# FREEDV GUI USER MANUAL
FreeDV GUI (or just FreeDV) is a GUI program for Linux, Windows, and
OSX for running FreeDV on a desktop PC or laptop.
This is a live document. Notes on new FreeDV features are being added as they are developed.
## Converting this document to PDF
For the Linux inclined:
$ pandoc USER_MANUAL.md -o USER_MANUAL.pdf "-fmarkdown-implicit_figures -o" --from=markdown -V geometry:margin=.4in --toc --highlight-style=espresso
## Getting Started
FreeDV GUI can be challenging to set up. The easiest way is to find a
friend who has set up FreeDV and get them to help. Alternatively, this
section contains several tips to help you get started.
### Sound Card Configuration
For Receive only operation you just need one sound card; this is a
great way to get started.
For Tx/Rx operation you need two sound cards. One connects to your
radio, and one for the operator. The sound card connecting to the
radio can be a rig interface device like a Signalink, Rigblaster,
your radio's internal USB sound card, or a home brew rig interface.
The second sound card is often a set of USB headphones or your
computer's internal sound card.
### Receive Only (One Sound Card)
Start with just a receive only station. You just need the basic sound
hardware in your computer, for example a microphone/speaker on your
1. Open the *Tools - Audio Config* Dialog
1. At the bottom select *Receive* Tab
1. In *From Radio To Computer* select your default sound input device (usually at the top)
1. In the *From Computer To Speaker/Headphone* window select your default sound output device (usually at the top)
1. At the bottom select *Transmit* Tab
1. In *From Microphone* window select *none*
1. In *To Radio* window select *none*
1. Press OK to close the dialog
When you press Start FreeDV will start decoding any incoming signals
on the microphone input, playing the decoded audio out of your
speaker. If no valid FreeDV signals are received, no audio will be
If you connect the microphone input on your computer to your radio
receiver, you can decode off air signals. If you have a rig
interface, try configuring that as the *From Radio To Computer*
device, with your computer's sound card as the *From Computer To
If you don't have anyone to transmit FreeDV signals to you, try the
test wave files in the next section.
### Test Wave Files
directory are audio files containing off-air FreeDV modem
signals. There is one for each FreeDV mode. Select a FreeDV mode and
press Start. Choose a file using "Tools - Start/Stop Play File From
Radio". You should hear decoded FreeDV speech.
These files will give you a feel for what FreeDV signals sound like,
and for the basic operation of the FreeDV software.
### Transmit/Receive (Two Sound Cards)
For Tx/Rx operation you need to configure two sound cards, by setting
up Tools - Audio Config *Transmit* and *Receive* Tabs.
When receiving, FreeDV off-air signals **from** your radio are decoded
by your computer and sent **to** your speaker/headphones, where you
can listen to them.
When transmitting, FreeDV takes your voice **from** the microphone,
and encodes it to a FreeDV signal in you computer which is sent **to**
your radio for transmission over the air.
Tab | Sound Device | Notes
--- | --- | ---
Receive Tab | From Radio To Computer | The off air FreeDV signal **from** your radio rig interface to your computer
Receive Tab | From Computer To Speaker/Headphone | The decoded audio from your computer to your Speaker/headphones
Transmit Tab | From Microphone to Computer | Your voice from the microphone to your computer
Transmit Tab | From Computer To Radio | The FreeDV signal from your computer sent **to** your radio rig interface for transmission
### Changing Audio Devices
If you change audio devices (e.g. add or remove sound cards, USB hardware), it's a good idea to check the Tools/Audio Config dialog before pressing **Start**, to verify the audio devices are as expected. This is particularly important if any audio devices e.g. Headsets, USB Sound Cards, or Virtual Cables have been disconnected since the last time FreeDV was used.
Hitting **Refresh** in the lower left hand corner of the Tools/Audio Config will normally update the audio devices list. Keeping a screen shot of a known working configuration will be useful for new users. Unexpected audio configuration changes may also occur following a Windows updates.
Another solution is to re-start FreeDV and check Tools/Audio Config again after changing any audio hardware.
If you change/remove USB audio devices without refreshing Tools/Audio Config, FreeDV may crash.
## Sound Card Levels
Sound card levels are generally adjusted in the computer's Control
Panel or Settings, or in some cases via controls on your rig interface
hardware or menus on your radio.
