File: jedec.c

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flashrom 0.9.2+r1141-2
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/*
 * This file is part of the flashrom project.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2000 Silicon Integrated System Corporation
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Giampiero Giancipoli <gianci@email.it>
 * Copyright (C) 2006 coresystems GmbH <info@coresystems.de>
 * Copyright (C) 2007 Carl-Daniel Hailfinger
 * Copyright (C) 2009 Sean Nelson <audiohacked@gmail.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301 USA
 */

#include "flash.h"
#include "chipdrivers.h"

#define MAX_REFLASH_TRIES 0x10
#define MASK_FULL 0xffff
#define MASK_2AA 0x7ff
#define MASK_AAA 0xfff

/* Check one byte for odd parity */
uint8_t oddparity(uint8_t val)
{
	val = (val ^ (val >> 4)) & 0xf;
	val = (val ^ (val >> 2)) & 0x3;
	return (val ^ (val >> 1)) & 0x1;
}

static void toggle_ready_jedec_common(chipaddr dst, int delay)
{
	unsigned int i = 0;
	uint8_t tmp1, tmp2;

	tmp1 = chip_readb(dst) & 0x40;

	while (i++ < 0xFFFFFFF) {
		if (delay)
			programmer_delay(delay);
		tmp2 = chip_readb(dst) & 0x40;
		if (tmp1 == tmp2) {
			break;
		}
		tmp1 = tmp2;
	}
	if (i > 0x100000)
		msg_cdbg("%s: excessive loops, i=0x%x\n", __func__, i);
}

void toggle_ready_jedec(chipaddr dst)
{
	toggle_ready_jedec_common(dst, 0);
}

/* Some chips require a minimum delay between toggle bit reads.
 * The Winbond W39V040C wants 50 ms between reads on sector erase toggle,
 * but experiments show that 2 ms are already enough. Pick a safety factor
 * of 4 and use an 8 ms delay.
 * Given that erase is slow on all chips, it is recommended to use 
 * toggle_ready_jedec_slow in erase functions.
 */
static void toggle_ready_jedec_slow(chipaddr dst)
{
	toggle_ready_jedec_common(dst, 8 * 1000);
}

void data_polling_jedec(chipaddr dst, uint8_t data)
{
	unsigned int i = 0;
	uint8_t tmp;

	data &= 0x80;

	while (i++ < 0xFFFFFFF) {
		tmp = chip_readb(dst) & 0x80;
		if (tmp == data) {
			break;
		}
	}
	if (i > 0x100000)
		msg_cdbg("%s: excessive loops, i=0x%x\n", __func__, i);
}

static void start_program_jedec_common(struct flashchip *flash, unsigned int mask)
{
	chipaddr bios = flash->virtual_memory;
	chip_writeb(0xAA, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	chip_writeb(0x55, bios + (0x2AAA & mask));
	chip_writeb(0xA0, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
}

static int probe_jedec_common(struct flashchip *flash, unsigned int mask)
{
	chipaddr bios = flash->virtual_memory;
	uint8_t id1, id2;
	uint32_t largeid1, largeid2;
	uint32_t flashcontent1, flashcontent2;
	int probe_timing_enter, probe_timing_exit;

	if (flash->probe_timing > 0) 
		probe_timing_enter = probe_timing_exit = flash->probe_timing;
	else if (flash->probe_timing == TIMING_ZERO) { /* No delay. */
		probe_timing_enter = probe_timing_exit = 0;
	} else if (flash->probe_timing == TIMING_FIXME) { /* == _IGNORED */
		msg_cdbg("Chip lacks correct probe timing information, "
			     "using default 10mS/40uS. ");
		probe_timing_enter = 10000;
		probe_timing_exit = 40;
	} else {
		msg_cerr("Chip has negative value in probe_timing, failing "
		       "without chip access\n");
		return 0;
	}

	/* Issue JEDEC Product ID Entry command */
	chip_writeb(0xAA, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	if (probe_timing_enter)
		programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x55, bios + (0x2AAA & mask));
	if (probe_timing_enter)
		programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x90, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	if (probe_timing_enter)
		programmer_delay(probe_timing_enter);

	/* Read product ID */
	id1 = chip_readb(bios);
	id2 = chip_readb(bios + 0x01);
	largeid1 = id1;
	largeid2 = id2;

	/* Check if it is a continuation ID, this should be a while loop. */
	if (id1 == 0x7F) {
		largeid1 <<= 8;
		id1 = chip_readb(bios + 0x100);
		largeid1 |= id1;
	}
	if (id2 == 0x7F) {
		largeid2 <<= 8;
		id2 = chip_readb(bios + 0x101);
		largeid2 |= id2;
	}

