File: flatpak-builder.xml

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flatpak-builder 1.0.12-1
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<?xml version='1.0'?> <!--*-nxml-*-->
<!DOCTYPE refentry PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.2//EN"
    "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.2/docbookx.dtd">

<refentry id="flatpak-builder">

    <refentryinfo>
        <title>flatpak builder</title>
        <productname>flatpak</productname>

        <authorgroup>
            <author>
                <contrib>Developer</contrib>
                <firstname>Alexander</firstname>
                <surname>Larsson</surname>
                <email>alexl@redhat.com</email>
            </author>
        </authorgroup>
    </refentryinfo>

    <refmeta>
        <refentrytitle>flatpak-builder</refentrytitle>
        <manvolnum>1</manvolnum>
    </refmeta>

    <refnamediv>
        <refname>flatpak-builder</refname>
        <refpurpose>Help build application dependencies</refpurpose>
    </refnamediv>

    <refsynopsisdiv>
            <cmdsynopsis>
                <command>flatpak-builder</command>
                <arg choice="opt" rep="repeat">OPTION</arg>
                <arg choice="plain">DIRECTORY</arg>
                <arg choice="plain">MANIFEST</arg>
            </cmdsynopsis>
            <cmdsynopsis>
                <command>flatpak-builder</command>
                <arg choice="plain">--run</arg>
                <arg choice="opt" rep="repeat">OPTION</arg>
                <arg choice="plain">DIRECTORY</arg>
                <arg choice="plain">MANIFEST</arg>
                <arg choice="plain">COMMAND</arg>
            </cmdsynopsis>
            <cmdsynopsis>
                <command>flatpak-builder</command>
                <arg choice="plain">--show-deps</arg>
                <arg choice="opt" rep="repeat">OPTION</arg>
                <arg choice="plain">MANIFEST</arg>
            </cmdsynopsis>
            <cmdsynopsis>
                <command>flatpak-builder</command>
                <arg choice="plain">--show-manifest</arg>
                <arg choice="opt" rep="repeat">OPTION</arg>
                <arg choice="plain">MANIFEST</arg>
            </cmdsynopsis>
    </refsynopsisdiv>

    <refsect1>
        <title>Description</title>

        <para>
            <command>flatpak-builder</command> is a wrapper around the <command>flatpak build</command> command
            that automates the building of applications and their dependencies. It is one option you can use
            to build applications.
        </para>
        <para>
            The goal of <command>flatpak-builder</command> is to push as much knowledge about how to build modules to
            the individual upstream projects. It does this by assuming that the modules adhere to the Build API specified
            at https://github.com/cgwalters/build-api. This essentially  means that it follows the <command>./configure
            &amp;&amp; make &amp;&amp; make install</command> scheme with an optional autogen script. If the upstream
            does not adhere to the API you can make it do so by adding patches and extra files.
        </para>
        <para>
            An invocation of <command>flatpak-builder</command> proceeds in these stages, each being specified
            in detail in json format in <arg choice="plain">MANIFEST</arg>:
            <itemizedlist mark='bullet'>
                <listitem>
                    <para>Download all sources</para>
                </listitem>
                <listitem>
                    <para>Initialize the application directory with <command>flatpak build-init</command></para>
                </listitem>
                <listitem>
                    <para>Build and install each module with <command>flatpak build</command></para>
                </listitem>
                <listitem>
                    <para>Clean up the final build tree by removing unwanted files and e.g. stripping binaries</para>
                </listitem>
                <listitem>
                    <para>Finish the application directory with <command>flatpak build-finish</command></para>
                </listitem>
            </itemizedlist>

