File: demangle.h

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/* Defs for interface to demanglers.
   Copyright 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002,
   2003, 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   
   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
   any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
   Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */


#if !defined (DEMANGLE_H)
#define DEMANGLE_H

#include "libiberty.h"

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif /* __cplusplus */

/* Options passed to cplus_demangle (in 2nd parameter). */

#define DMGL_NO_OPTS	 0		/* For readability... */
#define DMGL_PARAMS	 (1 << 0)	/* Include function args */
#define DMGL_ANSI	 (1 << 1)	/* Include const, volatile, etc */
#define DMGL_JAVA	 (1 << 2)	/* Demangle as Java rather than C++. */
#define DMGL_VERBOSE	 (1 << 3)	/* Include implementation details.  */
#define DMGL_TYPES	 (1 << 4)	/* Also try to demangle type encodings.  */

#define DMGL_AUTO	 (1 << 8)
#define DMGL_GNU	 (1 << 9)
#define DMGL_LUCID	 (1 << 10)
#define DMGL_ARM	 (1 << 11)
#define DMGL_HP 	 (1 << 12)       /* For the HP aCC compiler;
                                            same as ARM except for
                                            template arguments, etc. */
#define DMGL_EDG	 (1 << 13)
#define DMGL_GNU_V3	 (1 << 14)
#define DMGL_GNAT	 (1 << 15)

/* If none of these are set, use 'current_demangling_style' as the default. */
#define DMGL_STYLE_MASK (DMGL_AUTO|DMGL_GNU|DMGL_LUCID|DMGL_ARM|DMGL_HP|DMGL_EDG|DMGL_GNU_V3|DMGL_JAVA|DMGL_GNAT)

/* Enumeration of possible demangling styles.

   Lucid and ARM styles are still kept logically distinct, even though
   they now both behave identically.  The resulting style is actual the
   union of both.  I.E. either style recognizes both "__pt__" and "__rf__"
   for operator "->", even though the first is lucid style and the second
   is ARM style. (FIXME?) */

extern enum demangling_styles
{
  no_demangling = -1,
  unknown_demangling = 0,
  auto_demangling = DMGL_AUTO,
  gnu_demangling = DMGL_GNU,
  lucid_demangling = DMGL_LUCID,
  arm_demangling = DMGL_ARM,
  hp_demangling = DMGL_HP,
  edg_demangling = DMGL_EDG,
  gnu_v3_demangling = DMGL_GNU_V3,
  java_demangling = DMGL_JAVA,
  gnat_demangling = DMGL_GNAT
} current_demangling_style;

/* Define string names for the various demangling styles. */

#define NO_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING            "none"
#define AUTO_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING	      "auto"
#define GNU_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING    	      "gnu"
#define LUCID_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING	      "lucid"
#define ARM_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING	      "arm"
#define HP_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING	      "hp"
#define EDG_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING	      "edg"
#define GNU_V3_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING        "gnu-v3"
#define JAVA_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING          "java"
#define GNAT_DEMANGLING_STYLE_STRING          "gnat"

/* Some macros to test what demangling style is active. */

#define CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE current_demangling_style
#define AUTO_DEMANGLING (((int) CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE) & DMGL_AUTO)
#define GNU_DEMANGLING (((int) CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE) & DMGL_GNU)
#define LUCID_DEMANGLING (((int) CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE) & DMGL_LUCID)
#define ARM_DEMANGLING (((int) CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE) & DMGL_ARM)
#define HP_DEMANGLING (((int) CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE) & DMGL_HP)
#define EDG_DEMANGLING (((int) CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE) & DMGL_EDG)
#define GNU_V3_DEMANGLING (((int) CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE) & DMGL_GNU_V3)
#define JAVA_DEMANGLING (((int) CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE) & DMGL_JAVA)
#define GNAT_DEMANGLING (((int) CURRENT_DEMANGLING_STYLE) & DMGL_GNAT)

/* Provide information about the available demangle styles. This code is
   pulled from gdb into libiberty because it is useful to binutils also.  */

extern const struct demangler_engine
{
  const char *const demangling_style_name;
  const enum demangling_styles demangling_style;
  const char *const demangling_style_doc;
} libiberty_demanglers[];

extern char *
cplus_demangle PARAMS ((const char *mangled, int options));

extern int
cplus_demangle_opname PARAMS ((const char *opname, char *result, int options));

extern const char *
cplus_mangle_opname PARAMS ((const char *opname, int options));