	/* Issue JEDEC Product ID Exit command */
	if ((flash->feature_bits & FEATURE_SHORT_RESET) == FEATURE_LONG_RESET)
	{
		chip_writeb(0xAA, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
		if (probe_timing_exit)
			programmer_delay(10);
		chip_writeb(0x55, bios + (0x2AAA & mask));
		if (probe_timing_exit)
			programmer_delay(10);
	}
	chip_writeb(0xF0, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	if (probe_timing_exit)
		programmer_delay(probe_timing_exit);

	msg_cdbg("%s: id1 0x%02x, id2 0x%02x", __func__, largeid1, largeid2);
	if (!oddparity(id1))
		msg_cdbg(", id1 parity violation");

	/* Read the product ID location again. We should now see normal flash contents. */
	flashcontent1 = chip_readb(bios);
	flashcontent2 = chip_readb(bios + 0x01);

	/* Check if it is a continuation ID, this should be a while loop. */
	if (flashcontent1 == 0x7F) {
		flashcontent1 <<= 8;
		flashcontent1 |= chip_readb(bios + 0x100);
	}
	if (flashcontent2 == 0x7F) {
		flashcontent2 <<= 8;
		flashcontent2 |= chip_readb(bios + 0x101);
	}

	if (largeid1 == flashcontent1)
		msg_cdbg(", id1 is normal flash content");
	if (largeid2 == flashcontent2)
		msg_cdbg(", id2 is normal flash content");

	msg_cdbg("\n");
	if (largeid1 != flash->manufacture_id || largeid2 != flash->model_id)
		return 0;

	if (flash->feature_bits & FEATURE_REGISTERMAP)
		map_flash_registers(flash);

	return 1;
}

static int erase_sector_jedec_common(struct flashchip *flash, unsigned int page,
			      unsigned int pagesize, unsigned int mask)
{
	chipaddr bios = flash->virtual_memory;

	/*  Issue the Sector Erase command   */
	chip_writeb(0xAA, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x55, bios + (0x2AAA & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x80, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);

	chip_writeb(0xAA, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x55, bios + (0x2AAA & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x30, bios + page);
	programmer_delay(10);

	/* wait for Toggle bit ready         */
	toggle_ready_jedec_slow(bios);

	if (check_erased_range(flash, page, pagesize)) {
		msg_cerr("ERASE FAILED!\n");
		return -1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int erase_block_jedec_common(struct flashchip *flash, unsigned int block,
			     unsigned int blocksize, unsigned int mask)
{
	chipaddr bios = flash->virtual_memory;

	/*  Issue the Sector Erase command   */
	chip_writeb(0xAA, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x55, bios + (0x2AAA & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x80, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);

	chip_writeb(0xAA, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x55, bios + (0x2AAA & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x50, bios + block);
	programmer_delay(10);

	/* wait for Toggle bit ready         */
	toggle_ready_jedec_slow(bios);

	if (check_erased_range(flash, block, blocksize)) {
		msg_cerr("ERASE FAILED!\n");
		return -1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int erase_chip_jedec_common(struct flashchip *flash, unsigned int mask)
{
	int total_size = flash->total_size * 1024;
	chipaddr bios = flash->virtual_memory;

	/*  Issue the JEDEC Chip Erase command   */
	chip_writeb(0xAA, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x55, bios + (0x2AAA & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x80, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);

	chip_writeb(0xAA, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x55, bios + (0x2AAA & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);
	chip_writeb(0x10, bios + (0x5555 & mask));
	programmer_delay(10);

	toggle_ready_jedec_slow(bios);

	if (check_erased_range(flash, 0, total_size)) {
		msg_cerr("ERASE FAILED!\n");
		return -1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int write_byte_program_jedec_common(struct flashchip *flash, uint8_t *src,
			     chipaddr dst, unsigned int mask)
{
	int tried = 0, failed = 0;
	chipaddr bios = flash->virtual_memory;

	/* If the data is 0xFF, don't program it and don't complain. */
	if (*src == 0xFF) {
		return 0;
	}

retry:
	/* Issue JEDEC Byte Program command */
	start_program_jedec_common(flash, mask);