            After this you will end up with a build of the application in <arg choice="plain">DIRECTORY</arg>, which you can
            export to a repository with the <command>flatpak build-export</command> command. If you use the <option>--repo</option>
            option, flatpak-builder will do the export for you at the end of the build process. When flatpak-builder does the
            export, it also stores the manifest that was used for the build in /app/manifest.json. The manifest is 'resolved',
            i.e. git branch names are replaced by the actual commit IDs that were used in the build.
        </para>
        <para>
            At each of the above steps flatpak caches the result, and if you build the same file again, it will start
            at the first step where something changes. For instance the first version controlled source that had
            new commits added, or the first module where some changes to the <arg choice="plain">MANIFEST</arg> file caused
            the build environment to change. This makes flatpak-builder very efficient for incremental builds.
        </para>
        <para>
            When building a flatpak to be published to the internet,
            <option>--collection-id=COLLECTION-ID</option> should be specified
            as a globally unique reverse DNS value to identify the collection of
            flatpaks this will be added to. Setting a globally unique collection
            ID allows the apps in the repository to be shared over peer to peer
            systems without needing further configuration.
        </para>
    </refsect1>

    <refsect1>
        <title>Manifest</title>

        <para>The manifest file is a json or yaml file whose format is described in detail in its own manual page.</para>
    </refsect1>

    <refsect1>
        <title>Options</title>

        <para>The following options are understood:</para>

        <variablelist>
            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>-h</option></term>
                <term><option>--help</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Show help options and exit.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>-v</option></term>
                <term><option>--verbose</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Print debug information during command processing.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--version</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Print version information and exit.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--arch=ARCH</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Specify the machine architecture to build for. If no architecture is specified, the host architecture will be automatically detected. Only host compatible architectures can be specified.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--default-branch=<replaceable>BRANCH</replaceable></option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Set the default branch to
                    <replaceable>BRANCH</replaceable>. This is used if
                    the manifest does not specify a branch. The default
                    is <literal>master</literal>.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--disable-cache</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Don't look at the existing cache for a previous build, instead always rebuild modules.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--disable-rofiles-fuse</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Disable the use of rofiles-fuse to optimize the cache use via hardlink checkouts.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--disable-download</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                     Don't download any sources. This only works if some version of all sources are downloaded
                     already. This is useful if you want to guarantee that no network i/o is done. However, the
                     build will fail if some source is not locally available.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--disable-updates</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Download missing sources, but don't update local mirrors of version control repos. This is useful
                  to rebuild things but without updating git, bzr or svn repositories from the remote repository.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--disable-tests</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Don't run any of the tests.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--run</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Run a command in a sandbox based on the build dir. This starts flatpak build, with some extra
                  arguments to give the same environment as the build, and the same permissions the final app
                  will have (except filesystem permissions). The command to run must be the last argument passed to
                  flatpak-builder, after the directory and the manifest.
                  </para>

                  <para>
                  Only the
                  <option>--arch=</option><replaceable>ARCH</replaceable>,
                  <option>--ccache</option> and
                  <option>--verbose</option> options can be combined
                  with this option.
                  </para>
                </listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--build-shell=MODULENAME</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Extract and prepare the sources for the named module, and then start
                  a shell in a sandbox identical to the one flatpak-builder would use for building the module.
                  This is useful to debug a module.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--show-deps</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  List all the (local) files that the manifest depends on.
                  </para>

                  <para>
                  Only the <option>--verbose</option> option can be combined
                  with this option.
                  </para>
                </listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--show-manifest</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Loads the manifest, including any included files and prints it in a canonical json format.
                  This is useful for tools that want to handle manifest files to avoid having to support both
                  yaml and json, as well as some non-standard json handling that is supported (for example
                  comments and multiline strings).
                  </para>

