library functions
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2007-2009 Xavier Carcelle <xavier.carcelle@gmail.com>
 *		    	    Florian Fainelli <florian@openwrt.org>
 *			    Nicolas Thill <nico@openwrt.org>
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
 */

/*
 *  In addition, as a special exception, the copyright holders give
 *  permission to link the code of portions of this program with the
 *  OpenSSL library under certain conditions as described in each
 *  individual source file, and distribute linked combinations
 *  including the two.
 *  You must obey the GNU General Public License in all respects
 *  for all of the code used other than OpenSSL.  If you modify
 *  file(s) with this exception, you may extend this exception to your
 *  version of the file(s), but you are not obligated to do so.  If you
 *  do not wish to do so, delete this exception statement from your
 *  version.  If you delete this exception statement from all source
 *  files in the program, then also delete it here.
 */

#include <sys/types.h>
#ifndef __CYGWIN__
#include <net/ethernet.h>
#endif

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

#include "faifa.h"
#include "faifa_compat.h"
#include "faifa_priv.h"
#include "homeplug_av.h"

void faifa_set_error(faifa_t *faifa, char *format, ...)
{
	va_list ap;

	if (!faifa)
		return;

	va_start(ap, format);
	vsnprintf(faifa->error, sizeof(faifa->error), format, ap);
	va_end(ap);
}


faifa_t *faifa_init(void)
{
	faifa_t *faifa;

	faifa = calloc(1, sizeof(faifa_t));
	if (faifa == NULL)
		goto __error_malloc;

	return faifa;

	free(faifa);
__error_malloc:
	return NULL;
}


void faifa_free(faifa_t *faifa)
{
	free(faifa);
}


char *faifa_error(faifa_t *faifa)
{
	if (faifa)
		return faifa->error;
	else
		return NULL;
}


int faifa_open(faifa_t *faifa, char *name)
{
	char pcap_errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE];
	int pcap_snaplen = ETHER_MAX_LEN;

#ifndef __CYGWIN__
	if (getuid() > 0) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "Must be root to execute this program");
		goto __error_pcap_lookupdev;
	}

	if (!pcap_lookupdev(pcap_errbuf)) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "pcap_lookupdev: can't find device %s", name);
		goto __error_pcap_lookupdev;
	}

	/* Use open_live on Unixes */
	faifa->pcap = pcap_open_live(name, pcap_snaplen, 1, 100, pcap_errbuf);
#else
	pcap_if_t *alldevs;
	pcap_if_t *d;
	pcap_addr_t *a;
	int i = 0;
	int inum;

	if (pcap_findalldevs_ex(PCAP_SRC_IF_STRING, NULL, &alldevs, pcap_errbuf) == -1) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "Could not get interface list");
		goto __error_pcap_lookupdev;
	}
	for (d = alldevs; d != NULL; d = d->next) {
		if (d->flags & PCAP_IF_LOOPBACK)
			continue;
		printf("%d. %s", ++i, d->name);
		if (d->description)
			printf(" (%s)\n", d->description);
		else
			printf(" No description\n");
		for (a = d->addresses; a; a = a->next)
			if (a->addr->sa_family != AF_INET)
				continue;
	}

	if (!i) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "No interfaces found");
		goto __error_pcap_lookupdev;
	}
__ask_inum:
	//TODO : remove this user input to an external function to enumerate interfaces rather then inside a library
	printf("Enter interface number (1-%d):", i);
	scanf("%d", &inum);

	if (inum < 1 || inum > i) {
		printf("Interface index out of range !\n");
		goto __ask_inum;
	}
	/* Jump to the selected adapter */
	for (d = alldevs, i = 0; i < inum-1; d = d->next, i++);
	strcpy(name, d->name);
	pcap_snaplen = 65536;
	printf("Using: %s\n", name);

	faifa->pcap = pcap_open(name, pcap_snaplen, 1, 1000, NULL, pcap_errbuf);
#endif
	if (faifa->pcap == NULL) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "pcap_open_live: %s", pcap_errbuf);
		goto __error_pcap_open_live;
	}

	if (pcap_datalink(faifa->pcap) != DLT_EN10MB) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "pcap: device %s is not Ethernet", name);
		goto __error_device_not_ethernet;
	}

	/* TODO: Check FreeBSD pcap BIOCIMMEDIATE behavior and compatibility */
#ifdef DARWIN
	u_int arg = 1;

	if (ioctl(pcap_fileno(faifa->pcap), BIOCIMMEDIATE, &arg) < 0)
		faifa_set_error(faifa,"Can not set ioctl BIOCIMMEDIATE in %s", name);
#endif

	strncpy(faifa->ifname, name, sizeof(faifa->ifname));
#ifdef __CYGWIN__
	pcap_freealldevs(alldevs);
#endif

	return 0;

