File: pcidev.c

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flashrom 0.9.9+r1954-1
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/*
 * This file is part of the flashrom project.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2009 Uwe Hermann <uwe@hermann-uwe.de>
 * Copyright (C) 2010, 2011 Carl-Daniel Hailfinger
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301 USA
 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "flash.h"
#include "programmer.h"
#include "hwaccess.h"

struct pci_access *pacc;

enum pci_bartype {
	TYPE_MEMBAR,
	TYPE_IOBAR,
	TYPE_ROMBAR,
	TYPE_UNKNOWN
};

uintptr_t pcidev_readbar(struct pci_dev *dev, int bar)
{
	uint64_t addr;
	uint32_t upperaddr;
	uint8_t headertype;
	uint16_t supported_cycles;
	enum pci_bartype bartype = TYPE_UNKNOWN;


	headertype = pci_read_byte(dev, PCI_HEADER_TYPE) & 0x7f;
	msg_pspew("PCI header type 0x%02x\n", headertype);

	/* Don't use dev->base_addr[x] (as value for 'bar'), won't work on older libpci. */
	addr = pci_read_long(dev, bar);

	/* Sanity checks. */
	switch (headertype) {
	case PCI_HEADER_TYPE_NORMAL:
		switch (bar) {
		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0:
		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1:
		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_2:
		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_3:
		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_4:
		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_5:
			if ((addr & PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_SPACE) == PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_SPACE_IO)
				bartype = TYPE_IOBAR;
			else
				bartype = TYPE_MEMBAR;
			break;
		case PCI_ROM_ADDRESS:
			bartype = TYPE_ROMBAR;
			break;
		}
		break;
	case PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE:
		switch (bar) {
		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0:
		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1:
			if ((addr & PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_SPACE) == PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_SPACE_IO)
				bartype = TYPE_IOBAR;
			else
				bartype = TYPE_MEMBAR;
			break;
		case PCI_ROM_ADDRESS1:
			bartype = TYPE_ROMBAR;
			break;
		}
		break;
	case PCI_HEADER_TYPE_CARDBUS:
		break;
	default:
		msg_perr("Unknown PCI header type 0x%02x, BAR type cannot be determined reliably.\n",
			 headertype);
		break;
	}

	supported_cycles = pci_read_word(dev, PCI_COMMAND);

	msg_pdbg("Requested BAR is of type ");
	switch (bartype) {
	case TYPE_MEMBAR:
		msg_pdbg("MEM");
		if (!(supported_cycles & PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY)) {
			msg_perr("MEM BAR access requested, but device has MEM space accesses disabled.\n");
			/* TODO: Abort here? */
		}
		msg_pdbg(", %sbit, %sprefetchable\n",
			 ((addr & 0x6) == 0x0) ? "32" : (((addr & 0x6) == 0x4) ? "64" : "reserved"),
			 (addr & 0x8) ? "" : "not ");
		if ((addr & 0x6) == 0x4) {
			/* The spec says that a 64-bit register consumes
			 * two subsequent dword locations.
			 */
			upperaddr = pci_read_long(dev, bar + 4);
			if (upperaddr != 0x00000000) {
				/* Fun! A real 64-bit resource. */
				if (sizeof(uintptr_t) != sizeof(uint64_t)) {
					msg_perr("BAR unreachable!");
					/* TODO: Really abort here? If multiple PCI devices match,
					 * we might never tell the user about the other devices.
					 */
					return 0;
				}
				addr |= (uint64_t)upperaddr << 32;
			}
		}
		addr &= PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_MEM_MASK;
		break;
	case TYPE_IOBAR:
		msg_pdbg("I/O\n");
#if __FLASHROM_HAVE_OUTB__
		if (!(supported_cycles & PCI_COMMAND_IO)) {
			msg_perr("I/O BAR access requested, but device has I/O space accesses disabled.\n");
			/* TODO: Abort here? */
		}
#else
		msg_perr("I/O BAR access requested, but flashrom does not support I/O BAR access on this "
			 "platform (yet).\n");
#endif
		addr &= PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_IO_MASK;
		break;
	case TYPE_ROMBAR:
		msg_pdbg("ROM\n");
		/* Not sure if this check is needed. */
		if (!(supported_cycles & PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY)) {
			msg_perr("MEM BAR access requested, but device has MEM space accesses disabled.\n");
			/* TODO: Abort here? */
		}
		addr &= PCI_ROM_ADDRESS_MASK;
		break;
	case TYPE_UNKNOWN:
		msg_perr("BAR type unknown, please report a bug at flashrom@flashrom.org\n");
	}

	return (uintptr_t)addr;
}

static int pcidev_shutdown(void *data)
{
	if (pacc == NULL) {
		msg_perr("%s: Tried to cleanup an invalid PCI context!\n"
			 "Please report a bug at flashrom@flashrom.org\n", __func__);
		return 1;
	}
	pci_cleanup(pacc);
	return 0;
}

int pci_init_common(void)
{
	if (pacc != NULL) {
		msg_perr("%s: Tried to allocate a new PCI context, but there is still an old one!\n"
			 "Please report a bug at flashrom@flashrom.org\n", __func__);
		return 1;
	}
	pacc = pci_alloc();     /* Get the pci_access structure */
	pci_init(pacc);         /* Initialize the PCI library */
	if (register_shutdown(pcidev_shutdown, NULL))
		return 1;
	pci_scan_bus(pacc);     /* We want to get the list of devices */
	return 0;
}