/* Note: This sets global state.  FIXME if you care about multi-threading. */

extern void
set_cplus_marker_for_demangling PARAMS ((int ch));

extern enum demangling_styles 
cplus_demangle_set_style PARAMS ((enum demangling_styles style));

extern enum demangling_styles 
cplus_demangle_name_to_style PARAMS ((const char *name));

/* V3 ABI demangling entry points, defined in cp-demangle.c.  */
extern char*
cplus_demangle_v3 PARAMS ((const char* mangled, int options));

extern char*
java_demangle_v3 PARAMS ((const char* mangled));


enum gnu_v3_ctor_kinds {
  gnu_v3_complete_object_ctor = 1,
  gnu_v3_base_object_ctor,
  gnu_v3_complete_object_allocating_ctor
};

/* Return non-zero iff NAME is the mangled form of a constructor name
   in the G++ V3 ABI demangling style.  Specifically, return an `enum
   gnu_v3_ctor_kinds' value indicating what kind of constructor
   it is.  */
extern enum gnu_v3_ctor_kinds
	is_gnu_v3_mangled_ctor PARAMS ((const char *name));


enum gnu_v3_dtor_kinds {
  gnu_v3_deleting_dtor = 1,
  gnu_v3_complete_object_dtor,
  gnu_v3_base_object_dtor
};

/* Return non-zero iff NAME is the mangled form of a destructor name
   in the G++ V3 ABI demangling style.  Specifically, return an `enum
   gnu_v3_dtor_kinds' value, indicating what kind of destructor
   it is.  */
extern enum gnu_v3_dtor_kinds
	is_gnu_v3_mangled_dtor PARAMS ((const char *name));

/* The V3 demangler works in two passes.  The first pass builds a tree
   representation of the mangled name, and the second pass turns the
   tree representation into a demangled string.  Here we define an
   interface to permit a caller to build their own tree
   representation, which they can pass to the demangler to get a
   demangled string.  This can be used to canonicalize user input into
   something which the demangler might output.  It could also be used
   by other demanglers in the future.  */

/* These are the component types which may be found in the tree.  Many
   component types have one or two subtrees, referred to as left and
   right (a component type with only one subtree puts it in the left
   subtree).  */