When FreeDV is running, you can observe the sound card signals in the
main window tabs (From Radio, From Mic, To Speaker).
1. On receive, FreeDV is not very sensitive to the **From Radio**
level, adjust so it is mid-range and not clipping. FreeDV uses phase
shift keying (PSK) so is not sensitive to amplitude.
1. The transmit level from your computer to your radio is important.
On transmit, adjust your level so that the ALC is **just** being
nudged. More **is not better** with the FreeDV transmit signal.
Overdriving your transmitter will lead to a distorted transit signal, and
a poor SNR at the receiver. This is a very common problem.
1. Adjust the microphone audio so the peaks are not clipping, and the
average is about half the maximum.
## Audio Processing
FreeDV likes a clean path through your radio. Turn all audio
processing **OFF** on transmit and receive:
+ On receive, DSP noise reduction should be off.
+ On transmit, speech compression should be off.
+ Keep the receive audio path as "flat" as possible, no special filters.
+ FreeDV will not work any better if you band pass filter the off air
received signals. It has its own, very tight filters in the
## PTT Configuration
The Tools - PTT dialog supports three different ways to control PTT on
+ VOX: sends a tone to the left channel of the Transmit/To Radio sound card
+ HamLib: support for many different radios via the HamLib library and a serial port
+ Serial Port: direct access to the serial port pins
Once you have configured PTT, try the **Test** button.
Serial PTT support is complex. We get many reports that FreeDV
PTT doesn't work on a particular radio, but may work fine with other
programs such as Fldigi. This is often a mis-match between the serial
parameters Hamlib is using with FreeDV and your radio. For example you
may have changed the default serial rate on your radio. Carefully
check the serial parameters on your radio match those used by FreeDV
in the PTT Dialog.
Also see [Common Problems](#common-problems) section of this manual.
Hamlib comes with a default serial rate for each radio. If your radio
has a different serial rate change the Serial Rate drop down box to
match your radio.
If using an Icom radio, Hamlib will use the radio's default CI-V address
when connecting. If this has been changed, you can specify the correct
address in the "Radio Address" field (valid values are 00 through FF
in hexadecimal). Note that "00" is the "wildcard" CI-V address and will
also work if there are no other Icom/CI-V capable devices in the chain.
When **Test** is pressed, the "Serial Params" field is populated and
displayed. This will help track down any mismatches between Hamlib
and your radio.
If you are really stuck, download Hamlib and test your radio's PTT
using the command line ```rigctl``` program.
### Changing COM Port On Windows
If you change the COM port of a USB-Serial device in Device Manager,
please unplug and plug back in the USB device. Windows/FreeDV won't
recognise the device on the new COM Port until it has been
### USB or LSB?
On bands below 10 MHz, LSB is used for FreeDV. On 10MHz and above, USB is used. After much debate, the FreeDV community has adopted the same conventions as SSB, based on the reasoning that FreeDV is a voice mode.
As an aid to the above, FreeDV will show the current mode on the bottom of the window upon pressing the Start button if Hamlib is enabled and your radio supports retrieving frequency and mode information over CAT. If your radio is using an unexpected mode (e.g. LSB on 20 meters), it will display that mode on the bottom of the window next to the Clear button in red letters. When a session is not active, Hamlib isn't enabled, or if your radio doesn't support retrieving frequency and mode over CAT, it will remain grayed out with "unk" displaying instead of the mode (for "unknown").
## Common Problems
### Overdriving Transmit Level
This is a very common problem for first time FreeDV users. Adjust
your transmit levels so the ALC is just being nudged. For a 100W
PEP radio, your average power should be 20W.
More power is not better with FreeDV. An overdriven signal will have
poor SNR at the receiver.
### I can't set up FreeDV, especially the Sound Cards
This can be challenging the first time around:
1. Try a receive only (one audio card) set up first.
1. Ask someone who already runs FreeDV for help.
1. If you don't know anyone local, ask for help on the digital voice
mailing list. Be specific about the hardware you have and the exact
nature of your problem.
### I need help with my radio or rig interface
There are many radios, many computers, and many sound cards. It is
impossible to test them all. Many radios have intricate menus with
custom settings. It is unreasonable to expect the authors of FreeDV to
have special knowledge of your exact hardware.
