File: CodeGen.hs

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{-# LANGUAGE CPP, GADTs #-}

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
-- Generating machine code (instruction selection)
--
-- (c) The University of Glasgow 1996-2004
--
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- This is a big module, but, if you pay attention to
-- (a) the sectioning, and (b) the type signatures,
-- the structure should not be too overwhelming.

module PPC.CodeGen (
        cmmTopCodeGen,
        generateJumpTableForInstr,
        InstrBlock
)

where

#include "HsVersions.h"
#include "nativeGen/NCG.h"
#include "../includes/MachDeps.h"

-- NCG stuff:
import CodeGen.Platform
import PPC.Instr
import PPC.Cond
import PPC.Regs
import CPrim
import NCGMonad
import Instruction
import PIC
import Format
import RegClass
import Reg
import TargetReg
import Platform

-- Our intermediate code:
import BlockId
import PprCmm           ( pprExpr )
import Cmm
import CmmUtils
import CmmSwitch
import CLabel
import Hoopl

-- The rest:
import OrdList
import Outputable
import Unique
import DynFlags

import Control.Monad    ( mapAndUnzipM, when )
import Data.Bits
import Data.Word

import BasicTypes
import FastString
import Util

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Top-level of the instruction selector

-- | 'InstrBlock's are the insn sequences generated by the insn selectors.
-- They are really trees of insns to facilitate fast appending, where a
-- left-to-right traversal (pre-order?) yields the insns in the correct
-- order.

cmmTopCodeGen
        :: RawCmmDecl
        -> NatM [NatCmmDecl CmmStatics Instr]

cmmTopCodeGen (CmmProc info lab live graph) = do
  let blocks = toBlockListEntryFirst graph
  (nat_blocks,statics) <- mapAndUnzipM basicBlockCodeGen blocks
  dflags <- getDynFlags
  let proc = CmmProc info lab live (ListGraph $ concat nat_blocks)
      tops = proc : concat statics
      os   = platformOS $ targetPlatform dflags
      arch = platformArch $ targetPlatform dflags
  case arch of
    ArchPPC | os == OSAIX -> return tops
            | otherwise -> do
      picBaseMb <- getPicBaseMaybeNat
      case picBaseMb of
           Just picBase -> initializePicBase_ppc arch os picBase tops
           Nothing -> return tops
    ArchPPC_64 ELF_V1 -> return tops
                      -- generating function descriptor is handled in
                      -- pretty printer
    ArchPPC_64 ELF_V2 -> return tops
                      -- generating function prologue is handled in
                      -- pretty printer
    _          -> panic "PPC.cmmTopCodeGen: unknown arch"

cmmTopCodeGen (CmmData sec dat) = do
  return [CmmData sec dat]  -- no translation, we just use CmmStatic

basicBlockCodeGen
        :: Block CmmNode C C
        -> NatM ( [NatBasicBlock Instr]
                , [NatCmmDecl CmmStatics Instr])

basicBlockCodeGen block = do
  let (_, nodes, tail)  = blockSplit block
      id = entryLabel block
      stmts = blockToList nodes
  mid_instrs <- stmtsToInstrs stmts
  tail_instrs <- stmtToInstrs tail
  let instrs = mid_instrs `appOL` tail_instrs
  -- code generation may introduce new basic block boundaries, which
  -- are indicated by the NEWBLOCK instruction.  We must split up the
  -- instruction stream into basic blocks again.  Also, we extract
  -- LDATAs here too.
  let
        (top,other_blocks,statics) = foldrOL mkBlocks ([],[],[]) instrs

        mkBlocks (NEWBLOCK id) (instrs,blocks,statics)
          = ([], BasicBlock id instrs : blocks, statics)
        mkBlocks (LDATA sec dat) (instrs,blocks,statics)
          = (instrs, blocks, CmmData sec dat:statics)
        mkBlocks instr (instrs,blocks,statics)
          = (instr:instrs, blocks, statics)
  return (BasicBlock id top : other_blocks, statics)

stmtsToInstrs :: [CmmNode e x] -> NatM InstrBlock
stmtsToInstrs stmts
   = do instrss <- mapM stmtToInstrs stmts
        return (concatOL instrss)

stmtToInstrs :: CmmNode e x -> NatM InstrBlock
stmtToInstrs stmt = do
  dflags <- getDynFlags
  case stmt of
    CmmComment s   -> return (unitOL (COMMENT s))
    CmmTick {}     -> return nilOL
    CmmUnwind {}   -> return nilOL

    CmmAssign reg src
      | isFloatType ty -> assignReg_FltCode format reg src
      | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) &&
        isWord64 ty    -> assignReg_I64Code      reg src
      | otherwise        -> assignReg_IntCode format reg src
        where ty = cmmRegType dflags reg
              format = cmmTypeFormat ty

    CmmStore addr src
      | isFloatType ty -> assignMem_FltCode format addr src
      | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) &&
        isWord64 ty      -> assignMem_I64Code      addr src
      | otherwise        -> assignMem_IntCode format addr src
        where ty = cmmExprType dflags src
              format = cmmTypeFormat ty

    CmmUnsafeForeignCall target result_regs args
       -> genCCall target result_regs args

    CmmBranch id          -> genBranch id
    CmmCondBranch arg true false _ -> do
      b1 <- genCondJump true arg
      b2 <- genBranch false
      return (b1 `appOL` b2)
    CmmSwitch arg ids -> do dflags <- getDynFlags
                            genSwitch dflags arg ids
    CmmCall { cml_target = arg } -> genJump arg
    _ ->
      panic "stmtToInstrs: statement should have been cps'd away"


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- | 'InstrBlock's are the insn sequences generated by the insn selectors.
--      They are really trees of insns to facilitate fast appending, where a
--      left-to-right traversal yields the insns in the correct order.
--
type InstrBlock
        = OrdList Instr


-- | Register's passed up the tree.  If the stix code forces the register
--      to live in a pre-decided machine register, it comes out as @Fixed@;
--      otherwise, it comes out as @Any@, and the parent can decide which
--      register to put it in.
--
data Register
        = Fixed Format Reg InstrBlock
        | Any   Format (Reg -> InstrBlock)


swizzleRegisterRep :: Register -> Format -> Register
swizzleRegisterRep (Fixed _ reg code) format = Fixed format reg code
swizzleRegisterRep (Any _ codefn)     format = Any   format codefn


-- | Grab the Reg for a CmmReg
getRegisterReg :: Platform -> CmmReg -> Reg

getRegisterReg _ (CmmLocal (LocalReg u pk))
  = RegVirtual $ mkVirtualReg u (cmmTypeFormat pk)

getRegisterReg platform (CmmGlobal mid)
  = case globalRegMaybe platform mid of
        Just reg -> RegReal reg
        Nothing  -> pprPanic "getRegisterReg-memory" (ppr $ CmmGlobal mid)
        -- By this stage, the only MagicIds remaining should be the
        -- ones which map to a real machine register on this
        -- platform.  Hence ...

-- | Convert a BlockId to some CmmStatic data
jumpTableEntry :: DynFlags -> Maybe BlockId -> CmmStatic
jumpTableEntry dflags Nothing = CmmStaticLit (CmmInt 0 (wordWidth dflags))
jumpTableEntry _ (Just blockid) = CmmStaticLit (CmmLabel blockLabel)
    where blockLabel = mkAsmTempLabel (getUnique blockid)



-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- General things for putting together code sequences

-- Expand CmmRegOff.  ToDo: should we do it this way around, or convert
-- CmmExprs into CmmRegOff?
mangleIndexTree :: DynFlags -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr
mangleIndexTree dflags (CmmRegOff reg off)
  = CmmMachOp (MO_Add width) [CmmReg reg, CmmLit (CmmInt (fromIntegral off) width)]
  where width = typeWidth (cmmRegType dflags reg)

mangleIndexTree _ _
        = panic "PPC.CodeGen.mangleIndexTree: no match"

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--  Code gen for 64-bit arithmetic on 32-bit platforms

{-
Simple support for generating 64-bit code (ie, 64 bit values and 64
bit assignments) on 32-bit platforms.  Unlike the main code generator
we merely shoot for generating working code as simply as possible, and
pay little attention to code quality.  Specifically, there is no
attempt to deal cleverly with the fixed-vs-floating register
distinction; all values are generated into (pairs of) floating
registers, even if this would mean some redundant reg-reg moves as a
result.  Only one of the VRegUniques is returned, since it will be
of the VRegUniqueLo form, and the upper-half VReg can be determined
by applying getHiVRegFromLo to it.
-}

data ChildCode64        -- a.k.a "Register64"
      = ChildCode64
           InstrBlock   -- code
           Reg          -- the lower 32-bit temporary which contains the
                        -- result; use getHiVRegFromLo to find the other
                        -- VRegUnique.  Rules of this simplified insn
                        -- selection game are therefore that the returned
                        -- Reg may be modified


-- | Compute an expression into a register, but
--      we don't mind which one it is.
getSomeReg :: CmmExpr -> NatM (Reg, InstrBlock)
getSomeReg expr = do
  r <- getRegister expr
  case r of
    Any rep code -> do
        tmp <- getNewRegNat rep
        return (tmp, code tmp)
    Fixed _ reg code ->
        return (reg, code)

getI64Amodes :: CmmExpr -> NatM (AddrMode, AddrMode, InstrBlock)
getI64Amodes addrTree = do
    Amode hi_addr addr_code <- getAmode D addrTree
    case addrOffset hi_addr 4 of
        Just lo_addr -> return (hi_addr, lo_addr, addr_code)
        Nothing      -> do (hi_ptr, code) <- getSomeReg addrTree
                           return (AddrRegImm hi_ptr (ImmInt 0),
                                   AddrRegImm hi_ptr (ImmInt 4),
                                   code)


assignMem_I64Code :: CmmExpr -> CmmExpr -> NatM InstrBlock
assignMem_I64Code addrTree valueTree = do
        (hi_addr, lo_addr, addr_code) <- getI64Amodes addrTree
        ChildCode64 vcode rlo <- iselExpr64 valueTree
        let
                rhi = getHiVRegFromLo rlo