enum demangle_component_type
{
  /* A name, with a length and a pointer to a string.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_NAME,
  /* A qualified name.  The left subtree is a class or namespace or
     some such thing, and the right subtree is a name qualified by
     that class.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_QUAL_NAME,
  /* A local name.  The left subtree describes a function, and the
     right subtree is a name which is local to that function.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_LOCAL_NAME,
  /* A typed name.  The left subtree is a name, and the right subtree
     describes that name as a function.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TYPED_NAME,
  /* A template.  The left subtree is a template name, and the right
     subtree is a template argument list.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TEMPLATE,
  /* A template parameter.  This holds a number, which is the template
     parameter index.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TEMPLATE_PARAM,
  /* A constructor.  This holds a name and the kind of
     constructor.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_CTOR,
  /* A destructor.  This holds a name and the kind of destructor.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_DTOR,
  /* A vtable.  This has one subtree, the type for which this is a
     vtable.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_VTABLE,
  /* A VTT structure.  This has one subtree, the type for which this
     is a VTT.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_VTT,
  /* A construction vtable.  The left subtree is the type for which
     this is a vtable, and the right subtree is the derived type for
     which this vtable is built.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_CONSTRUCTION_VTABLE,
  /* A typeinfo structure.  This has one subtree, the type for which
     this is the tpeinfo structure.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TYPEINFO,
  /* A typeinfo name.  This has one subtree, the type for which this
     is the typeinfo name.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TYPEINFO_NAME,
  /* A typeinfo function.  This has one subtree, the type for which
     this is the tpyeinfo function.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TYPEINFO_FN,
  /* A thunk.  This has one subtree, the name for which this is a
     thunk.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_THUNK,
  /* A virtual thunk.  This has one subtree, the name for which this
     is a virtual thunk.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_VIRTUAL_THUNK,
  /* A covariant thunk.  This has one subtree, the name for which this
     is a covariant thunk.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_COVARIANT_THUNK,
  /* A Java class.  This has one subtree, the type.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_JAVA_CLASS,
  /* A guard variable.  This has one subtree, the name for which this
     is a guard variable.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_GUARD,
  /* A reference temporary.  This has one subtree, the name for which
     this is a temporary.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_REFTEMP,
  /* A standard substitution.  This holds the name of the
     substitution.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_SUB_STD,
  /* The restrict qualifier.  The one subtree is the type which is
     being qualified.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_RESTRICT,
  /* The volatile qualifier.  The one subtree is the type which is
     being qualified.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_VOLATILE,
  /* The const qualifier.  The one subtree is the type which is being
     qualified.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_CONST,
  /* The restrict qualifier modifying a member function.  The one
     subtree is the type which is being qualified.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_RESTRICT_THIS,
  /* The volatile qualifier modifying a member function.  The one
     subtree is the type which is being qualified.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_VOLATILE_THIS,
  /* The const qualifier modifying a member function.  The one subtree
     is the type which is being qualified.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_CONST_THIS,
  /* A vendor qualifier.  The left subtree is the type which is being
     qualified, and the right subtree is the name of the
     qualifier.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_VENDOR_TYPE_QUAL,
  /* A pointer.  The one subtree is the type which is being pointed
     to.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_POINTER,
  /* A reference.  The one subtree is the type which is being
     referenced.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_REFERENCE,
  /* A complex type.  The one subtree is the base type.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_COMPLEX,
  /* An imaginary type.  The one subtree is the base type.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_IMAGINARY,
  /* A builtin type.  This holds the builtin type information.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_BUILTIN_TYPE,
  /* A vendor's builtin type.  This holds the name of the type.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_VENDOR_TYPE,
  /* A function type.  The left subtree is the return type.  The right
     subtree is a list of ARGLIST nodes.  Either or both may be
     NULL.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_FUNCTION_TYPE,
  /* An array type.  The left subtree is the dimension, which may be
     NULL, or a string (represented as DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_NAME), or an
     expression.  The right subtree is the element type.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_ARRAY_TYPE,
  /* A pointer to member type.  The left subtree is the class type,
     and the right subtree is the member type.  CV-qualifiers appear
     on the latter.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_PTRMEM_TYPE,
  /* An argument list.  The left subtree is the current argument, and
     the right subtree is either NULL or another ARGLIST node.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_ARGLIST,
  /* A template argument list.  The left subtree is the current
     template argument, and the right subtree is either NULL or
     another TEMPLATE_ARGLIST node.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TEMPLATE_ARGLIST,
  /* An operator.  This holds information about a standard
     operator.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_OPERATOR,
  /* An extended operator.  This holds the number of arguments, and
     the name of the extended operator.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_EXTENDED_OPERATOR,
  /* A typecast, represented as a unary operator.  The one subtree is
     the type to which the argument should be cast.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_CAST,
  /* A unary expression.  The left subtree is the operator, and the
     right subtree is the single argument.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_UNARY,
  /* A binary expression.  The left subtree is the operator, and the
     right subtree is a BINARY_ARGS.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_BINARY,
  /* Arguments to a binary expression.  The left subtree is the first
     argument, and the right subtree is the second argument.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_BINARY_ARGS,
  /* A trinary expression.  The left subtree is the operator, and the
     right subtree is a TRINARY_ARG1.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TRINARY,
  /* Arguments to a trinary expression.  The left subtree is the first
     argument, and the right subtree is a TRINARY_ARG2.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TRINARY_ARG1,
  /* More arguments to a trinary expression.  The left subtree is the
     second argument, and the right subtree is the third argument.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TRINARY_ARG2,
  /* A literal.  The left subtree is the type, and the right subtree
     is the value, represented as a DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_NAME.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_LITERAL,
  /* A negative literal.  Like LITERAL, but the value is negated.
     This is a minor hack: the NAME used for LITERAL points directly
     to the mangled string, but since negative numbers are mangled
     using 'n' instead of '-', we want a way to indicate a negative
     number which involves neither modifying the mangled string nor
     allocating a new copy of the literal in memory.  */
  DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_LITERAL_NEG
};

/* Types which are only used internally.  */

struct demangle_operator_info;
struct demangle_builtin_type_info;

/* A node in the tree representation is an instance of a struct
   demangle_component.  Note that the field names of the struct are
   not well protected against macros defined by the file including
   this one.  We can fix this if it ever becomes a problem.  */

struct demangle_component
{
  /* The type of this component.  */
  enum demangle_component_type type;

  union
  {
    /* For DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_NAME.  */
    struct
    {
      /* A pointer to the name (which need not NULL terminated) and
	 its length.  */
      const char *s;
      int len;
    } s_name;

    /* For DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_OPERATOR.  */
    struct
    {
      /* Operator.  */
      const struct demangle_operator_info *op;
    } s_operator;

    /* For DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_EXTENDED_OPERATOR.  */
    struct
    {
      /* Number of arguments.  */
      int args;
      /* Name.  */
      struct demangle_component *name;
    } s_extended_operator;