However someone may have worked through the same problem as you. Ask
on the digital voice mailing list.
### Can't hear anything on receive
Many FreeDV modes will not play any audio if there is no valid signal.
You may also have squelch set too high. In some modes the **Analog**
button will let you hear the received signal from the SSB radio.
Try the Test Wave Files above to get a feel for what a FreeDV signal
looks and sounds like.
### Trouble getting Sync with 700D
You need to be within +/- 60 Hz on the transmit signal. It helps if
both the tx and rx stations tune to known, exact frequencies such as
exactly 7.177MHz. On channels with fast fading sync may take a few
### PTT doesn't work. It works with Fldigi and other Hamlib applications.
Many people struggle with initial PTT setup:
1. Read the PTT Configuration section above.
1. Try the Tools - PTT Test function.
1. Check your rig serial settings. Did you change them from defaults
for another program?
1. Linux version: do you have permissions for the serial port? Are you a member
of the ```dialout``` group?
1. Ask someone who already uses FreeDV to help.
1. Contact the digital voice mailing list. Be specific about your
hardware, what you have tried, and the exact nature of the problem.
### FreeDV 2020 mode is greyed out
You must have a modern CPU with AVX support to run FreeDV 2020. If
you do not have AVX the FreeDV 2020 mode button will be greyed out.
A Microsoft utlity called [coreinfo](https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/downloads/coreinfo)
can be also used to determine if your CPU supports AVX. A * means
you have AVX, a - means no AVX:
AES - Supports AES extensions
AVX * Supports AVX intruction extensions
FMA - Supports FMA extensions using YMM state``
On Linux, you can check for `avx` in the **flags** section of `/proc/cpuinfo`
or the output of the `lscpu` command:
lscpu | grep -o "avx[^ ]*"
will display `avx` (or `avx2`) if your CPU supports the instructions.
### I installed a new version and FreeDV stopped working
You may need to clean out the previous configuration. Try
### FreeDV crashes when I press Start
Have you removed/changed USB audio devices? If you remove/change USB audio devices without pressing Tools/Audio Config, FreeDV may crash. See Changing Audio Devices above.
### FreeDV can't be opened on OSX because the developer cannot be verified
From January 2020 Apple is enforcing notarization for all OSX applications. The FreeDV developers do not wish to operate within the Apple ecosystem due to the cost/intrusiveness of this requirement.
Security & Privacy shows the Open Anyway option for FreeDV:
Or you can use command line options:
xattr -d com.apple.quarantine FreeDV.app
xattr -d -r com.apple.quarantine FreeDV.app
## Voice Keyer
The Voice Keyer Button on the front page, and the Options-PTT dialog
puts FreeDV and your radio into transmit, reads a wave file of your
voice to call CQ, and then switches to receive to see if anyone is
replying. If you press the space bar the voice keyer stops. If a signal
with a valid sync is received for a few seconds the voice keyer stops.
The Options-PTT dialog can be used to select the wave file, set the Rx
delay, and number of times the tx/rx cycle repeats.
The wave file for the voice keyer should be in 8kHz mono 16 bit sample
form (16 kHz for 2020). Use a free application such as Audacity to convert a file you
have recorded to this format.
## FreeDV Modes
The following table is a guide to the different modes, using
analog SSB and Skype as anchors for a rough guide to audio quality:
Mode | Min SNR | Fading | Latency | Speech Bandwidth | Speech Quality
--- | :---: | :---: | :---: | :---: | :---:
SSB | 0 | 8/10 | low | 2600 | 5/10
1600 | 4 | 3/10 | low | 4000 | 4/10
700C | 2 | 6/10 | low | 4000 | 3/10
700D | -2 | 7/10 | high | 4000 | 3/10
2020 | 4 | 5/10 | high | 8000 | 7/10
Skype | - |- | medium | 8000 | 8/10
The Min SNR is roughly the SNR where you cannot converse without
repeating yourself. The numbers above are on channels without fading
(AWGN channels like VHF radio). For fading channels the minimum SNR
is a few dB higher. The Fading column shows how robust the mode is to
HF Fading channels, higher is more robust.
The more advanced 700D and 2020 modes have a high latency due to the
use of large Forward Error Correction (FEC) codes. They buffer many
frames of speech, which combined with PC sound card buffering results
in end-to-end latencies of 1-2 seconds. They may take a few seconds to
sync at the start of an over, especially in fading channels.