                -- Big-endian store
                mov_hi = ST II32 rhi hi_addr
                mov_lo = ST II32 rlo lo_addr
        return (vcode `appOL` addr_code `snocOL` mov_lo `snocOL` mov_hi)


assignReg_I64Code :: CmmReg  -> CmmExpr -> NatM InstrBlock
assignReg_I64Code (CmmLocal (LocalReg u_dst _)) valueTree = do
   ChildCode64 vcode r_src_lo <- iselExpr64 valueTree
   let
         r_dst_lo = RegVirtual $ mkVirtualReg u_dst II32
         r_dst_hi = getHiVRegFromLo r_dst_lo
         r_src_hi = getHiVRegFromLo r_src_lo
         mov_lo = MR r_dst_lo r_src_lo
         mov_hi = MR r_dst_hi r_src_hi
   return (
        vcode `snocOL` mov_lo `snocOL` mov_hi
     )

assignReg_I64Code _ _
   = panic "assignReg_I64Code(powerpc): invalid lvalue"


iselExpr64        :: CmmExpr -> NatM ChildCode64
iselExpr64 (CmmLoad addrTree ty) | isWord64 ty = do
    (hi_addr, lo_addr, addr_code) <- getI64Amodes addrTree
    (rlo, rhi) <- getNewRegPairNat II32
    let mov_hi = LD II32 rhi hi_addr
        mov_lo = LD II32 rlo lo_addr
    return $ ChildCode64 (addr_code `snocOL` mov_lo `snocOL` mov_hi)
                         rlo

iselExpr64 (CmmReg (CmmLocal (LocalReg vu ty))) | isWord64 ty
   = return (ChildCode64 nilOL (RegVirtual $ mkVirtualReg vu II32))

iselExpr64 (CmmLit (CmmInt i _)) = do
  (rlo,rhi) <- getNewRegPairNat II32
  let
        half0 = fromIntegral (fromIntegral i :: Word16)
        half1 = fromIntegral (fromIntegral (i `shiftR` 16) :: Word16)
        half2 = fromIntegral (fromIntegral (i `shiftR` 32) :: Word16)
        half3 = fromIntegral (fromIntegral (i `shiftR` 48) :: Word16)

        code = toOL [
                LIS rlo (ImmInt half1),
                OR rlo rlo (RIImm $ ImmInt half0),
                LIS rhi (ImmInt half3),
                OR rhi rhi (RIImm $ ImmInt half2)
                ]
  return (ChildCode64 code rlo)

iselExpr64 (CmmMachOp (MO_Add _) [e1,e2]) = do
   ChildCode64 code1 r1lo <- iselExpr64 e1
   ChildCode64 code2 r2lo <- iselExpr64 e2
   (rlo,rhi) <- getNewRegPairNat II32
   let
        r1hi = getHiVRegFromLo r1lo
        r2hi = getHiVRegFromLo r2lo
        code =  code1 `appOL`
                code2 `appOL`
                toOL [ ADDC rlo r1lo r2lo,
                       ADDE rhi r1hi r2hi ]
   return (ChildCode64 code rlo)

iselExpr64 (CmmMachOp (MO_Sub _) [e1,e2]) = do
   ChildCode64 code1 r1lo <- iselExpr64 e1
   ChildCode64 code2 r2lo <- iselExpr64 e2
   (rlo,rhi) <- getNewRegPairNat II32
   let
        r1hi = getHiVRegFromLo r1lo
        r2hi = getHiVRegFromLo r2lo
        code =  code1 `appOL`
                code2 `appOL`
                toOL [ SUBFC rlo r2lo r1lo,
                       SUBFE rhi r2hi r1hi ]
   return (ChildCode64 code rlo)

iselExpr64 (CmmMachOp (MO_UU_Conv W32 W64) [expr]) = do
    (expr_reg,expr_code) <- getSomeReg expr
    (rlo, rhi) <- getNewRegPairNat II32
    let mov_hi = LI rhi (ImmInt 0)
        mov_lo = MR rlo expr_reg
    return $ ChildCode64 (expr_code `snocOL` mov_lo `snocOL` mov_hi)
                         rlo
iselExpr64 expr
   = pprPanic "iselExpr64(powerpc)" (pprExpr expr)



getRegister :: CmmExpr -> NatM Register
getRegister e = do dflags <- getDynFlags
                   getRegister' dflags e

getRegister' :: DynFlags -> CmmExpr -> NatM Register

getRegister' dflags (CmmReg (CmmGlobal PicBaseReg))
  | OSAIX <- platformOS (targetPlatform dflags) = do
        let code dst = toOL [ LD II32 dst tocAddr ]
            tocAddr = AddrRegImm toc (ImmLit (text "ghc_toc_table[TC]"))
        return (Any II32 code)
  | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) = do
      reg <- getPicBaseNat $ archWordFormat (target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags))
      return (Fixed (archWordFormat (target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags)))
                    reg nilOL)
  | otherwise = return (Fixed II64 toc nilOL)

getRegister' dflags (CmmReg reg)
  = return (Fixed (cmmTypeFormat (cmmRegType dflags reg))
                  (getRegisterReg (targetPlatform dflags) reg) nilOL)

getRegister' dflags tree@(CmmRegOff _ _)
  = getRegister' dflags (mangleIndexTree dflags tree)

    -- for 32-bit architectuers, support some 64 -> 32 bit conversions:
    -- TO_W_(x), TO_W_(x >> 32)

getRegister' dflags (CmmMachOp (MO_UU_Conv W64 W32)
                     [CmmMachOp (MO_U_Shr W64) [x,CmmLit (CmmInt 32 _)]])
 | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) = do
  ChildCode64 code rlo <- iselExpr64 x
  return $ Fixed II32 (getHiVRegFromLo rlo) code

getRegister' dflags (CmmMachOp (MO_SS_Conv W64 W32)
                     [CmmMachOp (MO_U_Shr W64) [x,CmmLit (CmmInt 32 _)]])
 | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) = do
  ChildCode64 code rlo <- iselExpr64 x
  return $ Fixed II32 (getHiVRegFromLo rlo) code

getRegister' dflags (CmmMachOp (MO_UU_Conv W64 W32) [x])
 | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) = do
  ChildCode64 code rlo <- iselExpr64 x
  return $ Fixed II32 rlo code

getRegister' dflags (CmmMachOp (MO_SS_Conv W64 W32) [x])
 | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) = do
  ChildCode64 code rlo <- iselExpr64 x
  return $ Fixed II32 rlo code

getRegister' dflags (CmmLoad mem pk)
 | not (isWord64 pk) = do
        let platform = targetPlatform dflags
        Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D mem
        let code dst = ASSERT((targetClassOfReg platform dst == RcDouble) == isFloatType pk)
                       addr_code `snocOL` LD format dst addr
        return (Any format code)
 | not (target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags)) = do
        Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode DS mem
        let code dst = addr_code `snocOL` LD II64 dst addr
        return (Any II64 code)

          where format = cmmTypeFormat pk

-- catch simple cases of zero- or sign-extended load
getRegister' _ (CmmMachOp (MO_UU_Conv W8 W32) [CmmLoad mem _]) = do
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D mem
    return (Any II32 (\dst -> addr_code `snocOL` LD II8 dst addr))

getRegister' _ (CmmMachOp (MO_UU_Conv W8 W64) [CmmLoad mem _]) = do
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D mem
    return (Any II64 (\dst -> addr_code `snocOL` LD II8 dst addr))

-- Note: there is no Load Byte Arithmetic instruction, so no signed case here

getRegister' _ (CmmMachOp (MO_UU_Conv W16 W32) [CmmLoad mem _]) = do
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D mem
    return (Any II32 (\dst -> addr_code `snocOL` LD II16 dst addr))

getRegister' _ (CmmMachOp (MO_SS_Conv W16 W32) [CmmLoad mem _]) = do
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D mem
    return (Any II32 (\dst -> addr_code `snocOL` LA II16 dst addr))

getRegister' _ (CmmMachOp (MO_UU_Conv W16 W64) [CmmLoad mem _]) = do
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D mem
    return (Any II64 (\dst -> addr_code `snocOL` LD II16 dst addr))

getRegister' _ (CmmMachOp (MO_SS_Conv W16 W64) [CmmLoad mem _]) = do
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D mem
    return (Any II64 (\dst -> addr_code `snocOL` LA II16 dst addr))

getRegister' _ (CmmMachOp (MO_UU_Conv W32 W64) [CmmLoad mem _]) = do
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D mem
    return (Any II64 (\dst -> addr_code `snocOL` LD II32 dst addr))

getRegister' _ (CmmMachOp (MO_SS_Conv W32 W64) [CmmLoad mem _]) = do
    -- lwa is DS-form. See Note [Power instruction format]
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode DS mem
    return (Any II64 (\dst -> addr_code `snocOL` LA II32 dst addr))

getRegister' dflags (CmmMachOp mop [x]) -- unary MachOps
  = case mop of
      MO_Not rep   -> triv_ucode_int rep NOT

      MO_F_Neg w   -> triv_ucode_float w FNEG
      MO_S_Neg w   -> triv_ucode_int   w NEG

      MO_FF_Conv W64 W32 -> trivialUCode  FF32 FRSP x
      MO_FF_Conv W32 W64 -> conversionNop FF64 x

      MO_FS_Conv from to -> coerceFP2Int from to x
      MO_SF_Conv from to -> coerceInt2FP from to x