/* pcidev_init gets an array of allowed PCI device IDs and returns a pointer to struct pci_dev iff exactly one
 * match was found. If the "pci=bb:dd.f" programmer parameter was specified, a match is only considered if it
 * also matches the specified bus:device.function.
 * For convenience, this function also registers its own undo handlers.
 */
struct pci_dev *pcidev_init(const struct dev_entry *devs, int bar)
{
	struct pci_dev *dev;
	struct pci_dev *found_dev = NULL;
	struct pci_filter filter;
	char *pcidev_bdf;
	char *msg = NULL;
	int found = 0;
	int i;
	uintptr_t addr = 0;

	if (pci_init_common() != 0)
		return NULL;
	pci_filter_init(pacc, &filter);

	/* Filter by bb:dd.f (if supplied by the user). */
	pcidev_bdf = extract_programmer_param("pci");
	if (pcidev_bdf != NULL) {
		if ((msg = pci_filter_parse_slot(&filter, pcidev_bdf))) {
			msg_perr("Error: %s\n", msg);
			return NULL;
		}
	}
	free(pcidev_bdf);

	for (dev = pacc->devices; dev; dev = dev->next) {
		if (pci_filter_match(&filter, dev)) {
			/* Check against list of supported devices. */
			for (i = 0; devs[i].device_name != NULL; i++)
				if ((dev->vendor_id == devs[i].vendor_id) &&
				    (dev->device_id == devs[i].device_id))
					break;
			/* Not supported, try the next one. */
			if (devs[i].device_name == NULL)
				continue;

			msg_pdbg("Found \"%s %s\" (%04x:%04x, BDF %02x:%02x.%x).\n", devs[i].vendor_name,
				 devs[i].device_name, dev->vendor_id, dev->device_id, dev->bus, dev->dev,
				 dev->func);
			if (devs[i].status == NT)
				msg_pinfo("===\nThis PCI device is UNTESTED. Please report the 'flashrom -p "
					  "xxxx' output \n"
					  "to flashrom@flashrom.org if it works for you. Please add the name "
					  "of your\n"
					  "PCI device to the subject. Thank you for your help!\n===\n");

			/* FIXME: We should count all matching devices, not
			 * just those with a valid BAR.
			 */
			if ((addr = pcidev_readbar(dev, bar)) != 0) {
				found_dev = dev;
				found++;
			}
		}
	}

	/* Only continue if exactly one supported PCI dev has been found. */
	if (found == 0) {
		msg_perr("Error: No supported PCI device found.\n");
		return NULL;
	} else if (found > 1) {
		msg_perr("Error: Multiple supported PCI devices found. Use 'flashrom -p xxxx:pci=bb:dd.f' \n"
			 "to explicitly select the card with the given BDF (PCI bus, device, function).\n");
		return NULL;
	}

	return found_dev;
}

enum pci_write_type {
	pci_write_type_byte,
	pci_write_type_word,
	pci_write_type_long,
};

struct undo_pci_write_data {
	struct pci_dev dev;
	int reg;
	enum pci_write_type type;
	union {
		uint8_t bytedata;
		uint16_t worddata;
		uint32_t longdata;
	};
};

int undo_pci_write(void *p)
{
	struct undo_pci_write_data *data = p;
	if (pacc == NULL) {
		msg_perr("%s: Tried to undo PCI writes without a valid PCI context!\n"
			 "Please report a bug at flashrom@flashrom.org\n", __func__);
		return 1;
	}
	msg_pdbg("Restoring PCI config space for %02x:%02x:%01x reg 0x%02x\n",
		 data->dev.bus, data->dev.dev, data->dev.func, data->reg);
	switch (data->type) {
	case pci_write_type_byte:
		pci_write_byte(&data->dev, data->reg, data->bytedata);
		break;
	case pci_write_type_word:
		pci_write_word(&data->dev, data->reg, data->worddata);
		break;
	case pci_write_type_long:
		pci_write_long(&data->dev, data->reg, data->longdata);
		break;
	}
	/* p was allocated in register_undo_pci_write. */
	free(p);
	return 0;
}

#define register_undo_pci_write(a, b, c) 				\
{									\
	struct undo_pci_write_data *undo_pci_write_data;		\
	undo_pci_write_data = malloc(sizeof(struct undo_pci_write_data)); \
	if (!undo_pci_write_data) {					\
		msg_gerr("Out of memory!\n");				\
		exit(1);						\
	}								\
	undo_pci_write_data->dev = *a;					\
	undo_pci_write_data->reg = b;					\
	undo_pci_write_data->type = pci_write_type_##c;			\
	undo_pci_write_data->c##data = pci_read_##c(dev, reg);		\
	register_shutdown(undo_pci_write, undo_pci_write_data);		\
}

#define register_undo_pci_write_byte(a, b) register_undo_pci_write(a, b, byte)
#define register_undo_pci_write_word(a, b) register_undo_pci_write(a, b, word)
#define register_undo_pci_write_long(a, b) register_undo_pci_write(a, b, long)

int rpci_write_byte(struct pci_dev *dev, int reg, uint8_t data)
{
	register_undo_pci_write_byte(dev, reg);
	return pci_write_byte(dev, reg, data);
}
 
int rpci_write_word(struct pci_dev *dev, int reg, uint16_t data)
{
	register_undo_pci_write_word(dev, reg);
	return pci_write_word(dev, reg, data);
}
 
int rpci_write_long(struct pci_dev *dev, int reg, uint32_t data)
{
	register_undo_pci_write_long(dev, reg);
	return pci_write_long(dev, reg, data);
}