### FreeDV 700D
In mid 2018 FreeDV 700D was released, with a new OFDM modem, powerful
Forward Error Correction (FEC) and optional interleaving. It uses the
same 700 bit/s speech codec at 700C. It operates at SNRs as low as
-2dB, and has good HF channel performance. It is around 10dB better
than FreeDV 1600 on fading channels, and is competitive with SSB at
low SNRs. The FEC provides some protection from urban HF noise.
FreeDV 700D is sensitive to tuning. To obtain sync you must be within
+/- 60Hz of the transmit frequency. This is straightforward with
modern radios which are generally accurate to +/-1 Hz, but requires
skill and practice when used with older, VFO based radios.
_The rest of this section describes features and options specific to
Main GUI Page:
1. Separate indication of Modem and (for 700D) Interleaver Sync. The
number on the Interleaver Sync indicator is the interleaver size in
160ms frames. This is usually set to 1.
1. ReSync button breaks 700D sync and forces it to try again. Useful
if 700D gets a false sync in low SNR channels.
Tools - Options dialog:
1. Clipping: For 700C and 700D reduces the Peak/Average Power Ratio
(PAPR) (also known as Crest Factor) from 12dB to 8dB by clipping the
Tx signal. This will add a little noise to the Tx spectrum and Rx
Scatter diagram, but MAY enable you to drive your Power Amplifier
harder. Use with caution to avoid overloading your Power Amplifier.
1. Tx Band Pass Filter: limits the transmit bandwidth to about 1000
Hz. Usually left on.
1. 700D Interleaver: The interleaver averages out errors over several
frames, which improves performance for fast fading channels and
channels with burst errors. A 16 frame interleaver will improve
performance by 4dB. However interleaving adds delay, and delays sync.
Both the tx and rx must have the same interleaver setting. For
example a setting of 2 means we average errors over 2 160ms frames,
and introduces 2x160=320ms delay in both the Tx and Rx (640ms total).
The interleaver is usually set to 1.
1. 700D Manual Unsync: Sync must be broken manually (ReSync button)
when this option is selected. Disables automatic falling out of
sync. An experimental feature that may be useful for ensuring 700D stays
in sync during long fades, to avoid long resync delays with the
### FreeDV 2020
FreeDV 2020 was developed in 2019. It uses an experimental codec
based on the LPCNet neural net (deep learning) synthesis engine
developed by Jean-Marc Valin. It offers 8 kHz audio bandwidth in an
RF bandwidth of just 1600 Hz. FreeDV 2020 employs the same OFDM modem
and FEC as 700D.
The purpose of FreeDV 2020 is to test neural net speech coding over HF
radio. It is highly experimental, and possibly the first use of
neural net vocoders in a real world, over the air system.
FreeDV 2020 is designed for slow fading HF channels with a SNR of 10dB
or better. It is not designed for fast fading or very low SNRs like
700D. It is designed to be a high quality alternative to SSB in
channels where SSB is already an "arm-chair" copy. On an AWGN (non-
fading channel), it will deliver reasonable speech quality down to 2dB
FreeDV 2020 Tips:
1. It requires a modern (post 2010) Intel CPU with AVX support. If you
don't have AVX the FreeDV 2020 mode button will be grayed out.
1. Some voices may sound very rough. In early testing
about 90% of speakers tested work well.
1. Like 700D, you must tune within -/+ 60Hz for FreeDV 2020 to sync.
1. With significant fading, sync may take a few seconds.
1. There is a 2 second end-to-end latency. You are welcome to try tuning
this (Tools - Options - FIFO size, also see Sound Card Debug
1. The voice keyer file must be 16 kHz mono 16 bit sample format.
## Tools - Filter
This section describes features on Tools-Filter.
Control | Description
--- | --- |
Noise Suppression | Enable noise suppression, dereverberation, AGC of mic signal using the Speex pre-processor
700C/700D Auto EQ | Automatic equalisation for FreeDV 700C and FreeDV 700D Codec input audio
Auto EQ (Automatic Equalisation) adjusts the input speech spectrum to best fit the speech codec. It can remove annoying bass artefacts and make the codec speech easier to understand.