      MO_SS_Conv from to
        | from == to    -> conversionNop (intFormat to) x

        -- narrowing is a nop: we treat the high bits as undefined
      MO_SS_Conv W64 to
        | arch32    -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.getRegister no 64 bit int register"
        | otherwise -> conversionNop (intFormat to) x
      MO_SS_Conv W32 to
        | arch32    -> conversionNop (intFormat to) x
        | otherwise -> case to of
            W64 -> triv_ucode_int to (EXTS II32)
            W16 -> conversionNop II16 x
            W8  -> conversionNop II8 x
            _   -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.getRegister: no match"
      MO_SS_Conv W16 W8 -> conversionNop II8 x
      MO_SS_Conv W8  to -> triv_ucode_int to (EXTS II8)
      MO_SS_Conv W16 to -> triv_ucode_int to (EXTS II16)

      MO_UU_Conv from to
        | from == to -> conversionNop (intFormat to) x
        -- narrowing is a nop: we treat the high bits as undefined
      MO_UU_Conv W64 to
        | arch32    -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.getRegister no 64 bit target"
        | otherwise -> conversionNop (intFormat to) x
      MO_UU_Conv W32 to
        | arch32    -> conversionNop (intFormat to) x
        | otherwise ->
          case to of
           W64 -> trivialCode to False AND x (CmmLit (CmmInt 4294967295 W64))
           W16 -> conversionNop II16 x
           W8  -> conversionNop II8 x
           _   -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.getRegister: no match"
      MO_UU_Conv W16 W8 -> conversionNop II8 x
      MO_UU_Conv W8 to  -> trivialCode to False AND x (CmmLit (CmmInt 255 W32))
      MO_UU_Conv W16 to -> trivialCode to False AND x (CmmLit (CmmInt 65535 W32))
      _ -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.getRegister: no match"

    where
        triv_ucode_int   width instr = trivialUCode (intFormat    width) instr x
        triv_ucode_float width instr = trivialUCode (floatFormat  width) instr x

        conversionNop new_format expr
            = do e_code <- getRegister' dflags expr
                 return (swizzleRegisterRep e_code new_format)
        arch32 = target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags

getRegister' dflags (CmmMachOp mop [x, y]) -- dyadic PrimOps
  = case mop of
      MO_F_Eq _ -> condFltReg EQQ x y
      MO_F_Ne _ -> condFltReg NE  x y
      MO_F_Gt _ -> condFltReg GTT x y
      MO_F_Ge _ -> condFltReg GE  x y
      MO_F_Lt _ -> condFltReg LTT x y
      MO_F_Le _ -> condFltReg LE  x y

      MO_Eq rep -> condIntReg EQQ  (extendUExpr dflags rep x)
                                   (extendUExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_Ne rep -> condIntReg NE   (extendUExpr dflags rep x)
                                   (extendUExpr dflags rep y)

      MO_S_Gt rep -> condIntReg GTT  (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                     (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_S_Ge rep -> condIntReg GE   (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                     (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_S_Lt rep -> condIntReg LTT  (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                     (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_S_Le rep -> condIntReg LE   (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                     (extendSExpr dflags rep y)

      MO_U_Gt rep -> condIntReg GU   (extendUExpr dflags rep x)
                                     (extendUExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_U_Ge rep -> condIntReg GEU  (extendUExpr dflags rep x)
                                     (extendUExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_U_Lt rep -> condIntReg LU   (extendUExpr dflags rep x)
                                     (extendUExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_U_Le rep -> condIntReg LEU  (extendUExpr dflags rep x)
                                     (extendUExpr dflags rep y)

      MO_F_Add w  -> triv_float w FADD
      MO_F_Sub w  -> triv_float w FSUB
      MO_F_Mul w  -> triv_float w FMUL
      MO_F_Quot w -> triv_float w FDIV

         -- optimize addition with 32-bit immediate
         -- (needed for PIC)
      MO_Add W32 ->
        case y of
          CmmLit (CmmInt imm immrep) | Just _ <- makeImmediate W32 True (-imm)
            -> trivialCode W32 True ADD x (CmmLit $ CmmInt imm immrep)
          CmmLit lit
            -> do
                (src, srcCode) <- getSomeReg x
                let imm = litToImm lit
                    code dst = srcCode `appOL` toOL [
                                    ADDIS dst src (HA imm),
                                    ADD dst dst (RIImm (LO imm))
                                ]
                return (Any II32 code)
          _ -> trivialCode W32 True ADD x y

      MO_Add rep -> trivialCode rep True ADD x y
      MO_Sub rep ->
        case y of    -- subfi ('substract from' with immediate) doesn't exist
          CmmLit (CmmInt imm immrep) | Just _ <- makeImmediate rep True (-imm)
            -> trivialCode rep True ADD x (CmmLit $ CmmInt (-imm) immrep)
          _ -> trivialCodeNoImm' (intFormat rep) SUBF y x

      MO_Mul rep
       | arch32    -> trivialCode rep True MULLW x y
       | otherwise -> trivialCode rep True MULLD x y

      MO_S_MulMayOflo W32 -> trivialCodeNoImm' II32 MULLW_MayOflo x y
      MO_S_MulMayOflo W64 -> trivialCodeNoImm' II64 MULLD_MayOflo x y

      MO_S_MulMayOflo _ -> panic "S_MulMayOflo: (II8/16) not implemented"
      MO_U_MulMayOflo _ -> panic "U_MulMayOflo: not implemented"

      MO_S_Quot rep
       | arch32     -> trivialCodeNoImm' (intFormat rep) DIVW
                (extendSExpr dflags rep x) (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
       | otherwise  -> trivialCodeNoImm' (intFormat rep) DIVD
                (extendSExpr dflags rep x) (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_U_Quot rep
       | arch32     -> trivialCodeNoImm' (intFormat rep) DIVWU
                (extendUExpr dflags rep x) (extendUExpr dflags rep y)
       | otherwise  -> trivialCodeNoImm' (intFormat rep) DIVDU
                (extendUExpr dflags rep x) (extendUExpr dflags rep y)

      MO_S_Rem rep
       | arch32    -> remainderCode rep DIVW (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                             (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
       | otherwise -> remainderCode rep DIVD (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                             (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_U_Rem rep
       | arch32    -> remainderCode rep DIVWU (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                              (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
       | otherwise -> remainderCode rep DIVDU (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                              (extendSExpr dflags rep y)

      MO_And rep   -> trivialCode rep False AND x y
      MO_Or rep    -> trivialCode rep False OR x y
      MO_Xor rep   -> trivialCode rep False XOR x y

      MO_Shl rep   -> shiftCode rep SL x y
      MO_S_Shr rep -> shiftCode rep SRA (extendSExpr dflags rep x) y
      MO_U_Shr rep -> shiftCode rep SR (extendUExpr dflags rep x) y
      _         -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.getRegister: no match"

  where
    triv_float :: Width -> (Format -> Reg -> Reg -> Reg -> Instr) -> NatM Register
    triv_float width instr = trivialCodeNoImm (floatFormat width) instr x y

    arch32 = target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags

getRegister' _ (CmmLit (CmmInt i rep))
  | Just imm <- makeImmediate rep True i
  = let
        code dst = unitOL (LI dst imm)
    in
        return (Any (intFormat rep) code)

getRegister' _ (CmmLit (CmmFloat f frep)) = do
    lbl <- getNewLabelNat
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    dynRef <- cmmMakeDynamicReference dflags DataReference lbl
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D dynRef
    let format = floatFormat frep
        code dst =
            LDATA (Section ReadOnlyData lbl)
                  (Statics lbl [CmmStaticLit (CmmFloat f frep)])
            `consOL` (addr_code `snocOL` LD format dst addr)
    return (Any format code)

getRegister' dflags (CmmLit lit)
  | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags)
  = let rep = cmmLitType dflags lit
        imm = litToImm lit
        code dst = toOL [
              LIS dst (HA imm),
              ADD dst dst (RIImm (LO imm))
          ]
    in return (Any (cmmTypeFormat rep) code)
  | otherwise
  = do lbl <- getNewLabelNat
       dflags <- getDynFlags
       dynRef <- cmmMakeDynamicReference dflags DataReference lbl
       Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D dynRef
       let rep = cmmLitType dflags lit
           format = cmmTypeFormat rep
           code dst =
            LDATA (Section ReadOnlyData lbl) (Statics lbl [CmmStaticLit lit])
            `consOL` (addr_code `snocOL` LD format dst addr)
       return (Any format code)

getRegister' _ other = pprPanic "getRegister(ppc)" (pprExpr other)

    -- extend?Rep: wrap integer expression of type rep
    -- in a conversion to II32 or II64 resp.
extendSExpr :: DynFlags -> Width -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr
extendSExpr dflags W32 x
 | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) = x

extendSExpr dflags W64 x
 | not (target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags)) = x

extendSExpr dflags rep x =
    let size = if target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags
               then W32
               else W64
    in CmmMachOp (MO_SS_Conv rep size) [x]

extendUExpr :: DynFlags -> Width -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr
extendUExpr dflags W32 x
 | target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) = x
extendUExpr dflags W64 x
 | not (target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags)) = x
extendUExpr dflags rep x =
    let size = if target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags
               then W32
               else W64
    in CmmMachOp (MO_UU_Conv rep size) [x]

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--  The 'Amode' type: Memory addressing modes passed up the tree.

data Amode
        = Amode AddrMode InstrBlock

{-
Now, given a tree (the argument to an CmmLoad) that references memory,
produce a suitable addressing mode.

A Rule of the Game (tm) for Amodes: use of the addr bit must
immediately follow use of the code part, since the code part puts
values in registers which the addr then refers to.  So you can't put
anything in between, lest it overwrite some of those registers.  If
you need to do some other computation between the code part and use of
the addr bit, first store the effective address from the amode in a
temporary, then do the other computation, and then use the temporary:

    code
    LEA amode, tmp
    ... other computation ...
    ... (tmp) ...
-}

{- Note [Power instruction format]
In some instructions the 16 bit offset must be a multiple of 4, i.e.
the two least significant bits mus be zero. The "Power ISA" specification
calls these instruction formats "DS-FORM" and the instructions with
arbitrary 16 bit offsets are "D-FORM".

