File: gp_wsync.c

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/* Copyright (C) 2001-2006 Artifex Software, Inc.
   All Rights Reserved.
  
   This software is provided AS-IS with no warranty, either express or
   implied.

   This software is distributed under license and may not be copied, modified
   or distributed except as expressly authorized under the terms of that
   license.  Refer to licensing information at http://www.artifex.com/
   or contact Artifex Software, Inc.,  7 Mt. Lassen Drive - Suite A-134,
   San Rafael, CA  94903, U.S.A., +1(415)492-9861, for further information.
*/

/* $Id: gp_wsync.c 9130 2008-10-08 05:56:27Z ray $ */
/* MS Windows (Win32) thread / semaphore / monitor implementation */
/* original multi-threading code by John Desrosiers */
#include "malloc_.h"
#include "gserror.h"
#include "gserrors.h"
#include "gpsync.h"
#include "windows_.h"
#include <process.h>

/* ------- Synchronization primitives -------- */

/* Semaphore supports wait/signal semantics */

typedef struct win32_semaphore_s {
    HANDLE handle;		/* returned from CreateSemaphore */
} win32_semaphore;

uint
gp_semaphore_sizeof(void)
{
    return sizeof(win32_semaphore);
}

int	/* if sema <> 0 rets -ve error, 0 ok; if sema == 0, 0 movable, 1 fixed */
gp_semaphore_open(
		  gp_semaphore * sema	/* create semaphore here */
)
{
    win32_semaphore *const winSema = (win32_semaphore *)sema;

    if (winSema) {
	winSema->handle = CreateSemaphore(NULL, 0, max_int, NULL);
	return
	    (winSema->handle != NULL ? 0 :
	     gs_note_error(gs_error_unknownerror));
    } else
	return 0;		/* Win32 semaphores handles may be moved */
}

int
gp_semaphore_close(
		   gp_semaphore * sema	/* semaphore to affect */
)
{
    win32_semaphore *const winSema = (win32_semaphore *)sema;

    if (winSema->handle != NULL)
	CloseHandle(winSema->handle);
    winSema->handle = NULL;
    return 0;
}

int				/* rets 0 ok, -ve error */
gp_semaphore_wait(
		  gp_semaphore * sema	/* semaphore to affect */
)
{
    win32_semaphore *const winSema = (win32_semaphore *)sema;

    return
	(WaitForSingleObject(winSema->handle, INFINITE) == WAIT_OBJECT_0
	 ? 0 : gs_error_unknownerror);
}

int				/* rets 0 ok, -ve error */
gp_semaphore_signal(
		    gp_semaphore * sema	/* semaphore to affect */
)
{
    win32_semaphore *const winSema = (win32_semaphore *)sema;

    return
	(ReleaseSemaphore(winSema->handle, 1, NULL) ? 0 :
	 gs_error_unknownerror);
}


/* Monitor supports enter/leave semantics */

typedef struct win32_monitor_s {
    CRITICAL_SECTION lock;	/* critical section lock */
} win32_monitor;

uint
gp_monitor_sizeof(void)
{
    return sizeof(win32_monitor);
}

int	/* if sema <> 0 rets -ve error, 0 ok; if sema == 0, 0 movable, 1 fixed */
gp_monitor_open(
		gp_monitor * mon	/* create monitor here */
)
{
    win32_monitor *const winMon = (win32_monitor *)mon;

    if (mon) {
	InitializeCriticalSection(&winMon->lock);	/* returns no status */
	return 0;
    } else
	return 1;		/* Win32 critical sections mutsn't be moved */
}

int
gp_monitor_close(
		 gp_monitor * mon	/* monitor to affect */
)
{
    win32_monitor *const winMon = (win32_monitor *)mon;

    DeleteCriticalSection(&winMon->lock);	/* rets no status */
    return 0;
}

int				/* rets 0 ok, -ve error */
gp_monitor_enter(
		 gp_monitor * mon	/* monitor to affect */
)
{
    win32_monitor *const winMon = (win32_monitor *)mon;

    EnterCriticalSection(&winMon->lock);	/* rets no status */
    return 0;
}

int				/* rets 0 ok, -ve error */
gp_monitor_leave(
		 gp_monitor * mon	/* monitor to affect */
)
{
    win32_monitor *const winMon = (win32_monitor *)mon;

    LeaveCriticalSection(&winMon->lock);	/* rets no status */
    return 0;
}

/* --------- Thread primitives ---------- */

typedef struct gp_thread_creation_closure_s {
    gp_thread_creation_callback_t function;	/* function to start */
    void *data;			/* magic data to pass to thread */
} gp_thread_creation_closure;

/* Origin of new threads started by gp_create_thread */
static void
gp_thread_begin_wrapper(
			void *thread_data	/* gp_thread_creation_closure passed as magic data */
)
{
    gp_thread_creation_closure closure;

    closure = *(gp_thread_creation_closure *)thread_data;
    free(thread_data);
    (*closure.function)(closure.data);
    _endthread();
}

/* Call a function on a brand new thread */
int				/* 0 ok, -ve error */
gp_create_thread(
		 gp_thread_creation_callback_t function,	/* function to start */
		 void *data	/* magic data to pass to thread fn */
)
{
    /* Create the magic closure that thread_wrapper gets passed */
    gp_thread_creation_closure *closure =
	(gp_thread_creation_closure *)malloc(sizeof(*closure));

    if (!closure)
	return gs_error_VMerror;
    closure->function = function;
    closure->data = data;

    /*
     * Start thread_wrapper.  The Watcom _beginthread returns (int)(-1) if
     * the call fails.  The Microsoft _beginthread returns -1 (according to
     * the doc, even though the return type is "unsigned long" !!!) if the
     * call fails; we aren't sure what the Borland _beginthread returns.
     * The hack with ~ avoids a source code commitment as to whether the
     * return type is [u]int or [u]long.
     *
     * BEGIN_THREAD is a macro (defined in windows_.h) because _beginthread
     * takes different arguments in Watcom C.
     */
    if (~BEGIN_THREAD(gp_thread_begin_wrapper, 128*1024, closure) != 0)
	return 0;
    return_error(gs_error_unknownerror);
}