* [Blog Post on Auto EQ Part 1](http://www.rowetel.com/?p=6778)
* [Blog Post on Auto EQ Part 2](http://www.rowetel.com/?p=6860)
## Tools - Options
This section describes features on Tools-Options. Many of these features are also described in other parts of this manual.
### FreeDV 700 Options
Control | Description
--- | --- |
Clipping | Hard clipping of transmit waveform to increase the average power, at the expense of some distortion
700C Diversity Combine | Combining of two sets of 700C carriers for better fading channel performance
700D Interleaver | How many 700D frames to Interleave, larger leads to better fading channel performance but more latency
700D Tx Band Pass Filter | Reduces 700D TX spectrum bandwidth
700D Manual Unsync | Forces 700D to remain in sync, and not drop sync automatically
### OFDM Modem Phase Estimator Options
These options apply to the FreeDV 700D and 2020 modes that use the OFDM modem:
1. The High Bandwidth option gives better performance on channels where the phase changes quickly, for example fast fading HF channels and the Es'Hail 2 satellite. When unchecked, the phase estimator bandwidth is automatically selected. It starts off high to enable fast sync, then switches to low bandwidth to optimise performance for low SNR HF channels.
1. The DPSK (differential PSK) checkbox has a similar effect - better performance on High SNR channels where the phase changes rapidly. This option converts the OFDM modem to use differential PSK rather than coherent PSK. DPSK is used by earlier FreeDV modes such as FreeDV 1600. It affects the Tx and Rx side, so both sides must select DPSK.
If you have problems with 700D or 2020 sync even though you have a strong signal - try these option.
## Advanced/Developer Features
### Stats Window
Located on the lower left hand side of the main screen.
Term | Notes
--- | --- |
Bits | Number of bits demodulated
Errs | Number of bit errors detected
Resyncs | Number of times the demodulator has resynced
ClkOff | Estimated sample clock offset in parts per million
FreqOff | Estimated frequency offset in Hz
Sync | Sync metric (OFDM modes like 700D and 2020)
Var | Speech encoder distortion for 700C/700D (see Auto EQ)
The sample clock offset is the estimated difference between the
modulator (tx) and demodulator (rx) sample clocks. For example if the
transmit station sound card is sampling at 44000 Hz and the receive
station sound card 44001 Hz, the sample clock offset would be
((44000-44001)/44000)*1E6 = 22.7 ppm.
### Timing Delta Tab
This indicates the symbol timing estimate of the demodulator, in the
range of +/- 0.5 of a symbol. With off air signals this will have a
saw tooth appearance, as the demod tracks the modulator sample clock.
The steeper the slope, the greater the sample clock offset.
* [FreeDV 1600 Sample Clock Offset Bug](http://www.rowetel.com/?p=6041)
* [Testing a FDMDV Modem](http://www.rowetel.com/?p=2433)
### UDP Messages
When FreeDV syncs on a received signal for 5 seconds, it will send a
"rx sync" UDP message to a port on your machine (localhost). An
external program or script listening on this port can then take some
action, for example send "spotting" information to a web server or
send an email your phone.
Enable UDP messages on Tools-Options, and test using the "Test"
On Linux you can test reception of messages using netcat:
$ nc -ul 3000
A sample script to email you on FreeDV sync: [send_email_on_sync.py](src/send_email_on_sync.py)
Usage for Gmail:
$ python send_email_on_sync.py --listen_port 3000 --smtp_server smtp.gmail.com --smtp_port 587 email@example.com your_pass
### Sound Card Debug
These features were added for FreeDV 700D, to help diagnose sound card
issues during development.
Tools - Options dialog:
Debug FIFO and PortAudio counters: used for debugging audio
problems on 700D. During beta testing there were problems with break
up in the 700D Tx and Rx audio on Windows.
The PortAudio counters (PortAudio1 and PortAudio2) should not
increment when running in Tx or Rx, as this indicates samples are
being lost by the sound driver which will lead to sync problems.
The Fifo counter outempty1 counter should not increment during
Tx, as this indicates FreeDV is not supplying samples fast enough to
the PortAudio drivers. The results will be resyncs at the receiver.
Check these counters by pressing Start, then Reset them and observe
the counters for 30 seconds.
If the PortAudio counters are incrementing on receive try:
1. Adjusting framesPerBuffer; try 0, 128, 256, 512, 1024.
1. Shut down other applications that might be using audio, such as
Skype or your web browser.