__error_device_not_ethernet:
	pcap_close(faifa->pcap);
__error_pcap_open_live:
__error_pcap_lookupdev:
	return -1;
}


int faifa_recv(faifa_t *faifa, void *buf, int len)
{
	struct pcap_pkthdr *pcap_header;
	u_char *pcap_data;
	int n;

	n = pcap_next_ex(faifa->pcap, &pcap_header, (const u_char **)&pcap_data);
	if (n < 0) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "pcap_next_ex: %s", pcap_geterr(faifa->pcap));
		return -1;
	}
	if (n == 0 )
		return 0;

	if ((u_int32_t)len > (u_int32_t)(pcap_header->caplen))
		len = pcap_header->caplen;

	memcpy(buf, pcap_data, len);

	return len;
}


int faifa_send(faifa_t *faifa, void *buf, int len)
{
	int n;

	n = pcap_sendpacket(faifa->pcap, buf, len);
	if (n == -1) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "pcap_inject: %s", pcap_geterr(faifa->pcap));
	}

	return n;
}


typedef struct faifa_loop_data {
	faifa_t *faifa;
	faifa_loop_handler_t handler;
	void *user;
} faifa_loop_data_t;

void faifa_loop_handler(faifa_loop_data_t *loop_data, struct pcap_pkthdr *pcap_header, void *pcap_data)
{
	loop_data->handler(loop_data->faifa, pcap_data, pcap_header->caplen, loop_data->user);
}

int faifa_loop(faifa_t *faifa, faifa_loop_handler_t handler, void *user)
{
	faifa_loop_data_t loop_data = { faifa, handler, user };
	int n;

	n = pcap_loop(faifa->pcap, -1, (void *)faifa_loop_handler, (u_char *)&loop_data);
	if (n == -1) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "pcap_loop: %s", pcap_geterr(faifa->pcap));
	}

	return n;
}


int faifa_close(faifa_t *faifa)
{
	pcap_close(faifa->pcap);
	memset(faifa->ifname, '\0', sizeof(faifa->ifname));

	return 0;
}


int faifa_sprint_hex(char *str, void *buf, int len, char *sep)
{
	int avail = len;
	u_int8_t *pbuf = buf;
	char *pstr = str;

	while (avail > 0) {
		pstr += sprintf((char *)pstr, "%02hX%s", (unsigned short int)*pbuf, (avail > 1) ? sep : "");
		pbuf++;
		avail--;
	}

	return (pstr - str);
}


#ifdef __IS_THIS_REALLY_NEEDED__

int faifa_get_hwaddr(faifa_t *faifa, u_int8_t *hwaddr)
{
	int fd;
	struct ifreq ifr;

	fd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DRAM, 0);
	if (fd == -1) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "socket: %s", strerror(errno));
		goto __error_socket;
	}

	strncpy(ifr.ifr_name, faifa->ifname, sizeof(ifr.ifr_name) - 1);
	ifr.ifr_name[sizeof(ifr.ifr_name) - 1] = '\0';

	if (ioctl(fd, SIOCGIFHWADDR, &ifr) == -1) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "ioctl: %s", strerror(errno));
		goto __error_ioctl;
	}
	memcpy(hwaddr, &(ifr.ifr_hwaddr), ETHER_ADDR_LEN);

	close(fd);

	return 0;

__error_ioctl:
	close(fd);
__error_socket:
	return -1;
}

#endif /* __IS_THIS_REALLY_NEEDED__ */

int faifa_parse_mac_addr(faifa_t *faifa, const char *mac, u_int8_t *addr)
{
	int i;
	long val;

	if (strlen(mac) != 17) {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "macaddr: invalid address length");
		return -1;
	}

	if (mac[2] != ':' || mac[5] != ':' || mac[8] != ':' ||
		mac[11] != ':' || mac[14] != ':') {
		faifa_set_error(faifa, "macaddr: invalid format");
		return -1;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < ETHER_ADDR_LEN; i++) {
		val = strtol(mac + (3 * i), NULL, 16);
		addr[i] = val;
	}

	return 0;
}

void faifa_set_dst_addr(faifa_t *faifa, const u_int8_t *addr)
{
	memcpy(faifa->dst_addr, addr, ETHER_ADDR_LEN);
}

void faifa_set_verbose(faifa_t *faifa, int verbose)
{
	faifa->verbose = verbose;
}