                  <para>
                  Only the <option>--verbose</option> option can be combined
                  with this option.
                  </para>
                </listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--download-only</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                     Exit successfully after downloading the required sources.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--bundle-sources</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Create an additional runtime with the source code for
                    this module. It will be named
                    <replaceable>app-id</replaceable><literal>.Sources</literal>,
                    for example
                    <literal>org.gnome.Maps.Sources</literal>.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--build-only</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                     Don't do the cleanup and finish stages, which is useful if you
                     want to build more things into the app.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--finish-only</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                     Only do the cleanup, finish and export stages, picking up
                     where a --build-only command left off.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--export-only</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Only do the export stages, picking up the build result from a previous build.
                    This can be used to split the build and export/signature into two calls
                    by leaving out --repo in the first call.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--require-changes</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Do nothing, leaving a non-existent <arg choice="plain">DIRECTORY</arg> if nothing changes since
                    last cached build. If this is not specified, the latest version from the cache will be put
                    into <arg choice="plain">DIRECTORY</arg>.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--state-dir=PATH</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Use this directory for storing state (downloads, build dirs, build cache, etc) rather than
                  .flatpak-builder. This can be an absolute or relative path, but must be on the
                  same filesystem as the specified target <arg choice="plain">DIRECTORY</arg>.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--keep-build-dirs</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Don't remove the sources and build after having built and installed each module.
                    This also creates a symlink to the build directory with a stable name ("build-modulename").
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--delete-build-dirs</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Always remove the sources and build after having built each module, even if the build
                    failed. The default is to keep failed build directories but remove successful ones.
                    This is useful in e.g. automatic build systems.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--ccache</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                     Enable use of ccache in the build (needs ccache in the sdk). The default ccache folder can be
                     overridden by setting the environment variable CCACHE_DIR.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--stop-at=MODULENAME</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                     Stop at the specified module, ignoring it and all the following ones
                     in both the "download" and "build" phases. This is useful for debugging
                     and development. For instance, you can build all the dependencies, but
                     stop at the main application so that you can then do a build from a
                     pre-existing checkout. Implies --build-only.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--repo=DIR</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    After the build finishes, run <command>flatpak build-export</command> to
                    export the result to the repository <arg choice="plain">DIR</arg>. If
                    <arg choice="plain">DIR</arg> exists, it must be an OSTree repository;
                    otherwise a new one will be created.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>-s</option></term>
                <term><option>--subject=SUBJECT</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    One line subject for the commit message.
                    Used when exporting the build results.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>-b</option></term>
                <term><option>--body=BODY</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Full description for the commit message.
                    Used when exporting the build results.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--collection-id=COLLECTION-ID</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Set as the collection ID of the repository. Setting a globally
                    unique collection ID allows the apps in the repository to be shared over
                    peer to peer systems without needing further configuration.
                    If building in an existing repository, the collection ID
                    must match the existing configured collection ID for that
                    repository.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--token-type=VAL</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Set type of token needed to install this commit.
                    Setting this to a value greater than 0 implies that
                    authentication will be needed to install the
                    flatpak. A <option>token-type</option> property set
                    in the manifest takes precedence over this option.
                    Used when exporting the build results.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--gpg-sign=KEYID</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Sign the commit with this GPG key.
                    Used when exporting the build results.
                    This option can be used multiple times.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--gpg-homedir=PATH</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    GPG Homedir to use when looking for keyrings.
                    Used when exporting the build results.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--jobs=JOBS</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                     Limit the number of parallel jobs during the build.
                     The default is the number of CPUs on the machine.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--force-clean</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Erase the previous contents of DIRECTORY if it is
                    not empty.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--sandbox</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Disable the possibility to specify build-args that
                    are passed to flatpak build. This means the build
                    process can't break out of its sandbox, and is
                    useful when building less trusted software.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--allow-missing-runtimes</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Do not immediately fail if the sdk or platform runtimes
                    are not installed on this system. Attempting to build any
                    manifest modules will still fail if the sdk is missing, but
                    may be useful for apps that install files without a sandbox
                    build.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--rebuild-on-sdk-change</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Record the exact version of the sdk in the cache, and rebuild everything
                  if it changes. This is useful if you're building against an API-unstable
                  runtime, like a nightly build.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--skip-if-unchanged</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  If the json is unchanged since the last build of this filename, then
                  do nothing, and return exit code 42.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--mirror-screenshots-url=URL</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Mirror any screenshots in the appstream and rewrite the appstream xml
                  as if they were on the specified URL. The resulting files will
                  be stored in the "screenshots" subdirectory in the app directory
                  and needs to be copied to the specified URL for the appdata to work.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--extra-sources=SOURCE-DIR</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  When downloading sources (archives, files, git, bzr, svn), look in this
                  directory for pre-existing copies and use them instead of downloading.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--extra-sources-url=URL</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  When downloading sources (archives, files, git, bzr, svn), look at this url
                  for mirrored downloads before downloading from the original url.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--from-git=GIT</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Look for the manifest in the given git repository. If this option is
                  given, MANIFEST is interpreted as a relative path inside the repository.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--from-git-branch=BRANCH</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  The branch to use with --from-git.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--no-shallow-clone</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Don't use shallow clones when mirroring git repos.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--add-tag=TAG</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Add this tag to the tags list of the manifest before building.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--remove-tag=TAG</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                  Remove this tag to the tags list of the manifest before building. The remove
                  happen before processing the --add-tag option, so if both are specified, then
                  --app-tag wins.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--install-deps-from=REMOTE</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Install/update build required dependencies from the specified remote.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--install-deps-only</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Stop after downloading dependencies.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--install</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    When the build is finished, install the result locally.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--user</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Install the dependencies in a per-user installation.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--system</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Install the dependencies in the default system-wide installation.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