1. A different sound card rate such as 44.1kHz instead of 48kHz.
If the outempty1 counter is incrementing on transmit try increasing
The txThreadPriority checkbox reduces the priority of the main txRx
thread in FreeDV which may help the sound driver thread process
The txRxDumpTiming check box dumps timing information to a console
that is used for debugging the rx break up problem on 700D. Each
number is how many ms the txRxThread took to run.
The txRxDumpTiming check box dumps the number of samples free in the
tx FIFO sending samples to the Tx. If this hits zero, your tx audio
will break up and the rx will lose sync. Tx audio break up will
also occur if you see "outfifo1" being incremented on the "Fifo"
line during tx. Try increasing the FifoSize.
### Test Frame Histogram
This feature was developed for testing FreeDV 700C. Select the Test
Frame Histogram tab on Front Page
Displays BER of each carrier when in "test frame" mode. As each QPSK
carrier has 2 bits there are 2*Nc histogram points.
Ideally all carriers will have about the same BER (+/- 20% after 5000
total bit errors), however problems can occur with filtering in the
tx path. If one carrier has less power, then it will have a higher
BER. The errors in this carrier will tend to dominate overall
BER. For example if one carrier is attenuated due to SSB filter ripple
in the tx path then the BER on that carrier will be higher. This is
bad news for DV.
1. Transmit FreeDV in test frame mode. Use a 2nd rx (or
get a friend) to monitor your rx signal with FreeDV in test frame
1. Adjust your rx SNR to get a BER of a few % (e.g. reduce tx
power, use a short antenna for the rx, point your beam away, adjust rx
1. Monitor the error histogram for a few minutes, until you have say
5000 total bit errors. You have a problem if the BER of any carrier
is more than 20% different from the rest.
1. A typical issue will be one carrier at 1.0 and the others at 0.5,
indicating the poorer carrier BER is twice the larger.
### Full Duplex Testing with loopback
Tools - Options - Half Duplex check box
FreeDV GUI can operate in full duplex mode which is useful for
development or listening to your own FreeDV signal as only one PC is
required. Normal operation is half duplex.
Tx and Rx signals can be looped back via an analog connection between
the sound cards.
On Linux, using the Alsa loopback module:
$ sudo modprobe snd-aloop
In Tools - Audio Config - Receive Tab - From Radio select -> Loopback: Loopback PCM (hw:1,0)
- Transmit Tab - To Radio select -> Loopback: Loopback PCM (hw:1,1)
Term | Notes
--- | ---
AWGN | Additive White Gaussian Noise - a channel with just noise and no fading (like VHF)
FEC | Forward Error Correction - extra bits to we send to protect the speech codec bits
LDPC | Low Density Parity Check Codes - a family of powerful FEC codes
## Release Notes
### V1.4.3 August 2020
1. Maintenance Release (no major new features)
1. Changes to support wxWidgets 3.1 (but Windows versions built against wxWidgets 3.0)
1. Under the hood - OFDM modem has been refactored, shouldn't affect freedv-gui operation
### V1.4.2 July 2020
1. Maintenance Release (no major new features)
1. Improved squelch/audio pass through on 700D/2020/2400B
1. Under the hood - Codec2 library has been refactored, shouldn't affect freedv-gui operation
1. Removed Project Horus support (now being maintained outside of Codec2/FreeDV)
### V1.4 June-October 2019
1. FreeDV 2020, Project Horus Binary Modes.
1. [Improved OFDM Modem Acquisition](http://www.rowetel.com/?p=6824), this will improve sync time on FreeDV 700D and 2020 on HF fading channels, and can also handle +/- 60 Hz frequency offsets when tuning.
1. Fixed FreeDV 700C frequency offset bug fix, was losing sync at certain frequency offsets.
1. Wide bandwidth phase estimation and DPSK for OFDM modes (700D/2020) for fast fading/QO-100 channels (Tools-Options)
1. Better speech quality on FreeDV 700C/700D with Auto equaliser (Tools-Filter)
### V1.3 May 2018
* FreeDV 700D
* [FreeDV Technology Overview](https://github.com/drowe67/codec2/blob/master/README_freedv.md)
* [Digitalvoice mailing list](https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/digitalvoice)