The Power ISA specification document can be obtained from www.power.org.
-}
data InstrForm = D | DS

getAmode :: InstrForm -> CmmExpr -> NatM Amode
getAmode inf tree@(CmmRegOff _ _)
  = do dflags <- getDynFlags
       getAmode inf (mangleIndexTree dflags tree)

getAmode _ (CmmMachOp (MO_Sub W32) [x, CmmLit (CmmInt i _)])
  | Just off <- makeImmediate W32 True (-i)
  = do
        (reg, code) <- getSomeReg x
        return (Amode (AddrRegImm reg off) code)


getAmode _ (CmmMachOp (MO_Add W32) [x, CmmLit (CmmInt i _)])
  | Just off <- makeImmediate W32 True i
  = do
        (reg, code) <- getSomeReg x
        return (Amode (AddrRegImm reg off) code)

getAmode D (CmmMachOp (MO_Sub W64) [x, CmmLit (CmmInt i _)])
  | Just off <- makeImmediate W64 True (-i)
  = do
        (reg, code) <- getSomeReg x
        return (Amode (AddrRegImm reg off) code)


getAmode D (CmmMachOp (MO_Add W64) [x, CmmLit (CmmInt i _)])
  | Just off <- makeImmediate W64 True i
  = do
        (reg, code) <- getSomeReg x
        return (Amode (AddrRegImm reg off) code)

getAmode DS (CmmMachOp (MO_Sub W64) [x, CmmLit (CmmInt i _)])
  | Just off <- makeImmediate W64 True (-i)
  = do
        (reg, code) <- getSomeReg x
        (reg', off', code')  <-
                     if i `mod` 4 == 0
                      then do return (reg, off, code)
                      else do
                           tmp <- getNewRegNat II64
                           return (tmp, ImmInt 0,
                                  code `snocOL` ADD tmp reg (RIImm off))
        return (Amode (AddrRegImm reg' off') code')

getAmode DS (CmmMachOp (MO_Add W64) [x, CmmLit (CmmInt i _)])
  | Just off <- makeImmediate W64 True i
  = do
        (reg, code) <- getSomeReg x
        (reg', off', code')  <-
                     if i `mod` 4 == 0
                      then do return (reg, off, code)
                      else do
                           tmp <- getNewRegNat II64
                           return (tmp, ImmInt 0,
                                  code `snocOL` ADD tmp reg (RIImm off))
        return (Amode (AddrRegImm reg' off') code')

   -- optimize addition with 32-bit immediate
   -- (needed for PIC)
getAmode _ (CmmMachOp (MO_Add W32) [x, CmmLit lit])
  = do
        dflags <- getDynFlags
        (src, srcCode) <- getSomeReg x
        let imm = litToImm lit
        case () of
            _ | OSAIX <- platformOS (targetPlatform dflags)
              , isCmmLabelType lit ->
                    -- HA16/LO16 relocations on labels not supported on AIX
                    return (Amode (AddrRegImm src imm) srcCode)
              | otherwise -> do
                    tmp <- getNewRegNat II32
                    let code = srcCode `snocOL` ADDIS tmp src (HA imm)
                    return (Amode (AddrRegImm tmp (LO imm)) code)
  where
      isCmmLabelType (CmmLabel {})        = True
      isCmmLabelType (CmmLabelOff {})     = True
      isCmmLabelType (CmmLabelDiffOff {}) = True
      isCmmLabelType _                    = False

getAmode _ (CmmLit lit)
  = do
        dflags <- getDynFlags
        case platformArch $ targetPlatform dflags of
             ArchPPC -> do
                 tmp <- getNewRegNat II32
                 let imm = litToImm lit
                     code = unitOL (LIS tmp (HA imm))
                 return (Amode (AddrRegImm tmp (LO imm)) code)
             _        -> do -- TODO: Load from TOC,
                            -- see getRegister' _ (CmmLit lit)
                 tmp <- getNewRegNat II64
                 let imm = litToImm lit
                     code =  toOL [
                          LIS tmp (HIGHESTA imm),
                          OR tmp tmp (RIImm (HIGHERA imm)),
                          SL  II64 tmp tmp (RIImm (ImmInt 32)),
                          ORIS tmp tmp (HA imm)
                          ]
                 return (Amode (AddrRegImm tmp (LO imm)) code)

getAmode _ (CmmMachOp (MO_Add W32) [x, y])
  = do
        (regX, codeX) <- getSomeReg x
        (regY, codeY) <- getSomeReg y
        return (Amode (AddrRegReg regX regY) (codeX `appOL` codeY))

getAmode _ (CmmMachOp (MO_Add W64) [x, y])
  = do
        (regX, codeX) <- getSomeReg x
        (regY, codeY) <- getSomeReg y
        return (Amode (AddrRegReg regX regY) (codeX `appOL` codeY))

getAmode _ other
  = do
        (reg, code) <- getSomeReg other
        let
            off  = ImmInt 0
        return (Amode (AddrRegImm reg off) code)


--  The 'CondCode' type:  Condition codes passed up the tree.
data CondCode
        = CondCode Bool Cond InstrBlock

-- Set up a condition code for a conditional branch.

getCondCode :: CmmExpr -> NatM CondCode

-- almost the same as everywhere else - but we need to
-- extend small integers to 32 bit or 64 bit first

getCondCode (CmmMachOp mop [x, y])
  = do
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    case mop of
      MO_F_Eq W32 -> condFltCode EQQ x y
      MO_F_Ne W32 -> condFltCode NE  x y
      MO_F_Gt W32 -> condFltCode GTT x y
      MO_F_Ge W32 -> condFltCode GE  x y
      MO_F_Lt W32 -> condFltCode LTT x y
      MO_F_Le W32 -> condFltCode LE  x y

      MO_F_Eq W64 -> condFltCode EQQ x y
      MO_F_Ne W64 -> condFltCode NE  x y
      MO_F_Gt W64 -> condFltCode GTT x y
      MO_F_Ge W64 -> condFltCode GE  x y
      MO_F_Lt W64 -> condFltCode LTT x y
      MO_F_Le W64 -> condFltCode LE  x y

      MO_Eq rep -> condIntCode EQQ  (extendUExpr dflags rep x)
                                    (extendUExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_Ne rep -> condIntCode NE   (extendUExpr dflags rep x)
                                    (extendUExpr dflags rep y)

      MO_S_Gt rep -> condIntCode GTT  (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                      (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_S_Ge rep -> condIntCode GE   (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                      (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_S_Lt rep -> condIntCode LTT  (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                      (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_S_Le rep -> condIntCode LE   (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                      (extendSExpr dflags rep y)

      MO_U_Gt rep -> condIntCode GU   (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                      (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_U_Ge rep -> condIntCode GEU  (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                      (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_U_Lt rep -> condIntCode LU   (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                      (extendSExpr dflags rep y)
      MO_U_Le rep -> condIntCode LEU  (extendSExpr dflags rep x)
                                      (extendSExpr dflags rep y)

      _ -> pprPanic "getCondCode(powerpc)" (pprMachOp mop)

getCondCode _ = panic "getCondCode(2)(powerpc)"



-- @cond(Int|Flt)Code@: Turn a boolean expression into a condition, to be
-- passed back up the tree.

condIntCode, condFltCode :: Cond -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr -> NatM CondCode

--  ###FIXME: I16 and I8!
-- TODO: Is this still an issue? All arguments are extend?Expr'd.
condIntCode cond x (CmmLit (CmmInt y rep))
  | Just src2 <- makeImmediate rep (not $ condUnsigned cond) y
  = do
        (src1, code) <- getSomeReg x
        dflags <- getDynFlags
        let format = archWordFormat $ target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags
            code' = code `snocOL`
              (if condUnsigned cond then CMPL else CMP) format src1 (RIImm src2)
        return (CondCode False cond code')

condIntCode cond x y = do
    (src1, code1) <- getSomeReg x
    (src2, code2) <- getSomeReg y
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    let format = archWordFormat $ target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags
        code' = code1 `appOL` code2 `snocOL`
          (if condUnsigned cond then CMPL else CMP) format src1 (RIReg src2)
    return (CondCode False cond code')

condFltCode cond x y = do
    (src1, code1) <- getSomeReg x
    (src2, code2) <- getSomeReg y
    let
        code'  = code1 `appOL` code2 `snocOL` FCMP src1 src2
        code'' = case cond of -- twiddle CR to handle unordered case
                    GE -> code' `snocOL` CRNOR ltbit eqbit gtbit
                    LE -> code' `snocOL` CRNOR gtbit eqbit ltbit
                    _ -> code'
                 where
                    ltbit = 0 ; eqbit = 2 ; gtbit = 1
    return (CondCode True cond code'')



-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Generating assignments

-- Assignments are really at the heart of the whole code generation
-- business.  Almost all top-level nodes of any real importance are
-- assignments, which correspond to loads, stores, or register
-- transfers.  If we're really lucky, some of the register transfers
-- will go away, because we can use the destination register to
-- complete the code generation for the right hand side.  This only
-- fails when the right hand side is forced into a fixed register
-- (e.g. the result of a call).

assignMem_IntCode :: Format -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr -> NatM InstrBlock
assignReg_IntCode :: Format -> CmmReg  -> CmmExpr -> NatM InstrBlock

assignMem_FltCode :: Format -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr -> NatM InstrBlock
assignReg_FltCode :: Format -> CmmReg  -> CmmExpr -> NatM InstrBlock

assignMem_IntCode pk addr src = do
    (srcReg, code) <- getSomeReg src
    Amode dstAddr addr_code <- case pk of
                                II64 -> getAmode DS addr
                                _    -> getAmode D  addr
    return $ code `appOL` addr_code `snocOL` ST pk srcReg dstAddr