            <varlistentry>
                <term><option>--installation=NAME</option></term>

                <listitem><para>
                    Install the dependencies in a system-wide installation
                    specified by <arg choice="plain">NAME</arg> among those defined in
                    <filename>/etc/flatpak/installations.d/</filename>. Using
                    <arg choice="plain">--installation=default</arg> is equivalent to using
                    <arg choice="plain">--system</arg>.
                </para></listitem>
            </varlistentry>

          </variablelist>
    </refsect1>

    <refsect1>
        <title>Caching</title>

        <para>
            flatpak-builder caches sources and partial build results
            in the state directory (defaulting to the .flatpak-builder
            subdirectory of the current directory). If you use
            <option>--keep-build-dirs</option>, build directories for
            each module are also stored here.
        </para>

        <para>
            It is safe to remove the state directory. This will force a full build the next time you build.
        </para>

    </refsect1>

    <refsect1>
        <title>Examples</title>

        <para>
            <command>$ flatpak-builder my-app-dir manifest.json</command>
        </para>

        <para>
            Example manifest file:
        </para>
<programlisting>
{
    "id": "org.test.TestApp",
    "runtime": "org.freedesktop.Platform",
    "runtime-version": "1.2",
    "sdk": "org.freedesktop.Sdk",
    "command": "test",
    "cleanup": [ "/include", "*.la" ],
    "build-options" : {
        "cflags": "-O2 -g",
        "cxxflags": "-O2 -g",
        "env": {
            "V": "1"
        },
        "arch": {
            "x86_64": {
                "cflags": "-O3 -g",
            }
        }
    },
    "modules": [
        {
            "name": "pygobject",
            "config-opts": [ "--disable-introspection" ],
            "sources": [
                {
                    "type": "archive",
                    "url": "http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/pygobject/2.28/pygobject-2.28.6.tar.xz",
                    "sha256": "fb8a1d4f665130a125011659bd347c7339c944232163dbb9a34fd0686577adb8"
                },
                {
                    "type": "patch",
                    "path": "required-pygobject-fix.patch"
                },
                {
                    "type": "file",
                    "path": "pygobject-extra-file",
                    "dest-filename": "extra-file"
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            "name": "babl",
            "build-options" : { "cxxflags": "-O2 -g -std=c++11" },
            "cleanup": [ "/bin" ],
            "sources": [
                {
                    "type": "git",
                    "url": "https://gitlab.gnome.org/GNOME/babl.git"
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            "name": "testapp",
            "sources": [
                {
                    "type": "bzr",
                    "url": "lp:testapp"
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}
</programlisting>

    </refsect1>

    <refsect1>
        <title>See also</title>

        <para>
            <citerefentry><refentrytitle>flatpak</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
            <citerefentry><refentrytitle>flatpak-manifest</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
            <citerefentry><refentrytitle>flatpak-build-init</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
            <citerefentry><refentrytitle>flatpak-build</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
            <citerefentry><refentrytitle>flatpak-build-finish</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
            <citerefentry><refentrytitle>flatpak-build-export</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>
        </para>

    </refsect1>

</refentry>