.TH gatling 1
gatling \- high performance file server
.B gatling [-hnvVtdDfFUlaEe] [-i bind-to-ip] [-p bind-to-port] [-T seconds]
\fB[-u uid] [-c dir] [-w workgroup] [-P bytes] [-O [f/]ip/port/regex]\fR
\fB[-r redir-url] [-X timeout,sshd]
gatling is a HTTP and FTP server. It will export the current working
directory to the world.
Use \fB-i 127.0.0.1\fR to only bind to a certain IP address.
Use \fB-p 81\fR to bind HTTP to a different TCP port than 80. Use \fB-f
-p 2100\fR to bind FTP to a different TCP port than 21. When running as
non-root, the default ports are 8000 and 2121, respectively.
Use \fB-u nobody\fR to run under a different UID than root. This is
done after binding the server ports, so it is safe to use -u and still
bind to port 80 -- in fact, it is recommended not to run gatling as
Use \fB-c /home/www\fR to chdir and chroot to another directory than the
current working directory. It is recommended to run gatling in a chroot
environment to lessen the impact of possible future security problems.
Use \fB-P 2M\fR to activate prefetching mode. Gatling will then make
sure this much data is prefetched. This can reduce disk activity and
improve throughput dramatically if your OS I/O scheduler is not state of
the art and you are serving several large files from the same hard disk
to different downloaders. Without prefetching, the disk will otherwise
waste time moving the disk head between the two large files.
Use \fB-f\fR to enable anonymous FTP (default) or \fB-F\fR to disable
it. Use \fB-U\fR to disable uploads altogether (normally gatling will
allow file uploads). Gatling only allows uploads to world writable
directories to prevent accidental upload permission, and the files will
not be world readable (use \fB-a\fR if you want them world readable).
Gatling will only allow downloads of world readable files, that's why
this switch is important. These options are only available if gatling
is compiled with SUPPORT_FTP defined.
Use \fB-e\fR to enable encryption support (https) or \fB-E\fR to disable
it. These options are only available if gatling is compiled with
Use \fB-l\fR to make gatling always ask for FTP passwords. Normally
gatling does not, which confuses some stupid clients. This option makes
gatling ask for (and ignore) a password.
Use \fB-d\fR to enable directory index generation for HTTP (listing
directories is always possible in FTP), \fB-D\fR to disable. It is
harder to accidentally publish a document if the attacker can not find
out the file name through directory listings.
Use \fB-t\fR to enable transparent proxy mode. Normally, gatling will
replace the port in Host: HTTP headers and FTP virtual host names with
the actual port the connection arrived at. This is important for
security (in case you have a secret intranet web site on port 81, which
is blocked at the firewall). However, when using a firewall to redirect
connections to gatling, it may make more sense to keep the ports from
the HTTP Host: headers for virtual hosting.
Use \fB-v\fR to enable virtual hosting mode, \fR-V\fR to disable it.
Normally, when a HTTP connection asks for /foo.html and carries a
"Host: www.fefe.de:80" header, gatling will chdir to "www.fefe.de:80".
If "www.fefe.de:80" does not exist, gatling will chdir to "default". If
this also does not exist, and neither -v or -V are given, gatling will
serve "foo.html" from the current working directory.
Specifying -v will make sure that no file is ever served from the
current working directory, only from the virtual host directories or
from default. Specifying -V means that gatling will not try to chdir at
all and always serve from the current working directory.
Use \fB-T 600\fR to set the timeout for HTTP and FTP data connections to
10 minutes (600 seconds, default is 23 seconds). Use \fB-f -T 600\fR to
set the timeout for FTP control connections (default is 600 seconds).
If you use \fB-r http://master.example.com/\fR on mirror.example.com,
and someone asks for a file that does not exist, gatling will not create
a 404 error but a redirect to the same file on master.example.com.
Use \fB-X timeout,sshd\fR to enable SSH passthrough mode. If someone
connects on the SSL socket, but does not say anything for \fBtimeout\fR
(sane value: 2-10) seconds, then gatling will run an sshd in inetd mode
with that socket. \fBsshd\fR is the full path name to sshd, plus the
command line you want to give it, if any. gatling automatically appends
-i, so use this for example for -u0 to disable DNS lookups.
Use \fB-O [flag/]ip/port/regex\fR to enable proxy mode, also used for
SCGI and FastCGI. To use the proxy mode, there has to be a ".proxy"
file in the root of the virtual host it is meant for. Specify ip and
port to point to your app server, and give a regex to match the URI.
Note: the regex needs to match the full file name, so use the extension
for matching. If no flags are given, HTTP proxying is used. Otherwise,
flags specifies the proxying mode: Use S for SCGI and F for FastCGI
mode. See README.php for an example.
It is also possible to specify a Unix Domain socket, using the syntax
-\fB-O [flag/]|filename|regex\fR. Remember to put the argument in
quotes when typing it in the shell.
Gatling will not serve or list dotfiles unless they are aliased with
:dotfile, e.g. to enable serving .dotfile, you have to ln -s .dotfile
Sending gatling SIGHUP will make it close all the server sockets (so you
can start a new gatling process with different options on the same
ports). The old gatling process will continue serving the established
connections until they are all finished.
Initially written by Felix von Leitner <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
GPLv2 (see http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html) with an exception to
allow linking against openssl.