-- dst is a reg, but src could be anything
assignReg_IntCode _ reg src
    = do
        dflags <- getDynFlags
        let dst = getRegisterReg (targetPlatform dflags) reg
        r <- getRegister src
        return $ case r of
            Any _ code         -> code dst
            Fixed _ freg fcode -> fcode `snocOL` MR dst freg



-- Easy, isn't it?
assignMem_FltCode = assignMem_IntCode
assignReg_FltCode = assignReg_IntCode



genJump :: CmmExpr{-the branch target-} -> NatM InstrBlock

genJump (CmmLit (CmmLabel lbl))
  = return (unitOL $ JMP lbl)

genJump tree
  = do
        dflags <- getDynFlags
        let platform = targetPlatform dflags
        case platformOS platform of
          OSLinux  -> case platformArch platform of
                      ArchPPC           -> genJump' tree GCPLinux
                      ArchPPC_64 ELF_V1 -> genJump' tree (GCPLinux64ELF 1)
                      ArchPPC_64 ELF_V2 -> genJump' tree (GCPLinux64ELF 2)
                      _   -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.genJump: Unknown Linux"
          OSAIX    -> genJump' tree GCPAIX
          OSDarwin -> genJump' tree GCPDarwin
          _ -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.genJump: not defined for this os"


genJump' :: CmmExpr -> GenCCallPlatform -> NatM InstrBlock

genJump' tree (GCPLinux64ELF 1)
  = do
        (target,code) <- getSomeReg tree
        return (code
               `snocOL` LD II64 r11 (AddrRegImm target (ImmInt 0))
               `snocOL` LD II64 toc (AddrRegImm target (ImmInt 8))
               `snocOL` MTCTR r11
               `snocOL` LD II64 r11 (AddrRegImm target (ImmInt 16))
               `snocOL` BCTR [] Nothing)

genJump' tree (GCPLinux64ELF 2)
  = do
        (target,code) <- getSomeReg tree
        return (code
               `snocOL` MR r12 target
               `snocOL` MTCTR r12
               `snocOL` BCTR [] Nothing)

genJump' tree _
  = do
        (target,code) <- getSomeReg tree
        return (code `snocOL` MTCTR target `snocOL` BCTR [] Nothing)

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--  Unconditional branches
genBranch :: BlockId -> NatM InstrBlock
genBranch = return . toOL . mkJumpInstr


-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--  Conditional jumps

{-
Conditional jumps are always to local labels, so we can use branch
instructions.  We peek at the arguments to decide what kind of
comparison to do.
-}


genCondJump
    :: BlockId      -- the branch target
    -> CmmExpr      -- the condition on which to branch
    -> NatM InstrBlock

genCondJump id bool = do
  CondCode _ cond code <- getCondCode bool
  return (code `snocOL` BCC cond id)



-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--  Generating C calls

-- Now the biggest nightmare---calls.  Most of the nastiness is buried in
-- @get_arg@, which moves the arguments to the correct registers/stack
-- locations.  Apart from that, the code is easy.
--
-- (If applicable) Do not fill the delay slots here; you will confuse the
-- register allocator.

genCCall :: ForeignTarget            -- function to call
         -> [CmmFormal]        -- where to put the result
         -> [CmmActual]        -- arguments (of mixed type)
         -> NatM InstrBlock
genCCall target dest_regs argsAndHints
 = do dflags <- getDynFlags
      let platform = targetPlatform dflags
      case platformOS platform of
       OSLinux  -> case platformArch platform of
                   ArchPPC           -> genCCall' dflags GCPLinux
                                           target dest_regs argsAndHints
                   ArchPPC_64 ELF_V1 -> genCCall' dflags (GCPLinux64ELF 1)
                                           target dest_regs argsAndHints
                   ArchPPC_64 ELF_V2 -> genCCall' dflags (GCPLinux64ELF 2)
                                           target dest_regs argsAndHints
                   _  -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.genCCall: Unknown Linux"
       OSAIX    -> genCCall' dflags GCPAIX    target dest_regs argsAndHints
       OSDarwin -> genCCall' dflags GCPDarwin target dest_regs argsAndHints
       _ -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.genCCall: not defined for this os"

data GenCCallPlatform = GCPLinux | GCPDarwin | GCPLinux64ELF Int | GCPAIX

genCCall'
    :: DynFlags
    -> GenCCallPlatform
    -> ForeignTarget            -- function to call
    -> [CmmFormal]        -- where to put the result
    -> [CmmActual]        -- arguments (of mixed type)
    -> NatM InstrBlock

{-
    The PowerPC calling convention for Darwin/Mac OS X
    is described in Apple's document
    "Inside Mac OS X - Mach-O Runtime Architecture".

    PowerPC Linux uses the System V Release 4 Calling Convention
    for PowerPC. It is described in the
    "System V Application Binary Interface PowerPC Processor Supplement".

    Both conventions are similar:
    Parameters may be passed in general-purpose registers starting at r3, in
    floating point registers starting at f1, or on the stack.

    But there are substantial differences:
    * The number of registers used for parameter passing and the exact set of
      nonvolatile registers differs (see MachRegs.hs).
    * On Darwin, stack space is always reserved for parameters, even if they are
      passed in registers. The called routine may choose to save parameters from
      registers to the corresponding space on the stack.
    * On Darwin, a corresponding amount of GPRs is skipped when a floating point
      parameter is passed in an FPR.
    * SysV insists on either passing I64 arguments on the stack, or in two GPRs,
      starting with an odd-numbered GPR. It may skip a GPR to achieve this.
      Darwin just treats an I64 like two separate II32s (high word first).
    * I64 and FF64 arguments are 8-byte aligned on the stack for SysV, but only
      4-byte aligned like everything else on Darwin.
    * The SysV spec claims that FF32 is represented as FF64 on the stack. GCC on
      PowerPC Linux does not agree, so neither do we.

    PowerPC 64 Linux uses the System V Release 4 Calling Convention for
    64-bit PowerPC. It is specified in
    "64-bit PowerPC ELF Application Binary Interface Supplement 1.9".

    According to all conventions, the parameter area should be part of the
    caller's stack frame, allocated in the caller's prologue code (large enough
    to hold the parameter lists for all called routines). The NCG already
    uses the stack for register spilling, leaving 64 bytes free at the top.
    If we need a larger parameter area than that, we just allocate a new stack
    frame just before ccalling.
-}


genCCall' _ _ (PrimTarget MO_WriteBarrier) _ _
 = return $ unitOL LWSYNC

genCCall' _ _ (PrimTarget MO_Touch) _ _
 = return $ nilOL

genCCall' _ _ (PrimTarget (MO_Prefetch_Data _)) _ _
 = return $ nilOL

genCCall' dflags gcp target dest_regs args
  = ASSERT(not $ any (`elem` [II16]) $ map cmmTypeFormat argReps)
        -- we rely on argument promotion in the codeGen
    do
        (finalStack,passArgumentsCode,usedRegs) <- passArguments
                                                        (zip args argReps)
                                                        allArgRegs
                                                        (allFPArgRegs platform)
                                                        initialStackOffset
                                                        (toOL []) []

        (labelOrExpr, reduceToFF32) <- case target of
            ForeignTarget (CmmLit (CmmLabel lbl)) _ -> do
                uses_pic_base_implicitly
                return (Left lbl, False)
            ForeignTarget expr _ -> do
                uses_pic_base_implicitly
                return (Right expr, False)
            PrimTarget mop -> outOfLineMachOp mop

        let codeBefore = move_sp_down finalStack `appOL` passArgumentsCode
                         `appOL` toc_before
            codeAfter = toc_after labelOrExpr `appOL` move_sp_up finalStack
                        `appOL` moveResult reduceToFF32

        case labelOrExpr of
            Left lbl -> do -- the linker does all the work for us
                return (         codeBefore
                        `snocOL` BL lbl usedRegs
                        `appOL`  codeAfter)
            Right dyn -> do -- implement call through function pointer
                (dynReg, dynCode) <- getSomeReg dyn
                case gcp of
                     GCPLinux64ELF 1 -> return ( dynCode
                       `appOL`  codeBefore
                       `snocOL` LD II64 r11 (AddrRegImm dynReg (ImmInt 0))
                       `snocOL` LD II64 toc (AddrRegImm dynReg (ImmInt 8))
                       `snocOL` MTCTR r11
                       `snocOL` LD II64 r11 (AddrRegImm dynReg (ImmInt 16))
                       `snocOL` BCTRL usedRegs
                       `appOL`  codeAfter)
                     GCPLinux64ELF 2 -> return ( dynCode
                       `appOL`  codeBefore
                       `snocOL` MR r12 dynReg
                       `snocOL` MTCTR r12
                       `snocOL` BCTRL usedRegs
                       `appOL`  codeAfter)
                     GCPAIX          -> return ( dynCode
                       -- AIX/XCOFF follows the PowerOPEN ABI
                       -- which is quite similiar to LinuxPPC64/ELFv1
                       `appOL`  codeBefore
                       `snocOL` LD II32 r11 (AddrRegImm dynReg (ImmInt 0))
                       `snocOL` LD II32 toc (AddrRegImm dynReg (ImmInt 4))
                       `snocOL` MTCTR r11
                       `snocOL` LD II32 r11 (AddrRegImm dynReg (ImmInt 8))
                       `snocOL` BCTRL usedRegs
                       `appOL`  codeAfter)
                     _              -> return ( dynCode
                       `snocOL` MTCTR dynReg
                       `appOL`  codeBefore
                       `snocOL` BCTRL usedRegs
                       `appOL`  codeAfter)
    where
        platform = targetPlatform dflags

        uses_pic_base_implicitly = do
            -- See Note [implicit register in PPC PIC code]
            -- on why we claim to use PIC register here
            when (gopt Opt_PIC dflags && target32Bit platform) $ do
                _ <- getPicBaseNat $ archWordFormat True
                return ()

        initialStackOffset = case gcp of
                             GCPAIX          -> 24
                             GCPDarwin       -> 24
                             GCPLinux        -> 8
                             GCPLinux64ELF 1 -> 48
                             GCPLinux64ELF 2 -> 32
                             _ -> panic "genCall': unknown calling convention"
            -- size of linkage area + size of arguments, in bytes
        stackDelta finalStack = case gcp of
                                GCPAIX ->
                                    roundTo 16 $ (24 +) $ max 32 $ sum $
                                    map (widthInBytes . typeWidth) argReps
                                GCPDarwin ->
                                    roundTo 16 $ (24 +) $ max 32 $ sum $
                                    map (widthInBytes . typeWidth) argReps
                                GCPLinux -> roundTo 16 finalStack
                                GCPLinux64ELF 1 ->
                                    roundTo 16 $ (48 +) $ max 64 $ sum $
                                    map (widthInBytes . typeWidth) argReps
                                GCPLinux64ELF 2 ->
                                    roundTo 16 $ (32 +) $ max 64 $ sum $
                                    map (widthInBytes . typeWidth) argReps
                                _ -> panic "genCall': unknown calling conv."