	/* transfer data from source to destination */
	chip_writeb(*src, dst);
	toggle_ready_jedec(bios);

	if (chip_readb(dst) != *src && tried++ < MAX_REFLASH_TRIES) {
		goto retry;
	}

	if (tried >= MAX_REFLASH_TRIES)
		failed = 1;

	return failed;
}

int write_sector_jedec_common(struct flashchip *flash, uint8_t *src,
		       chipaddr dst, unsigned int page_size, unsigned int mask)
{
	int i, failed = 0;
	chipaddr olddst;

	olddst = dst;
	for (i = 0; i < page_size; i++) {
		if (write_byte_program_jedec_common(flash, src, dst, mask))
			failed = 1;
		dst++, src++;
	}
	if (failed)
		msg_cerr(" writing sector at 0x%lx failed!\n", olddst);

	return failed;
}

static int write_page_write_jedec_common(struct flashchip *flash, uint8_t *src,
			   int start, int page_size, unsigned int mask)
{
	int i, tried = 0, failed;
	uint8_t *s = src;
	chipaddr bios = flash->virtual_memory;
	chipaddr dst = bios + start;
	chipaddr d = dst;

retry:
	/* Issue JEDEC Start Program command */
	start_program_jedec_common(flash, mask);

	/* transfer data from source to destination */
	for (i = 0; i < page_size; i++) {
		/* If the data is 0xFF, don't program it */
		if (*src != 0xFF)
			chip_writeb(*src, dst);
		dst++;
		src++;
	}

	toggle_ready_jedec(dst - 1);

	dst = d;
	src = s;
	failed = verify_range(flash, src, start, page_size, NULL);

	if (failed && tried++ < MAX_REFLASH_TRIES) {
		msg_cerr("retrying.\n");
		goto retry;
	}
	if (failed) {
		msg_cerr(" page 0x%lx failed!\n",
			(d - bios) / page_size);
	}
	return failed;
}

static int getaddrmask(struct flashchip *flash)
{
	switch (flash->feature_bits & FEATURE_ADDR_MASK) {
	case FEATURE_ADDR_FULL:
		return MASK_FULL;
		break;
	case FEATURE_ADDR_2AA:
		return MASK_2AA;
		break;
	case FEATURE_ADDR_AAA:
		return MASK_AAA;
		break;
	default:
		msg_cerr("%s called with unknown mask\n", __func__);
		return 0;
		break;
	}
}

int write_jedec(struct flashchip *flash, uint8_t *buf)
{
	int mask;
	int i, failed = 0;
	int total_size = flash->total_size * 1024;
	int page_size = flash->page_size;

	mask = getaddrmask(flash);

	if (erase_chip_jedec(flash)) {
		msg_cerr("ERASE FAILED!\n");
		return -1;
	}
	
	msg_cinfo("Programming page: ");
	for (i = 0; i < total_size / page_size; i++) {
		msg_cinfo("%04d at address: 0x%08x", i, i * page_size);
		if (write_page_write_jedec_common(flash, buf + i * page_size,
					   i * page_size, page_size, mask))
			failed = 1;
		msg_cinfo("\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b");
	}
	msg_cinfo("DONE!\n");

	return failed;
}

int write_jedec_1(struct flashchip *flash, uint8_t * buf)
{
	int i;
	chipaddr bios = flash->virtual_memory;
	chipaddr dst = bios;
	int mask;

	mask = getaddrmask(flash);

	programmer_delay(10);
	if (erase_flash(flash)) {
		msg_cerr("ERASE FAILED!\n");
		return -1;
	}

	msg_cinfo("Programming page: ");
	for (i = 0; i < flash->total_size; i++) {
		if ((i & 0x3) == 0)
			msg_cinfo("address: 0x%08lx", (unsigned long)i * 1024);

                write_sector_jedec_common(flash, buf + i * 1024, dst + i * 1024, 1024, mask);

		if ((i & 0x3) == 0)
			msg_cinfo("\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b");
	}

	msg_cinfo("DONE!\n");
	return 0;
}

/* erase chip with block_erase() prototype */
int erase_chip_block_jedec(struct flashchip *flash, unsigned int addr,
			   unsigned int blocksize)
{
	int mask;

	mask = getaddrmask(flash);
	if ((addr != 0) || (blocksize != flash->total_size * 1024)) {
		msg_cerr("%s called with incorrect arguments\n",
			__func__);
		return -1;
	}
	return erase_chip_jedec_common(flash, mask);
}

int probe_jedec(struct flashchip *flash)
{
	int mask;

	mask = getaddrmask(flash);
	return probe_jedec_common(flash, mask);
}

int erase_sector_jedec(struct flashchip *flash, unsigned int page, unsigned int size)
{
	int mask;

	mask = getaddrmask(flash);
	return erase_sector_jedec_common(flash, page, size, mask);
}

int erase_block_jedec(struct flashchip *flash, unsigned int page, unsigned int size)
{
	int mask;

	mask = getaddrmask(flash);
	return erase_block_jedec_common(flash, page, size, mask);
}

int erase_chip_jedec(struct flashchip *flash)
{
	int mask;

	mask = getaddrmask(flash);
	return erase_chip_jedec_common(flash, mask);
}