    /* For DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_CTOR.  */
    struct
    {
      /* Kind of constructor.  */
      enum gnu_v3_ctor_kinds kind;
      /* Name.  */
      struct demangle_component *name;
    } s_ctor;

    /* For DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_DTOR.  */
    struct
    {
      /* Kind of destructor.  */
      enum gnu_v3_dtor_kinds kind;
      /* Name.  */
      struct demangle_component *name;
    } s_dtor;

    /* For DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_BUILTIN_TYPE.  */
    struct
    {
      /* Builtin type.  */
      const struct demangle_builtin_type_info *type;
    } s_builtin;

    /* For DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_SUB_STD.  */
    struct
    {
      /* Standard substitution string.  */
      const char* string;
      /* Length of string.  */
      int len;
    } s_string;

    /* For DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_TEMPLATE_PARAM.  */
    struct
    {
      /* Template parameter index.  */
      long number;
    } s_number;

    /* For other types.  */
    struct
    {
      /* Left (or only) subtree.  */
      struct demangle_component *left;
      /* Right subtree.  */
      struct demangle_component *right;
    } s_binary;

  } u;
};

/* People building mangled trees are expected to allocate instances of
   struct demangle_component themselves.  They can then call one of
   the following functions to fill them in.  */

/* Fill in most component types with a left subtree and a right
   subtree.  Returns non-zero on success, zero on failure, such as an
   unrecognized or inappropriate component type.  */

extern int
cplus_demangle_fill_component PARAMS ((struct demangle_component *fill,
				       enum demangle_component_type,
				       struct demangle_component *left,
				       struct demangle_component *right));

/* Fill in a DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_NAME.  Returns non-zero on success,
   zero for bad arguments.  */

extern int
cplus_demangle_fill_name PARAMS ((struct demangle_component *fill,
				  const char *, int));

/* Fill in a DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_BUILTIN_TYPE, using the name of the
   builtin type (e.g., "int", etc.).  Returns non-zero on success,
   zero if the type is not recognized.  */

extern int
cplus_demangle_fill_builtin_type PARAMS ((struct demangle_component *fill,
					  const char *type_name));

/* Fill in a DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_OPERATOR, using the name of the
   operator and the number of arguments which it takes (the latter is
   used to disambiguate operators which can be both binary and unary,
   such as '-').  Returns non-zero on success, zero if the operator is
   not recognized.  */

extern int
cplus_demangle_fill_operator PARAMS ((struct demangle_component *fill,
				      const char *opname, int args));

/* Fill in a DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_EXTENDED_OPERATOR, providing the
   number of arguments and the name.  Returns non-zero on success,
   zero for bad arguments.  */

extern int
cplus_demangle_fill_extended_operator PARAMS ((struct demangle_component *fill,
					       int numargs,
					       struct demangle_component *nm));

/* Fill in a DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_CTOR.  Returns non-zero on success,
   zero for bad arguments.  */

extern int
cplus_demangle_fill_ctor PARAMS ((struct demangle_component *fill,
				  enum gnu_v3_ctor_kinds kind,
				  struct demangle_component *name));

/* Fill in a DEMANGLE_COMPONENT_DTOR.  Returns non-zero on success,
   zero for bad arguments.  */

extern int
cplus_demangle_fill_dtor PARAMS ((struct demangle_component *fill,
				  enum gnu_v3_dtor_kinds kind,
				  struct demangle_component *name));

/* This function translates a mangled name into a struct
   demangle_component tree.  The first argument is the mangled name.
   The second argument is DMGL_* options.  This returns a pointer to a
   tree on success, or NULL on failure.  On success, the third
   argument is set to a block of memory allocated by malloc.  This
   block should be passed to free when the tree is no longer
   needed.  */

extern struct demangle_component *
cplus_demangle_v3_components PARAMS ((const char *mangled,
				      int options,
				      void **mem));

/* This function takes a struct demangle_component tree and returns
   the corresponding demangled string.  The first argument is DMGL_*
   options.  The second is the tree to demangle.  The third is a guess
   at the length of the demangled string, used to initially allocate
   the return buffer.  The fourth is a pointer to a size_t.  On
   success, this function returns a buffer allocated by malloc(), and
   sets the size_t pointed to by the fourth argument to the size of
   the allocated buffer (not the length of the returned string).  On
   failure, this function returns NULL, and sets the size_t pointed to
   by the fourth argument to 0 for an invalid tree, or to 1 for a
   memory allocation error.  */

extern char *
cplus_demangle_print PARAMS ((int options,
			      const struct demangle_component *tree,
			      int estimated_length,
			      size_t *p_allocated_size));

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif /* __cplusplus */

#endif	/* DEMANGLE_H */