        argReps = map (cmmExprType dflags) args

        roundTo a x | x `mod` a == 0 = x
                    | otherwise = x + a - (x `mod` a)

        spFormat = if target32Bit platform then II32 else II64

        move_sp_down finalStack
               | delta > 64 =
                        toOL [STU spFormat sp (AddrRegImm sp (ImmInt (-delta))),
                              DELTA (-delta)]
               | otherwise = nilOL
               where delta = stackDelta finalStack
        toc_before = case gcp of
           GCPLinux64ELF 1 -> unitOL $ ST spFormat toc (AddrRegImm sp (ImmInt 40))
           GCPLinux64ELF 2 -> unitOL $ ST spFormat toc (AddrRegImm sp (ImmInt 24))
           GCPAIX          -> unitOL $ ST spFormat toc (AddrRegImm sp (ImmInt 20))
           _               -> nilOL
        toc_after labelOrExpr = case gcp of
           GCPLinux64ELF 1 -> case labelOrExpr of
                                Left _  -> toOL [ NOP ]
                                Right _ -> toOL [ LD spFormat toc
                                                     (AddrRegImm sp
                                                      (ImmInt 40))
                                                ]
           GCPLinux64ELF 2 -> case labelOrExpr of
                                Left _  -> toOL [ NOP ]
                                Right _ -> toOL [ LD spFormat toc
                                                     (AddrRegImm sp
                                                      (ImmInt 24))
                                                ]
           GCPAIX          -> case labelOrExpr of
                                Left _  -> unitOL NOP
                                Right _ -> unitOL (LD spFormat toc
                                                      (AddrRegImm sp
                                                       (ImmInt 20)))
           _               -> nilOL
        move_sp_up finalStack
               | delta > 64 =  -- TODO: fix-up stack back-chain
                        toOL [ADD sp sp (RIImm (ImmInt delta)),
                              DELTA 0]
               | otherwise = nilOL
               where delta = stackDelta finalStack


        passArguments [] _ _ stackOffset accumCode accumUsed = return (stackOffset, accumCode, accumUsed)
        passArguments ((arg,arg_ty):args) gprs fprs stackOffset
               accumCode accumUsed | isWord64 arg_ty
                                     && target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags) =
            do
                ChildCode64 code vr_lo <- iselExpr64 arg
                let vr_hi = getHiVRegFromLo vr_lo

                case gcp of
                    GCPAIX -> -- same as for Darwin
                        do let storeWord vr (gpr:_) _ = MR gpr vr
                               storeWord vr [] offset
                                   = ST II32 vr (AddrRegImm sp (ImmInt offset))
                           passArguments args
                                         (drop 2 gprs)
                                         fprs
                                         (stackOffset+8)
                                         (accumCode `appOL` code
                                               `snocOL` storeWord vr_hi gprs stackOffset
                                               `snocOL` storeWord vr_lo (drop 1 gprs) (stackOffset+4))
                                         ((take 2 gprs) ++ accumUsed)
                    GCPDarwin ->
                        do let storeWord vr (gpr:_) _ = MR gpr vr
                               storeWord vr [] offset
                                   = ST II32 vr (AddrRegImm sp (ImmInt offset))
                           passArguments args
                                         (drop 2 gprs)
                                         fprs
                                         (stackOffset+8)
                                         (accumCode `appOL` code
                                               `snocOL` storeWord vr_hi gprs stackOffset
                                               `snocOL` storeWord vr_lo (drop 1 gprs) (stackOffset+4))
                                         ((take 2 gprs) ++ accumUsed)
                    GCPLinux ->
                        do let stackOffset' = roundTo 8 stackOffset
                               stackCode = accumCode `appOL` code
                                   `snocOL` ST II32 vr_hi (AddrRegImm sp (ImmInt stackOffset'))
                                   `snocOL` ST II32 vr_lo (AddrRegImm sp (ImmInt (stackOffset'+4)))
                               regCode hireg loreg =
                                   accumCode `appOL` code
                                       `snocOL` MR hireg vr_hi
                                       `snocOL` MR loreg vr_lo

                           case gprs of
                               hireg : loreg : regs | even (length gprs) ->
                                   passArguments args regs fprs stackOffset
                                                 (regCode hireg loreg) (hireg : loreg : accumUsed)
                               _skipped : hireg : loreg : regs ->
                                   passArguments args regs fprs stackOffset
                                                 (regCode hireg loreg) (hireg : loreg : accumUsed)
                               _ -> -- only one or no regs left
                                   passArguments args [] fprs (stackOffset'+8)
                                                 stackCode accumUsed
                    GCPLinux64ELF _ -> panic "passArguments: 32 bit code"

        passArguments ((arg,rep):args) gprs fprs stackOffset accumCode accumUsed
            | reg : _ <- regs = do
                register <- getRegister arg
                let code = case register of
                            Fixed _ freg fcode -> fcode `snocOL` MR reg freg
                            Any _ acode -> acode reg
                    stackOffsetRes = case gcp of
                                     -- The Darwin ABI requires that we reserve
                                     -- stack slots for register parameters
                                     GCPDarwin -> stackOffset + stackBytes
                                     -- ... so does the PowerOpen ABI.
                                     GCPAIX    -> stackOffset + stackBytes
                                     -- ... the SysV ABI 32-bit doesn't.
                                     GCPLinux -> stackOffset
                                     -- ... but SysV ABI 64-bit does.
                                     GCPLinux64ELF _ -> stackOffset + stackBytes
                passArguments args
                              (drop nGprs gprs)
                              (drop nFprs fprs)
                              stackOffsetRes
                              (accumCode `appOL` code)
                              (reg : accumUsed)
            | otherwise = do
                (vr, code) <- getSomeReg arg
                passArguments args
                              (drop nGprs gprs)
                              (drop nFprs fprs)
                              (stackOffset' + stackBytes)
                              (accumCode `appOL` code `snocOL` ST (cmmTypeFormat rep) vr stackSlot)
                              accumUsed
            where
                stackOffset' = case gcp of
                               GCPDarwin ->
                                   -- stackOffset is at least 4-byte aligned
                                   -- The Darwin ABI is happy with that.
                                   stackOffset
                               GCPAIX ->
                                   -- The 32bit PowerOPEN ABI is happy with
                                   -- 32bit-alignment as well...
                                   stackOffset
                               GCPLinux
                                   -- ... the SysV ABI requires 8-byte
                                   -- alignment for doubles.
                                | isFloatType rep && typeWidth rep == W64 ->
                                   roundTo 8 stackOffset
                                | otherwise ->
                                   stackOffset
                               GCPLinux64ELF _ ->
                                   -- everything on the stack is 8-byte
                                   -- aligned on a 64 bit system
                                   -- (except vector status, not used now)
                                   stackOffset
                stackSlot = AddrRegImm sp (ImmInt stackOffset')
                (nGprs, nFprs, stackBytes, regs)
                    = case gcp of
                      GCPAIX ->
                          case cmmTypeFormat rep of
                          II8  -> (1, 0, 4, gprs)
                          II16 -> (1, 0, 4, gprs)
                          II32 -> (1, 0, 4, gprs)
                          -- The PowerOpen ABI requires that we skip a
                          -- corresponding number of GPRs when we use
                          -- the FPRs.
                          --
                          -- E.g. for a `double` two GPRs are skipped,
                          -- whereas for a `float` one GPR is skipped
                          -- when parameters are assigned to
                          -- registers.
                          --
                          -- The PowerOpen ABI specification can be found at
                          -- ftp://www.sourceware.org/pub/binutils/ppc-docs/ppc-poweropen/
                          FF32 -> (1, 1, 4, fprs)
                          FF64 -> (2, 1, 8, fprs)
                          II64 -> panic "genCCall' passArguments II64"
                          FF80 -> panic "genCCall' passArguments FF80"
                      GCPDarwin ->
                          case cmmTypeFormat rep of
                          II8  -> (1, 0, 4, gprs)
                          II16 -> (1, 0, 4, gprs)
                          II32 -> (1, 0, 4, gprs)
                          -- The Darwin ABI requires that we skip a
                          -- corresponding number of GPRs when we use
                          -- the FPRs.
                          FF32 -> (1, 1, 4, fprs)
                          FF64 -> (2, 1, 8, fprs)
                          II64 -> panic "genCCall' passArguments II64"
                          FF80 -> panic "genCCall' passArguments FF80"
                      GCPLinux ->
                          case cmmTypeFormat rep of
                          II8  -> (1, 0, 4, gprs)
                          II16 -> (1, 0, 4, gprs)
                          II32 -> (1, 0, 4, gprs)
                          -- ... the SysV ABI doesn't.
                          FF32 -> (0, 1, 4, fprs)
                          FF64 -> (0, 1, 8, fprs)
                          II64 -> panic "genCCall' passArguments II64"
                          FF80 -> panic "genCCall' passArguments FF80"
                      GCPLinux64ELF _ ->
                          case cmmTypeFormat rep of
                          II8  -> (1, 0, 8, gprs)
                          II16 -> (1, 0, 8, gprs)
                          II32 -> (1, 0, 8, gprs)
                          II64 -> (1, 0, 8, gprs)
                          -- The ELFv1 ABI requires that we skip a
                          -- corresponding number of GPRs when we use
                          -- the FPRs.
                          FF32 -> (1, 1, 8, fprs)
                          FF64 -> (1, 1, 8, fprs)
                          FF80 -> panic "genCCall' passArguments FF80"

        moveResult reduceToFF32 =
            case dest_regs of
                [] -> nilOL
                [dest]
                    | reduceToFF32 && isFloat32 rep   -> unitOL (FRSP r_dest f1)
                    | isFloat32 rep || isFloat64 rep -> unitOL (MR r_dest f1)
                    | isWord64 rep && target32Bit (targetPlatform dflags)
                       -> toOL [MR (getHiVRegFromLo r_dest) r3,
                                MR r_dest r4]
                    | otherwise -> unitOL (MR r_dest r3)
                    where rep = cmmRegType dflags (CmmLocal dest)
                          r_dest = getRegisterReg platform (CmmLocal dest)
                _ -> panic "genCCall' moveResult: Bad dest_regs"

        outOfLineMachOp mop =
            do
                dflags <- getDynFlags
                mopExpr <- cmmMakeDynamicReference dflags CallReference $
                              mkForeignLabel functionName Nothing ForeignLabelInThisPackage IsFunction
                let mopLabelOrExpr = case mopExpr of
                        CmmLit (CmmLabel lbl) -> Left lbl
                        _ -> Right mopExpr
                return (mopLabelOrExpr, reduce)
            where
                (functionName, reduce) = case mop of
                    MO_F32_Exp   -> (fsLit "exp", True)
                    MO_F32_Log   -> (fsLit "log", True)
                    MO_F32_Sqrt  -> (fsLit "sqrt", True)

                    MO_F32_Sin   -> (fsLit "sin", True)
                    MO_F32_Cos   -> (fsLit "cos", True)
                    MO_F32_Tan   -> (fsLit "tan", True)

                    MO_F32_Asin  -> (fsLit "asin", True)
                    MO_F32_Acos  -> (fsLit "acos", True)
                    MO_F32_Atan  -> (fsLit "atan", True)

                    MO_F32_Sinh  -> (fsLit "sinh", True)
                    MO_F32_Cosh  -> (fsLit "cosh", True)
                    MO_F32_Tanh  -> (fsLit "tanh", True)
                    MO_F32_Pwr   -> (fsLit "pow", True)

                    MO_F64_Exp   -> (fsLit "exp", False)
                    MO_F64_Log   -> (fsLit "log", False)
                    MO_F64_Sqrt  -> (fsLit "sqrt", False)

                    MO_F64_Sin   -> (fsLit "sin", False)
                    MO_F64_Cos   -> (fsLit "cos", False)
                    MO_F64_Tan   -> (fsLit "tan", False)

                    MO_F64_Asin  -> (fsLit "asin", False)
                    MO_F64_Acos  -> (fsLit "acos", False)
                    MO_F64_Atan  -> (fsLit "atan", False)

                    MO_F64_Sinh  -> (fsLit "sinh", False)
                    MO_F64_Cosh  -> (fsLit "cosh", False)
                    MO_F64_Tanh  -> (fsLit "tanh", False)
                    MO_F64_Pwr   -> (fsLit "pow", False)

                    MO_UF_Conv w -> (fsLit $ word2FloatLabel w, False)

                    MO_Memcpy _  -> (fsLit "memcpy", False)
                    MO_Memset _  -> (fsLit "memset", False)
                    MO_Memmove _ -> (fsLit "memmove", False)

                    MO_BSwap w   -> (fsLit $ bSwapLabel w, False)
                    MO_PopCnt w  -> (fsLit $ popCntLabel w, False)
                    MO_Clz w     -> (fsLit $ clzLabel w, False)
                    MO_Ctz w     -> (fsLit $ ctzLabel w, False)
                    MO_AtomicRMW w amop -> (fsLit $ atomicRMWLabel w amop, False)
                    MO_Cmpxchg w -> (fsLit $ cmpxchgLabel w, False)
                    MO_AtomicRead w  -> (fsLit $ atomicReadLabel w, False)
                    MO_AtomicWrite w -> (fsLit $ atomicWriteLabel w, False)

                    MO_S_QuotRem {}  -> unsupported
                    MO_U_QuotRem {}  -> unsupported
                    MO_U_QuotRem2 {} -> unsupported
                    MO_Add2 {}       -> unsupported
                    MO_SubWordC {}   -> unsupported
                    MO_AddIntC {}    -> unsupported
                    MO_SubIntC {}    -> unsupported
                    MO_U_Mul2 {}     -> unsupported
                    MO_WriteBarrier  -> unsupported
                    MO_Touch         -> unsupported
                    (MO_Prefetch_Data _ ) -> unsupported
                unsupported = panic ("outOfLineCmmOp: " ++ show mop
                                  ++ " not supported")

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Generating a table-branch

genSwitch :: DynFlags -> CmmExpr -> SwitchTargets -> NatM InstrBlock
genSwitch dflags expr targets
  | OSAIX <- platformOS (targetPlatform dflags)
  = do
        (reg,e_code) <- getSomeReg (cmmOffset dflags expr offset)
        let fmt = archWordFormat $ target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags
            sha = if target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags then 2 else 3
        tmp <- getNewRegNat fmt
        lbl <- getNewLabelNat
        dynRef <- cmmMakeDynamicReference dflags DataReference lbl
        (tableReg,t_code) <- getSomeReg $ dynRef
        let code = e_code `appOL` t_code `appOL` toOL [
                            SL fmt tmp reg (RIImm (ImmInt sha)),
                            LD fmt tmp (AddrRegReg tableReg tmp),
                            MTCTR tmp,
                            BCTR ids (Just lbl)
                    ]
        return code

  | (gopt Opt_PIC dflags) || (not $ target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags)
  = do
        (reg,e_code) <- getSomeReg (cmmOffset dflags expr offset)
        let fmt = archWordFormat $ target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags
            sha = if target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags then 2 else 3
        tmp <- getNewRegNat fmt
        lbl <- getNewLabelNat
        dynRef <- cmmMakeDynamicReference dflags DataReference lbl
        (tableReg,t_code) <- getSomeReg $ dynRef
        let code = e_code `appOL` t_code `appOL` toOL [
                            SL fmt tmp reg (RIImm (ImmInt sha)),
                            LD fmt tmp (AddrRegReg tableReg tmp),
                            ADD tmp tmp (RIReg tableReg),
                            MTCTR tmp,
                            BCTR ids (Just lbl)
                    ]
        return code
  | otherwise
  = do
        (reg,e_code) <- getSomeReg (cmmOffset dflags expr offset)
        let fmt = archWordFormat $ target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags
            sha = if target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags then 2 else 3
        tmp <- getNewRegNat fmt
        lbl <- getNewLabelNat
        let code = e_code `appOL` toOL [
                            SL fmt tmp reg (RIImm (ImmInt sha)),
                            ADDIS tmp tmp (HA (ImmCLbl lbl)),
                            LD fmt tmp (AddrRegImm tmp (LO (ImmCLbl lbl))),
                            MTCTR tmp,
                            BCTR ids (Just lbl)
                    ]
        return code
  where (offset, ids) = switchTargetsToTable targets

generateJumpTableForInstr :: DynFlags -> Instr
                          -> Maybe (NatCmmDecl CmmStatics Instr)
generateJumpTableForInstr dflags (BCTR ids (Just lbl)) =
    let jumpTable
            | (gopt Opt_PIC dflags)
              || (not $ target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags)
            = map jumpTableEntryRel ids
            | otherwise = map (jumpTableEntry dflags) ids
                where jumpTableEntryRel Nothing
                        = CmmStaticLit (CmmInt 0 (wordWidth dflags))
                      jumpTableEntryRel (Just blockid)
                        = CmmStaticLit (CmmLabelDiffOff blockLabel lbl 0)
                            where blockLabel = mkAsmTempLabel (getUnique blockid)
    in Just (CmmData (Section ReadOnlyData lbl) (Statics lbl jumpTable))
generateJumpTableForInstr _ _ = Nothing

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- 'condIntReg' and 'condFltReg': condition codes into registers

-- Turn those condition codes into integers now (when they appear on
-- the right hand side of an assignment).

condIntReg, condFltReg :: Cond -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr -> NatM Register

condReg :: NatM CondCode -> NatM Register
condReg getCond = do
    CondCode _ cond cond_code <- getCond
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    let
        code dst = cond_code
            `appOL` negate_code
            `appOL` toOL [
                MFCR dst,
                RLWINM dst dst (bit + 1) 31 31
            ]

        negate_code | do_negate = unitOL (CRNOR bit bit bit)
                    | otherwise = nilOL

        (bit, do_negate) = case cond of
            LTT -> (0, False)
            LE  -> (1, True)
            EQQ -> (2, False)
            GE  -> (0, True)
            GTT -> (1, False)

            NE  -> (2, True)

            LU  -> (0, False)
            LEU -> (1, True)
            GEU -> (0, True)
            GU  -> (1, False)
            _   -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.codeReg: no match"

        format = archWordFormat $ target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags
    return (Any format code)

condIntReg cond x y = condReg (condIntCode cond x y)
condFltReg cond x y = condReg (condFltCode cond x y)



-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- 'trivial*Code': deal with trivial instructions

-- Trivial (dyadic: 'trivialCode', floating-point: 'trivialFCode',
-- unary: 'trivialUCode', unary fl-pt:'trivialUFCode') instructions.
-- Only look for constants on the right hand side, because that's
-- where the generic optimizer will have put them.

-- Similarly, for unary instructions, we don't have to worry about
-- matching an StInt as the argument, because genericOpt will already
-- have handled the constant-folding.



{-
Wolfgang's PowerPC version of The Rules:

A slightly modified version of The Rules to take advantage of the fact
that PowerPC instructions work on all registers and don't implicitly
clobber any fixed registers.

* The only expression for which getRegister returns Fixed is (CmmReg reg).

* If getRegister returns Any, then the code it generates may modify only:
        (a) fresh temporaries
        (b) the destination register
  It may *not* modify global registers, unless the global
  register happens to be the destination register.
  It may not clobber any other registers. In fact, only ccalls clobber any
  fixed registers.
  Also, it may not modify the counter register (used by genCCall).

  Corollary: If a getRegister for a subexpression returns Fixed, you need
  not move it to a fresh temporary before evaluating the next subexpression.
  The Fixed register won't be modified.
  Therefore, we don't need a counterpart for the x86's getStableReg on PPC.

* SDM's First Rule is valid for PowerPC, too: subexpressions can depend on
  the value of the destination register.
-}

trivialCode
        :: Width
        -> Bool
        -> (Reg -> Reg -> RI -> Instr)
        -> CmmExpr
        -> CmmExpr
        -> NatM Register

trivialCode rep signed instr x (CmmLit (CmmInt y _))
    | Just imm <- makeImmediate rep signed y
    = do
        (src1, code1) <- getSomeReg x
        let code dst = code1 `snocOL` instr dst src1 (RIImm imm)
        return (Any (intFormat rep) code)

trivialCode rep _ instr x y = do
    (src1, code1) <- getSomeReg x
    (src2, code2) <- getSomeReg y
    let code dst = code1 `appOL` code2 `snocOL` instr dst src1 (RIReg src2)
    return (Any (intFormat rep) code)

shiftCode
        :: Width
        -> (Format-> Reg -> Reg -> RI -> Instr)
        -> CmmExpr
        -> CmmExpr
        -> NatM Register
shiftCode width instr x (CmmLit (CmmInt y _))
    | Just imm <- makeImmediate width False y
    = do
        (src1, code1) <- getSomeReg x
        let format = intFormat width
        let code dst = code1 `snocOL` instr format dst src1 (RIImm imm)
        return (Any format code)

shiftCode width instr x y = do
    (src1, code1) <- getSomeReg x
    (src2, code2) <- getSomeReg y
    let format = intFormat width
    let code dst = code1 `appOL` code2 `snocOL` instr format dst src1 (RIReg src2)
    return (Any format code)

trivialCodeNoImm' :: Format -> (Reg -> Reg -> Reg -> Instr)
                 -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr -> NatM Register
trivialCodeNoImm' format instr x y = do
    (src1, code1) <- getSomeReg x
    (src2, code2) <- getSomeReg y
    let code dst = code1 `appOL` code2 `snocOL` instr dst src1 src2
    return (Any format code)

trivialCodeNoImm :: Format -> (Format -> Reg -> Reg -> Reg -> Instr)
                 -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr -> NatM Register
trivialCodeNoImm format instr x y = trivialCodeNoImm' format (instr format) x y


trivialUCode
        :: Format
        -> (Reg -> Reg -> Instr)
        -> CmmExpr
        -> NatM Register
trivialUCode rep instr x = do
    (src, code) <- getSomeReg x
    let code' dst = code `snocOL` instr dst src
    return (Any rep code')

-- There is no "remainder" instruction on the PPC, so we have to do
-- it the hard way.
-- The "div" parameter is the division instruction to use (DIVW or DIVWU)

remainderCode :: Width -> (Reg -> Reg -> Reg -> Instr)
    -> CmmExpr -> CmmExpr -> NatM Register
remainderCode rep div x y = do
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    let mull_instr = if target32Bit $ targetPlatform dflags then MULLW
                                                            else MULLD
    (src1, code1) <- getSomeReg x
    (src2, code2) <- getSomeReg y
    let code dst = code1 `appOL` code2 `appOL` toOL [
                div dst src1 src2,
                mull_instr dst dst (RIReg src2),
                SUBF dst dst src1
            ]
    return (Any (intFormat rep) code)

coerceInt2FP :: Width -> Width -> CmmExpr -> NatM Register
coerceInt2FP fromRep toRep x = do
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    let arch =  platformArch $ targetPlatform dflags
    coerceInt2FP' arch fromRep toRep x

coerceInt2FP' :: Arch -> Width -> Width -> CmmExpr -> NatM Register
coerceInt2FP' ArchPPC fromRep toRep x = do
    (src, code) <- getSomeReg x
    lbl <- getNewLabelNat
    itmp <- getNewRegNat II32
    ftmp <- getNewRegNat FF64
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    dynRef <- cmmMakeDynamicReference dflags DataReference lbl
    Amode addr addr_code <- getAmode D dynRef
    let
        code' dst = code `appOL` maybe_exts `appOL` toOL [
                LDATA (Section ReadOnlyData lbl) $ Statics lbl
                                 [CmmStaticLit (CmmInt 0x43300000 W32),
                                  CmmStaticLit (CmmInt 0x80000000 W32)],
                XORIS itmp src (ImmInt 0x8000),
                ST II32 itmp (spRel dflags 3),
                LIS itmp (ImmInt 0x4330),
                ST II32 itmp (spRel dflags 2),
                LD FF64 ftmp (spRel dflags 2)
            ] `appOL` addr_code `appOL` toOL [
                LD FF64 dst addr,
                FSUB FF64 dst ftmp dst
            ] `appOL` maybe_frsp dst

        maybe_exts = case fromRep of
                        W8 ->  unitOL $ EXTS II8 src src
                        W16 -> unitOL $ EXTS II16 src src
                        W32 -> nilOL
                        _       -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.coerceInt2FP: no match"

        maybe_frsp dst
                = case toRep of
                        W32 -> unitOL $ FRSP dst dst
                        W64 -> nilOL
                        _       -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.coerceInt2FP: no match"

    return (Any (floatFormat toRep) code')

-- On an ELF v1 Linux we use the compiler doubleword in the stack frame
-- this is the TOC pointer doubleword on ELF v2 Linux. The latter is only
-- set right before a call and restored right after return from the call.
-- So it is fine.
coerceInt2FP' (ArchPPC_64 _) fromRep toRep x = do
    (src, code) <- getSomeReg x
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    let
        code' dst = code `appOL` maybe_exts `appOL` toOL [
                ST II64 src (spRel dflags 3),
                LD FF64 dst (spRel dflags 3),
                FCFID dst dst
            ] `appOL` maybe_frsp dst

        maybe_exts = case fromRep of
                        W8 ->  unitOL $ EXTS II8 src src
                        W16 -> unitOL $ EXTS II16 src src
                        W32 -> unitOL $ EXTS II32 src src
                        W64 -> nilOL
                        _       -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.coerceInt2FP: no match"

        maybe_frsp dst
                = case toRep of
                        W32 -> unitOL $ FRSP dst dst
                        W64 -> nilOL
                        _       -> panic "PPC.CodeGen.coerceInt2FP: no match"

    return (Any (floatFormat toRep) code')

coerceInt2FP' _ _ _ _ = panic "PPC.CodeGen.coerceInt2FP: unknown arch"


coerceFP2Int :: Width -> Width -> CmmExpr -> NatM Register
coerceFP2Int fromRep toRep x = do
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    let arch =  platformArch $ targetPlatform dflags
    coerceFP2Int' arch fromRep toRep x

coerceFP2Int' :: Arch -> Width -> Width -> CmmExpr -> NatM Register
coerceFP2Int' ArchPPC _ toRep x = do
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    -- the reps don't really matter: F*->FF64 and II32->I* are no-ops
    (src, code) <- getSomeReg x
    tmp <- getNewRegNat FF64
    let
        code' dst = code `appOL` toOL [
                -- convert to int in FP reg
            FCTIWZ tmp src,
                -- store value (64bit) from FP to stack
            ST FF64 tmp (spRel dflags 2),
                -- read low word of value (high word is undefined)
            LD II32 dst (spRel dflags 3)]
    return (Any (intFormat toRep) code')

coerceFP2Int' (ArchPPC_64 _) _ toRep x = do
    dflags <- getDynFlags
    -- the reps don't really matter: F*->FF64 and II64->I* are no-ops
    (src, code) <- getSomeReg x
    tmp <- getNewRegNat FF64
    let
        code' dst = code `appOL` toOL [
                -- convert to int in FP reg
            FCTIDZ tmp src,
                -- store value (64bit) from FP to compiler word on stack
            ST FF64 tmp (spRel dflags 3),
            LD II64 dst (spRel dflags 3)]
    return (Any (intFormat toRep) code')

coerceFP2Int' _ _ _ _ = panic "PPC.CodeGen.coerceFP2Int: unknown arch"

-- Note [.LCTOC1 in PPC PIC code]
-- The .LCTOC1 label is defined to point 32768 bytes into the GOT table
-- to make the most of the PPC's 16-bit displacements.
-- As 16-bit signed offset is used (usually via addi/lwz instructions)
-- first element will have '-32768' offset against .LCTOC1.

-- Note [implicit register in PPC PIC code]
-- PPC generates calls by labels in assembly
-- in form of:
--     bl puts+32768@plt
-- in this form it's not seen directly (by GHC NCG)
-- that r30 (PicBaseReg) is used,
-- but r30 is a required part of PLT code setup:
--   puts+32768@plt:
--       lwz     r11,-30484(r30) ; offset in .LCTOC1
--       mtctr   r11
--       bctr